Journal The Modern Higher Education Review-
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.1
Abstract:In the context of the introduction in the second half of the XXth century the process of the individualization of teaching in secondary school a little-studied aspect is revealed – the contribution to this process of Ukrainian psychologists. The main directions of their research, methods and results of scientific experiments in the field of pedagogical psychology, psychology of personality, social psychology aimed to individualizing education (studying memory, individual differences in mental activity, creativity of students, their interests and abilities, identifying and developing giftedness and creative thinking, introducing the differentiation in education in primary school, the organization of psychological service in secondary school) are outlined. The analysis of such kind of Ukrainian scientists’ studies testified the expansion in the early 1990s of the spectrum of their work in the direction of ensuring the realization of individual needs and interests of schoolchildren. It was proved the gradual formation during the 1980s of a basis for establishing the paradigm of a personality-oriented education, which became one of the most important directions of the educational policy of independent Ukraine.
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.3
Abstract:The article analyzes the activities of Polish societies with the status of civic organizations in their professional, cultural and educational activities. Public associations (associations, unions) operating in the Volyn region provide an opportunity to determine the level of development of the “third sector” in the region. Each society has its own structure and governing bodies, in its activity the statute of the partnership is used, carrying out its activities in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine, the Law of Ukraine “On Public Associations”. Societies do not carry out commercial and political activities. The article highlights several Polish societies that operate in Volyn, among them: the Society of Polish Culture in Volyn named after Eva Felinskaya. Society of Polish Culture named after T. Kosciuszko. Society of Polish Culture of Gorohovshchyna named after Y. Slovatsky, Volyn Society of Polish Doctors, Volyn Branch of the Association of Polish Teachers, Society of Polish Artists "Barwy Kresowe", Polish Society of Polish Culture named after Michal Oginsky in Novovolynsk and the Society of Polish Teachers named after G. Zapolskaya. All these societies engage in scientific, educational and cultural activities aimed at the revival and development of the Polish language, literature and culture.It is concluded that the main goal of one or another organization is the national-cultural revival of the polonium, the popularization of the Polish language, and the satisfaction of the common interests of persons of Polish origin living in the Volyn region. Particularly important is the role of societies in establishing close personal contacts between Polish and Ukrainian communities. After all, the Polish minority in independent Ukraine, on the one hand, gradually revives its ethical and national traits, in particular, the native language of communication, visits to the church, develops popular culture and mentality, and on the other hand, it is increasingly integrated into Ukrainian society, joins the public-political life of the state, acts as an effective factor in the Ukrainian-Polish partnership.
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.2
Abstract:The article is devoted to the distinction and characterization of the leading trends in the development of language education in Ukraine in the late XX – early XXI centuries, which include: strengthening the authority of the Ukrainian language, its dissemination in all spheres of public life; increasing attention to foreign languages; a gradual transition to linguistic diversity and multilingualism; paying special attention to the study of the Ukrainian language as a foreign language; launching a certification process for the level of knowledge in Ukrainian and foreign languages; constant updating of the purpose, tasks, content, forms, methods and means of language education.
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.11
Abstract:US higher engineering institutions have gained the public trust and are holding the leading positions in the world university rankings. Being among one the most popular fields, engineering for many years has received much attention in terms of rethinking the balance of theory and practice, the role of fundamental disciplines alongside with humanities and social sciences, the impact of the technological progress on the scope and learning outcomes of engineering education. The article aims to present research on US higher engineering education tendencies, briefly outline historical prerequisites of major changes in American engineering education, as well as to enhance the understanding of valuable international educational practices. The article discusses advances in engineering curricula design and provides suggestions for improving them in terms of learning outcomes and needs of modern engineers.
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.6
Abstract:The article covers the main principles of the engineers education and ensuring the connection of the proposed educational material with their future engineering activities, the prospects of technical, technological, economic and social development of society. Issues on the quality of educational programs in higher education institutions are briefly outlined. Among the requirements for future engineering activities are considered requirements for the formation of the content of engineering education, its humanization, fundamentalization and professionalization.It is concluded that the most anticipated in the international educational services market are educational and professional programs for training specialists in the scientific and technical field, formed by a list of specialties traditionally for European, African and American countries, whose content and structure corresponds to accepted international requirements. For the formation of a modern domestic engineers' corps it is necessary: to substantially raise the prestige of engineering professions; to ensure the introduction of qualitative changes in the training of engineers, focusing it on the current advances in science and technology, in-depth study of fundamental disciplines, the development of creative and organizational skills of future engineers, their ability to work in conditions of fierce competition; to carry out qualitative improvement of the teaching staff and re-equipment of the training laboratory base; to provide an opportunity to increase the participation of industrial enterprises, research and design institutions in the training of specialists in engineering; create the legal framework for corporate training of engineers in higher education institutions. In order to coordinate the activities of higher education institutions that train engineers, it would be expedient to broaden the experience of public accreditation of engineering education programs and certification of engineering qualifications and professional engineering activities.
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.7
Abstract:The article analyzes the content of curricula for the training of education managers in the Republic of Cyprus. The peculiarities of the formation of the master’s degree programs at the Open University of Cyprus, the University of Frederic Cyprus, the European University of Cyprus, the University of Nicosia, the University of Naples, the International Institute of Management of Cyprus are considered. It has been found out that the programs include graduates of the baccalaureate of pedagogical specialties, as well as educators who already work at the positions of teachers, school directors, school counselors, education managers, heads of institutions providing educational services in vocational and continuing education institutions. The credit dimension of the programs is determined, which corresponds to 90 or 120 ECTS, where the content of compulsory and selective disciplines is formed in relation to 1/2. Obligatory disciplines have identified those that provide the ability to administer and explore education and provide a clear understanding of organizational theories, their ability to implement at schools and any other educational institutions; the ability to analyze current educational issues, to offer decisions and discuss the consequences of their making, to understand the dynamic environment in which the educational institutions and the education system operate in general, to investigate and analyze various models of document circulation in each educational institution and in the educational system on the whole. The content of selective disciplines forms the special knowledge of future managers, explains phenomena such as change design, leadership and innovative educational programs, theoretical models of effective education, and the study of strategic planning, accountability and responsibility issues.
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.9
Abstract:Self-evaluation is an opinion which is shaped and transformed along with human age. The younger a child is, the more superficial and situational character the self-assessment has. Its level depends on the acquired experience – the cases of success and failure. Moreover, notional thinking develops gradually with the age, changing self-evaluation into an in-depth opinion. In the text, the research results are presented of self-evaluation of borderland children and youth in the aspect of their self-assessed life achievements in regard to their potentialities (individually specified measure of quality) and the evaluation of school results (socially specified measure of quality). This constitutes a record of the current state and the one nearly 25 years ago, which also takes into account the respondents’ age and residence place. What is comprised here as well are the different dimensions of the young’s self-evaluation and its significance for their spiritual development, which is the essence of education.
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.8
Abstract:The article outlines the main criteria for determining the temperament of the student for the formation of educational groups in order to optimize the educational process. It describes the way of conducting research to identify the effectiveness of training students with a predominant phlegmatic type of temperament (introverts) and students with a predominant choleric type of temperament (extroverts) in separate academic groups. The article also touches upon the problem of the right to have a mistake as the only way to the educational growth of a person. The main results of the study are pointed out.
The Modern Higher Education Review; doi:10.28925/2518-7635.2018.3.10
Abstract:This paper highlights academic integrity in the system of the future teacher professional training; the essence of the academic honesty concept, its contents in relation to the formation of personal and professional characteristics of a competent specialist is researched; the attitude to the academic dishonesty manifestations among the students of the specialty “Preschool education” is determined. Author examines the growing cases of violations of the academic integrity principles in higher education. The European experience in shaping the moral and ethical behavior of a future educators is highlighted as a model for Ukraine in struggle with tolerance to academic dishonesty manifestations in the educational process. On the basis of systematic analysis, it was proved that academic honesty is the rules and moral and ethical principles that all educators should use to build an atmosphere of mutual trust in the academic environment, updating the education system. Understanding and adopting academic norms based on systematic work and motivation is a necessary phenomenon for future educators. Updating the system of higher education is possible only with the active participation of students in reforms, providing suggestions on ways to improve the educational process. Many institutions of higher education in Ukraine already have "Ethical Codes" that define the principles of academic honesty at the legislative level. The next step towards restoring the academic culture of our country will be the creation of ethical commissions that will clearly regulate sanctions for non-compliance with ethical norms in the educational environment. It is concluded that academic honesty has gained special significance for the educational environment, and only joint efforts of the entire academic community can build the corporate culture of the university. It is necessary to deal comprehensively with tolerant attitude of students towards negative phenomena of violation of ethical principles in educational activities.