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(searched for: doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2019.11.335)
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Published: 23 September 2022
Operations Management Research pp 1-29; https://doi.org/10.1007/s12063-022-00324-1

Abstract:
Blockchain has recently been associated to Supply Chain Management to solve several problems and change operations management processes. The study proposes to analyse three different scenarios of the Parmigiano Reggiano supply chain considering blockchain technology as an enabler for the use of other technologies such as RFID and the Internet of Things (IoT) and for the exploitation of the Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) strategy. The study is based on the evaluation of three agent-based simulation scenarios, a traditional "as is" scenario, a second "to be" scenario implementing emerging technologies including blockchain, and a third “to be” scenario that combines the second one with the VMI optimization strategy. The results show how the combined adoption of these technologies improves the procurement process and customer satisfaction. Findings highlight the impacts that the different scenarios have on the supply chain operations in a quantitative way and allows to evaluate the changes in supply chain processes. By employing emerging technologies, order management activities are more automated and time to order and lead time order preparation are reduced. However, to achieve these performances, other data capture tools such as RFID and IoT are needed. Finally, the introduction of the VMI strategy, when enabled by blockchain technology, improves the procurement performances and significantly reduces unfilled orders.
Xi Tian, He Xiao, , Weirong Ding
Published: 18 March 2021
Journal: Waste Management
Waste Management, Volume 126, pp 78-88; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2020.12.038

Abstract:
The recycling of secondary resources is complicated as consumers, recyclers and governments are all involved in this process. In developing countries, compared to legal recyclers, illegal recyclers not only have cost advantages but also create serious pollution. Inappropriate management policies may cause disorder in the recycling market or inefficient fiscal management. This paper takes China’s lead-acid batteries (LABs) from 2000 to 2015 as an example to construct a model of a secondary resource recovery system based on heterogeneous groups and analyzes the environmental and economic impacts of used LAB recycling. By simulating the implementation of different tax cuts, subsidies and regulatory policies by the government in each year, we observe the overall environmental impact of the recycling industry. This study finds that when the total amount of government expenditures is limited, the optimal policy combination emphasizes tax reduction and subsidy policies during the growth period of the recycling industry and uses more funds for supervision in the mature period. Under the balance of fiscal revenues and expenditures, the optimal policy combination can reduce the number of illegal recycling companies and waste lead emissions from the recycling market by 97.9% and 45.8%, respectively. Compared to research conducted using mathematical models and system dynamics models, this result is more in line with the actual situation, and the content is more intuitive. The government needs to adopt different policy combinations in different periods according to the state of the recycling market so that the recycling of secondary resources can achieve the optimal effect.
, Wei Zhang, Xiaodong Zhao, Wei Pu, Ping Chen, Fang Liu
Published: 31 January 2021
Journal of Industrial Information Integration, Volume 22; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jii.2021.100201

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Nurhayati Sembiring, Ryan I. P. Sipayung
Abstract:
One of the problems that resulted in the supply chain of durian was the arriving time of the product to costumer. If the product not delivered at the right time, the quality of the product will decrease. Due to this situation, the optimization of the logistics process is an essential aspect of operations in the supply chain system of durian. To estimate how long the product will arrive to the consumer can be obtained by performing a real system simulation and a software-based digital system. With the help of AnyLogic software, we model logistics process optimization based on discrete systems and agent-based Geographic Information System (GIS) simulations. The simulation produces a visualization of a real process model of the durian supply chain logistics, order time estimation, and supplier utility in durian distribution in North Sumatra province. Estimating model shows the estimated time of the order from the farm to the distributor location in Berastagi of 2.43 hours, Padang Bulan Medan 4.50 hours, Pematang Siantar 3.58 hours, Tebing Tinggi 4.33 hours, and Binjai 4.75 hours.
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