(searched for: doi:10.17352/2455-5495.000035)
Published: 3 February 2022
by Cureus, Inc.
Cureus, Volume 14; https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.21872
Patients undergoing hemodialysis face multiple problems such as difficulties in performing daily activities, low functional capacity, non-adherence to the hemodialysis regimen, and depressive symptoms that lead to poor health outcomes. The present study aimed to assess the levels of depression, adherence, and functionality in patients undergoing hemodialysis, as well as the association between the above variables. In this cross-sectional study, 100 patients undergoing hemodialysis from a private hospital in Athens participated. Data were collected via the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, the Barthel Scale/Index, and the Greek Simplified Medication Adherence Questionnaire-Hemodialysis for the evaluation of patients’ depression, functionality, and adherence to hemodialysis regimen, respectively. In addition, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were recorded. The study was conducted during the period of December 2020 to February 2021. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 25.0 (Released 2017. IBM Corp., Armonk, New York) was used for the statistical analysis of the data. The statistical significance level was set up at 0.05. Of the patients, 50% scored < 38 (possible range 20-80) in the scale pof depression, and 25% of patients scored < 34. Regarding adherence, the median value was 7 (IQR: 7-7) while 77% scored 7 (possible range of 0-8). Regarding functionality, mild dependence (score 91-99) was referred by 77% of the participants, moderate dependence (score 61-90) by 17%, and severe dependence (score 21-60) was referred by 6% of the patients. A statistically significant negative association emerged between depression and functionality (r= -0.342, p=0.001) while no significant association arised between depression and adherence (r= 0.021,p=0.836) as well as between adherence and functionality (r = 0.078, p = 0.439). Statistical significantly higher scores of depression were seen in women (β = 3.65, p = 0.001) and elderly >70 years old (β = 3.51, CI=0.09-6.93, p = 0.044). Statistically significantly lower functionality were referred by patients >70 years old (β = -13.58, CI: -21.68-5.49, p = 0.001) and by patients with high depression score (β= -0.62, 95% CI: -1.06-0.20, p = 0.005). Patients experienced moderate to low levels of depression and high levels of adherence and functionality. The higher the functionality scores, the lower the depression scores. Demographic characteristics, such as age and gender, seem to be significant predictors of depression and functionality.