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Journal The Modern Higher Education Review

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The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635

Malgozhata Kaminska
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.5

Abstract:Continuing education of teachers is one of the most important challenges in the educational policy of the European Union. Primary education and professional development of teachers are considered as strategic factors in the achievement of educational indicators in the 2020 perspective. The article presents the main concepts that characterize continuous education on the background of the concept of continuous education. The provisions on education and professional development of teachers in European educational systems have been analyzed on the basis of research reports, strategies and communications from the Council and the European Commission. There is a growing awareness and sense that improving the quality of general and vocational education cannot take place without taking into account changes in teacher education and training. The level of professional qualifications of teachers is quite high, but initiatives are needed to improve teachers’ professional competences, especially in the area of pedagogical and practical education. The challenge remains to work towards the professional integration of young teachers and – as a result – to limit the outflow of teachers from the profession. This is closely related to the promotion of solutions that will help teachers develop their competence potential and gain new experiences through various forms of professional development. This also applies to non-formal learning and recognition of its effects.
Natalia Dichek
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.1

Abstract:In the context of the introduction in the second half of the XXth century the process of the individualization of teaching in secondary school a little-studied aspect is revealed – the contribution to this process of Ukrainian psychologists. The main directions of their research, methods and results of scientific experiments in the field of pedagogical psychology, psychology of personality, social psychology aimed to individualizing education (studying memory, individual differences in mental activity, creativity of students, their interests and abilities, identifying and developing giftedness and creative thinking, introducing the differentiation in education in primary school, the organization of psychological service in secondary school) are outlined. The analysis of such kind of Ukrainian scientists’ studies testified the expansion in the early 1990s of the spectrum of their work in the direction of ensuring the realization of individual needs and interests of schoolchildren. It was proved the gradual formation during the 1980s of a basis for establishing the paradigm of a personality-oriented education, which became one of the most important directions of the educational policy of independent Ukraine.
Alla Durdas
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.4

Abstract:The article deals with the peculiarities of historical development and modern state of higher education in France. The periods of higher education development of France are determined and the complex and multi-level system of French higher education is considered. The importance of education for the strategy of national development of the country and civilization is emphasized. The importance of the study of the historical development of the university education in France has been substantiated. The stages of education development at the universities of France are outlined and features are considered. each of these stages. The types of higher education institutions in France and their peculiarities in the context of development tendencies are investigated. The present stage of the development of the system of French university education and the peculiarities of structural transformations is considered. The article describes the duality between the French higher education institutions and research centers, as well as the duality between educational institutions and educational programs. The peculiarities of functioning of universities, “big schools" and private institutions of higher education are studied. There is a strong centralized presence and the role of the state in the education of France, in particular in the organization of the educational process and in the financing of education, as well as in defining the fundamental principles of the educational process. The article focuses on the achievements of the French system of higher education and its uniqueness. The role and place of large schools in the system of higher education in France are highlighted. The leading elite schools and universities are mentioned, as well as the conditions for joining them. Attention was paid to the almost equal quality of education in the capital and in the province. Attention is drawn to the national character of the French higher education.
Isaak Papadopoulos
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.13

Abstract:Intercultural communication constitutes a research field with an increasing interest within the Greek context, as the Greek classes are characterized to a great extent by a cultural- and linguistic- diversity. This study aims at investigating linguistic-elements used by students as a key-factor affecting intercultural written communication between Greek students and students coming from other countries. Effectiveness in intercultural communication is a multifaceted factor which is dependent both on the use of intercultural communication strategies and on the way that speakers/writers modify their utterances in terms of either softening or intensifying their speech as well. More specifically, through this research attempt was made to record internal modifiers, linguistic elements which act either as downgraders (mitigators), aiming to soften the act or as upgraders aiming to intensify the coerciveness or urgency of the act performed by the speakers. Towards that goal, a subject of 150 students (11-12 years of age) was urged to influence a pen-friend from another cultural environment, as regards to taking up a new sports-activity while the scripts of the students underwent investigatory qualitative research. Following the qualitative analysis of the students’ pieces of writing, it was revealed that students made an extensive use of a) downgraders like the marker 'please', consultative devices and subjectivisers as well as b) upgraders such as overstaters and time intensifiers. With respect to the fact that employing modification within the context of social interaction among people from different cultural backgrounds is of utmost importance, it is necessary the students to get familiarized with the significance of modification in their discourse and be encouraged to make use of modifiers which empower their communication within and outside the school context.
Henrikh Stronskyy, Halyna Panyshko
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.3

Abstract:The article analyzes the activities of Polish societies with the status of civic organizations in their professional, cultural and educational activities. Public associations (associations, unions) operating in the Volyn region provide an opportunity to determine the level of development of the “third sector” in the region. Each society has its own structure and governing bodies, in its activity the statute of the partnership is used, carrying out its activities in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine, the Law of Ukraine “On Public Associations”. Societies do not carry out commercial and political activities. The article highlights several Polish societies that operate in Volyn, among them: the Society of Polish Culture in Volyn named after Eva Felinskaya. Society of Polish Culture named after T. Kosciuszko. Society of Polish Culture of Gorohovshchyna named after Y. Slovatsky, Volyn Society of Polish Doctors, Volyn Branch of the Association of Polish Teachers, Society of Polish Artists "Barwy Kresowe", Polish Society of Polish Culture named after Michal Oginsky in Novovolynsk and the Society of Polish Teachers named after G. Zapolskaya. All these societies engage in scientific, educational and cultural activities aimed at the revival and development of the Polish language, literature and culture.It is concluded that the main goal of one or another organization is the national-cultural revival of the polonium, the popularization of the Polish language, and the satisfaction of the common interests of persons of Polish origin living in the Volyn region. Particularly important is the role of societies in establishing close personal contacts between Polish and Ukrainian communities. After all, the Polish minority in independent Ukraine, on the one hand, gradually revives its ethical and national traits, in particular, the native language of communication, visits to the church, develops popular culture and mentality, and on the other hand, it is increasingly integrated into Ukrainian society, joins the public-political life of the state, acts as an effective factor in the Ukrainian-Polish partnership.
Yuliia Korotkova
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.2

Abstract:The article is devoted to the distinction and characterization of the leading trends in the development of language education in Ukraine in the late XX – early XXI centuries, which include: strengthening the authority of the Ukrainian language, its dissemination in all spheres of public life; increasing attention to foreign languages; a gradual transition to linguistic diversity and multilingualism; paying special attention to the study of the Ukrainian language as a foreign language; launching a certification process for the level of knowledge in Ukrainian and foreign languages; constant updating of the purpose, tasks, content, forms, methods and means of language education.
Olha Pavlenko
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.11

Abstract:US higher engineering institutions have gained the public trust and are holding the leading positions in the world university rankings. Being among one the most popular fields, engineering for many years has received much attention in terms of rethinking the balance of theory and practice, the role of fundamental disciplines alongside with humanities and social sciences, the impact of the technological progress on the scope and learning outcomes of engineering education. The article aims to present research on US higher engineering education tendencies, briefly outline historical prerequisites of major changes in American engineering education, as well as to enhance the understanding of valuable international educational practices. The article discusses advances in engineering curricula design and provides suggestions for improving them in terms of learning outcomes and needs of modern engineers.
Nina Batechko, Mykola Lut
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.6

Abstract:The article covers the main principles of the engineers education and ensuring the connection of the proposed educational material with their future engineering activities, the prospects of technical, technological, economic and social development of society. Issues on the quality of educational programs in higher education institutions are briefly outlined. Among the requirements for future engineering activities are considered requirements for the formation of the content of engineering education, its humanization, fundamentalization and professionalization.It is concluded that the most anticipated in the international educational services market are educational and professional programs for training specialists in the scientific and technical field, formed by a list of specialties traditionally for European, African and American countries, whose content and structure corresponds to accepted international requirements. For the formation of a modern domestic engineers' corps it is necessary: to substantially raise the prestige of engineering professions; to ensure the introduction of qualitative changes in the training of engineers, focusing it on the current advances in science and technology, in-depth study of fundamental disciplines, the development of creative and organizational skills of future engineers, their ability to work in conditions of fierce competition; to carry out qualitative improvement of the teaching staff and re-equipment of the training laboratory base; to provide an opportunity to increase the participation of industrial enterprises, research and design institutions in the training of specialists in engineering; create the legal framework for corporate training of engineers in higher education institutions. In order to coordinate the activities of higher education institutions that train engineers, it would be expedient to broaden the experience of public accreditation of engineering education programs and certification of engineering qualifications and professional engineering activities.
Natalya Voyevutko
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.7

Abstract:The article analyzes the content of curricula for the training of education managers in the Republic of Cyprus. The peculiarities of the formation of the master’s degree programs at the Open University of Cyprus, the University of Frederic Cyprus, the European University of Cyprus, the University of Nicosia, the University of Naples, the International Institute of Management of Cyprus are considered. It has been found out that the programs include graduates of the baccalaureate of pedagogical specialties, as well as educators who already work at the positions of teachers, school directors, school counselors, education managers, heads of institutions providing educational services in vocational and continuing education institutions. The credit dimension of the programs is determined, which corresponds to 90 or 120 ECTS, where the content of compulsory and selective disciplines is formed in relation to 1/2. Obligatory disciplines have identified those that provide the ability to administer and explore education and provide a clear understanding of organizational theories, their ability to implement at schools and any other educational institutions; the ability to analyze current educational issues, to offer decisions and discuss the consequences of their making, to understand the dynamic environment in which the educational institutions and the education system operate in general, to investigate and analyze various models of document circulation in each educational institution and in the educational system on the whole. The content of selective disciplines forms the special knowledge of future managers, explains phenomena such as change design, leadership and innovative educational programs, theoretical models of effective education, and the study of strategic planning, accountability and responsibility issues.
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