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(searched for: doi:10.1007/s11042-020-09181-1)
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, , Yuanfeng Chen, Yanxiong Li
Published: 20 January 2022
Multimedia Tools and Applications, Volume 81, pp 6943-6956; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-022-12018-8

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Published: 29 September 2021
by MDPI
Journal: Information
Information, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/info12100403

Abstract:
Falls are one of the main causes of elderly injuries. If the faller can be found in time, further injury can be effectively avoided. In order to protect personal privacy and improve the accuracy of fall detection, this paper proposes a fall detection algorithm using the CNN-Casual LSTM network based on three-axis acceleration and three-axis rotation angular velocity sensors. The neural network in this system includes an encoding layer, a decoding layer, and a ResNet18 classifier. Furthermore, the encoding layer includes three layers of CNN and three layers of Casual LSTM. The decoding layer includes three layers of deconvolution and three layers of Casual LSTM. The decoding layer maps spatio-temporal information to a hidden variable output that is more conducive relative to the work of the classification network, which is classified by ResNet18. Moreover, we used the public data set SisFall to evaluate the performance of the algorithm. The results of the experiments show that the algorithm has high accuracy up to 99.79%.
Published: 6 July 2021
by MDPI
Journal of Imaging, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging7070109

Abstract:
Falls are one of the most critical health care risks for elderly people, being, in some adverse circumstances, an indirect cause of death. Furthermore, demographic forecasts for the future show a growing elderly population worldwide. In this context, models for automatic fall detection and prediction are of paramount relevance, especially AI applications that use ambient, sensors or computer vision. In this paper, we present an approach for fall detection using computer vision techniques. Video sequences of a person in a closed environment are used as inputs to our algorithm. In our approach, we first apply the V2V-PoseNet model to detect 2D body skeleton in every frame. Specifically, our approach involves four steps: (1) the body skeleton is detected by V2V-PoseNet in each frame; (2) joints of skeleton are first mapped into the Riemannian manifold of positive semidefinite matrices of fixed-rank 2 to build time-parameterized trajectories; (3) a temporal warping is performed on the trajectories, providing a (dis-)similarity measure between them; (4) finally, a pairwise proximity function SVM is used to classify them into fall or non-fall, incorporating the (dis-)similarity measure into the kernel function. We evaluated our approach on two publicly available datasets URFD and Charfi. The results of the proposed approach are competitive with respect to state-of-the-art methods, while only involving 2D body skeletons.
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