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Results in Journal Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun: 168

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Dian Ratna Sawitri, Ika Zenita Ratnaningsih
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 587-600; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.514

Abstract:
Employability has become an increasingly relevant construct in modern turbulent world economic markets especially in this industrial revolution 4.0 era. Perceived employability involves self-perceived ability to achieve sustainable employment appropriate to one’s level of qualifications. Individual and family-related variables have been identified as predictors of employability in undergraduate students. However, the roles of career action behaviors of planning the future career and exploration of the world of work in these relationships are rarely known. This study aimed to examine the paths from proactive personality and family influence to employability via career planning and exploration. We collected data from 321 undergraduate students from a university in Semarang, Indonesia, M age = 19.89 years, SD age = 5.39, 67.3% female. We used scales of proactive personality, family influence, career planning, career exploration, and employability to collect the data. Structural equation modeling showed that the paths from proactive personality and family influence to employability were all partially mediated by career planning and exploration. Our results underlined the roles of career planning and exploration as mechanisms by which proactive personality and family influence exerted their influences on employability in undergraduate students. The recommendations of the findings of this study are discussed.
Khotimah Khotimah, Imron Rosidi
Published: 30 September 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 633-648; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i3.377

Abstract:
Muslim youth in Pekanbaru currently interacts with different culture and tradition. They actively consume modern values spread by global media from different countries. In Muslim societies like Pekanbaru, the rise of modernity and globalization brings multiple impacts on them. One of them is that it supports the growth of piety or religiosity both in the private and public sphere among young Muslims. However, some people may indicate that this piety is a potential or same as radicalism. Radicalism and piety are two complicated terms among young Muslims in this town. As a result, this raises a question on how these Muslim youth understand and practice radicalism and piety. This article argued that, as the impact of globalization and modernity, piety was blended with capitalism and other non-Islamic ideologies. As a result, this article found that, first, Muslim youth in Pekanbaru were negotiating their piety and radicalism with non-Islamic ideologies such as modernity, capitalism, and so forth. Secondly, they could not be labeled into a single term like pious or radical. This is because they were still in the process of negotiation between piety and radicalism.
Salami Salami, Fadhilah Fadhilah, Miftahul Jannah, Inayatillah Inayatillah
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 313-326; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.470

Abstract:
Parental religious education is the most important thing in educating and raising children. The religious education that parents have will influence the norms and behavior of children to be educated and mature individuals. But now, even though parents understand the religious values, it is still difficult to implement these values in the family, especially in controlling the interaction of their children. This study investigated the religious value of parents in raising their children and the solution they offer to solve the problem related to sexual harassment issues faced by the children. This study used interviews, documentation, and observation, conducted in three locations namely in Bireuen district with four families, in North Aceh with three families, in Pidie Jaya with seven families, a total of all 14 families. The survey results in Bireuen showed even though their children suffered sexual harassment and rape but the parents were still able to hold their emotions because they had a strong religious education. They were happy to have children because it was assumed that they came from intact families. There is a stigma of society that their children are victims of sexual violation, whereas their parents have a good religious education. Complete intact families that still have both parents, can bring happiness, comfort, protect, and communicate well with their children. Otherwise, incomplete families whose children suffered sexual abuse victims are difficult to solve the problems being faced, especially to cheer up their children.
Undang Ahmad Darsa, Elis Suryani Nani Sumarlina, Rangga Saptya Mohamad Permana
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 259-278; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.369

Abstract:
The variety of Sundanese manuscripts are still scattered in individual communities, as well as those already stored in various libraries and museums in West Java. The Sundanese script is still stored in the Ciletuh Geopark, Sukabumi District. This research is interesting because of the discovery of several manuscripts around the southern Sukabumi area, especially at Surade, Ciemas, and Jampang Kulon areas. Descriptive method of comparative analysis that was used trying to describe the data in detail and thoroughly, analyze it carefully, and compare those target accurately between several texts studied. While the method of the study in the form of text critique method, referred to the method of a single script, through the standard edition. The method of content review used the method of cultural studies, which reveals the existence and function of the script pragmatically in the community, especially in the Ciletuh Geopark. The results of the research can be considered as "the documents and local wisdom of Sundanese culture", which deserves to be addressed wisely in the hope that the content contained in it is able to reveal the history of the life of Ciletuh Geopark, either through written tradition, folklore, and culture.
Abdul Manan, Muhazar Muhazar, Rahmad Syahputra, Cut Intan Salasiyah
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 243-258; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.489

Abstract:
This research studied the City Government’s endeavor of Banda Aceh to make the city as a civilized city model. Describing the efforts and constraints faced by the government, revealing responses of local citizens, and defining the present conditions of the city became the objective. A qualitative approach covering field observations, documents, and interviews, was applied and followed by data reduction, data display, and concluding. By involving related stakeholders, the new government duo headed by Aminullah Usman and Zainal Arifin has extended the Medium-term Development Plan to realize anew Long-term Development, Land Use, and Area Plan. Nevertheless, a lack of participation in the implementation of sharia appeared, less than optimal governance systems and uneven economic empowerment. Those generated varied responses from the lower, middle, and upper-class citizens. Therefore, to bring the glory of Banda Aceh, the duo has launched the concept of Banda Aceh the Brilliant City.
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 397-408; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.463

Abstract:
In the history of thought, defending human rights and freedom, positivist and materialist views are critical of religion in general and Islam in particular. Islam as a divine religion with its theoretical and practical dimensions has been the guarantor of human rights. Positivist and materialist views on every occasion ready to blame and identify the Islamic concept of servitude (to God) with slavery. But if we examine Islam in-depth with a philosophical mind, we can see that the Islamic concept of devotional servitude accommodates genuine freedom which intends to protect the health of both the body and the soul. Positivist and materialist minds consider the issue of human rights as their own, and religious sides approach this issue reluctantly due to the rhetoric of human rights devoid of religious rhetoric. Finding reasonable answers to the questions of what the source of human honor is and what makes human being meaningful will bring closer to each other the positivist/materialist views and religious views.
Nuriman Nuriman, Syahrial Razali Ibrahim
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 351-376; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.375

Abstract:
This study aims to measure the validity and reliability of the Islamic Religious-Personality and Social Environmental (IRPS) model. Religiosity and spirituality mediated by social environment variables were measured by SEM-PLS. Cognitive development by Piaget and the spiritual development theory by Fawler were applied in this study. The quantitative approach as a data analysis tool for the five hypotheses developed in the model. To ensure the validity and reliability of the converger validity instrument, Deverger validity and Construct Reliability test were involved with 32 items, and indicators that were valid and reliable were used to measure the Religiosity and Spirituality mediated by the social environment towards the personality of the adolescent. A total of 381 samples had been taken with systematic random sampling. The sample consisted of high school students, vocational schools, and Islamic senior high schools. The age of the respondents consisted of 16-19 years consists of 112 males and 169 females. The IRPS model that was developed has gone through a predictive relevance test and it turns out that it can be used to measure Islamic Religion-Personality through a Social Environment. The study found that there was an influence of Islamic religiosity on adolescent personality and adolescent personality not influenced by Islamic spirituality. Islamic religiosity and spirituality correlated with the social environment and positively influencing the personality of adolescents.
Azza Ismu Annisa, Mundilarto Mundilarto
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 299-312; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.416

Abstract:
This study aims to reveal (1) the construct and (2) the characteristics of the developed instrument for assessing Physics cognitive learning achievement of high school students in outdoor learning models through local wisdom-based fieldwork. This research was a research and development using the approach developed by Mardapi (2012: 110). The steps taken included (1) preparing instrument specifications, (2) writing the instrument, (3) reviewing the instrument, (4) doing instrument trial, (5) analyzing the instrument, (6) improving the instrument, assemble the test (8) implementing the test, and (9) interpreting measurement result. The results of the study showed that the Instrument of cognitive skills consisted of 50 items with two-tier multiple choices focused on indicators of cognitive skills. The instrument was categorized fit the PCM 1PL and the difficulty level of the items ranges from -1,00 to 1,22 which means the items were in a good category. The reliability of the items was 0,89 for the ability ranging from -2 to 2 with standard error measurement 0,23, which means it was in a very high category.
Teuku Muttaqin Mansur, Sulaiman Sulaiman, Hasbi Ali
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 423-442; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.443

Abstract:
This article aims to find out the legal position, authority, and structure of adat(customary) court in Aceh. This study used juridical methods. Data were obtained through literacy studies by examining such as the rule of laws, books, and journals. Data were analyzed using a qualitative descriptive approach. The results of the study showed that adat court in Aceh has a significant position in the legislative system. The authority of the adat court in Aceh is able to resolve small disputes that occur in society. The structure of adat court in Aceh is divided into land and sea areas. Adat court in the land territory consists of the village and the mukim adat court, and the sea territory consists of lhok and district adat court.
Made Kerta Adhi, Ni Putu Parmini, Ni Putu Desi Wulandari
Published: 30 May 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 8, pp 279-298; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v8i2.420

Abstract:
The study aims at describing the transformation of the Balinese satua values for strengthening the alpha generation (Gen A)’s character education in Kindergarten Saraswati Tabanan. The method used was qualitative research with a Cultural Studies approach. The results showed that Masatua (storytelling) was carried out for twenty minutes every “Thursday Cultures" in Balinese, such as Masatua Siap Selem, and Ni Bawang Teken Ni Kesuna. They were very happy to listen to stories because they were supported by pictures media, the narrator were hilarious and familiar, interspersed with dialogues and Balinese folk songs. Previously, the characters of the Gen A was relatively less independent or less confident, spoiled, and egocentric. After Gen A were given Balinese storytelling continuously, there were process internalization of balinese satua values, which can influence the strengthening of the character of children, such as children become independent, confident, religious, honest, disciplined, tolerant, creative, and responsible. In conclusion, the Balinese satua contains noble moral values that can be told to children with practical ways, and pragmatic manner in a pleasant atmosphere. Masatua was carried out sustainable so that it became a habit, culture and can strengthen the characters of Gen A, and also preservation and development of local wisdom.
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