Journal The Indonesian Journal of Public Health-
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 158-170; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i2.2018.158-170
Abstract:Forecasting can be used to view events or trends in future. Counseling in VCT is the counseling activities provide by psychological support, information and knowledge on HIV/AIDS, to prevent HIV transmission, promoting responsible behavior changes. This article purposed to knew number of VCT on people living with HIV in East Java province and predicted number people living with HIV which recorded via the VCT in 2018 used best method. The unit of analysis in this research was the number of people living with HIV in East Java, data processed using method of Holt Double Exponential Smoothing and ARIMA. The results of forecasting data logging by VCT in people with HIV used method Holt Double Exponential Smoothing which alpha=0.710 and gamma=0.039 i.e MAPE=26.06, MAD=24.75 and MSD=1999.59.The alpha parameter value (level) and gamma (trend)retrieved from the way try and error. Meanwhile, ARIMA models qualifies stationerity data, white noise and residual Kolmogorov Smirnov was ARIMA (2, 1, 1) with error MAPE=45.148, MAD=91.75 and MSD=437781.8. Based on the value of MAPE, MAD and MSD that forecasting VCT was suitable to used Double Exponential Smoothing Holt. Double Exponential Smoothing Holt with α (alpha)=0.710 and γ (gamma)=0.039can produce MAPE=26.06, MAD=24, 75 dan MSD=1999.59 produce forecasting for the year 2018, Ft + m = St + btm F57 value + 6 = S57 + b56, obtained results for the month of January of the year of 2018 244.769. The number of people living with HIV was recorded through VCT fluctuating but trends to rise over time. The value of forecasting has grown trend. For other researchers, because this research is univariate case, more comprehensive should added with other variables.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 26-37; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.26-37
Abstract:Indonesia is a country with largest smoker in South East Asia. According to Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) (2013), there is rising trends of cigarette smooking during three periods, especially in adolescents aged ≥15 years. Therefore it is necessary to take effort to prevent existence of it. Providing health promotion media in the form of hand lettering can be an alternative in providing effective information and education. Now days, Hand lettering is a popular art design for adolescents. This research was conducted on the students of class XI TKR SMK PGRI 4 Surabaya. The purpose of this study was to know the efectiveness of hand lettering as a health promotion media of harmfull effect of cigarettes in adolescents. It was quasi experimental research. Samples are 90 students of class XI TKR SMK PGRI 4 Surabaya, taken by total sampling technique. Knowledge was dependent variable, while giving treatments was independent variables. Results showed that there were differences knowledge betwween before and after hand lettering given (p = 0,000). Media effectiveness shows that hand lettering is effective for improving knowledge. It can be used as a health promotion media of harmfull effect of cigarettes in adolescents.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 13-25; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.13-25
Abstract:Tuberculosis (TB) cases in Indonesia are most prevalent in West Java, East Java, and Central Java Provinces. TB cases in those provinces accounted for 38% of all incident TB cases in Indonesia. Transmission of the disease is influenced by environmental factors and unhealthy behavior. Environmental factors that affect the incidence of TB such as temperature, humidity, and natural lighting. This was an observational research, using case-control study design. Data then compared with the Regulation of Health Minister Republic Indonesia No. 1077 in 2011 about Guideline for Air Sanitation in the Home Space and Decision of Health Minister Republic Indonesia No. 829 in 1999 about Housing Health Requirement. Samples were taken by pusposive sampling with a sample size of 10 houses of pulmonary TB patients and 10 home instead of pulmonary TB patiens. Data collection using observation sheet and measurement. Air sampling using Microbial Air Sampler (MAS), then samplees sent to the laboratory for examination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. The result showed that most of the temperature, humidity, natural lighting, wide ventilation, and light intensity in the home of tuberculosis patiens not eligible. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was found in all TB home patients. People should maintain the cleanliness of the house by cleaning the floor with disinfectant and adding ventilation to improve air circulation and the sunlight can enter the room.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 98-109; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.98-109
Abstract:ARI is a major killer of toddlers the world, more than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. In the world, every year estimated more than 2 million toddlers died because of ARI (Unicef/WHO, 2006). This research was an observational study with cross sectional design. The population in this research were children was 50 toddlers. Sampling using cluster random sampling technique. The dependent variable was ARI in toddlers in Tumapel Village, Mojokerto District. The independent variables were toddlers characteristics and the physical sanitary home. The methods used to take primary data were interview with questionnaire, observation, and measurement. While secondary data collection was from the device of Tumapel Village, Dlanggu Public Health Center, and the Health Departemen of Mojokerto. This research used logistic regression with confidence interval 0,05 (α = 5%). The result showed there were 2 variables that had significant correlation with ARI, they were age of toddlers (p=0,013) and the physical sanitary home (p=0,015). The results of temperature and humidity measurement were not correlated, moreover, PM2,5measurement in the respondents’ house exceed the limit sets by the Ministry of Health (Permenkes No. 1077 Tahun 2011). The conclusion of this research was age of the toddlers and the physical sanitary home had correlation with ARI. It was recommended to improve toddlers immunity through giving the balance diet and to improve environmental health with closing house ventilation in the day and afternoon so the concentration of PM2,5in the house can be decreased to lower the risk of ARI.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 122-133; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.122-133
Abstract:Pneumonia is the cause of 16% of underfive children deaths worldwide. The number of cases of pneumonia in Sidoarjo had been continued to increase from 2013-2015. This study aims to describe the condition of home environment with the incidence of pneumonia in underfive children. This research was descriptive observational study with case control study approach. The sample in this study consisted of 32 cases of underfive children who suffering ISPA pneumonia and 32 cases of ARI without pneumonia. The independent variables in this study were occupancy density, ventilation area, floor type, wall type, and cigarette smoke exposure. The results showed that underfive children who suffering ISPA pneumonia have high home density (68,8%), often exposed by cigarette smoke (75,0%), and ventilation respondents was not eligible (100,0%). Based on the results of this study, the parents should to change the behavior not to smoke in their home. In addition, they should get used to open the door of their house so the air circulation in the house can exchange well.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 85-97; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.85-97
Abstract:DHF cases is always occured in East Java each year. In 2014, the number of cases reached 14.534 cases with a mortality rate of 146 people. In 2015 reached 9.609 cases with mortality rate of 108 people. Meanwhile in 2016, it increasing high that 20.129 cases occured with a mortality rate of 283 people. BMKG stated that there are extremes climate change can be a risk the increasing high of DHF cases. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of environmental factors and people’s behaviour with DHF cases in Putat Jaya Public Health Center Surabaya. The type of this research was analytic, using case-control study design. The research samples were 112 respondents, which obtained by simple random sampling. The data were collected by using a questionnaire and observation. The statistical test used in this study was chi square. The results showed a correlation between the temperature and DHF cases (p = 0.019); (OR = 0.319). The conclusion of this study is temperature factor correlated with DHF cases. Putat Jaya Health Center need to increase the awareness of the citizens and it also need a cooperation with BMKG to provide the information related to temperature changes. When the mosquito is in their good temperature for breeding, citizen need to be aware, they need to keep the enviroment clean, such us doing 3M Plus
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 50-60; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.50-60
Abstract:The prevalence of underweight in 2010 to 2013 has increased percentage by 17.9% to 19.6%. Household food security and food intake were factors that can affect nutritional status of children.The aim of the study was to analize the relationship between status of household food security, energy and fat intake with nutrititional status of children. This was a cross sectional study with 40 samples selected using simple random sampling technique. Subject in this study was the fisherman family whose toddlers age 25-60 months. The data were collected by interview using questionaires, and were analyzed using linier regression and spearmen test. The result showed that 55% of households were facing food insecurity and 45% households were food insecure with severe hunger. Nutritional status of children (72,5%) were normal and (27,50%) wereunderweight. Energy intake has a significant relationship with nutritional status of children (p = 0,007) and fat (p=0,03).
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 288-298; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i2.2018.288-298
Abstract:The production process of knowing the traditional poultry requires a supervisory system with Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) approach as stipulated in Regulation of BPOM Head of 2012 on Good Food Making. The quality of tofu produced by a domestic industry must be in accordance with Indonesian National Standard (SNI) 01-3142-1998 about the quality of tofu so that the products know that piety produced safe. This study aims to analyze the quality of know-how with the approach of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and consumer attitudes toward tofu products in one household industry in Kediri. This research was descriptive with cross sectional approach. Aspects of GMP examined were the location and environment of production, buildings and facilities, production equipment, water supply or water supply facilities, hygiene and sanitation facilities and activities, storage, process control, food labeling, supervision by persons responsible, product recall, record and documentation, and employee training, and see the quality of the IRT. The results of the assessment of the implementation of GMP on IRT know this pardon of 59.67%, included in the category of poor assessment. Therefore, it was necessary to improve the production process from the IRT to know piety against the unfavorable aspects, such as facilities and hygiene and sanitation activities, maintenance and hygiene and sanitation programs, storage, supervision by the responsible person, and recording and documentation, so that aspects it complies with the standards and produces quality tofu according to the standard.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 234-245; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i2.2018.234-245
Abstract:Diarrhea is one of the most common infectious diseases. It has related three factors such ass environment, food and contact with an infected person. One of the environmental factor of diarrhea is the domestic water use behavior. The main objective of this study was to analyse the relation between knowledge, atitude and habit to domestic water use behavior in Martapura 2 Public Health Center, work area Pasayangan Selatan Village, sub-district of Martapura, Banjar, South Kalimantan Province. Case control study design was used in this study. The population of the study were all diarrhea patients in Martapura 2 Public Health Center work area from february 2017 until february 2018. The Lemeshow was used to determine research sample size. The study sample consisted of 45 case diarrhea patients and 45 control non diarrhea patient. Samples were taken from all eligible cases and controls on specified inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data will analysed use Chi Square. Based on the results of this study comparing between case group and control group, most of the respondents in the case group have knowledge in poor knowledege was 25 people (55.6%) and the control group in good knowledge that was 35 people (77.8) with Chi Square, all p < 0,001. Attitudes of respondents in the case group were in the not good category is 26 people (58.0%) and control group in good category that was 32 people (71,1%) with (p value 0,000 in case and control 0,004). Utilitation habit respondents in the case group were in the non-existent category of 26 persons (57.8%) and the control group in the category of no 37 people (82.2%) with (p value in case 0.006 and control 0.000). Conclusively, the variable of knowledge, attitude and habit have very significant relation on the group of case and control.
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, Volume 13, pp 258-268; doi:10.20473/ijph.v13i2.2018.258-268
Abstract:Leprosy is a complex condition involving the physical health and quality of life of the patient. Measurement of quality of life aims to assess health and health care obtained by patients. Quality of life is closely related to the stigma. Stigma in leprosy patients can decrease the quality of life of leprosy patients. The purpose of this study is to analyze quality of life leprosy patients with post-Multy Drug Therapy at Sumberglagah leprosy hospital Mojokerto Regency. This research was an observational research, using cross sectional research design. A sample of 80 subjects, was taken by consecutive sampling. Secondary data in the form of list of leprosy patients and primary data was obtained by questionnaires. Data was analysed by Chi Square. The result showed that the distribution of leprosy patients was mostly in the productive age group of 49 people (61,3%), male gender 45 people (56,3%), low educated 58 people (72,5%), and had high social support 52 people (65%). Age factor (p=0,035), education (p=0,003) and social support (p=0,009) have positif correlation with quality of life of leprosy patients. The sex factor (p=0.623) has no relationship with quality of life of leprosy patients. The conclusions of this study were age, education, and social support factors has relationship with the quality of life of patients with post-Multy Drug Therapy mutlibacillary leprosy in Sumberglagah Mojokerto Hospital. Efforts to hold discussion groups for leprosy patients, increase the leprosy confidence of lepers to be active and productive, and conduct health promotion with socialization is expected to improve the quality of life of leprosy patients.