Journal Journal of Governance-
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.5446
Abstract:The purpose of the present study is to assess the ethical standards of Indonesian parliamentarians, how they provides Indonesian MPs with proper cognitive guidance, to identify what factors may be responsible for variation in ethical standards and to assess how Indonesia parliamentarians compare to legislators and policy makers from other countries. The methodological approach, employed in each of these studies, to map the ethical preferences of parliamentarians can also be used to explore how the ethical world of Indonesian parliamentarians has changed over time, in addition to replicating the analyses performed in previous studies with a larger sample, the paper explored three sets of questions that previous studies had not addressed. First, we explored what are some of the correlates or some possible causes of individual attitudes; Second, we assessed how the ethical attitudes and standards of respondents shape the way they perceive corruption; Third, we performed a similar analysis with data collected among Kazakhstani civil servants to test whether the perception of corruption is influenced by ethical attitudes also outside Indonesia or not.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.5474
Abstract:Bureaucratic problems especially in the public services is a big problem that is difficult to resolve. This is also experienced by Indonesia, but various efforts to improve public services have been carried out by focusing on the competence of Human Resources. Activities related to the development of the competency of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) are clearly regulated in the legislation, however, the development of competencies for the front office in public institutions that are indeed serving as service directors and occupying the front work area has not been clearly regulated. This article highlights the phenomenon that occurred in the Tax Office (KPP) of Surabaya as a mid-level tax office in Surabaya. The existence of high demands from taxpayers in terms of excellent service makes a front office must be qualified. Front office as the front guard has a big responsibility because it reflects the good image of an institution. The purpose of this study is to find out what competencies are owned by the front office of the Surabaya KPP Madya in providing services. In order to achieve the intended goals, researchers use qualitative methods and conduct analysis using the Competency Theory. From the research conducted, researchers obtained results that front office competency was good enough.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.5369
Abstract:Law No. 6/2014 on Villages becomes the rule of application of negotiable governance in the management of village development. Authority in this domain must be translated as a negotiation space for various stakeholders. Accessibility of public participation in any regular citizenship forum must be guaranteed to be fulfilled by the Village Government, in line with the willingness of this village-scale authoritative institution to create public information transparency. This paper aims to examine the level of institutionalization of negotiable governance in the management of development in Bajo Village, Soromandi Sub-District, Bima District. As qualitative research with a descriptive approach, this research utilized in-depth interviews, observation, document tracking, and document analysis techniques in which a number of village government apparatus and villagers were used as informants to mine the data. The results of this study show that institutionalizing negotiable governance has not been taken seriously because the public participation in regular citizenship forums in Bajo Village is only possible because of "invitation" from the village government alone. The politicization of the public space seems only to be positioned as a mere formality through that "invitation" mechanism. Participatory governance seems to exist, but it is not implemented properly. More than that, the availability of information access is still very limited and relies heavily on the willingness of the village government to provide it to all existing residents. Certain information can only be accessed by the people who have the closest relationship with certain village officials, not villagers in general. The communication media is still limited to the existing formal forum which is believed to remain exclusive because it only involves certain elements of the community, who cannot possibly represent the needs of all groups of society.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.4020
Abstract:This article assesses the relationship between democracy and welfare policy. There are substantial variations in the empirical evidence regarding the relationship between these two variables. While some works showed that there is a systematic relationship between democracy and welfare policy, others failed to show that relationship. We argue that we need to look at the internal political variables within these democracies in order to see what factors within those polities that can lead to a more welfare-oriented policy. We further argue that democracies with parliamentary system and proportional representation are more likely to adopt welfare-oriented policy. Using panel data of 32 democracies from 1961 to 2015, we find some empirical supports for our argument.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.4874
Abstract:The 2017 Jakarta Gubernatorial Election was one of the most competitive local elections in Indonesia. This election clearly used religious and ethnic populism strategy that divided Jakarta citizens into two groups: A Muslim Governor’s supporters Vs. Incumbent`s supporters. The root of the Muslim governor’s supporters was the rejection of some Islamic organizations against the rise of Chinese-Christian Incumbent Governor – Basuki Tjahaja Purnama or “Ahok”. This sentiment found a momentum when Ahok was accused of blasphemy against Islam that provoked Muslims furious. Moreover, Anies Baswedan became a successful candidate utilizing the sentiments and used mosques to echo the resistance against non- muslim Governor candidate.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.5321
Abstract:One of the Agenda 3 subject material, for participant in basic training of civil servant candidates (CPNS) Group III is Whole of Government (WoG). These CPNS are prospective young lecturers at various universities in Indonesia. The presence of WoG training subject, it is hoped that the prospective young lecturers can quickly actualize the concepts and implementation of WoG concepts in higher education in a policy perspective in Indonesia. Problems faced by Indonesia universities is the website ranking is still low based on Webometrics. The development of a website must have sufficient insight into the concept of Dynamic Archives, the concept of e-Government and the concept of WoG that are interrelated and have an impact. It is because of universities have vision and mission to become World Class University (WCU), and one of efforts to reach that by increasing the international ranking in Webometrics.
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.4427
Abstract:This study analyzes about accomodating the electors registration for those Who do not have citizenship document. Due to the equality guarantee of Political rights and universal suffrage to each citizen is a format of democratic and integrated election without any discrimination. The problem arise is how effective the presence of domicile certificate in protecting the citizen suffrage is? Analizing it by using qualitative approach of case study. The result shows that 1,36% or 1.285 People of 94.454 total of their voter list are novice voter, apathetic voters to their demographic documents and voters from trusts who previously had Lost the election rights. However the polemic emerged later is even stipulated in the regulation of general election commission, it is feared to result in mibilization as well as in contrast with domicile administrative formation. Hence, for the election data accuracy, regulation adjustment is needed between voter data and population, maintaining sustainable previous voter data base Key Word: Integrated Election, Voter Registration, SKD, KPU Samosir.
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.3104
Abstract:Recently, the ideology of Islamist militant to build a nation under Islamic government appears to give impact both politically and socially to the society. Garut, in this case, historically had known as the hideout of DI/TII and today, it is frequently selected as the hiding place of national or ‘ex middle-east’ radicalists. This study is a descriptive study that used phenomenology approach to examine how local government, namely Garut regency government, as the stickholder acts to protect civilians and maintain regional stability. This study also covers discussion of the strategy they had used to prevent radicalism. Findings show that local government, in this case the Garut regency government, only applied ceremonial strategy to anticipate the act of radicalism in their region. In the other words, they have not made any real move to prevent radicalism yet. Keywords: Strategy, Local Government, Radicalism
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.3255
Abstract:This research portrays religious attitudes of radicalism and terrorism which are manifested in the prohibition of religious worship activities, the spread of hatred, religious based violence or destruction of places of worship. This study uses a grounded theory research design. This research took place in Lamongan because the city was known as a region with religious schools laying out terrorist actors in Indonesia. The scientific contribution of this research is as a warning to the government to always be aware of radical and terrorist acts. This research describes a person's behavior from radicalism to terrorism is influenced by several factors, including differences in beliefs, ethnicity, socio-economic status as an initial symptom that has the potential to produce symptoms of radicalism to terrorism. But this difference if it is not supported by the existence of economic interests that play a role in linking the differences with radicalism and terrorism which, if strengthened later can also produce terrorism. On the other hand there is the role of the presence of the state, which can reduce or strengthen the role of economic interests in generating radicalism and terrorism.
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.3906
Abstract:This study is aimed to explore further how the laborers in Semarang determined their political preferences in the 2004-2014 presidential and legislative elections. As we know, many studies have been conducted to discuss laborers and politics. But few of them discussed laborer voting behaviors in the election. This study uses a quantitative approach and survey method. The survey was conducted to 394 industrial laborers in Semarang city. By using psychological and rational choice models, this study resulted in two major findings. First, the emergence of political consciousness among industrial laborers in the electoral politics. Second, the dominant influence of psychological factors on laborer voting behaviors. From these findings, I argue that the quality of democracy among laborers is relatively good and that figure-based politics, even among laborers, tends to be found wider and seems to be the “new style” of democracy in Indonesia.