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(searched for: doi:10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_93_17)
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Yonghua Bi, Bo Zhang, Jianzhuang Ren, Xinwei Han, Wenze Wu
Published: 29 September 2022
Frontiers in Pharmacology, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2022.992526

Abstract:
Aim: Drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) has not been widely used in patients with advanced and inoperable lung cancer. We aimed to report the preliminary outcomes of DEB-TACE with gemcitabine-loaded CalliSpheres beads for patients with advanced and inoperable lung cancer.Methods: From November 2017 to October 2021, 37 patients (29 males, mean age 64.7 ± 10.3 years) with advanced and inoperable lung cancer underwent DEB-TACE with gemcitabine-loaded CalliSpheres beads. The primary endpoint was overall response rate, and the secondary endpoints were overall survival and progression-free survival.Results: A total of 54 sessions of DEB-TACE were performed in 37 patients, with a technique success rate of 100%. Fourteen patients received a second session of DEB-TACE. The mean follow-up time was 18.7 ± 11.9 months. After 1, 3, and 6 months, overall response rate and disease control rate were 27.8% and 91.7%, 25.8% and 74.2%, 32.1%, and 67.9%, respectively. The median progression-free survival was 8.8 months (95% CI 7.5, 12.5 months). The 3-, 6- and 12- month progression-free survival rates were 67.1%, 57.0%, and 30.1%, respectively. The median overall survival was 10.0 months (95% CI 4.5, 13.1 months). The 3-, 6-, and 12- month overall survival rates were 88.5%, 72.7%, and 40.9%, respectively. Minor complications were observed in 14 patients (37.8%), with no procedure-related deaths or severe adverse events.Conclusion: DEB-TACE with gemcitabine-loaded CalliSpheres beads is a safe, feasible and effective treatment strategy for patients with advanced and inoperable lung cancer.
Zhigang Fu, Chunyan Wang, Wei Wei, Guangming Xiang, Li Guan, Ming Zhan, Wentian Li, Xiaogang Peng, Zheng Gong, Baoan Gao
Published: 1 August 2022
Journal: Future Oncology
Future Oncology, Volume 18, pp 2805-2815; https://doi.org/10.2217/fon-2021-1515

Abstract:
Background: This study aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of drug-eluting beads bronchial arterial chemoembolization (DEB-BACE) compared with conventional bronchial arterial chemoembolization (cBACE) in lung cancer patients with hemoptysis. Materials & methods: Thirty-six lung cancer patients with hemoptysis treated by DEB-BACE or cBACE were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Technical success of BACE and clinical success of hemoptysis treatment were no different between DEB-BACE and cBACE (both p > 0.050), whereas DEB-BACE achieved increased total clinical response (p = 0.021), objective response rate (p = 0.035) and prolonged hemoptysis relapse-free survival (p = 0.013) compared with cBACE. The adverse event rates were similar between these two groups (all p > 0.05). Conclusion: DEB-BACE presents with higher tumor treatment response, prolonged hemoptysis relapse-free survival and comparable safety profiles compared with cBACE in lung cancer patients with hemoptysis.
, Rakesh Navuluri
Seminars in Interventional Radiology, Volume 39, pp 253-260; https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-1751259

Abstract:
While embolization therapy has been used for many years in the treatment of nonmalignant diseases of the chest, such as pulmonary arteriovenous malformation treatment and bronchial artery embolization for hemorrhage, the application of transarterial techniques to the treatment of chest neoplasms is relatively uncommon. Extrapolating from transarterial chemoembolization techniques used for liver malignancy, investigators have recently sought to expand the indications for transarterial techniques from the control of symptoms such as bleeding to the control of disease progression and potentially survival benefit in patients with malignancies in the chest. This article provides an overview of the current embolotherapy techniques used in the treatment of patients with thoracic malignancies.
Yonghua Bi, Xiaonan Shi, Jianzhuang Ren, Mengfei Yi,
Published: 17 May 2022
Scientific Reports, Volume 12, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-12334-x

Abstract:
The safety and efficacy of drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) for unresectable renal cell carcinoma (RCC) still unknown. We aimed to assess the feasibility, safety and clinical efficacy of DEB-TACE with doxorubicin-loaded CalliSpheres beads (CB) in patients with unresectable RCC. Between 2016 and 2020, thirty-five patients with unresectable RCC underwent DEB-TACE with doxorubicin-loaded CB. The objective response rate (ORR) was the primary endpoint, and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were the secondary endpoints. Fifteen-seven times of DEB-TACE were performed in 35 patients using doxorubicin-loaded (median 60 mg) CB. Fifteen patients underwent an additional session of DEB-TACE, with intervals of 1 to 1.5 months. Twenty-one patients underwent transarterial infusion with cisplatin or oxaliplatin before DEB-TACE. The median follow-up time was 9.0 months (Range 1.8–43.6 months). ORR and DCR were 47.1% and 94.1%, 29.0% and 87.1%, 23.1% and 84.6% respectively at 1-, 3-, and 6- months after DEB-TACE. The median PFS was 21.4 months, and the 3-, 6- and 12- month PFS rates were 84.7%, 73.7% and 62.3%, respectively. The median OS was 24.6 months, and the 3-, 6- and 12- month OS rates were 93.9%, 87.6% and 65.2%, respectively. There were no treatment-related deaths or severe adverse events of grade 3 or more. In conclusion, DEB-TACE with doxorubicin-loaded CB is a safe, feasible and effective palliative treatment option for patients with unresectable RCC.
Xiaodong Huo, Huixing Wang, Bin Huo, Lei Wang, Shude Chai, Junjie Wang,
Published: 22 January 2022
Radiation Medicine and Protection; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radmp.2022.01.004

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
, Christos Georgiades, Kelvin K. Hong, Ji Buethe
Published: 1 January 2022
Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment, Volume 21; https://doi.org/10.1177/15330338221131167

Abstract:
Purpose:This pilot study was designed to assess the technical feasibility and safety of bronchial artery chemoembolization with radiopaque doxorubicin eluting beads (DEB-BACE) in patients with malignant hemoptysis from pulmonary metastasis. Materials & Methods: Four patients underwent DEB-BACE using 70-150 μm radiopaque DEB (LC Beads LUMI, Boston Scientific). Beads delivery and deposition were assessed under fluoroscopy and cone beam computed tomography (CT), respectively. Results: All 4 procedures were technically successful. Beads delivery and deposition were successfully visualized under fluoroscopy and cone beam CT guidance in all cases. Hemoptysis was resolved after embolization in all 4 patients. There were no adverse events or immediate or early complications after DEB-BACE. Two patients (50%) required repeat DEB-BACE within 1 week due to recurrent hemoptysis, and 1 patient had DEB-BACE 1.5 years later due to recurrent hemoptysis from the contralateral lung. All targeted lesions decreased in size in follow-up studies (mean 16 months, range 1-33 months). One patient died of progressive cancer disease invading the heart 1 month after DEB-BACE. Conclusions: DEB-BACE using radiopaque LC Beads LUMI loaded with doxorubicin is technically feasible and safe for controlling hemoptysis and cancer progression in patients with metastatic lung tumors. Visualization of beads delivery under fluoroscopy and deposition of beads under cone beam CT facilitate delivery of beads and embolization of bronchial arteries.
Li-Jun Tian, Hong-Zhi Liu, Qiang Zhang, Dian-Zhong Geng, Yu-Qing Huo, Shou-Jian Xu, Yan-Zhang Hao
Published: 1 July 2021
Cancer Management and Research, pp 5457-5466; https://doi.org/10.2147/cmar.s294313

Abstract:
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of combined-modality therapy for elderly patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) invading the chest wall. We retrospectively enrolled 21 elderly patients (aged ≥60 years) with locally advanced NSCLC invading the chest wall. For external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) of the primary tumor, 40Gy was applied and supplemented with iodine-125 seed implantation while 60Gy was applied to the lymph nodes of the mediastinum. Follow-up was conducted every 3 months postoperatively. The related analytic parameters were change in tumor size, the objective response rate (ORR), the disease control rate (DCR), the degree of pain relief, the improvement of physical status, and toxicity. The combined-modality therapy significantly inhibited local growth of the tumor (from 7.84±1.20 to 4.69±1.90 cm) (P <0.0001), with 71.4% ORR and 90.5% DCR at 1 year. The cancer-related pain was significantly relieved (P <0.05) and physical status was significantly improved (P 2 irradiation-related adverse effects were reported in this study. The combined-modality therapy of EBRT with 40Gy and permanent iodine-125 seed implantation is an efficacious and safe treatment option for elderly patients with locally advanced NSCLC invading the chest wall.
Yonghua Bi, Xiaonan Shi, Mengfei Yi, , Jianzhuang Ren
Published: 20 February 2021
Journal: Acta Radiologica
Acta Radiologica, Volume 63, pp 311-318; https://doi.org/10.1177/0284185121994298

Abstract:
Background: CalliSpheres® beads (CB) have been used recently for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the safety and effect of drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) in patients with stage III–IV lung cancer are still unknown. Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of DEB-TACE with pirarubicin-loaded CB for the treatment of stage III–IV lung cancer. Material and Methods: From July 2016 to April 2020, 29 patients with stage III–IV primary lung cancer underwent DEB-TACE with pirarubicin-loaded CB. The objective response rate (ORR) was the primary endpoint; the secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Twenty-nine patients received DEB-TACE with pirarubicin-loaded (median 60 mg) CB, with no severe adverse events or treatment-related deaths. After DEB-TACE, hemoptysis disappeared within 1–3 days in all patients, and the symptoms of cough or expectoration were significantly improved in 12 patients. ORR and disease control rate at one, three, and six months after DEB-TACE were 39.3% and 96.4%, 26.1% and 69.6%, and 29.4% and 58.8%, respectively. The median PFS was 6.3 months (range 1.1–30.1 months), and the three-, six-, and 12-month PFS rates were 70.2%, 50.1%, and 27.1%, respectively. The median OS was 10.2 months (range 1.1–44.6 months), and the three-, six, and 12-month OS rates were 87.9%, 68.6%, and 39.8%, respectively. Conclusion: DEB-TACE with pirarubicin-loaded CB is safe, feasible, and well-tolerated for patients with stage III–IV lung cancer, and symptom control was a potential benefit of treatment.
Bin Shang, Jijun Li, Xingguang Wang, Daowei Li, Bin Liang, Yonggang Wang, Xujian Han, Weitao Dou, Gang Chen, Jianqiang Shang, et al.
Published: 30 June 2020
Journal: Thoracic Cancer
Thoracic Cancer, Volume 11, pp 2155-2162; https://doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.13522

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Gang Xue, Yao Feng,
World Journal of Clinical Cases, Volume 8, pp 874-886; https://doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v8.i5.874

Abstract:
Oral cancer (OC) is the most common malignant tumor in the oral cavity, and is mainly seen in middle-aged and elderly men. At present, OC is mainly treated clinically by surgery or combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy; but recently, more and more studies have shown that the stress trauma caused by surgery and the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy seriously affect the prognosis of patients. To determine the significance of 125I radioactive seed implantation on growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) and programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) during treatment of OC. A total of 184 OC patients admitted to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Jiamusi University from May 2015 to May 2017 were selected as the research subjects for prospective analysis. Of these patients, 89 who received 125I radioactive seed implantation therapy were regarded as the research group (RG) and 95 patients who received surgical treatment were regarded as the control group (CG). The clinical efficacy, incidence of adverse reactions and changes in GDF11 and PD-1 before treatment (T0), 2 wk after treatment (T1), 4 wk after treatment (T2) and 6 wk after treatment (T3) were compared between the two groups. The efficacy and recurrence rate in the RG were better than those in the CG (P < 0.05), while the incidence of adverse reactions and survival rate were not different. There was no difference in GDF11 and PD-1 between the two groups at T0 and T1, but these factors were lower in the RG than in the CG at T2 and T3 (P < 0.05). Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, GDF11 and PD-1 had good predictive value for efficacy and recurrence (P < 0.001). 125I radioactive seed implantation has clinical efficacy and can reduce the recurrence rate in patients with OC. This therapy has marked potential in clinical application. The detection of GDF11 and PD-1 in patients during treatment showed good predictive value for treatment efficacy and recurrence in OC patients, and may be potential targets for future OC treatment.
, Rakesh Navuluri
Published: 19 August 2019
Seminars in Interventional Radiology, Volume 36, pp 176-182; https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1692658

Abstract:
The management of chest tumors and their sequelae has been an uncommon indication for transarterial embolization (TAE). More recently, vascular embolization has been increasingly performed for this indication. The most common reported indication for embolization of neoplastic disease in the chest is the control of bleeding resulting either from iatrogenic causes or from tumor invasion into a bronchus or vessel.A natural extension of the application of TAE to neoplasm-related hemoptysis is its burgeoning indication as a possible primary treatment for benign chest tumors, primary lung neoplasms, and metastatic disease in patients that are refractory to systemic therapies and have limited or no surgical options. The goals for this indication are tumor regression and management of bulk-related symptoms. In addition to bland TAE for this indication, authors have reported very initial results applying transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and transarterial radioembolization (TARE) to chest neoplasms with promising results that support feasibility and safety. This article is an up-to-date review of the management of chest tumors with embolization and its variants.
Zhixin Bie, Yuanming Li, Bin Li, Dongdong Wang, ,
Published: 17 July 2019
Journal: Thoracic Cancer
Thoracic Cancer, Volume 10, pp 1770-1778; https://doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.13139

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 11 November 2017
Journal: Reactions Weekly
Reactions Weekly, Volume 1677, pp 165-165; https://doi.org/10.1007/s40278-017-38443-2

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