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Results in Journal Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences: 335

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Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 304-314; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-304-314

Abstract:
The present research featured the role of evaluation in sociology and the sociological interpretation of its components. Evaluation is a complex perceptive procedure. Social reality is conditioned by the existence of man, who shapes it through evaluation, which includes cognition, evaluative comparison, and the implementation of the resulting information in social interaction. First, people form initial ideas that are chipped into a set of knowledge about social reality. The perception is then transformed into a mental-comparative act. On this basis, people perform actions and choices that correlate with the values. Norms determine the nature of perception and evaluation. Therefore, people embody their social functions through social behavior, relationships, and interactions, thus learning about the world and evaluating various social phenomena on the basis of the obtained assumptions. In that way, people develop and translate stable forms of perception. Evaluation can serve as a measure in sociological studies, i.e. as a means of studying social reality. As a result, the relationship evaluation – cognition – value – norm – public opinion becomes obvious and can act as a methodological basis for sociological research.
Elena Morozova, Oksana Kochneva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 326-338; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-326-338

Abstract:
Youth migration is growing all over the world, including Russia and its regions. Migration is a natural process that cannot be stopped. However, excessive migration can deteriorate the socio-economic situation of the region that keeps losing its population. The research objective was to analyze the factors and motives behind the outflow of young people from the Kemerovo region, as well as to develop some measures that might help to reduce this process. The study was based on statistics and research data conducted by the Regional Sociological Center since 2015. The last two decades have seen a permanent decline in the local population, both due to natural causes and migration. The latter involves young people who leave their native region to study or work somewhere else in Russia or abroad. Potential migrants are driven by the lack of prospects for personal and professional development, the poor choice of attractive jobs, and their desire to live in larger and more comfortable cities. Young people flee from low salaries, bad ecology, poor conditions for cultural development, and low living standards. Therefore, young people believe that the migration can be stopped by higher salaries, more jobs, high-quality social services, better mortgage opportunities, more attractive conditions for self-development and leisure, a more stable economy, a better environmental situation, etc.
, Nadezhda Guskova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 401-407; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-401-407

Abstract:
The present article introduces a new system of indicators for assessing the sustainable competitiveness of innovative industrial clusters. The authors reviewed foreign and domestic approaches to monitoring and evaluating industrial clusters and classified them according to assessment type, research level, costs, and effects. Sustainable competitiveness proved to be the most complex characteristic of any cluster. It could be divided into two groups of parameters, i.e. 1) long-term competitiveness and 2) stability as a socio-ecological and economic system. Each group was given a list of indicators for quantitative and qualitative assessment, which included indicators of potential development, organization and management, socio-ecological and economic stability, etc. The research revealed some gaps in the Russian statistics of cluster development, which hinder the information support for monitoring and evaluating the sustainable competitiveness of clusters. As a result, the current databases on the social, economic, and environmental aspects of Russian clusters are fragmented and chronologically incompatible.
, Natal'ya Egorova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 357-373; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-357-373

Abstract:
This review article introduces a comparative analysis of the standard of living in the Kemerovo region aka Kuzbass in 2005–2019. The research objective was to identify the reasons behind the decline in the living standards and the growing negative migration. Considering that Kuzbass is a coal region, the analysis was performed in the context of resource economy. It featured Russian and foreign studies on the theory of living standards and welfare, resource economy, and fair economy. The authors defined the concept of the standard of living as elements of human existence that depend on the socio-economic development of society and one's personal income. The standard of living in the Kemerovo region, which has enormous natural resources, is deteriorating from year to year, despite its increasing coal production and GRP. Most indicators appeared to be lower than Russia's average; in fact, the gap may reach 50–60 %. Poor living standards are an urgent problem for many resource regions. Regional strategies and programs seem unable to improve the situation, which requires state decisions to change the mechanisms of distribution of the gross regional product in favor of resource regions. By changing tax and budget legislation, the state should redirect financial flows from big resource companies to local problem areas.
Tat'yana Nadtoka, Dar'ya Alistratova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 408-417; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-408-417

Abstract:
The present research featured the theory and practice of corporate social responsibility in small business. The research objective was to define the benefits and problems of implementing corporate social responsibility in small businesses. The study was based on domestic and foreign publications on small business and corporate social responsibility. A set of standard methods of analysis revealed that small business needs to expand the implementation of corporate social responsibility. The authors believe that small business in unrecognized states needs more state support, especially in the field of digital technologies and social activities. The data obtained can help small private enterprises to introduce the principles of social responsibility in their business.
Yuliya Pin'Koveckaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 418-426; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-418-426

Abstract:
The research featured the issue of business termination. The COVID-19 pandemic hit small and medium-sized businesses all over the world. The research objective was to assess various economic indicators in order to explain why entrepreneurs had to abandon their business in 2020. The study was based on the economic and mathematical models that represent the functions of normal distribution. The author analyzed the opinions of entrepreneurs from 39 countries, who were asked to explain why they had to give up their business. The survey was part of the Global Monitoring of Entrepreneurship. The analysis revealed four indicators that determined the positive and negative reasons for the entrepreneurs to stop their business activities. The article introduces some new information about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on this process. Most entrepreneurs (56.3 %) gave up their business for some pandemic-unrelated negative reasons. A quarter of them (28 %) were forced to close their businesses due to the negative consequences of the pandemic. Only one-sixth of the participants terminated their business activities for a positive reason. Further research will assess the consequences of the pandemic in 2021.
Tatyana Belchik
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 374-381; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-374-381

Abstract:
The research featured the transformations of formal and informal institutions and their effect on the quality of labor force and workforce productivity. Such trends in institutional transformation as digitalization, government regulation, and environmentalization are known to affect labor market, labor legislation, education, and public administration. The research objective was to identify the main trends in institutional transformation and assess their impact on the quality of the labor force. The methods included a content analysis of documents, an analysis of statistical data, and a regression analysis. The article introduces an extended review of scientific publications, a description of trends in institutional transformation from the standpoint of labor productivity, and a forecast of workforce productivity as affected by the abovementioned institutional changes. The research results can help to plan strategies for personnel development on the business, industrial, regional, and state scale. If strategizing of labor resources is based on relevant global and national trends, it can increase company’s performance, ensure economic growth in the region, and improve the living standards of local population.
Oleg Chudinov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 427-434; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-427-434

Abstract:
The article features the concept of corporate social responsibility and its financing. Russian publications usually focus on theory. However, such practices and the related profit depend on how the company allocates its financial resources. By solving this matter, commercial organizations can solve many issues of inefficient or unsystematic spending of funds. Modern business needs verified mechanisms for financing corporate social responsibility in order to develop corporate management. The article introduces various issues related to social and environmental activities that are new to domestic business. The author proved the relevance of the availability of financing mechanisms for these areas, thus distinguishing the system of corporate social responsibility from unsystematic environmental or social spending, as well as from one-time charity events or promotions.
Rudik Korchagin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 390-400; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-390-400

Abstract:
Technology entrepreneurs play a critical role in modern models of economic growth. At the same time, the features and development trajectories of technological entrepreneurship and gazelle firms in Russia differ from countries with mature market economies. The purpose of the article is to assess the state of academic technology entrepreneurship in Russian universities and to develop recommendations for its development. The methods of two-dimensional classification of universities according to two indicators of technological entrepreneurship development, correlation analysis, assessment of intergroup differences according to the Mann-Whitney U-criterion, qualitative analysis of entrepreneurial ecosystems in universities, methods of constructing algorithms were used. As a result, it was found that the number of start-ups and the likelihood of receiving commercial funding are practically not correlated. There is a group of universities that are not among the largest metropolitan universities, but have a high proportion of entrepreneurial projects that have successfully passed the seed stage and received commercial funding (business angel, venture fund). These top performing universities are distinguished not only by their innovative infrastructure, but also by a wide variety of community centers. Taking into account the results obtained an algorithm for the development of academic technological entrepreneurship on the basis of the university as an innovation hub has been developed. Its important elements are: pre-active marketing of scientific research groundwork, development of the social capital of the ecosystem, and collaboration practices. The results may be of interest to technology entrepreneurs themselves, as well as to universities interested in the development of academic entrepreneurship.
, Tat'yana Selivanova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 315-325; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-315-325

Abstract:
This article focuses on the implementation of the national programme "Digital Economy of the Russian Federation" and the federal project "Human Resources for the Digital Economy" in the organisation of the mining and metallurgical complex. The object of the study is e-learning systems. The subject of the study is the processes of using e-learning systems in the organization-basis of the study relating to the mining and metallurgical complex in Russia. The aim of the work is to develop recommendations for the management of organizations that are going to implement distance learning technology in the educational processes of staff. The methodology of the study includes a survey of employees of the organisation under study on the attitude and quality of training in an e-learning system. The experience of personnel training in enterprises with the help of different information systems is considered. The focus is on the analysis of the use of the training and control system "Olympox" in the organisation of the mining and metallurgy industry. The results of an employee survey are given to find out their attitude to the introduction of an electronic learning information system and to the organization of training processes in it. Recommendations on the improvement of information training systems used for personnel assessment and development are offered. Based on the results of the study, it was determined that the quality of personnel development depends on the competent combination of training in a face-to-face format with technology that allows you to practice theory in the form of tests and open questions and practice in the form of cases and exercises to practice working situations in conditions as close to the real.
Sergey Vasin, Yuliya Prohorova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 382-389; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-382-389

Abstract:
Globalization has turned Russian industrial cities into intercultural hubs that attract migrant workers. Organizations with multinational personnel need to provide their foreign employees with adaptation procedures and professional training. Multinational teams perform better when social distance is small and interaction is more vivid. The research objective was to substantiate the need for multinational organizations to use a system of adaptation and vocational training, as well as to describe the expected effect of such measures. The article introduces some practical recommendations for improving and forecasting the corporative performance based on the cultural profile of human resources. The forecasting method relies on the quantitative expression of qualitative indicators of personnel management in order to determine the regression dependency of the performance from the initial processes of personnel management. The paper also describes the adaptation and training features of foreign personnel, the current state of adaptation and personnel training in multiethnic organizations, and the optimal levels of management indicators that affect the intermediate performance of such organizations.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 339-346; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-339-346

Abstract:
The research objective was to study the motivation of Russian and Chinese volunteers at the Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2014 and 2022. Mega-sport events attract public attention worldwide and require a lot of volunteers. Based on the international scope of Olympic volunteer community, a cross-country analysis of volunteering experience is a relevant topic. The Russian program for training of Olympic volunteers was the first of its kind. It was funded by the state on the basis of educational institutions, non-profit and commercial organizations. China is currently developing its own Olympic volunteer program, which relies mainly on government organizations. The study relied on an online survey of Olympic volunteers. Chinese volunteers appeared to have been motivated by value and defensive reasons, while Russian volunteers were attracted by the informational and professional opportunities that Olympic volunteering has to offer. The research results can help to develop volunteer programs, as well as to improve their effectiveness and popularity.
Igor Yurasov, Maria Tanina, ,
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 347-356; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-347-356

Abstract:
The concept of academic capitalism appeared in the international sociological discourse in the 1990s. However, Russian academic capitalism has taken unconventional forms as it develops in the shadow informal environment of the academic labor market. It covers a wide range of academic activities, e.g. tutorship, extra classes, ghost-writing of essays, theses and graduation papers, etc. Quite often, federal universities and research centers order grant reports, state assignments papers, and manuscripts for top peer-reviewed journals from provincial academics. The Russian market of shadow academic entrepreneurship is closed, secretive, tough, and highly competitive. The COVID-19 pandemic gave it a new rise: it increased three times in 2020–2021. New forms of digital employment and shadow academic capitalism lead to new social trends, e.g. new priorities appear in the subject of scientific research as academic institutions lose their profile in favor of their shadow academic employers. New flexible informal academic structures demonstrate faceted over-connectivity, non-market mechanisms of academic competition, and new forms of digital and traditional academic exploitation. Other trends include shadow branding of universities, proletarization and feudalization of academic labor, conflict of interests in science and education, formation of demand for low-quality higher education, monopolization in the academic market, etc. As a result, the academic community in Russia is transforming into a closed estate with its digital academic elite, middle class of academic entrepreneurs, and digital academic proletarians.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 289-303; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-3-289-303

Abstract:
Over the past two decades, Russian and foreign researchers have documented the growing influence of social networks on political communication. The Internet has become a new mass media. In Russia, bloggers with more than 3,000 subscribers acquire a mass media status. Internet users are not passive recipients of messages: they distribute them and generate their own content. The Internet is a different kind of reality, where anything is possible. Traditional mass media are less efficient than the Internet in providing news. As a result, the Internet and social networks have become a new means of political interaction. The COVID-19 pandemic boosted the digitalization of mass communications and made this process irreversible. The present article reviews 250 foreign research papers published by Taylor and Francis, Oxford University Press, and SAGE Publications in 2020–2021. The objective was to determine the attractiveness of political communication in social networks as a research topic. 12 % of the articles featured the role of social nets in political communication, Facebook being the most popular research material. A similar amount of papers focused on the behavior of network users and the role of the state in the management of social networks. Foreign terms used to describe the research topic appeared to be different from those used by Russian linguists. For instance, foreign authors use "social media" as a synonym for "sites of social networks", while Russian scientists prefer a much broader interpretation. Some terms and acronyms, such as SNSa, are absent from Russian works. Foreign authors exploit classical political science theories to study the issues of political content, the effect of social networks on protest movements and racial conflicts, and the use of new media in election campaigns. They are unfamiliar with Russian approaches to empirical data analysis, e.g. theory of "weak ties", "close world", two-stage flow of communication, the concept of "third place", etc.
Anatoly Dzyuba, Alexander Semikolenov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-198-207

Abstract:
Industrial enterprises connected to the power grids of electricity producers spend a lot of money on the transport of purchased electrical energy. The present article introduces some opportunities to minimize the costs. The author studied the principles of pricing of the transport of electrical energy purchased by industrial enterprises connected to power grids of electricity producers and described the advantages and disadvantages of the existing pricing options. The new indicator generator of voltage tariff coefficient made it possible to analyze the effectiveness of the transport tariffs for electrical energy at various types of industrial enterprises in relation to the tariff field of several regions of Russia. The study revealed ineffectiveness of the current tariffs on the transport of purchased electrical energy applied by such industrial enterprises. The author developed recommendations to reduce the cost of electricity. The main priority option was the application of demand management for electricity consumption by regulating the schedules of energy-intensive technological processes. This measure takes into account the criteria of economic efficiency, system reliability, and sustainability. It will enable industrial enterprises to manage their own schedule of electricity consumption without having to change the planned production volumes, thus reducing all cost components.
Elena Logunova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-168-177

Abstract:
The research featured the role of charity as a youth socialization factor. It was based on the functional approach developed by E. Durkheim, R. K. Merton and T. Parsons, which made it possible to consider charity as a socio-cultural phenomenon that meets important social needs and develops social solidarity. The research involved a quantitative online study. The respondents believe that charity events often fail due to the lack of publicity. Young people tend to be involved in charity activities organized by business structures. Their social activity is fuelled by their focus on getting good education, choosing career path, understanding their place in the world, etc. On the one hand, young people do not have the necessary experience and skills. On the other hand, they strive for independence of mind and action. The market society promotes the ideas of material well-being, personal gain, and competition. The task of the state, business, and family is to teach young people to combine material orientations and spiritual values. Charity as a form of social responsibility is a good way to resolve this contradiction.
Albina Mikhaleva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-158-167

Abstract:
The migration and the problem of preserving national identity remain the central issues of the political agenda and public debate in many modern countries. The article discusses the views of the French imam Tareq Oubrou – the author of the concept of "sharia of the minority" – on the issues of Muslim identity, as well as the integration of migrants in France. T. Oubrou symbolizes a figure at the junction of two civilizations: a kind of theorist and mediator for the reorganization of Islam in France. The research was based on monographs, individual articles, and texts of speeches of the French imam over the past twenty years. The work involved the methods of cognitive and conceptual text analysis, which made it possible to reconstruct the structure of the political message and its individual components. The research results suggest that T. Oubrou refocuses Islamic identity to its inner dimension by revising its defining markers. Minimizing Islamic identity is designed to preserve and maintain the Muslim presence in the West. At the same time, he nationalizes Islamic identity, subordinating it to the civil and political norms of France. Despite the fact that the proposed identification model evokes ambiguous emotions in the Muslim environment and great doubts in the host society, some of its provisions are in demand at the state level.
Vadim Lazutkin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-229-237

Abstract:
The specifics of research and academic profession presuppose special approaches to personnel management and motivation. The selection of adequate motivational tools is often done by trial and error. The paper attempts to substantiate short-term and long-term methods of motivating scientific personnel. The experiment featured the case of a Russian biotechnological company, whose personnel underwent S. Ritchie and P. Martin’s Motivational Profile Test. The dominant factors of job satisfaction included self-development opportunities, recognition, ambitious goals, creative tasks, etc. The authors developed some ways for the further development of methods for motivating research personnel.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-219-228

Abstract:
In Russia, digitalization of the state and municipal spheres remains a task to be resolved. The present research objective was to assess the current level of digitalization of state and municipal services in the Kemerovo region in order to develop some recommendations. The author analyzed foreign experience and compared the digital situation in the Kemerovo region with that in other constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The low level of local digitalization results from the low level of information and communication infrastructure, "patchwork automation", lack of qualified personnel, financial problems, etc. The following measures can improve the situation: more active feedback from citizens, analysis of best practices, participation in pilot government projects, increasing the availability and convenience of electronic services via mobile applications and gamification, etc.
Natalya Gryaznova, Nataliya Pleshkova, Galina A Podzorova, Anna Muhacheva, Galina Drapkina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-191-197

Abstract:
Human capital is the most important development factor of an innovative economy. Managers at all levels are beginning to recognize the importance of human qualities and skills, as well as the need for their development. The present research diagnozed the state of human capital of the Kemerovo Experimental Mechanical Repair Plant. The paper outlines the theoretical and methodological foundations of human capital, introduces some prospects for its development, analyzes staffing and HR processes, assesses the current system of motivation and remuneration, measures the cost of the human capital, and evaluates all its elements, namely education, culture, and health. A sociological questionnaire made it possible to assess the satisfaction from labor conditions and management, as well as the level of motivation. The authors offer some improvement measures for the development of the human capital within the enterprise in question.
Yuliya Pin'Koveckaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-248-255

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the assessment of the creation of new businesses in trade and information and communication sphere. Gender differences in entrepreneurial activity by country are considered. The study examined the specifics of the activities of entrepreneurs engaged in services in such sectors as trade and information and communication services for institutions and organizations, as well as private clients. At the same time, the principles and concepts of the existing development of the sectoral structure of entrepreneurship were taken into account. The implementation of the study consisted of five stages. The information base included the results of questionnaire surveys of respondents-entrepreneurs in 59 states when monitoring the activities of entrepreneurs in 2018. In the course of economic and mathematical modeling, six models were developed that reflect the distribution of the following indicators across the subjects of Russia: the proportion of women and men who have created businesses in trade, in the total number of women and men who have started entrepreneurial activity; the share of women and men who have created businesses in the information and communication sphere in the total number of women and men who have started entrepreneurial activities. In addition, the ratios of specific weights describing the provision of services by women entrepreneurs and men entrepreneurs in the trade sector and the information and communication sphere are calculated. For each of the 59 countries, it was determined whether there is an excess of the values of indicators that characterize the corresponding specific weights of male entrepreneurs and female entrepreneurs. For most countries, these values differed significantly, which indicates gender gaps. In addition, the States with the maximum and minimum values of the indices under consideration were identified. The analysis was carried out, which made it possible to compare the obtained average values with the data reflecting the indicators of Russian entrepreneurs. The share of female entrepreneurs in trade is higher than the share of male entrepreneurs. The share of male entrepreneurs in the field of information and communication services is twice as high as the share of female entrepreneurs. The results of the work can be applied in the development of forecasts for the development of trade and information and communication services in the future.
Daniil Cherney
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-280-288

Abstract:
The financial support of the compulsory pension insurance system in Russia is receiving much attention both in government and in scientific circles. During economic crises, the load on the country's social sphere increases, which leads to an exacerbation of the unresolved problems of the Russian pension insurance system, arousing in society an increased interest in finding various ways of its development. The purpose of the study was to substantiate the need for additional sources of pension funding, as well as to improve the approach to taxation of incomes of various population categories. The study was based on the analysis of the mechanism for forming the financial resources of the compulsory pension insurance system. It featured theoretical and applied aspects of the pension insurance funding system in Russia. The author reviewed relevant publications by Russian authors, who offered various solution of the above-mentioned problem. The paper focuses on the sources of the budget revenues of the Pension Fund and the main parameters of the mechanism for collecting insurance contributions for compulsory pension insurance. The author defined such problem areas as the dependence of the Pension Fund budget on subsidies from the federal budget and the regressive tariff scale for insurance contributions. The article also contains a comparative analysis of the tax burden on wages in Russia and in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Any further development of the system of pension insurance financial support should be aimed at eliminating the regressive nature of the collection of insurance premiums, as well as at differentiating the values of the tax rate for personal income tax depending on the level of income of the taxpayer.
Mariya Belenkova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-147-157

Abstract:
The present research featured the way social net users perceive the image of the head of a region. The study involved comments to posts made by the governor of Kuzbass S. E. Tsivilev in VKontakte, Instagram, and Facebook. The analysis employed the method of narrative semiotics. The feedback between the population and the government appeared to depend on the specifics of the political regime in the region. Social nets became both a form of feedback and an indicator of the perception of the imposed image. Different social networks have different audiences, hence the different perception of the governor. Moreover, each social net has its own functionality, which sets the format of feedback. The initial hypothesis was that different social networks produce different attitudes towards the main figure of local executive power. The research results contradicted with this hypothesis and revealed a difference in the positioning of the executive branch and modeling of the governor’s image perception. Based on the data about different perception models, the local authorities can build new media strategies in order to improve the image of the governor in the eyes of the population.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-266-273

Abstract:
It is indeed a great misnomer to analyze the dimensions of academic capitalism with the steady rise of entrepreneurial university in line with Western educational policies. It has been a long journey in emerging underdeveloped economies has given the dream of the next superpower where entrepreneurial universities are a very recent concept of post-liberal economy, change in governmental practices and bureaucratic affairs. This has led to a stronger innovation landscape of industry-education-government nexus in building the nation. Recent years have seen the great crisis of COVID-19 pandemic which has changed the ideologies and theoretical models underlying economically well-off states and the velocity of money circulation. Amidst the huge amount of literature in entrepreneurial university studies, very little work has been done which answers the very pertinent question and covers the research gap. Namely, how the Triple Helix model arrived in India and how the central government in India dramatically changed its beliefs by inheriting such a model in its innovation practices. The model that championed the cause of bringing about new products, economic welfare and product development. These transformed India's idea of being an importer of healthcare facilities to becoming an expert and exporter of medical facilities, thus completely reversing the cycle of trade and global logistics in healthcare economic practices. This paper works on such an exploratory case study concerning India's success story in employing triple helix model of innovation in national policy practices and world economy.
Anzhelika Emel'Yanovich, , Anna Galimova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 208-2218; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-208-218

Abstract:
The study is devoted to the study of the rational use of working time in the context of the implementation of the main functions of management: planning, organization, motivation, control, coordination. The goal is a methodology for assessing the optimal use of the organization's working time based on the criteria for analyzing the effectiveness of the implementation of the main functions of management. Research methods: semantic analysis of the conceptual apparatus, methods of mathematical modeling to describe various factors that characterize the main functions of management in the context of working time management. Experimental methods: the method of expert assessments, questionnaires, photography of the working day. Domestic and foreign approaches to the concept of working time management are considered, the author's approach is given. Based on the process-functional approach, a methodology and algorithm for assessing the effectiveness of the working time management process. This model has been tested on the example of a self-regulatory organization operating in construction. A task was set, which was implemented within the framework of the project to optimize the use of working time of employees of the inspection and control department. Were analyzed the regulations of various levels of decision-making governing the work of employees. A questionnaire survey of opportunities and middle managers was instructed to form a number of criteria necessary for the application of the developed methodology. The results of the study allowed us to conclude about the average efficiency of the working time management process. Based on the results of the implementation of the recommendations, in particular, the application of lean manufacturing methods and the adjustment of local regulatory documents, it was possible to increase the effectiveness of managing the working time of the organization's employees.
Nadezhda Goroshko, Sergey Patsala, Elena Emelyanova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-178-190

Abstract:
The vaccine market is one of the most attractive and fast-growing segments of the global pharmaceutical market. The increasing interest in the development and creation of new vaccines caused a significant influx of investment in research activities, which did not slow down the impact on the further development of the market. The present research featured the global market for COVID-19 vaccines. The research objective was to assess the state of the COVID vaccine market as a new segment of the global vaccine market. The work uses statistical materials of the World Health Organization, the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations, Statista, Rosstat, and Rospotrebnadzor, as well as methods of general logical, analytical, statistical, and empirical analyses. The demands for the global COVID-19 vaccine market are currently enormous, and the global demand for COVID-19 vaccines can range from 10 to 14 billion doses per year, depending on the desired level of coverage and the need for re-vaccination. The current leading manufacturers of vaccines against COVID-19 are Pfizer (USA) / BioNTech (Germany), Sinovac Biotech (China), AstraZeneca (UK), Moderna (USA), and Sinopharm (China). In terms of production volumes, they are significantly inferior to N. F. Gamaleya Federal Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology (Russia). The prevalence of World Health Organization-approved vaccines differs by country: (1) Vaxzevria vaccine (AstraZeneca) was approved in 101 countries, (2) Pfizer / BioNTech – in 85 countries, (3) Moderna – in 46 countries, (4) Sinopharm vaccines – 42 countries, (5) Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) – in 41 countries, (6) Covishield (Serum Institute of India) – in 40 countries. As of May 20, 2021, the Russian Sputnik V was registered in 68 countries. For all manufacturers, the expansion of production provokes the same problems, which are mostly connected with the supply of culture media, filters, disposable consumables, and equipment, especially during peak demand.
Antonina Stepanova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-274-279

Abstract:
Congress and exhibition activities are an effective means of promoting scientific and innovative development in institutions of higher education. The present research objective was to identify the main problems of managing congress and exhibition activities at universities. The paper focuses on various problems relevant for technical universities of Saint-Petersburg. It describes the experience of Peter the Great Polytechnic University, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, and the National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics. The author compiled a list of recommendations and principles of management to be used by technical universities when organizing congresses and exhibitions. The proposed model covers different approaches to congress activities, forms of scientific activity, management structure of international services, and regulatory documents. Universities have neither regulatory framework nor separate service responsible for this type of activity. Students, employees, and most academics lack necessary skills in foreign languages and cross-cultural communication. Moreover, they do not get motivational and stimulating support, hence the lack of initiative. Students and academics receive little information about scientific events. Most employees simply do not know how to organize congresses and conferences. This network of problems needs a comprehensive approach.
Natalia Rozova, Arina Nesmelova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 256-65; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-256-265

Abstract:
The article introduces some PR-promotion opportunities for the greenhouse complex of the Tauride Garden (St. Petersburg), which provides a unique historical platform for recreational activities and leisure time. The research featured PR-promotion techniques that can be employed by organizations of leisure and recreation, especially when targeting foreign audience. The author defined key characteristics inherent to leisure organizations and the features of their PR-promotion. The paper contains a SWOT analysis, a review of media statistics, a search profile, and an analysis of the best foreign and Russian practices. The study also involved a survey conducted among foreign citizens visiting St.Petersburg, which made it possible to determine their awareness of the leisure opportunities offered by the Tauride Garden and assess the related level of satisfaction. The author proposes a number of recommendations for PR-promotion of the greenhouse complex of the Tauride Garden among foreign visitors.
Zhanna Novikova, Nadezhda Stenyashina, Albina Nazmutdinova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-238-247

Abstract:
The article reviews the socio-economic state of the Republic of Tatarstan during digital economy development, namely public services, infrastructure, living conditions, urban environment, business, digital government, medicine, education, research competencies, IT infrastructure, cybersecurity, etc. The authors focused on the positive trends, problems, and improvement measures. They proposed to set up a Digital Transformation Center that would launch new digital platforms for residents in order to make their life easier. The sustainable growth of the regional economy cannot happen without the state support of new enterprises, startups, customized production market, exchange of knowledge, new jobs in high-tech industries, digital teaching methods, etc. Big data, end-to-end information technologies, neural networks, robotics, the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, 3D modeling, virtual reality, and cloud computing can facilitate the innovative economic growth in the region.
Joel Ivan Gonzalez Cedillo
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-10-18

Abstract:
This work analyzes the ideological war between American fascists and antifascists and the relation between the existence of an ideological consistency among the masses and the emergence of this type of conflict. The storming of the US Capitol in January 2021 by fascists and the activities of fascists and antifascists on social media serve as subjects for the analysis of this ideological war. The purpose of this work is to study literature on ideological wars and analyze how States encourage extremist ideologies based on their own ideological consistencies. The method employed to expose the ideological war is a content analysis of social media used by the Proud Boys and Atlanta Antifascists. The results show that the two competing ideologies cannot coexist peacefully in the same territory and at the same time. The State and the elites agree that the confrontation should end. This work can be useful for academics, policy makers and students working on the issue of fascist and extremist ideologies, as well as for developing ways to fight these ideologies by addressing their enablers.
Natalia Shcherbakova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-136-146

Abstract:
The present paper features Russian loan banks that use new information and digital banking technologies. The research involved various methodological approaches, including a systematic approach to the analysis of modern banks. The method of comparative analysis made it possible to interpret various indicators of the activities of loan banks. The method of dynamic analysis helped to identify the main trends in the development of the Russian banking sector. The research objective was to identify the main trends and key problems in the digitalization of the Russian banking sector and the risks that accompany the process. The author believes that digital technologies will increase the country's competitiveness and boost its economic development. Digital economy involves the introduction of new technologies in the banking sector, e.g. e-money, digital signature, contactless payment, blockchain technology, the Internet of things, etc. The usual approaches to customer service are being replaced by advanced practices, as the traditional bank is gradually turning into a multifunctional IT company. However, cyber risks are also growing, and their management requires new approaches.
Svetlana Tatarova, Nadezhda Zateeva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-58-65

Abstract:
Rural areas are an important basis for the development of Russian economy. However, the problems faced by rural settlements significantly complicate the rural life in modern realities. The research objective was to analyze the current situation in the rural settlements of two national republics of Siberia, namely Buryatia and Tyva, taking into account their geographical, economic, social, economic, and demographic features. The paper covers the most pressing causes of rural degradation, e.g. unemployment, bad conditions for small and medium businesses, no industrial development, etc. In these conditions, rural population have to engage in unskilled agricultural labor, farming, gathering wild plants, berries, and mushrooms, etc. Villagers often get involved in illegal logging, sale of home-brew, uncertified retail trade, etc. Another important factor that hinders rural development is urban migration, which is associated mostly with educated rural population. Villagers suffer from low standard of living, household problems, unemployment, poor social and industrial infrastructure, etc. In addition, the authors also touched upon the problem of preserving traditional culture and language. The abovementioned problems of rural development have negative consequences, decrease agricultural production, and destroy the traditions of rural life.
Evgeny Shumkin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-66-77

Abstract:
This article features managerial decisions in business area, where the state plays the role of an external regulator of public relations and the main influencer. The legal tools that affect decision-making in business depend on the social mechanisms of business regulations. The author describes the position of the rational regulator that evaluates the decisions made by a business entity. Positive law is an integral part of objective reality and is a set of codified principles of legally appropriate behavior. Imperative and dispositive regulations of public relations in business area imply that a business entity can choose a model of managerial and entrepreneurial behavior based on the rules provided by the legislator. The active role of the state as an external regulator of the social relations reflects the problem of dissonance between legal and social norms underlying managerial decision-making, which leads to additional economic and transaction costs. The paper also features the problem of frustration conflict between the regulator and the business environment in the context of applying the rationality proposed by the state in business activities and the problem of choosing the right managerial decision for its subjects. By refusing from a radical and negative assessment of the entrepreneur's management decisions, the state can solve this problem. The state needs to be more tolerant to business risks as an alternative rationality, without identifying them with deviant behavior. By preventing alienation of business from the state, one can eliminate the conflict between law and favorable climate in business area, i.e. maximal convergence of social and legal norms.
Evgeniya Efremova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-39-44

Abstract:
The new social reality increased public interest in the issues of occupational mobility of the youth. The research objective was to determine the tendencies of social practices in this sphere. The author analyzed and generalized scientific publications on the problems of occupational mobility of young population and the related labor market. The paper introduces various interpretations of the concept of "social practices" and systematizes them. The author identified four trends in the social practices: 1) an increase in the flexibility of social practices, 2) an expansion of channels of professional mobility, 3) the development of the Internet industry, and 4) a change in the attitude of young people to employment. The research results can improve the management of the occupational mobility of young people in modern society, as well as provide targeted management impact on social facilities by revealing their resources and potential. By taking into account modern trends in social practices of occupational mobility of young population, organizations can ensure professional growth and competitiveness of young employees in the labor market.
Raushanya Zinurova, Tatiana Nikitina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-45-57

Abstract:
The article introduces a comprehensive study of distance learning in higher education during the pandemic. The authors analyzed the readiness of universities to implementing e-learning platforms. They focused on the legal and organizational aspects of digital environment. The authors studied relevant interviews given by heads of higher educational institutions in various media sources. The research objective was to develop and perform a formalized interview with full-time students of Russian universities. The study made it possible to identify a wide range of issues that affect the passage to distance learning, as well as to define the prospective directions and problem areas of the digital environment at universities as part of domestic digital economy. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the development of tasks for a successful transfer of universities to distance or blended learning.
Aysur Belekova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-1-9

Abstract:
UNESCO is the world's largest intergovernmental forum on humanitarian cooperation and offers an alternative way of maintaining bonds among nations. The article examines its growing role and responsibility in the protection and preservation of cultural and historic monuments. The research objective was to determine the role of UNESCO in preserving such monuments, developing measures for their protection, and sustaining historical truth. The research methods included a system-based analysis with its functional and empiric methods. The system-based analysis made it possible to consider interrelated aspects of UNESCO's functioning, approach the matter as a range of problems within a single process, and identify the basic characteristics of UNESCO's policy evolution in the sphere of world heritage conservation. The research also used achievements of political science, diplomacy, history, and international relations. The approach also allowed the author to examine the main tools used by UNESCO, as well as to highlight its current priorities and directions. To analyze the political reality, the author employed such empirical methods as monitoring and study of documents. The author focused on the matters of international cooperation and mutual responsibility of the members the UNESCO World Heritage Convention. The research attempted to identify the most important tasks of Russia in this direction. In the current challenging context, UNESCO has to find a conceptual niche and respond without compromise to any attempts to destroy its basic principles or to politicize its work.
Salihbek Abdulmanapov,
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-78-85

Abstract:
Socio-economic stability, good living standards, and low unemployment are the key aspects of the state development strategy in modern economic conditions. They have a direct impact on the national competitiveness and security. The current pandemic and global economic crisis made it important to curb the growing unemployment and protect the unemployed population. The study featured the global labor market with its structural and economic relations, trends and patterns. The research objective was to identify the potential problems of unemployment growth and provide recommendations for their localization and leveling. The authors analyzed the forecasts made by Russian and international experts about the state of the global labor market during the pandemic, assessed its features and main trends, studied the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the unemployment rate, and systematized measures of social support for unemployed population in different countries. The paper introduces some measures that can prevent the growth of global unemployment.
Sergey Patsala, Nadezhda Goroshko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-96-108

Abstract:
Russians still see national agriculture as a rearguard branch of the economy associated with stagnation and inefficiency. However, the agriculture has undergone significant positive changes over the past decade as a result of large-scale state support programs, import substitution policy, food embargo, depreciation of the ruble, etc. Russian agriculture requires a comprehensive assessment of its current state and position in the global agricultural market. Based on statistical and comparative analyses, the authors assessed the current state of Russian agriculture, as well as showed its place in the national economy and the country's position on the global agricultural market. The research revealed the vector of these changes in 2000–2018 and the main problems of the agricultural development at the present stage. A SWOT analysis shows that Russia has overcome the crisis in the transition to the market economy; the main economic and financial indicators are getting better, together with the most important production segments. Russian agriculture improves as production volumes keep growing and profitability is increasing. The number of unprofitable enterprises has been reduced by half, and the share of individual farms has fallen.
Evgenia Sokolova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-129-135

Abstract:
This comprehensive study featured the resource potential of the agro-industrial complex and its role in territorial development. The research objective was to study the structure of the resource potential of agro-industrial enterprises in the post-industrial society and factors that make it efficient. Systemic changes in modern society require new approaches to understanding the category of resource potential. Informatization of society and digitalization of agriculture change the prospects for resource provision in the agro-industrial complex. The author analyzed various domestic and foreign approaches to the concept of resource potential and included in it the potential of an agricultural enterprise as a complex of material, energy, information, and labor resources. The interdisciplinary approach made it possible to consider the phenomena from different angles and as a complex unity. The author considered the resource potential of the region as a synthetic indicator: a whole enterprise cannot be assessed based on a singular resource. The competent management of the resources available to the enterprise proved to be the key to its successful functioning, personnel being the core of its resource potential. The paper introduces a number of measures that contribute to the effective implementation of the resource potential in agro-industrial complex in the information society. The research results can help to improve the concept of sustainable development of enterprises, which is one of the priority tasks of complex modernization.
Maksim Golovchin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-28-38

Abstract:
The research objective was to determine the institutional roles chosen by the teachers in the Vologda Oblast, as well as the social and professional phenomena that shape these roles. The study featured the degree of trust that teachers put on local institutions and their participation in the implementation of institutional rules. The agents were clustered according to their institutional roles based on a sociological online survey of the local teacher community. The obtained classification showed that teachers are more likely to choose the role of opportunistic agents that tend to support new institutions but stick to traditions in their professional activities. The formation of such institutional roles as nonconformists, conformists, and opportunists depends largely on the social and professional well-being of the agents, which, in the case of nonconformism, acquires conflict features. The opportunism displayed by the teaching community can be associated with an attempt to avoid conflicts with colleagues and management. Maximum protection from deviant behavior can improve the educational environment if introduced in the process of institutional planning.
Sergey Chirun, Saydash Sadi
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-19-27

Abstract:
The article introduces the problems of political, institutional, and ethnopolitical processes using the case of the Republic of Tyva. The research featured latent and low-formalized structures that affect the regional political regime and political processes in Russian regions. The research objective was to analyze the influence of such latent structures of power and administration on the regional political regime in the Republic of Tyva. As a general methodological principle, the authors used the polyparadigmatic approach, as well as neo-institutional and poststructuralist methodology. The authors performed a quantitative and qualitative political analysis of five research projects based on questionnaires (2016–2020). The projects belonged to the Department of Applied Sociology and Political Science of the Tyva Institute of Humanitarian and Applied Socio-Economic Research. The analysis also included 23 in-depth expert surveys from 16 focus groups conducted in all areas of the republic. Formal institutions in ethno-national regions of Russia turned out to be incongruous to the modernization processes. They proved to have been replaced by clientele and parantella patterns, where institutional relations are just a by-product of money distribution among the dominant interest groups. However, the authors believe that Sh. V. Kara-ool managed to stabilize internal ethnopolitical processes in the Tyva Republic. The research results can help improve local policy in ethnic regions.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-86-95

Abstract:
The meaning of exhibition and convention activity is currently undergoing serious changes. Contemporary forums and exhibitions promote goods and services, as well as create new social, economic, and political relation standards. The contemporary crisis has revealed some regulatory gaps. However, innovative marketing approach to exhibition and convention events can help industry to recover and grow. Exhibition and convention events produce not only economics effects: they also promote institutional, public, and innovative development. The present research featured cooperation and coordination of stakeholders in exhibition and convention activities, as well as related legal, marketing, and theoretical factors. The research objective was to develop the economy of events – a new methodological approach to assessment of non-material effects of exhibition and convention activity. The research was based on the methods of institutional economics; the paper offers an analysis of existing legal frameworks and standards. The author believes that exhibition and convention sphere needs institutional background based on the interaction of existing norms and methods within event system. This theoretical aspect made it possible to consider the role of events in the context of building sustainable interrelationships between institutes and society, as well as to reinterpret the role of exhibition and convention activity in the modern agenda.
Yuliya Pin'Koveckaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-109-122

Abstract:
Small and medium enterprises play an important role in modern national economies. However, many of these enterprises experience difficulties in attracting the necessary investments for operation and further development. Personal finances are usually not enough to solve all problems, especially in crisis conditions. Bank loans are not available for most small and medium businesses because of small fixed assets, poor credit history, and incomplete reporting. As foreign experience shows, alternative forms and methods of obtaining the necessary funds can be an effective way to increase the financing of such enterprises. This review article examines the experience gained in recent years in using alternative financing. This experience is relevant for the current domestic entrepreneurship. Factoring, order financing, warehouse receipts, leasing, trade credit, and crowdfunding proved to be the main alternative financing tools. For each of these financial instruments, the article gives brief characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, requirements for regulatory support, and related types of activities. The research results can help entrepreneurs who have difficulties in financing their production and sale, especially beginners. The results obtained can be used by government authorities to form a policy to improve access of business structures to working capital and investment in Russia and its regions.
Artem Rada, Irina Gavrilenko, Alina Kolesnik
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-123-128

Abstract:
This study featured the geographic information system of the Kemerovo region (Kuzbass). The research objective was to determine the economic benefits of using various analytical layers of GIS Kuzbass. The authors reviewed the theoretical foundations of geographic information systems, as well as defined the main directions and advantages of their application. The paper introduces a detailed description of GIS Kuzbass and its effect on the local economy. The study involved descriptive, analytical, and comparative methods. Geographic information systems use multifactor information, which is constantly updated and systematized, thus making it possible to manage the territory quite effectively. GIS Kuzbass proved to be extremely effective. First, it can increase budget revenues of urban districts by increasing tax revenues from objects identified by the system. Second, it can increase budgets by obtaining fines for offenses detected by GIS Kuzbass.
Elena Morozova, Elena Pastukhova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-468-477

Abstract:
The importance of information and analytical activities in the management of the region's social sphere can hardly be overestimated since only those decisions will be efficient that rely on reliable and comprehensive data on the condition of the object of influence, trends in its development, possible directions for improvement, and feedback. A competent use of information in management requires that the methodological foundations of analytical and assessment processes be understood, in particular, the corresponding thesaurus. The study aims at systematizing the conceptual apparatus of the information and assessment support for the management of the region's social sphere and analyzing the condition and dynamics of healthcare as one of its key sectors. The paper focuses on the case of Kemerovo Region (Kuzbass). It interprets and systematizes such concepts as information, rate, parameter, indicator, criterion, and assessment. The empirical part of the study showed that the morbidity rate in Kuzbass has been above the nation level for the past 15 years and the data gap for this indicator is gradually increasing. This trend manifests itself against the background of higher values of infrastructure indicators and the load on nursing staff. True, the workload on medical doctors in the region is above the corresponding parameter at the national level. Sociological assessments show an increase in self-esteem of the population's health, but satisfaction with the health care system in the region has been, and remains, low. The data confirm the necessity and expediency of using statistical and sociological assessments in analyzing the current condition and, most importantly, identifying problems and ways to improve the sectors of the social sphere in the region.
, Timur Belalov, Anna Zhdanova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-505-515

Abstract:
The research featured the urban environment quality index for single-industry towns and non-single-industry towns in 2018–2019. The research objective was to identify statistical differences between single-industry towns and other urban settlements in terms of the components and combined value of the urban environment quality index. The paper introduces several strategies for the development of the urban environment of single-industry towns based on the concept of sustainable development. The study employed statistical methods and Statistica 10 program. Based on parametric and nonparametric criteria, the author revealed statistical differences for such aspects as "green areas" and "public and business infrastructure" for 2018 and 2019, as well as calculated the combined value for 2019. The strategies described in the present paper can help to overcome the existing problems of single-industry towns and avoid repeating the mistakes made by government when implementing similar federal programs in the past. The study may be of interest for executive authorities, municipal authorities, and residents of single-industry urban settlements.
Tatyana Dorofeeva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-534-542

Abstract:
The demographic situation has recently become one of the most important issues in modern Russia, which also affected the market of higher education service. The research objective was to analyze the demographic profile of Russia and the Kemerovo region. The author identified the impact of demographic and economic factors on the demand for higher education. A correlation analysis made it possible to select proper indicators in order to assess the impact of demographic and economic factors on the contingent of university students. The demographic factors included birth rate and the number of population aged 15–19. The economic factors were the average annual nominal salary and the average annual cost of education. The research revealed a positive correlation between the number of births, the amount of population aged 15–19, and the number of students in higher education institutions. Comparative and relative analyses made it possible to assess the paying capacity of population in the sphere of chargeable educational services, which showed an increase in the burden on the household budget and an increase in financial barriers to higher education. The research contributes to the development of the regional economy as it helps to predict the population's demand for higher education services.
Vladislav Rychkov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-486-495

Abstract:
The article describes a case of applying biographical method to the study of the memory policy. The research featured archival sources, personal documents, and published family memoirs of foreign citizens repressed in the 1930s. The paper demonstrates advantages of using the method as part of interdisciplinary approach in a hybrid methodological complex and describes various techniques of the hybridization procedure. The hybrid methodological approach made it possible to reconstruct a person's life path against the background of the historical situation in the country, to understand the context of their lives, their meanings and goals in specific historical conditions. The comparative analysis of the biographies resulted in a typical biographical situation and a typical life path of a repressed foreigner in Russia. Against the background of the typical fate of repressed foreigners, each individual biography emphasizes both the striking similarity of the scenarios and the unique experience. The biographical method proved efficient in studying the memory policy, embodied in different scenarios. The author believes that Russia needs to develop a policy of memory as it could bring to harmony various narratives and meanings, thus strengthening the civil solidarity.
Yuliya Pin'Koveckaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-543-556

Abstract:
Entrepreneurship is one of the fastest-growing spheres in most economically developed and developing countries. This article provides an overview of the most important scientific publications on business problems for almost three hundred years. It focuses on the theoretical research in such issues as the principles and concepts of entrepreneurship, as well as the role and social significance of entrepreneurs in national economies. It also touches upon various economic, managerial, organizational, and psychological aspects of entrepreneurship, e.g. new opportunities, motivation, etc. These publications formed the theoretical basis for the development of business sector as a driver of modern national economies, thus providing goods and services, reducing unemployment, developing innovation, and creating the middle class stratum. The present review can be used in further research, as well as in teaching business, economic theory, state and municipal management at university.
Anna Chelombitko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-568-579

Abstract:
The rapid development of lean production in Russian universities needs new methodological approaches to assess the ongoing processes. The research objective was to develop a new methodological approach to the progress assessment of lean production at universities. The approach is based on the effect of principles, tools, and scope of lean production on its qualitative and quantitative indicators, e.g. the number of methods, projects implemented, work standards, etc. This approach makes it possible to determine the development level of lean production systems on the basis of quantitative indicators, as well as to compare different universities with each other. The experiment featured two universities of the Association of Lean Universities, namely Maikop State Technological University and Kuban State Medical University. In terms of the main indicators, both universities appeared to be quite similar: they had almost the same number of implemented projects, mapped flows, and visualizations, as well as the level of time savings and stakeholder satisfaction. This result can be explained by the general policy of implementing lean production, as well as by a shared scientific and methodological basis. Kuban State Medical University had a slightly greater coverage of training in the field of lean production, standardization, etc. Maikop State Technological University proved to be more active in studying the needs of stakeholders and student involvement. Both universities paid insufficient attention to the cost assessment of the results of lean production. They also had poor management indicators for sustainability processes. The developed methodology may be of interest for university management, since it helps to substantiate decisions made on the basis of a comparative analysis. It can also serve as a basis for a new ranking of lean universities.
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