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(searched for: doi:10.29244/jsdh.4.1.1-6)
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, Sri Ayu Andayani
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 748; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/748/1/012008

Abstract:
Shallots are one of the potential horticultural commodities, but they face various risks that affect the performance of the supply chain for shallot agribusiness. To reduce potential risks, it is necessary to identify various types of risks with a priority scale. This study is to analyse various risks in supply chain flows and the involvement of various actors in shallot agribusiness in Majalengka Regency in the lowlands. The research was conducted using a descriptive survey method and data collection of 50 respondents through interviews and questionnaires. The collected data were analysed using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) model. The results showed that the risks that occurred in the lowlands were production risk (15.6%), price risk (14.2%), market risk (10.9%), environmental risk (8.7%), and distribution risk. (8.6%). The actors involved consist of farmers, farmer groups, traders, middlemen, retailers, and consumers. The results of this study can emphasize to facilitate decision making in risk mitigation by paying attention to the priority scale.
S S Girsang, E D Manurung, M A Girsang
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 648; https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/648/1/012013

Abstract:
Allium cepa L. is a horticultural commodity that influences inflation. The objective of the study was to determine land suitability class and factors increasing the shallots productivity in North Padang Lawas. The study was conducted in 6 sub-districts, North Padang Lawas District, North Sumatra in period of May-August 2019. Survey method to obtain data on shallot farming (R/C ratio) and soil sampling were using a purposive sampling technique by descriptive exploratory survey method, with an analysis unit of the Land Mapping Unit (LMU). The results showed that the potential land suitability class increased to be moderately suitability (S2). Land quality and shallot production can be improved by planting shallots at the end to the beginning of the rainy season, organic matter application >5 t ha−1 continuously, certified high yielding varieties, nutrient management, and integrated pest control. If land management and cultivation techniques are implemented properly, the current R/C ratio of 1.31 can be improved. This can cater the local market also reduce inflation.
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