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Journal Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research

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26 articles
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Xie Guo Hui
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 97-107; doi:10.34256/ajir1938

Abstract:Unlike most of the autism screeners that use the classical triad of impairments in social interaction, communication and stereotyped behaviors to identify autism, the present screener is based on the yin-yang concept of dualism relying on the eight principles of the Chinese Traditional Medicine (TCM) to understand autism. Though not validated yet, it can still be used as an alternative screening tool by parents, teachers and other interested parties, such as the TCM practitioners, to make an initial identification of someone displaying prodromal autistic spectral symptoms, ranging from one end of the continuum that shows signs of low passivity (yin) to the other end that shows signs of high activity or reactivity (yang) in responding to either eternal or internal stimuli. The screener is strictly not to be used as a diagnostic tool. However, its results may be used for a possible quick referral to the professionals for a formal assessment to be conducted so that early intervention can be provided before the condition becomes more serious over time.
Mkpa Agu Mkpa, Ekoh-Nweke Angela Chekwube
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 108-120; doi:10.34256/ajir1939

Abstract:The study sought to determine if the utilization of three reading activities in a remediation class for experimental (E) group of primary five (5) pupils who were deficient in reading would improve their reading abilities over their counterparts in the control (C) group taught the remedial lessons through the traditional teacher-centered approach. It also investigated if sex would be a significant factor in determining the performance of the treatment and control groups. Two research questions and two null hypothesis guided the study. The subjects were made up of 38 reading-deficient primary five (5) pupils randomly assigned to the two treatment groups. The data collection instrument was a researcher-made and validated reading assessment checklist, the inter-rater reliability coefficient of which yielded an index of 0.82 using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficients. The C and E group teachers received orientations on the approaches to adopt to carry out their task. Steps were taken to establish equivalence of the instructional conditions of the two groups, the only difference being the experimental treatment which consisted of the use of 3 activities: Reading chart activity, Paired reading and Command card game. After the remedial treatment experiment which lasted for three weeks of compact activities, the E and C subjects were tested with their class-appropriate reader. Results established the significant superiority of the experimental group over the control. Sex was not found to be a significant factor as no difference existed between the male and female pupils in the E and C groups.
Deeksha Thakur, Charu Shri, Vij A.K.
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 46-55; doi:10.34256/ajir1935

Abstract:Rapport-building is a well-known construct and so is Classroom Environment (CRE). Faculty-student rapport (FSR) in higher education is perceived to enhance motivational level, comfort level, communication and eventually learning. Connecting with students also leads to better student engagement in the learning process. A lot has been said about faculty-student rapport by theoreticians however research needs to measure its impact empirically. This research paper measures impact of FSR on CRE in the institutions imparting management and engineering education in NCR, India. Objective of this paper is to establish whether a positive correlation exists between FSR and CRE. Other objectives of this paper are to evaluate if stream of education (engineering/management) and gender of teacher have significant impact on FSR. Data was collected from 800 students from private institutions of National Capital Region (NCR), India using Professor-Student Rapport Scale and The College and University Classroom Environment Inventory (CUCEI) questionnaire. The impact of FSR on CRE has been measured through Pearson Correlation. The impact of stream of education (engineering/management) and gender of teacher on FSR have been measured through T-test. This research paper primarily measures student perception. Pearson correlation on this data size of 800 affirmed that there exists a positive correlation between Faculty-student rapport and Classroom Environment. T-tests determined that stream of education does not impact FSR whereas gender of the teacher impacts FSR. Previous research has shown mixed results that FSR impacts student achievement. This does not mean that FSR should be neglected or given less importance. Faculty-student rapport impacts Classroom Environment and hence should be considered and maintained in higher education.
Jennifer Camulli, Guohui Xie
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 56-75; doi:10.34256/ajir1936

Abstract:Globally, people with disabilities (PWD) face enormous barriers to securing decent and sustainable employment in the workforce. Quota systems to counter this have been enacted in some countries and yielded some successful results. There is risk, however, of token employment within a quota program in the absence of a structured assessment/evaluation protocol. The authors of this paper propose a comprehensive inclusive employment framework, The Employment Continuum, for employment of PWD in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) as a measure to temper ableist practices and address the need for assessment/evaluation protocol of PWD as well as an appraisal of the employer and workplace to ensure accessible and sustainable employment.
Sogo Angel Olofinbiyi
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 76-96; doi:10.34256/ajir1937

Abstract:Approximately a decade of Boko Haram catastrophic enterprises in Nigeria has described the Islamist terrorist group as an anathema to sustainable development as well as the nation’s most protracted stand-off of recent times. The study employed a qualitative methodological approach of in-depth interviews to examine the multi-faceted challenges of the crisis in Nigeria. The study unfolds a great deal of deplorable effects associated with gradual underdevelopment of the Nigerian state, particularly in the areas of socio-economic, political, religious, educational, agricultural, and health advancement of the country. With Boko Haram’s persistent enterprise flourishing in Nigeria and no lasting solutions hitherto in sight, the study recommends peaceful negotiation as an immediate response to the crisis and pre-emptive legal measures as a remote solution to address such problem should it arise in the nearest future.
Kimbert M. Mack, Ethel Reyes-Chua
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 18-29; doi:10.34256/ajir1932

Abstract:Undoubtedly, managing student discipline is one of the concerns of higher education institutions in the Philippines nowadays. However, despite the so many strategies to alleviate serious and not so serious offenses in EAC-Cavite, there have never been any established guidelines to evaluate student discipline occurrences and intervention as the basis for continual improvement. This study evaluates the major types of student discipline and analyzes its kind of offense incurred by students for Academic Year 2018-2019 from the 14 schools in EAC-Cavite which are categorically divided into five (5) clusters. This study uses the mixed methods of research using the data gathered daily by the Discipline Officers. The data were summarized using frequency and percentage or according to the number of offenses recorded each month and the recorded incidents per cluster. The Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was also conducted among 20 student offenders who voluntarily provide reasons of such occurrences. The students analyzed and gave their possible solutions to improve their habits. Although this study is a nonexperimental, this implies that this evaluation documents the college-wide intervention and the role of the Office of Student Affairs (OSA) to improve their reporting technique on student discipline. Findings show that there were fewer occurrences per cluster after the intervention; however, for continual improvement purposes, this study recommends a continuous evaluation of the OSA’s disciplinary procedures, intervention guidelines, and reporting strategies to enhance student services at EAC-Cavite.
Effumbe Kachua
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 30-36; doi:10.34256/ajir1933

Abstract:Language as a means of communication, culturally denotes a vehicle for achieving ontological wholeness - a sense of connectedness and seamless relationship amongst individuals in a community; a means towards the creation of an essence in a people. Even though the Caribbean society is inherently culturally and politically disparate, cultural sociologist and linguists have sought to create the basis for unity through the medium of language. Despite the colonialist's seperatist policies in the Caribbean, language remains the most significant feature of ethnic identity. Edward (later called Kamau) Brathwaite's novel concept of 'Nation Language' is a linguistic initiative towards the achievement of the sense of cultural and political wholeness in a people. This study identifies and establishes the socio-cultural link that exemplifies the import of language as an indispensable tool of National integration.
Oluwafemi Samuel Amoran
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 37-45; doi:10.34256/ajir1934

Abstract:Over the years, have there been severe misconceptions about the nature of philosophy; most often when people hear about it, without minding its scope, what comes to mind is that philosophy is against God. The reason has been that philosophy is believed to be a movement, or academic course that opposes the existence of God or negates the principles of biblical dispositions. Whereas, philosophy as thought of by many is not fiction, or a teaching against God as perceived, neither is it trickery, but truth telling, enacting facts and making complicated issues clear enough to be understandable. Naturally, one may not be able to comprehend the fact that Christian living has elements of philosophy as its theoretical framework which is generally referred to as Christian Philosophy and many may not have find it very easy to associate it (Christian philosophy) with the need to defend one’s faith which the thrust of this work is primarily situated upon. This is to say, that the thrust of this paper is to present a possible areas of connectedness of Christian Philosophy and Christian Apologetics. This would be done through brief definitions of philosophy, Christian philosophy, apologetics, Christian apologetics and its importance and then highlights the possible areas of their relationship. The work also concludes with emphasis on the importance of not downplaying one for the other; and that both Christian apologetics and Christian philosophy are interrelated and capable of influencing one another for an active faith development and sound doctrinal belief.
Oludare Bosede Abiola, Afolabi Tosin Paul
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 33-43; doi:10.34256/ajir1924

Abstract:The study examined the inclusion of guidance and counselling programme into basic education curriculum for quality assurance in basic education. The study employed the use of descriptive research design. The sample consisted of two hundred basic education teachers in primary and junior secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State. Four research questions were raised. The use of self – designed questionnaire was employed which was validated by experts from curriculum studies and Educational Foundations and Counselling. The data gathered was analyzed with mean rank and standard deviation. The findings of the result shows the various guidance and counselling programmes to be included into basic education curriculum, the benefits derived from the inclusion of guidance and counselling programmes into basic education curriculum, the relationship between basic education and guidance and counselling and the challenges on the inclusion of guidance and counselling into basic education curriculum. Based on the findings, the study makes the following recommendations among others: Formal vocational education to be introduced at the Basic education level, so that pupils would be guided into the right thinking of appropriate careers to be perused, training and retraining of professionally qualified counsellors on regular basis and they should be involved in the formulation and implementation of curriculum for the basic education programme, well trained and competent Guidance and Counselling personnel, with thorough theoretical and practical knowledge, must be employed at schools. These people can help teachers to cope and deal with learners efficiently, government should provide adequate funds to all basic education in the country.
Charity Wangui Waithima, Lilian Wahome
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 2, pp 44-55; doi:10.34256/ajir1925

Abstract:Alcohol use has remained a critical problem among adolescents in Kenya. The use is conceptualized as a behavior which results from the interplay between the social-economic environment and personal factors. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence, predictors and alleviation of alcohol use among adolescents in rural Nyeri, Kenya. The study was a quasi-experimental quantitative study in which purposive and simple random sampling were used to select participants (n=1038) from eight county administrative units. A self-administered questionnaire was employed to collect data at baseline and endline after six months. Descriptive statistics were applied to summarize categorical and continuous variables while Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval (CI) brought out the estimated strength of association between independent and the dependent variables. Effectiveness of the mitigation strategy applied was assessed after six months with reference to the baseline. 48.6% of the participants indicated having used alcohol in their lifetime, with 34.7% reporting alcohol consumption in the last one month. Seven independent predictors of alcohol use among the participants were identified using binary logistic regression at P
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