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(searched for: doi:10.1088/1361-6382/ac482b)
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Journal of High Energy Physics, Volume 2022, pp 1-34; https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep05(2022)153

Abstract:
We compute holographic entanglement entropy for subregions of a BCFT thermal state living on a nongravitating black hole background. The system we consider is doubly holographic and dual to an eternal black string with an embedded Karch-Randall brane that is parameterized by its angle. Entanglement islands are conventionally expected to emerge at late times to preserve unitarity at finite temperature, but recent calculations at zero temperature have shown such islands do not exist when the brane lies below a critical angle. When working at finite temperature in the context of a black string, we find that islands exist even when the brane lies below the critical angle. We note that although these islands exist when they are needed to preserve unitarity, they are restricted to a finite connected region on the brane which we call the atoll. Depending on two parameters — the size of the subregion and the brane angle — the entanglement entropy either remains constant in time or follows a Page curve. We discuss this rich phase structure in the context of bulk reconstruction.
Journal of High Energy Physics, Volume 2022, pp 1-30; https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep05(2022)047

Abstract:
We systematically calculate the quantum extremal surface (QES) associated with Hawking radiation for general D-dimensional (D ≥ 2) asymptotically flat (or AdS) eternal black holes using the island formula. We collect the Hawking radiation particles by a non-gravitational bath and find that a QES exists in the near-horizon region outside the black hole when c · G(D) is smaller enough where c is the central charge of the conformal matter and G(D) the D-dimensional Newton constant. The locations of the QES in these backgrounds are obtained and the late-time radiation entropy saturates the two times of black hole entropy. Finally, we numerically check that the no island configuration exists once c · G(D) exceeds a certain upper bound in two-dimensional generalized dilaton theories (GDT). When c · G(D) close to the upper bound, the backreaction of the matter field on the background can not be neglected. We also consider the conditions of existence of the island configuration with the backreaction and prove that the upper bound also exist for the Witten black hole and Weyl-related Witten black hole.
Journal of High Energy Physics, Volume 2022, pp 1-18; https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep04(2022)106

Abstract:
In this paper, we revisit a “relatively local” model proposed in [1], where locality and dimensionality of space only emerges from the entanglement structure of the state the system is in. Various quantities such as butterfly velocity/entanglement speed can be defined similarly, at least in the regime where locality is well defined and a light cone structure emerges in the correlation between sites. We find that the relations observed between them in local models [2] are not respected. In particular, we conjecture that the hierarchy of the interaction over different distances provides different “layers” of light cones. When long range interactions are sufficiently suppressed, the effective light cones are dominated by linear behaviour with little remnant of non-locality. This could potentially be used as a physical smoking gun for emergent locality in non-local models.
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