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Vitalii Klochko, Tetiana Kulynych, Natalia Chuiko, Natalia Postolna, Olena Holovanova
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 59-64; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001776

Abstract:
The object of research: distance learning in higher educational institutions of Ukraine and the world during the COVID-19 pandemic. Investigated problem: building a higher education system during the COVID-19 pandemic, capable of quickly adapting to adverse conditions and providing a high level of training. The main scientific results: explored trends regarding the study of the impact of the pandemic on higher education, the effectiveness of distance education. Analyzed Ukrainian studies of distance education in universities. Held by students of the KNTEU Kharkiv Trade and Economic College. Based on the research results, conclusions and recommendations were made regarding the improvement of the quality of distance education in the field of higher education. The area of practical use of the research results: higher education and professional education organizations. Technological innovation: identified the problems of distance education during the COVID-19 pandemic, based on them, recommendations were developed to improve the quality of education in higher educational institutions of Ukraine. Scope of application for technological innovation: practical activity in higher education and relations with stakeholders of educational organizations.
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 75-82; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001736

Abstract:
The aim of the study. Improvement of the preparation to the acoustical signal therapy test or experiment of electroencephalographic activity of human brain and validation of the specified test results. The problem to be solved. Estimation of the minimal possible sample size for maintaining needed research accuracy in the research field of the electroencephalographic activity of human brain via monitoring of the brainwave patterns during exposure to the musical signal. Main scientific results. New method for selection minimal passable sample size for brainwave pattern studies is presented. Example of application of method for one rhythm of the brainwaves (delta-rhythm) is shown. Perspective way of obtaining clinically valuable differences between test group results was acquired. Differences between mean values for groups of results of different types of music and stress factor exposure are presented. The area of practical use of the research results. Research facilities dedicated to the study of electroencephalographic activity of human brain and medical facilities and institutions, dedicated to the treatment of pathologies of the central nervous system, brain damage, stress, and progressive post-stress action psychological state restoration. An innovative technological product. Dedicated method for quick estimation of minimal passable sample size for brainwave pattern studies, which is recommended for usage in the studies of the implementation of music therapy. The area of application of an innovative technological product. Electroencephalographic activity of human brain study via brainwave pattern research. Clinical practice of application of a music therapy.
Kseniia Veklych, Nikolay Popov, Tetiana Liadova, Alexander Martynenko, Olga Volobueva, Olesia Hololobova, Olga Sorokina, Olena Salyenkova, Vladislava Sarkis-Ivanova
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 66-74; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001810

Abstract:
Object of research: the level of the Toll-like receptor type 9 expression on peripheral blood lymphocytes and monocytes in patients with measles of varying severity, both with and without complications. The solved problem: identification of the relationship between changes in the level of production of the main cytokines and virus-specific immunoglobulins and the level of expression of the Toll-like receptor type 9 on immunocompetent peripheral blood cells of patients with measles infection of varying severity. The main scientific results: In patients with measles infection have been identified three types of cytokine response, each of which is characterized by different levels of changes in the expression of the main cytokines, immunoglobulins, and their avidity. It was shown that the levels of expression of major cytokines and virus-specific antibodies, as well as their avidity, are associated with the level of expression of the Toll-like receptor type 9. It has been demonstrated that moderate disease is associated with a significant increase in the level of expression of the Toll-like receptor type 9 on the immunocompetent peripheral blood cells, while their low expression leads to the development of severe forms of the disease. It has been shown that in moderate disease the risk of complications is associated with a lower level of expression of the Toll-like receptor compared to the group without complications. In groups of patients with a severe course of the disease a significant decrease in the level of expression of the Toll-like receptor type 9 was shown to be associated with the risk of complications. The field of practical use of the research results: medical institutions specializing in the treatment of socially significant infectious diseases. Innovative technological product: a method of advanced study of patients with and without measles infection of varying severity which allows to identify risk groups for the development of severe forms of the disease and complications, which in turn will allow the timely apply methods of immunomodulatory therapy and optimize the costs of the health system. Scope of application of an innovative technological product: inpatient and outpatient treatment and diagnostics of patients with socially significant infectious diseases.
Heorhіi Kulіnchenko, Petro Leontiev, Oleksii Drozdenko
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 3-10; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001815

Abstract:
Object of study: Automation of control of technological parameters of the process of low-temperature separation (LTS) of moisture from a gas stream. Investigated problem: Improving the efficiency of the separation process when preparing gas for transportation through the consumption network. Development of hardware and software tools that provide automation of the process of regulating flow parameters under conditions of action of time-varying disturbances. Main scientific results: A criterion for controlling the LTS process of a gas flow is formulated. The difference in the dynamic characteristics of the processes occurring during the separation of moisture makes it possible to effectively use a two-circuit control system. The perspective of using extreme regulators (ER) of the process, which is characterized by time delays between the input of the object and its output, is substantiated. The use of ER ensures the stability of the control process under the influence of disturbances in the parameters of the gas flow. In the MATLAB environment, an ER model has been developed, in which a step-type algorithm is used, which provides an increase in the efficiency of the LTS process in accordance with the selected criterion The area of practical use of research results: The scope of use of the research results are automation objects that need continuous automatic tracking of the changing settings of the process parameters regulators. The studies carried out make it possible to use the proposed regulator in various technological installations for drying gas and air (with appropriate identification of the parameters of the object). Innovative technological product: Based on the formed criterion for controlling the LTS process, which is aimed at increasing the efficiency of the LTS process of moisture from a gas flow, a microprocessor-based step-type ER has been developed. Preliminary tests of the regulator show that it can be implemented on commercially available program logic controllers on the market. Scope of application of an innovative technological product: The considered ER can be used to construct control systems for oil and gas transportation processes, which require adaptation and optimization modes to flow parameters. In this case, the need for adaptation is dictated by changes in flow parameters over time.
Valeriy Semenenko, Liudmyla Radchenko, Svitlana Rudenko, Iryna Kobzieva, Alla Nikolaienko-Lomakina, Nataliia Rezenkina
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 9-14; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001807

Abstract:
The object of research is the latest English literature of scientists and analysts in Western Europe and America, devoted to the problems of the information war waged by the Kremlin authorities against Ukraine. It is the problems, events of the Second World War, in the Russian-speaking academic space and the media that are still referred to only as the Great Patriotic War that became the leitmotif of these actions. Moreover, the history of the war is used precisely speculatively, that is, a careful selection of facts and conclusions is carried out, which are adjusted to certain conceptual foundations. Investigated problem. As a result of a critical analysis of the works of Western authors, the problem posed in this work is solved: to show the objectivity and evidence of the narratives of foreign authors on the biased presentation of the topics and vocabulary of World War II about the events in the East of Ukraine in 2014-2020. Main scientific results. The main scientific result of the study is the conclusion that Western scientists are deeply immersed in the vicissitudes of the conflict, debunking the biased evidence of Russian experts, fascist tendencies are imposed on the basis of false accusations of Ukraine, although such processes have not been recorded by any foreign analysts and observers. One of the stereotypes of Russian propaganda is the reproach for the massive "banderization" of the consciousness of citizens, but at the same time the face and activities of the leader of the OUN (b) are deliberately distorted. Modern studios of historians, diplomats, analysts of Western Europe, the USA, Canada are convincingly criticizing the political and ideological measures of Moscow aimed at discrediting the Ukrainian people. It is emphasized that the process of "nationalization" of history in Ukraine, especially during the Second World War by the Russian establishment, was used in a fraudulent way to tarnish the past of Ukraine. It was noted that, despite all the efforts of the Russian information and propaganda machine, Moscow fails to achieve the desire for results. Scope of practical application. The research results, which are innovative in nature, can be used in both cognitive and educational values.
Kristina Nechepurenko, Olena Zolotukhina, Galina Horbenko, Bogdana Starostenko, Irina Panikarova, Tatyana Karpova
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 93-100; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001806

Abstract:
In view of the difficult economic and epidemiological situation in the country, the question arises of an unbalanced diet of the population and an overabundance of low-quality food ingredients and additives on the consumption market. The studies represent the experience of processing products of the meat industry, in particular chopped semi-finished products of a high degree of readiness from beef, pork and various compositions of the latter. Since with an excessive amount of fat, the daily diet of the Ukrainian population suffers greatly due to the lack of high-quality, easily digestible animal protein. It is the excess of fats with easily digestible carbohydrates that leads to the rejuvenation of diseases such as obesity, varicose veins, heart attacks and strokes. A review of the market for raw meat is made, the main methods of increasing the nutritional value of chopped semi-finished products of a high degree of readiness from meat are outlined. The advantages of using vegetable oils with partial replacement of animal fats, ways of improving the introduction of liquid vegetable oils through the use of structured stabilization systems based on compositions of a polysaccharide nature, namely sodium alginate, carraginans, which in turn are bound by calcium residues, enriching the composition of products are also easily digestible, bound by calcium. The object of research: the technology of production of minced semi-finished products of a high degree of readiness from meat, a system for stabilization of minced semi-finished products from meat. Investigated problem: obtaining a stable dispersion system inside chopped semi-finished products of a high degree of readiness from meat by introducing stabilizing ingredients into the technology. Main scientific results: the optimal concentrations of replacing animal fats with vegetable ones have been revealed. It is shown that the introduction of vegetable fats as a part of structured emulsion systems as part of chopped semi-finished products of a high degree of readiness from meat helps to reduce technological losses during heat treatment from 60 to 5 %. The area of practical use of the research results: enterprises of the restaurant industry and the food industry, specializing in the manufacture of minced semi-finished products of a high degree of readiness from meat. An innovative technological product: a technology for the production of chopped semi-finished products of a high degree of readiness from meat using structured emulsion systems as part of structured emulsion systems, which makes it possible to stabilize the technological process of introducing flowing vegetable oils by emulsifying and structuring. Scope of application of the innovative technological product: the production of chopped semi-finished products of a high degree of readiness from meat is possible at factories for processing raw meat, in the field of restaurant industry, private small industries that specialize in frozen semi-finished products of a high degree of readiness.
Anna Radchenko, Tahir Amiraslanov, Galina Dyukareva, Leonida Bilenko, Anna Islamova
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 65-71; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001803

Abstract:
A developed model of the formation of the competencies of future specialists in the field of the hotel and restaurant industry is proposed, which takes into account the peculiarities of teaching students in quarantine conditions of distance education. The research carried out makes it possible to systematize scientific views on the desired competencies of scientists, researchers and specialists in the field of the hotel and restaurant industry. The object of research is the competence of students for the hotel and restaurant sector, as well as the peculiarities of their formation in conditions of quarantine during distance learning. Investigated problem consists in the development and analysis of the features of the formation of the competencies of future specialists in the hotel and restaurant industry in the course of distance learning. Higher education is obliged to prepare not just a specialist endowed with knowledge and skills. It should be aimed at the formation of a competitive specialist and a successful personality. In Ukraine, the hotel and restaurant industry does not have a system of competencies common for employers, specialists, higher educational institutions and colleges. Therefore, the presented study is aimed at creating such a basis in the form of a developed model for the formation of the competencies of future specialists in the hotel and restaurant industry, which takes into account the peculiarities of teaching students in quarantine conditions of distance education. Main scientific results: the necessary components of the model for the formation of the competencies of a modern specialist for the hotel and restaurant industry were identified. The essence of the competence-based approach to professional training of a specialist in the context of modernization of education, taking into account distance education during quarantine, is revealed. The modern scientific view of the requirements for specialists in the hotel and restaurant sector is analyzed. The results obtained are adapted to the needs prevailing in the hotel and restaurant industry. The area of practical use of the research results: the comparative analysis allows to systematize scientific views on the desired competencies of scientists, researchers and specialists in the hotel and restaurant industry. This, in turn, will make it possible to better inform students about the qualities that are in demand and make the necessary changes to the curriculum in the future. An innovative technological product: a model for the formation of specialist competencies for the hotel and restaurant industry has been developed, which takes into account the peculiarities of teaching students in quarantine conditions of distance education. Scope of application of an innovative technological product: the use of a competence-based approach in higher education using the proposed model for the formation of competencies of a future specialist for the hotel and restaurant industry.
Oleg Burdo, , Yana Fatieieva, Aleksandr Zykov, Petr Osadchuk, Igor Mazurenko, Shao Zhengzheng, Lyudmila Phylipova
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 47-53; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001814

Abstract:
The object of research is block low-temperature installations for obtaining fresh water. Investigated problem: obtaining fresh water from sea using low-temperature technologies. Main scientific results: the design is developed and the operating characteristics of the demineralizer for sea water are determined. The influence of the initial salt content of sea water on the ice formation rate is determined. With an increase in the salinity of 3.5 times, productivity on ice decreases 2.3 times. The kinetics of the salt content in the freezing solution depends on the initial concentration. With an initial salt content of 6.74 g/l, the process rate is 0.4 g/h, with a salt content of 1 g/l – 0.14 g/h With an initial salt content of 6.74 g/l, the process of separating wastewater from the ice block is more intensive. The salt content of the first portion of the effluent is 3.2 times higher than the initial concentration of the solution. A cryoscopic curve was obtained for seawater in the concentration range from 0 to 6.74 g/l. The area of practical use of the research results: studies of the quality of the obtained water showed that the content of nitrates decreases 5 times, the hardness decreases by 2 mg/dm³. The salt content is reduced from 858 mg/dm³ to 560 mg/dm³. Plants for the concentration of food liquids by the block freezing method are designed to produce environmentally friendly products that preserve the bioactive complex of raw materials as much as possible with minimal energy consumption. An innovative technological product: design and operating modes of a block freezing plant for seawater desalination. Scope of application of the innovative technological product: industrial enterprises, the technological process of which requires small volumes of fresh water; to obtain fresh water on oil platforms in the oceans; small hotels, boarding houses on the seaside.
Anatolii Bakhtyn
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 23-30; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001695

Abstract:
The object of research: the process of development of main cracks in the massif of rocks under the action of a wave impulse taking into account the dynamic destruction resistance. Investigated problem: Description of the dynamics of crack development in the impulse mode of increasing their size, as well as the transition to an unstable mode of crack growth. The main scientific results: In the present article uses an approach based on the principle of least action and N-characteristic of dynamic crack growth resistance. This allowed to obtain analytical equations of the crack growth trajectory in the rock massif and the main characteristics of the process. The area of practical use of the research results: The considered approach allows to predict the formation of the shear surface in quarries and natural slopes. This approach also allows to set a time-varying probability of their steady state and adjust, if necessary, the parameters of blasting. Innovative technological product: Analytical regularities for the driving force of the crack and dynamic destruction resistance are obtained, which take into account the velocity and acceleration of the crack, as well as the time and nonstationarity of the impulse load. Scope of the innovative technological product: The proposed approach can be used in the design of blasting operations in quarries and in the calculation of the probabilities of the steady state of natural massifs under the influence of impulse loads.
Liudmyla Radchenko
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 15-22; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001788

Abstract:
The object of research: Bratslav Hasids as a component of the orthodox movement in Judaism. Investigated problem: historical aspects of the emergence of the orthodox movement in Judaism, the reasons for its spread among the Jewish population of Volhynia, Galicia and Podillya. The main scientific results: the historical aspects of the origin of the orthodox movement in Judaism, the reasons for its spread among the Jewish population of Volhynia, Galicia and Podillya, as a way to achieve the formation of the Jewish religion are analyzed. The role of one of the most influential movements of Bratslav Hasids, founded and led by Rabbi Nachman of Bratslav, the main guidelines of his teachings, the reasons for its rapid spread among the communities of Ukraine and many countries, the place of tzaddiks (righteous) – heirs-mediators between God and believers. Highlights the thorny path that believers took to obtain permission to celebrate the Jewish New Year – Rosh Hashanah, other holidays at the grave of his teacher and mentor, to resolve issues regarding the coordination and construction of the synagogue of the Pantheon-Temple of Rabbi Nachman, hotel, mikvah (ritual pool) for recitation before prayer), other objects. A prominent place in the study is identified by the problems of pilgrims arriving in Uman, their resettlement, everyday life, relations with the local population, law enforcement agencies, security issues and more. Given the growing interest in the teachings of Tzaddik Nachman, the phenomenon of this phenomenon needs further study. The area of practical use of the research results: the results of the study can be used by public administration and local government in determining public policy in the field of religion, mechanisms for solving its current problems, during the development and teaching of courses on public administration, history of religion, world history and history of Ukraine. Innovative technological product: on the basis of numerous sources, materials, some of which are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, a significant gap is filled in ideas about the process of religious orthodox movement in Judaism, the reasons for its spread in Ukraine and many countries and the problem of pilgrims coming to Uman, which contributed to the transformation of the city of Uman into the world capital of Bratslav Hasids. Scope of the innovative technological product: the practice of forming, implementing and improving the system of state regulation by religious organizations.
Liudmyla Radchenko
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 3-8; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001785

Abstract:
The social and political activity of V. Zhabotinsky as a Jewish politician, a famous Zionist, the founder of modern Israel and a multifaceted personality. Its focus on the consolidation of Jewish political and social organizations, the development of a common platform on the basic principles and objectives of the Jewish national movement for the revival of statehood and the involvement of Jews from around the world in this process is substantiated. V. Zhabotinsky's commitment to the Ukrainian national movement is proved. The object of research: V. Zhabotinsky as a great political figure of the Jewish and Ukrainian national movement. Investigated problem: V. Zhabotinsky contribution to the consolidation of Jewish political and public organizations, to the development of Zionist theory, the basic principles and tasks of the Jewish national movement for the revival of the independent Jewish state of Israel and the solution of the Ukrainian national question. The main scientific results: based on the analysis of socio-political activities and creative achievements of V. Zhabotinsky as a Jewish politician, his focus on defining a common platform on the basic principles and tasks of the Jewish national movement for the revival of statehood, involving Jews from around the world. V. Zhabotinsky's commitment to the Ukrainian national movement was revealed. The area of practical use of the research results: determined by the suitability for practical use of modern Jewish political and public organizations to preserve Jewish national identity, ideology and organization of the revisionist movement, as well as to address the Ukrainian issue of bilateral relations, understanding nationalism as a great life idea has nothing to do with chauvinism, racism or any form of ethical supremacy. The results can be used in the development and teaching of courses: "World History" and "History of Ukraine". Innovative technological product: on the basis of numerous sources and materials, some of which are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, the V. Zhabotinsky Institute (Tel Aviv) has filled a significant gap in V. Zhabotinsky 's contribution as a great figure of the Jewish national movement. His commitment to the Ukrainian national movement is substantiated, the myth of eternal antagonism between Jews and Ukrainians is refuted, arguing that the two people have lived on Ukrainian lands for thousands of years. Scope of the innovative technological product: theoretical research, development of Zionist theory and practice of preserving Jewish national identity, ideology and organization of the revisionist movement, solution of the Ukrainian national question.
Nina Osokina, Kateryna Kostetska, Olena Herasymchuk, Hennadii Tkachenko, Hryhorii Podpriatov, Ludmila Pusik, Nataliy Falendysh, Inna Bobel, Kristina Belinska
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 31-39; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001811

Abstract:
Object of research: frozen fruits of black currant varieties Bilorus Sweet, Minai Shmyrev. Investigated problem: substantiation of the influence of the method, the duration of freezing on changes in the structure of black currant fruits of different degrees of maturity and pomological varieties. The main scientific results: the advantages of fast freezing of black currant fruits in a fast freezing chamber with forced air circulation at a speed of 1.5–2.5 m/s at a temperature of -30 …- 32 °C compared to slow freezing in " Calex " freezers were established at a temperature of -20 …- 22 °C. Rapid freezing forces cooling, freezing and freezing due to a decrease in the temperature of initiation of ice formation, an increase in the rate of heat extraction and an increase in the temperature of freezing. The area of practical use of the research results: food industry enterprises specializing in the freezing of plant products. An innovative technological product: the technology of freezing black currant fruits, which allows to extend the period of consumption of high-quality fruits with a preserved structure. Scope of application of an innovative technological product: nutrition of the population.
Anton Khudyk, Sergey Grigorov
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 54-65; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001727

Abstract:
The article publishes the results of treatment of 27 patients with fractures of the face middle area, of which 14 used standard titanium mini-plates to reposition the fragments, and 13 – individual 3D simulated titanium mini-plates / grids. Before and after treatment, its effectiveness was assessed by the values of the displacements of bone fragments and the index of the visual-analog scale, which allows determining the functional and cosmetic effect of the surgery. It was found that the use of individual 3D simulated titanium mini-plates / grids allowed obtaining in 85 % of patients displacements not exceeding 3 mm. In 72 % of patients in whom standard titanium mini-plates were used, the displacement after surgery was 3.1–6 mm, which is significantly greater than in the group with individual modeling of structures. On the 7th day after surgery in the first group (treatment with standard mini-plates), the index on the visual-analog scale was 11 (7; 13), which was significantly (p=0.00147) less than before surgery. In the second group (treatment using individual 3D simulated titanium mini-plates / grids) the index on the visual analog scale was 4 (6; 8) points, which was significantly (Z=3.3; p=0.00098) less than before surgery. Comparison of the visual-analog scale of the first and second groups on the 7th day after surgery revealed the presence of significant (U=2.47; p=0.013) differences. The obtained results testify to the greater efficiency of individual 3D modeled titanium mini-plates / grids in comparison with standard titanium mini-plates. The object of the research: fractures of the middle area of the face. Comparison of the visual-analog scale of the first and second groups on the 7th day after surgery revealed the presence of significant (U=2.47; p=0.013) differences. Investigated problem: the comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of the middle area of the face fractures treatment using individual 3D simulated titanium mini-plates / grids and standard titanium mini-plates. The main scientific results: Optimizing the treatment of fractures of the face middle area will help to achieve good cosmetic and functional results. The area of practical use of the research results: Department of Surgical Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery. Innovative technological product: The proposed technique using individual 3D-simulated titanium miniplates will help to optimize the treatment of patients with traumatic fractures of the face middle area. Scope of the innovative technological product: Clinical practice.
Lyudmyla Radchenko, Vladimir Pobyvanets, Vitaliy Pobyvanets
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 28-36; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001809

Abstract:
Based on the analysis of the development of Christianity on the example of Zolotonosha (Left Bank Dnieper) the history of Orthodox churches is studied. The place of the Zolotonosha Assumption Cathedral in the spiritual and moral life of the Ukrainian people is substantiated. The role of the church in increasing the social activation of the Orthodox Christian personality and social development of Zolotonosha region is proved. The object of research: the Temple Uspenija of the Virgin as a historical, architectural and spiritual monument of Ukraine, its impact on public consciousness in the formation of the national identity of Ukrainians. Investigated problem: the development of Ukrainian Orthodoxy on the example of Zolotonosha as an effective means of forming the national identity of Ukrainians and a significant factor in the democratization of society on the basis of Christian values, which increases the morality and spirituality of the people. The main scientific results: the integral history of orthodox churches of Zolotonosha region is analyzed on the basis of data of researchers and local historians, archival church documents. The place of Zolotonosha sanctuary as one of the largest temples of Central Ukraine in the formation of the spiritual culture of the Ukrainian people is substantiated. The role of the Holy Dormition Cathedral in increasing the social activation of the Orthodox Christian personality and social development of Zolotonosha region during its history is revealed. The area of practical use of the research results: the results of the study can be used by public administration and local government in determining public policy in the field of religion, mechanisms for solving its current problems, during the development and teaching of courses on public administration, history of religion, world history and history of Ukraine. Innovative technological product: on the basis of fragmentary data of researchers and local historians, numerous archival church materials and documents, some of which are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, a significant gap in ideas about the holistic picture of the history of Zolotonosha Assumption Cathedral as a historical, architectural and spiritual monument of Ukraine was filled for 70 years had been prohibited. The place of the Temple Uspenija of the Virgin in the spiritual and moral life of an Orthodox Christian is substantiated. The role of the Zolotonosha Church in the formation of the national identity of Ukrainians is highlighted. Scope of the innovative technological product: theoretical research, the practice of forming the national identity of Ukrainians, a means of influencing religiosity to increase the morality and spirituality of people, the implementation and improvement of the system of state regulation by religious organizations.
Dinara Tlevlessova, Mariam Alimardanova, Assemay Kazhymurat
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 40-46; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001794

Abstract:
The object of research is the cream cheese, elaborated using vegetable raw materials. Investigated problem: This article provides information on the biochemical composition of leaves of A. odorum. The leaves of wild onions revealed a high content of vitamin C, macro- and microelements and other biologically active substances, indicating high nutritional and vitamin value and prospects of these species for use as fillers in the dairy industry. The main scientific results: A. odorum refers to green vegetable plants, rich enough variety of biologically active substances. Unlike other perennial species of onion, A. odorum characterized by low protein content (1.1–1.8 %) and a relatively high solids content (in the bulb up to 17 % in the leaves 10,5–11,3 %), sugars (10,9–12,1 %). The area of practical use of the research results: There will be researched a possibility of Allium odorum usage as an addition for new processed cheese production and an influence of plant raw material dosage on structure of the processed cheese. Innovative technological product: Products developed within the framework of integrated technology are distinguished by high quality, nutritional value, safety, preservation of special nutrients: essential amino acids, fatty acids, omega 6 vitamins, bioflavonoids. The recipe solutions about the elements of innovative complex technologies are reflected in the patents that are included in the Derwent database. Scope of the innovative technological product: Plant raw materials can be used both in pharmaceuticals to isolate saponins and to increase the nutritional and biological value of food products. In this article, we considered it in the production of processed cheeses, but it can be used as a seasoning for dishes. Content of inulin, quercetin, saponins, vitamin K, selenium, etc. makes this source very promising, it also has fungicidal properties and allows you to increase the shelf life of food products.
Yury Radchenko, Viktoria Marenych, Olga Marchenko, Nadiya Kryvosheeva, Hanna Guzenko,
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 37-43; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001787

Abstract:
The conceptual approaches to definition of the purposes, principles and directions of the digital transformation of marketing activity of enterprises offering services according to technologies and methods of Marketing 4.0 have been proved on the basis of modern theories of service marketing. The inclusiveness and customer-focused of digital marketing services have been revealed. The omnichannel of marketing communications on the basis of integration and availability of online and offline channels of service enterprises and clients interaction, digitalization of client managerial experience has been substantiated. The Object of Research: digital marketing of services in the context of the Marketing 4.0 concept. Investigated Problem: the essence and directions of digital transformations of marketing activities in the field of services. Main Scientific results: the inclusiveness and customer-focused of digital marketing communications based on cross-channel interaction and digital managerial models of customer experience have been revealed on the basis of the analysis of theoretical approaches to the characteristics of service marketing and determining the directions of its development in the digitalization of the economy and in accordance with the Marketing 4.0 concept. Field of Practical Usage of Research Results: practical activity of service enterprises on application of digital marketing mix transformations and marketing communications channels. Innovative Technological Product: the main principles and directions of marketing services digital transformation, that is inclusiveness and customer-focused of marketing communications, omnichannel as integration and availability of online and offline interaction channels as well as digitalization of customer experience management have been substantiated. Field of Application of Innovative Technological Product: theoretical researches and practice of digitalization of marketing communications of the service enterprises.
Yevhenii Zhukov, Roza Zorya, Iryna Shelukhina, Oleksandr Ashtaiev
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 44-52; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001733

Abstract:
The object of research: specific differences in the functioning of HACCP groups of catering units of preschool educational institutions, which determine the potential directions of training the personnel of such groups. Investigated problem: training activities for HACCP teams and conformity assessment are guided by the practice of voluntary implementation and certification of food safety management systems. Although the introduction of permanent procedures based on the principles of the HACCP system at the facilities is a mandatory requirement, the current legislation does not provide for the certification of such procedures. Therefore, the adopted schemes for training specialists for food safety management systems require revision in order to harmonize with the national specifics of the implementation of HACCP procedures in the catering units of preschool education institutions. Main scientific results: conclusions are drawn that can help maximize the success of the preparation of the HACCP group members for the catering units of preschool educational institutions: Training of personnel for HACCP groups can be carried out by obtaining formal education with the help of existing educational programs after the implementation of appropriate educational components into them. When developing educational components for training potential participants in HACCP groups, it is advisable to take into account that at least one participant must have more relevant competencies than is customary in the practice of creating HACCP groups at large and medium capacities. The expected learning outcomes of the HACCP team members should provide opportunities for younger HACCP team members to feel confident that they are not “challenging their older colleagues” but providing valid explanations and evidence. The field of practical application of the research results: the results obtained give an idea of the peculiarities of the functioning of the HACCP groups of the catering units of preschool education institutions. The established circumstances made it possible to identify the specific features of personnel training for participation in the HACCP group. Such information is useful for officials who make a decision to create a HACCP group in the catering unit of a preschool education institution, recruit it and develop a training program for its participants. Innovative technological product: approaches to the development of educational components of educational programs for training personnel of HACCP groups for the catering units of preschool education institutions, taking into account the investigated features of the functioning of such groups. Scope of application of the innovative technological product: the established potential directions and restrictions in the training of personnel for participation in the HACCP group are relevant, understandable and aimed at officials who make the decision to create a HACCP group for the catering units of preschool education institutions, its staffing and the development of a training program for participants in this group.
, Yelyzaveta Fedorenko, Denys Shulha
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 11-22; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001816

Abstract:
Object of research: technology of track maintenance optimization Solved problem: In the development of decisions to optimize the decision-making system in the content of the upper structure of the track used methods of control theory, systems analysis, methodology of optimal control. Main scientific results: An analysis of the degrees of research on improving the efficiency of the technical management of railways showed that there was no systematic approach and that existing developments in the organization, in particular the relative optimization, Separate track repair standards or take into account parameter models, process requirements and conditions. Area of practical use of research results: industrial enterprises, railway stations. Providing the stable support of the railway, sustainable and rhythmic operation of railway traffic is ensured. About 7.3 thousand km are exploited in the ferrous metallurgy of Ukraine. More than 70 % of routes are up to 500 km long and belong to a large company. Consequently, an important task is to maintain the technical state of railways at the production demands level. Innovative technological product: combined transportations that can interact with similar networks of foreign countries. Scope of application of innovative technological product: formation and effective functioning of railway-transport complex, improvement of tariff policy, substantiation of perspective parameters of transportation process and its technical means, creation of advanced technologies, choice of rational structure of transport network, formation of transport corridors, development of fundamentally new management systems.
, Anna Radchenko, Yana Biletska, Anna Krivtsova, Anastasia Kornitskaya, Tetyana Afanasieva, Olha Bilovska
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 101-106; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001808

Abstract:
In the context of the deteriorating environmental situation, scientists are faced with the urgent task of improving the quality of food. One way is to reduce the carbohydrate load by replacing sugar in sweeteners while enriching them with nutrients. One way is to reduce the carbohydrate load by replacing sugar in sweeteners while enriching them with nutrients. For this purpose, a number of studies have been carried out to improve the quality of pastilles through the use of stevia - a natural sweetener and elamin The objects of research are social and economic efficiency. Investigated problem was to calculate the social and economic efficiency from the introduction of the developed marshmallow. Main scientific results: The article presents these calculations of the economic efficiency of the implementation of the development, namely, a decrease in the realizable value of the Exotica pastille by 1.2 % and an increase in the "Smakota" pastille and "Nasoloda" marshmallow by 4.0 and 2.3 %. However, it was found that the integral quality indicator of marshmallow "Nasoloda" exceeds the control by 10.2 %, for the pastille "Exotica" and "Smakota" – by 21.1 and 26.3 %. Scope of practical use of the development is the food industry, namely, the expansion of the range of products with a low glycemic index, increased nutritional value. An innovative technological product is the technology of making pastilles, which has economic and social efficiency. Scope of application of the innovative technological product: The use of the developed pastille products for consumers with a lack of iodine, selenium, iron, obesity patients and diabetes mellitus.
, Viktoriia Tykhonovych, Natalііa Skіnder, Іryna Torіanіk, Tetiana Teterina
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 79-86; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001805

Abstract:
The object of research is communication technologies. It is devoted to the analysis of their functional potential in educational practices. On the basis of the author's integrated methodology, communication, its structure, varieties, functional range and constructive potential are considered. The role of dialogue and discourse as a form of reflection is highlighted. It turns out the importance of hermeneutics for educational activities. It is necessary that taking into account the peculiarities of modern communication is of fundamental importance for increasing the effectiveness of educational and educational practices. Investigated problem. The communicative philosophy proposes landmarks different from the classical philosophy of consciousness. They provide for the recognition of the phenomenon of communication as fundamental to human existence. Here communication is seen as the last foundation of consciousness, cognition and social life. This question was developed by a number of researchers earlier, but the problem remains relevant. This is due to the need to substantiate the universal foundations of human understanding. Also, the aim of research is to find new ways to harmonize relations between people. Main scientific results. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the creation of an integrated post-non-classical model of modern communication. The features of the complex of modern communication technologies are investigated. On the basis of the author's methodological program, the functional potential of modern communication technologies in educational and upbringing practices was discovered. The scope of practical application of the research results. The proposed methodological program is used in the development of strategies for the education of a communicative culture, in the teaching of special courses in modern communicative philosophy, pedagogy, sociology of education and culture. The research results were introduced into the educational process of the H. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Kharkіv College of Trade and Economіcs of Kyіv Natіonal Unіversіty of Trade and Economіcs. An innovative analysis of the functional potential of communicative practices, together with the developed recommendations, is appropriate to apply in modern education, which is aimed at the formation of a strong and courageous personality, capable of building a successful life strategy.
Oksana Haponceva, Nataliia Cherevychna, Oxana Balashcova, Alla Nikolaenko-Lomakina, Nataliia Ashtaieva, Tetiana Popova, Olena Skyrda, Viktoria Kolesnyk
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 87-92; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001802

Abstract:
The object of research: technology for the production of waffles of increased consumer value with a fat filling using non-traditional plant raw materials. Investigated problem: the problem of the production of new waffles is solved by using a mixture of vegetable-butter and coconut oil, dry skim milk, carob powder, apple powder, cinnamon and ascorbic acid. Main scientific results: The use of non-traditional raw materials in the fatty filling of waffles increases the organoleptic properties of the products. Waffles have a pleasant taste and aroma due to the content of carob powder, apple powder and cinnamon in the filling. Due to the introduction of unconventional raw materials and herbal additives into the formulations of new products, the amount of total sugars was reduced. The mass fraction of fat also decreased due to the replacement of confectionery fat for waffle fillings with a vegetable-butter mixture and coconut oil. The moisture content of new samples of waffles and waffle sheets is within the established norms. It was found that the finished waffles meet the requirements of the state standard for physical and chemical indicators. The developed score helped to establish that the quality level of the developed waffles is 0.97. The area of practical use of the research results: food industry enterprises specializing in the production of confectionery. An innovative technological product: the technology for the production of waffles with a fat filling using non-traditional plant raw materials makes it possible to obtain a new confectionery product of increased consumer value with a balanced composition and high organoleptic properties. Scope of application of the innovative technological product: confectionery production of dietary products
Iryna Sierova, Elina Zhelezniakova, Tetiana Silichova, Tetiana Kunicheva
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 72-78; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001795

Abstract:
The object of research: modern trends in the transformation of education. The transition to the paradigm of knowledge was largely ensured by their universal computerization. This led to an understanding of the need to develop new approaches in educational activities based on the use of modern information technologies. Investigated problem: taking into account the advantages of the content component in educational activities. The teaching technology is built on the foundation of certain content, therefore, it is relevant to consider the content component in the context of the openness of education. If the concept of openness in education is based on the developments of fundamental education, introducing new qualities into it that correspond to the actual needs of the individual, then its content component presupposes an emphasis, first of all, on economic problems and ways of solving them. Main scientific results: Existing databases contain mainly structured information, but a significant amount of them is unstructured. Joint analysis of data from various sources is possible only on condition that unstructured data will be structured, since only for the latter the mathematical apparatus of data processing is most developed. To train a professional who can competently work with data, able to combine mathematical logic with the ambiguity of interpretations and concepts in economics and, accordingly, methods of obtaining data based on the purpose of the study is the task of specialties in economics. Information technology and the creation of common platforms for open education are the instrument for solving this problem. The area of practical use of the research results: the problem in training specialists of this profile is the ability to assess the accuracy of the initial information and the accumulation of errors during its processing. An innovative technological product: the relationship of mathematics and statistics in the curriculum for training business analysts creates a platform, the use of which makes it possible to solve the issue of a balanced approach to the accumulation and processing of data, taking into account the desired results in a particular subject area. Scope of application of an innovative technological product: only a competent internal policy of universities on the use of information technologies in teaching provides sufficient technical support in the relationship "student – teacher" aimed at complementing classical education technologies.
Inna Rudenko, Alina Kolesnyk, Tetiana Bolotova, Oleg Bogoyavlenskiy, Olha Halkina, Viktoriia Pustova, Denis Darmostuk
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 53-58; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001790

Abstract:
The object of research: corporate image and enterprise economic security. Investigated problem: methodical approach to mutually agreed management of enterprise’s image and its economic security. The main scientific results: theoretical analysis of the opinions, which are presented in the scientific literature of enterprise economic security functional components and the mechanism of their formation, is carried out. The functional components of economic security related to the internal and external aspects of enterprise are studied in detail, and their close relationship with image components is determined. The stages of enterprise image management are schematically shown with taking into account the compliance of image economic security components levels. The area of practical use of the research results: the need to adhere to certain sequence of actions aimed at forming a positive image and managing it in enterprises is emphasized. It is advisable to use an approach to the formation of corporate image with taking into account the targeted influence of management entities on the business environment. Technological innovation: the enterprise economic security structure in the context of modern tendencies is proposed, the complex of measures which are recommended to be applied for enterprise image maintenance is determined. Scope of application for technological innovation: practical activity of Ukrainian enterprises is in interconnection with other business environment participants.
Sergiy Redka, Nadiia Yaremchuk, Tetiana Prykhodko, Viktoriia Zolotoverkha, Lesia Borzilo
Published: 30 April 2021
ScienceRise pp 23-27; doi:10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001789

Abstract:
The object of research: Kharkiv organization of the CP (b) U as a component of the institutions of the political system of Ukraine. Investigated problem : The article depicts the process of transformation of the party organization of the Communist Party of the Bolsheviks of Ukraine of the Kharkiv province into a totalitarian organization. Main scientific results: From the very beginning, Communist Party of the Bolsheviks of Ukraine of the Kharkiv province was created as an undemocratic organization. But in the early 1920s, the internal party life of the party organization was characterized by some features of democracy. After the civil war, some communists demanded greater freedom of criticism, the initiative of the masses, and the fight against bureaucracy, but the opposition in the party organization, in contrast to the all-Union center, did not have an ideological platform. They were dissatisfied with the low financial status of ordinary communists and the privileges of the party nomenclature. The party apparatus resisted attempts to democratize party life, and ordinary communists were unable to resist this process. As a result, the party organization of Kharkiv region was transformed into a totalitarian organization, which was characterized by unanimity, intolerance of criticism, strict centralization, lack of election, powerlessness of ordinary members and uncontrolled power of the party apparatus. Field of practical usage of research results: determined by suitability for use in the field of the modern state formation by politicians, parties, public organizations, state institutions, and the media. Innovative technological product: on the basis of numerous archival materials, many of which are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, a significant gap has been filled in the ideas about the process formation of totalitarian principles of internal party life at the regional level, namely in Kharkiv region. Field of application of innovative technological product: the practice of forming, implementing and improving the system of state regulation by politic parties.
Shaka Yesufu
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 61-70; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2021.001721

Abstract:
With the end of the apartheid regime in South Africa, new police service was needed to promote the transition to democracy. Community policing was introduced from the United Kingdom in the 1990s into South Africa as a channel to heal the wounds and injustices of the past. Over Twenty-five years down the road, community policing in South Africa has made little or no impact on the majority of South Africans who will openly admit that they do not attend their local community forums, because they simply do not trust the police because of its oppressive past. It is a widely held view by several South Africans that the Police Service simply cannot change overnight from being a very brutal force to become the protectors of citizen’s human rights. This research is a qualitative study; whereby an extensive literature review was carried, exploring the issues and concepts related to community policing. The findings are that community policing has achieved its desired results. All citizens must go back to the drawing board again to bring community policing back on track for the benefit of all citizens to whom the police serve and protect. The author argues that the bitterness and divisions of the past must put be put to one side and that all citizens must co-create a country, where all South Africans are proudly part of and allowed to make their contributions.
Mykola Kalashnik
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 38-43; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2021.001755

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the problem of assessing the effectiveness of the formation of acmeological competence of future navigators in the process of their professional training. And taking into account the specifics of their professional activities, the main objects of pedagogical diagnostics of the formation of the level of acmeological competence of future navigators are: acme-awareness, acme-praxis, acme-quality, acme-ability, acme-properties, value orientations and motivation, activity of interaction with the external environment, the effectiveness of subject-cognitive activity. The key in pedagogical measurement is the definition of assessment criteria corresponding to the indicators of the named education. According to the main provisions of the theory of pedagogical measurement, the article highlights the criteria for the formation of the acmeological competence of future navigators with the corresponding indicators of their manifestation, the distribution of which is determined by: motivational, cognitive, praxeological and personal criteria, makes it possible to effectively evaluate the corresponding complexes of indicators of the state of formation of acmeological competence. In addition, in the course of the study, a three-level system of forming the acmeological competence of future navigators was propaned: low, medium and high. Where the highest level of formation of acmeological competence is characterized as – the level of actual "acme", which future navigators must achieve in their personal and professional development while studying in educational institutions.
Nadiia Benko
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 11-16; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2021.001715

Abstract:
The article examines the essence of the reproduction of human capital process, reveals its main stages (phases) –formation, distribution, exchange and consumption. The specificity of each stage of reproduction of human capital is considered, which makes it possible to realize the need for purposeful investment in a person and study the problems of state regulation at each of the stages. The article also shows that the reproduction of human capital occurs at the individual, corporate and national levels. Based on the study of the literature, a classification of the types of reproduction of human capital has been developed. This allows investing in human capital in order to create high quality human capital for the country. The classification of the types of reproduction of human capital is considered according to such characteristics as: the scale of reproduction, the nature of labor resources, the direction of reproduction, the innovativeness of the reproduction process, the completeness of the reproduction process, stages (phases, stages) of the reproduction process and structural components. The expanded reproduction of human capital is disclosed in detail, on which the state regulation of the economy of the most developed countries of the world is focused. The article notes the importance of the reproduction of human capital in providing an innovative "breakthrough" in engineering, technology, organization of production and management. The influence of the process of reproduction of human capital on the development of the country's economy has been investigated. The necessity of enhancing the activities of the state to create conditions for the effective formation, distribution, exchange and use of human capital has been substantiated. The role of the state in the formation (accumulation) of human capital through public goods for a person and through the establishment of norms and rules created in society and contributing to the development of this society is presented.
Elda Maloku, Osman Jasarevic, Ahmet Maloku
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 52-60; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2021.001649

Abstract:
This paper reviews the assistance of a psychologist expert in the justice bodies to protect minors in Kosovo. Research data on the study of normative acts (laws and international acts) regarding the role of the expert psychologist have been analyzed since from September 1999 until 2019. The purpose of this study is to assess the role of an expert psychologist, conforming to national and international legal norms in the protection of minors at the police, prosecution and court organs, where the analysis of these legal norms has been used over the years. In the case of looking at the protection of minors the expert psychologist is involved in all stages of criminal and civil proceedings before the competent authorities. The results show that the role of the psychologist expert in justice bodies in Kosovo is based on national and international law, but in this highly sensitive work Kosovo psychologist experts must have their own association to represent their requests as good as possible to the competent authorities and for the delegation of the name of the expert psychologist at the request of the judge. Moreover, it has been found that until now the determination of the expert psychologist hired has been made with the will of the judge. This paper contributes to existing scientific literature, especially in the fields of criminology, victimology and forensic psychology. Moreover, this paper is likely to contribute to the work of the Association of Psychological Experts, the Victims' Association and in the work of various minors’ protection associations
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 44-51; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2021.001759

Abstract:
In accordance with the European parameters of professional training of the new formation of educators, it is mandatory to emphasize the problem of forming in the future teacher the basic competencies of modern human, including an ethnocultural one. The value of this format of professional training is the focus of competence-oriented content of education on the formation of life and worldview of the future teacher, as well as his/her professional self-development. Ethnopedagogical component of training of future bachelors of natural sciences is of particular importance in the implementation of the concept of specialized training in high school and is one of the indicators of professional readiness to implement the multicomponent component of the content of modern natural education. Ethnopedagogy as a component of modern pedagogical science is a powerful resource for the formation of general cultural competence of the future teacher, which reflects a certain level of his/her professional readiness for teaching in the context of interaction of natural and social environments, to emphasize semantic and ideological aspects, to highlight the dominance of new values.
Nashwin Davids, ,
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 24-37; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2021.001718

Abstract:
Coloured people's entrepreneurial efforts in South Africa are mostly survivalist. Although most of the selected suburb's youth have high entrepreneurial intentions, most do not become successful entrepreneurs. We are hoping to understand why people think this. Indisputable are the inadequacy of entrepreneurial education and training, a heavily skewed distribution of resources, a lack of mentorship, minimal support from parents, and a cultural upbringing in opposition to entrepreneurship. This study's objective was to gain insight into the cultural and educational limitations on entrepreneurial development and the entrepreneurial intentions of the selected suburb's youth. This paper employed quantitative and qualitative research methodologies. The quantitative data was collected from 470 youths through a survey questionnaire. Ten personal interviews were conducted within the qualitative ambit and served to validate the quantitative tool's results. The quantitative data was analysed using SPSS software, and the qualitative data was analysed by identifying common themes in relation to the quantitative findings. The study revealed a low level of tertiary education, a family orientated culture and a high level of entrepreneurial intention. The findings further revealed that many parents do not run their businesses, which indicated that most of the youth do not stem from entrepreneurially oriented households. The researchers recommend that business incubators be established within the suburb and that schools within the community should partner with the private sector and governmental structures, such as the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), The National Youth Development Agency (NYDA), and Small Enterprise Finance Agency (SEFA) in order to expose youth to the practical application of entrepreneurship.
Szira Zoltán, Bárdos Kinga Ilona, AlGhamdi Hani, Enkhjav Tumentsetseg, Erika Varga
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 17-23; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2021.001760

Abstract:
2019 was Earth's second warmest year since 1850. In 2019 the global mean temperature was cooler than in 2016, but warmer than any other year explicitly measured. Consequently, 2016 is still the warmest year in historical observation history. Year-to-year rankings are likely to reflect natural fluctuations in the short term, but the overall pattern remains consistent with a long-term global warming trend. This would be predicted from global warming caused by greenhouse gases, temperature increase across the globe is broadly spread, impacting almost all areas of land and oceans. Climate change" and "global warming" are often used interchangeably but are of distinct significance. Global warming is the long-term heating of the Earth's climate system observed since the pre-industrial period as a result of human activities, mainly the combustion of fossil fuel, which raises the heat-trapping greenhouse gas levels in the Earth's air. The term is often used interchangeably with the term climate change, as the latter applies to warming caused both humanly and naturally, and the impact it has on our planet. This is most generally calculated as the average increase in global surface temperature on Earth. Carbon dioxide emission is one of the main reasons for global warming. Since the Industrial Revolution, human sources of carbon dioxide emissions have been growing. Human activities such as the burning of oil, coal and gas, as well as deforestation are the primary cause of the increased carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere. In our research, let’s examine the relationship between the amount of carbon dioxide emissions and the GDP/capita in developed and developing countries.
Olha Chernenko, Iryna Vdovenko
EUREKA: Social and Humanities pp 3-10; doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2021.001731

Abstract:
Lending is a main instrument of bank institutions’ influence on the development of economy and its subjects. The aim of the paper is to analyze the condition of entrepreneurial subjects lending by the bank system, especially agrarian enterprises, and separation of main restraining factors of its development. During 2017-2020 there is observed an essential reduction of volumes of medium-term and long-term credits, given to entrepreneurial subjects. The use of short-term credits for less than 1 year, the most specific weight (80.5 %) of which is possessed by microentrepreneurial subjects with annual income less than 50 thousand euro, prevails. It has been established, that high cost of credit resources, absence of correspondent guarantee and insufficient competitiveness of most entrepreneurial subjects prevent the development of credit relations for all participants (borrowers, creditors and state). Agricultural economy that produces more than 12 % of GDP and provides more than 40 % of Ukrainian currency receipts, demonstrates positive financial results of activity, is really underfinanced at the expanse of bank credits. A share of credits, directed to the agrarian sector during last years, is essentially less than the contribution of the branch in the gross added value formation in the country. A bank credit policy, acceptable for all entrepreneurial subjects and directed on credit cost decrease and long-term lending increase, is necessary. Studies of the influence of arrangements in the AIC by reduction of credit prices on effective indices (pure profit of agrarian enterprises) has testified a close connection (R=0,9803), comparing with other factors, that is why the practice of using the preferential lending mechanism must be continued, but by stable, not continuously changing approaches and by direct state support of just small and medium entrepreneurial subjects, which are most limited in access to credit resources of bank institutions.
Inna Fedoruk, Oleg Bakhmat, Yuri Khmelianchyshyn, Olesia Gorodyska
Published: 1 April 2021
EUREKA: Life Sciences pp 16-24; doi:10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001747

Abstract:
The practical experience substantiates the need to treat soybean seeds with high-quality inoculants and VuksalKoMo 15 with the trace elements content of cobalt and molybdenum. The processes of inoculation of seeds in the form of rhizobial bacteria significantly improve the soy plants ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen in the early stages of development. We begin to observe the rhizobial formation on the corinium soybean system already at the stage of BBCH 12–13. This in turn will affect the yield and productivity of Rosin soybeans. One of the important aspects of soybean cultivation is providing not only macroelements, NPK, Ca, S, but also microelements. Carrying out experiments on the effect of seed inoculation on soybean yield, we combined an inoculant, VuksalKoMo preparation and Sdandak Top insecticidal fungicide preparation with a sowing period of up to 5–7 days in a tank mixture. One of the main requirements is the use of high-quality inoculants with a high content of viable nitrogen-fixing bacteria for processing soybean seeds. This, in turn, will ensure high yields of soybeans with optimal costs and the fastest return on investment, especially in today's conditions. The research results are aimed at solving urgent problems in the technology of growing leguminous crops, namely: developing a version of the technology for growing soybeans for the selection of varieties, adapted to a given climatic zone, the use of inoculants and micronutrients in the conditions of climate change
Sunita Singh, Prachi Lad
Published: 1 April 2021
EUREKA: Life Sciences pp 41-55; doi:10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001753

Abstract:
The contamination of squash by B. cereus, an enterotoxin producer, was found to range between 7.5×104 and 1.8×104 CFU/g in orange squash (during storage), that is hazardous. Orange squash is widely produced and consumed in India, but has a low rating of 3 on the scale of 10 (on feedback), mostly due to high sugars, not preferred these days. It can be preserved for >9 months due to added sugars and preservatives. During processing squash, if juice is not quickly cooled and/or squash is kept for long at temperatures <48 °C after processing, it can be a source of food poisoning. Reason, a large number of toxins can be produced by B. cereus. B. cereus strains, isolated from squash, produce heat stable toxin. Vacuolar assay confirmed them as emetic toxins, produced in squash. The toxin behaved like an ionophore in assay using mitochondria, extracted from liver cells of chicken with potassium ions in buffer. The toxicity of toxin by assay was 3200 IU/ng (BC IV strain) and 800 IU/ng (BC X strain). By the vacuolar expansions of mitochondria in assay, toxins of B. cereus demonstrated a toxic effect, in the range of 20.93 to 60.94 % by BC IV toxin and 43.28 to 45.02 % by BC X toxin, on the 3rd day growth of B. cereus in squash and toxin extraction for assay. It was also possible to produce antibodies against the B. cereus whole cell and toxin of BC IV, as an attempt to detect B. cereus contaminations in foods, by Ouchterlony’s immune-diffusion test
Ruslana Stavetska, Yurii Dynko
Published: 1 April 2021
EUREKA: Life Sciences pp 9-15; doi:10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001696

Abstract:
This study focuses on research of economically important traits of Ukrainian black-and-white dairy cows with different types of body constitution. The aim of the study was to differentiate dairy cows into constitution types and to identify the best types in terms of growth, exterior, milk productivity and reproductive capacity. The cows were differentiated into low-, mid- and high-capacity types of body constitution. Depending on their type the features of growth, exterior, milk productivity and reproduction capacity of primiparous have been studied. It has been established, that the intensity of growth of heifers from birth to 18 months depended on the type of their body constitution. Higher live weight, absolute and average daily gains were characteristic of heifers with low-capacity body constitution. Their live weight at the age of 18 months on average was 388.5 kg, it was on 30.9 kg and 60.3 kg (Р < 0.01) more than live weight of mid- and high-capacity heifers. The advantages of low-capacity heifers in average daily gain during the growing period were 60 g and 117 g, respectively. The results of the exterior evaluation have shown that primiparous with the high-capacity type of body constitution had greater size and larger measurements primarily of the chest and barrel (Р < 0.05–0.001).The higher values of linear evaluation were also observed in cows with the high-capacity type, which were characterized by well-developed chest, wide rump, desired rear view of rear legs, firm udder attachment and strong central ligament. The power of influence of the type of body constitution on linear type traits ranged from 0.5 % (rear teat placement) to 46.2 % (chest width). Higher milk productivity was a characteristic of mid-capacity cows (an advantage of 305-d milk yield – 340–662 kg, milk fat yield – 9.0–21.0 kg, milk protein yield – 9.8–19.8 kg).The best results of reproduction capacity have been observed in cows with the high-capacity type of body constitution (calving percentage – 87.5 %)
Mykola Bakhmat, Oleksandr Chynchyk, Kateryna Nebaba
Published: 1 April 2021
EUREKA: Life Sciences pp 3-8; doi:10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001751

Abstract:
In the conditions of the western Forest-steppe, leguminous crops, including sowing peas, are the main and most important source of vegetable protein, which solve the biological and ecological problems of modern agriculture in Ukraine. The article presents the main research results on the study of the effect of mineral fertilizers and growth regulators on the formation of the sowing peas productivity in the conditions of the western Forest-steppe. The field trifactor experiment was laid in the ten-field crop rotation in Podillia Research Center of State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilya, during 2016–2018. The field experiment was laid down in the research ten-digit crop rotation. In microstages VVSN 55-65 (budding – flowering) crops were sprayed with growth regulators PlantaPeg, Еmistim С and Vympel. The studies carried out showed that the individual productivity of plants of the Chekbek variety was the best of all the varieties that were studied. It was found, that high indices of the mass of 1000 seeds were in the variants, where mineral fertilizers were used at a dose of N30P30K45 with the plant growth regulator Vympel. According to this fertilizer composition, the mass indices of 1000 seeds for peas of the Chekbek variety were 266.4 g, and for the Hotivskyi and Fargus varieties – 260.6 g and 238.4 g, respectively. The grain yield of peas is an integrated indicator of the action of all life factors on the plant organism during its growth and development. To a large extent, it depends on the biological characteristics of the variety, the supply of moisture and nutrients to the plant, technological methods of cultivation, as well as natural and climatic conditions. In our studies, the crops, fed with mineral fertilizers and growth regulators, were significantly less exposed to adverse factors, and the studied technology elements had a positive effect on the productivity of pea grain. The maximum biological yield was for the application of mineral fertilizers in doses of N30P30K45 and the plant growth regulator Vympel. For the varieties of Hotivskyi peas, these indicators were 3.79 t/ha, Chekbek 4.32 t/ha, and Fargus 3.30 t/ha
Lavdi Hasani
Published: 1 April 2021
EUREKA: Life Sciences pp 32-40; doi:10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001752

Abstract:
In this paper, one of the most specific groups of plant entomologists, that of the U/Order Coccoinea Class Insecta is taken into analysis. Below it is seen important to identify the problems of infections of a variety of ornamental plants, found in the Southern Region of Albania, precisely by this group of pests. The role of the quality of the natural environment in our health has recently taken tremendous priority in the context of the contamination of all forms in the wild nature and especially those in the air. Precisely, to increase the quality of our life, the establishment of major parks with a truly significant green space per unit of population, is one of the current main objectives of each country. In these conditions, those environments are pretty rich in a variety of plants that, in addition to the functional values of environmental creativity, also have many aesthetic values with relaxing power and positive effects on our physical and mental health This type of plants is represented not only by those that are cultivated directly in the nature, but also by those that are planted and cultivated in greenhouses, which from time to time we take them out to realize the required decorations and compositions, asked to cover the needs of the parks. The healthier these components of this environment are, the more effective is their role on our personal health. For this reason it is equally important to recognize the dangers that threaten this vegetation by disabling its main function, for which we, as citizens, are interested, due to the need of our health, to have it in the highest efficiency. On this basis arose the idea of a comprehensive study on the above group of insects, which in a form or another constitute some of its main pests. These insects, as a specific group of pests that feed on plant lymph, not only dry out the plant, but also transmit to it a series of viral diseases, leading the plant to complete degradation. Most of them spend the winter (one of the most delicate periods for their survival) as parasites on them. We show below, which of these entomophytes is found in this group of plants in the region in question. It is also shown, which of the analyzed plant species emerges as the most frequented by this group of pests. We also identify the prevalence of this pollution in both variety and percentage. On the basis of the analysis, the question is also what is the distribution of plant species encountered, at different altitudes above the sea level? The paper contains, figuratively, a series of morpho-defining characteristics of the representatives, mentioned in this paper. As will be seen in the following material, the truth is that this specific group of ornamental plants, part of the relaxing parks around the world, in our country turns out to be contaminated by a large number of these parasites. This shows that in order to carry out quality work in this direction, we must not leave without considering the role of these pests in this process. Thus, we will be able to control the quality and function of our recreational environments in the role, for which we realize them. For this reason, detailed data are given below. We have identified these parasites in about 15 (fifteen) species of these ornamental plants, taking into account that parks in our country are not valued for the size of the area, as in an inferior and small country. In this material we have identified the number and dynamics of parasites according to each plant and also according to their distribution in areas with different altitudes above the sea level. We also give a comparative report on the frequency of vulnerability of the various plants by representatives of these pests. Summarized in a table, we have given for each pest the plant variety that it frequents, noting, in which plant organ this parasite was most commonly found during our research. As it is a group with annual activity on the plants, we have data for each month that we have met them on this vegetation and for each plant organ, where they were met (in leaves, on stalks or even the fruit itself). Regarding the degree of the damage that they cause to the plants, given the many harmful valences they show, not all belong to the category of the very dangerous pests. Some enter the minor pests that are mostly caused by overlapping other diseases, some others into the normal pests and a more specific group enters the category of very powerful pests, the risk of which is maximized with other additional effects. These and other information are given in table Number 1 (one), with the required symbolism. Since this group of plants is the environmental generator, where we live and work, the work in question takes on practical importance and value
Ievgen Ivanov, Valentyn Kozheshkurt, , , Victor Katrich, Vadim Sidorov, Taras Gromovoy
Published: 1 April 2021
EUREKA: Life Sciences pp 56-64; doi:10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001738

Abstract:
The protein composition in the diapason of molecular masses from 4800 to 9500 Dа has been studied in colostrum, taken from different cows, and manifested the expressed biological activity. For this aim, an influence of low-molecular components of colostrum on some physiological parameters (change of body mass and temperature) at intoxication of animals (Wistar rats) by blue stone has been studied. An influence of colostrum low-molecular components on parameters of the organism redox-system (content of hyperperoxides of lipids and activity of glutathione peroxidase) in the blood serum of animals has been studied. For determining integral characteristics of colostrum components, electric conductivity of skim colostrum and one of colostrum with low-molecular proteins (less than 10 000 Dа), taken from different cows, were used. The aim of this work is to study interconnections of an influence of colostrum low-molecular proteins on models of organism intoxication by cooper ions. It is demonstrated, that the colostrum composition includes 25–35 different proteins with a molecular mass from 4800 to 9500 Dа. The number and ratio between protein fractions depend on individual physiological-biochemical characteristics of producers. It has been revealed, that there is no direct dependence between the protein content in a measuring cell (2 mg/ml, 4 mg/ml and 10 mg/ml) with skim colostrum and electric conductivity change, and this dependence is different for skim colostrum, taken from different cows. Individual differences are manifested both at electric conductivity change and by the content of colostrum low-molecular proteins in a measuring cell. It is demonstrated, that colostrum low-molecular components can eliminate the toxic effect of blue stone on the organism, which mechanisms are connected with a balance shift in the system “prooxidants↔antioxidants” towards antioxidants. The electric conductivity of colostrum components may be used as an express-method for evaluating biologically active substances of colostrum
Ludmila Pusik, Vlаdimir Pusik, Veronika Bondarenko, Ludmila Gaevaya, Nina Lyubymova, Galyna Sukhova, Nataliya Didukh, Galina Slobodianyk
Published: 1 April 2021
EUREKA: Life Sciences pp 65-72; doi:10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001756

Abstract:
Kitchen beetroots have a series of high-value parameters: good taste properties, healing-prophylactic importance, ability to long-term storage. There are many sorts of kitchen beetroot, different by root form. Most widespread are ones of the round and cylindrical forms. At the same time plants of kitchen beetroot at growing form roots of different masses. The aim of the study was to investigate the storage life of kitchen beetroot depending on form and root sizes. The conducted studies give a possibility to substantiate scientifically an influence of kitchen beetroots’ form and sizes on their storage life for determining its term. It has been established, that roots of the round form of the Kharkiv Bordo sort lost moisture more intensively at the expanse of breath and evaporation – 4.4–5.4 %. In the Vital sort with roots of the cylindrical form, mass natural losses were 4.1–5.1 %. At that more natural mass losses were in small roots with mass 150–300 g. Small roots were more inclined to sprouting at storage. Among sprouted roots, 1.6–1.8 % were small ones with mass 150–300 g. More percent of sprouted roots was for ones with mass 500–700 g as 2.3–2.5 %. At that less percent of sprouted roots was in the Vital sort of the cylindrical form. Small roots with mass 150–300 g were more damaged by rots at storage – 10.4–12.3 %. Among roots of middle sizes, 6.0–6.8 % were damaged by rots, among big ones – 4.5–4.7 %. It must be also noted, that cylindrical roots of the Vital sort were less damaged by rots at storage than round ones of the Kharkiv Bordo sort
Roman Petrov, Oleksiy Pidlubniy
Published: 1 April 2021
EUREKA: Life Sciences pp 25-31; doi:10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001754

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to investigate a possibility to decrease a toxic influence of aflatoxin on the fish organism and veterinary-sanitary evaluation of fish, fed by a pure fodder, aflatoxin and ketoconazole+aflatoxin. Fish aflatoxicoses cause essential losses at fish growing using industrial production technologies. It is characterized by decreasing weight gains and increasing kill of commodity fish, worsening fodder conversion. Farmers often use fodders of own production, without conducting laboratory studies, and don’t know about aflatoxins. At the same time because of different reasons, first of all economic ones, they don’t use adsorbents for decreasing the negative influence of aflatoxins on the fish organism. Their use doesn’t guarantee 100 % fish resistance to micotoxicoses and correspondingly product safety for a consumer. Fish, received aflatoxins with food, is dangerous as a food product for humans and animals. Aflatoxins are very stable in the environment, so even thermal processing doesn’t exceed risk of aflatoxin contamination. The article presents a possibility of effective treatment of fish at aflatoxicosis. It is known, that aflatoxin beyond cells is not dangerous. Its activation takes place within a cell by the enzyme system cytochrome Р-450, forming an epoxide, in which result the aflatoxin inclusion complex with DNA forms in the kernel. The veterinary preparation “Ketoconazole” inhibits cytochrome enzymes Р-450, so aflatoxin activation within a cell doesn’t take place, epoxides don’t form, DNA cells are not injured, aflatoxicosis doesn’t develop in fish that has been proved experimentally. The veterinary-sanitary mark of fish, treated for aflatoxicosis, is satisfactory. The importance of this study is in fact that for today there is no developed effective method of fish aflatoxicosis treatment. An influence of aflatoxin on the crucian organism has not been studied experimentally
Iryna Kazakova, Viacheslav Lebedynets, , Viktoriya Kazakova
Published: 31 March 2021
EUREKA: Health Sciences pp 44-55; doi:10.21303/2504-5679.2021.001700

Abstract:
The perfumery and cosmetic industry of Ukraine is distinguished by its dynamic development and makes a significant contribution to the country's economy. Several types of economic activities are involved in its functioning, including the development, research, production and sale of perfumery and cosmetic products, as well as the provision of cosmetic services to the population. The economic activity of each sector in the chain of creation, production and sale of cosmetic products / services determines both their individual success and the efficiency of the entire system as a whole. In this regard, the systematization and analysis of the indicators of economic activity of enterprises of each type of activity of the national cosmetic industry is an urgent task, the solution of which will reasonably determine the prospects for both the further development of this industry and the export potential of the Ukrainian economy as a whole. The aim of this work was to conduct a comprehensive study of the dynamics of the main indicators of Ukrainian enterprises of perfumery, cosmetic and related industries economic activity for the period 2010–2019 and determination of their development trends. The available data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, the Patent Office of Ukraine, as well as a database of scientific and professional publications publications were used as materials and methods. Retrospective, logical, research methods, as well as the method of content analysis were used. The results of a comparative analysis of the main indicators of the economic activity of business entities in the studied industry made it possible to establish trends in the development of this sector of the economy and substantiate the patterns observed at the present stage. Conclusions. The results of the study indicate that the production potential of the perfumery and cosmetic industry in Ukraine is promising, as well as significant opportunities for further development of the trade in these products and the provision of cosmetic services to the population.
Hryhorii Zon, Lyudmyla Ivanovska, Illia Zon, Tion Matthew Terzungwe
Published: 31 March 2021
EUREKA: Health Sciences pp 102-110; doi:10.21303/2504-5679.2021.001690

Abstract:
Aim of the study: to examine the pathological changes in dogs that died due to confirmed intestinal yersiniosis and parvoviral enteritis and establish trends for characteristic organ lesions for both diseases in comparison, then evaluate our findings with the existing published material of sufficient evidence quality regarding differential postmortem diagnosis of spontaneous intestinal yersiniosis and parvoviral enteritis in dogs. Materials and methods: the study examined the cases of 25 dogs from 2 month to 1.3 y.o. of various breed, gender that died due to either confirmed Canine parvoviral enteritis (CPV) infection or intestinal yersiniosis and subsequently divided into two groups based on their diagnosis. The definitive diagnosis has been confirmed by performing rapid ELISA diagnostics (SensPERT®, VetAll Laboratories, Kyunggi-Do, Korea) for CPV and serological tests for Y. enterocolitica sera AT were performed using yersiniosis antigens from the "Component set for serological diagnosis of animal yersiniosis" (Kharkiv, NSC IEKVM, TS 46.15.091-95) in accordance with the "Interim guidelines for the use of a set of components for serological diagnostics". A dilution of 1: 200 has been considered as the diagnostic titer. After the definitive diagnosis had been confirmed, the animals were divided into two groups, depending on diagnosis: CPV (n=14) or IY (n=11). The autopsies of twenty randomly (10 from each group) selected dog corpses have been conducted utilizing standard methodology. Results: according to the results of autopsy of dogs afflicted by CPV, the main pathological changes were found in the small intestine – catarrhal-desquamative inflammation (in 100 % of cases), serous-hemorrhagic mesenteric lymphadenitis (90 %) large intestine (70 %) in the stomach (60 %), in the liver (50 %), in other organs – less than 40 percent of cases and most notably caused lung damage (edema and local atelectasis) in 90 % of the animals in the study, which was not the case for intestinal yersiniosis with only 20 % incidence of lung damage. Conclusions: Spontaneous intestinal yersiniosis in dogs was pathologically manifested by pronounced catarrhal-desquamative processes mainly in the stomach and small intestine (70, 100 and 80 % of cases, respectively), inflammation of the mesenteric lymph nodes (90 %) and large intestine (80 %), dystrophy and congestive processes in the liver (80 %). Low incidence and type of lung damage (congestive hyperemia in 20 % of reviewed cases compared to 90 % of local atelectasis add edema in CPV group) was noteworthy. Cases of 25 animals that died due to either confirmed CPV or Y. enterocolitica infection were analyzed, and 20 animal corpses were autopsied during study. Dogs that died from intestinal yersiniosis had significantly higher frequency of pathological findings in kidney (200 %) and liver (60 %) in particular. Changes in stomach and large intestine were also more frequent. At the same time, we observed a lower frequency of pathological changes in spleen (33 % lower), heart (25 % lower) and the lowest frequency was in lungs (77 % lower) presented by edema and local atelectasis in animals afflicted by yersiniosis compared to CPV. Incidence and manifestation of pathological findings was mesenteric lymph nodes and abdominal cavity were similar, and could not be considered during posthumous diagnostics.
Kostyantyn Balashov, Olesya Hulchiy, Gennady Slabkiy
Published: 31 March 2021
EUREKA: Health Sciences pp 16-23; doi:10.21303/2504-5679.2021.001709

Abstract:
The aim. To study the factors of doctors’ assessment of their lifestyle as a healthy one, as well as their readiness to take practical measures for health maintenance. Materials and methods. 167 doctors representing all macro regions of Ukraine were interviewed: the levels of awareness of myths about NCDs, locus of control and readiness to take practical measures aimed at health maintenance were determined. The main acting forces were determined by factor analysis. Cluster analysis was performed on the basis of the obtained factors using hierarchical (Ward’s method) and non-hierarchical (k-means method) clustering methods. Results. The following concepts were assessed: Myths about NCDs (11 factors, 3 elements, 4 clusters), locus of control (12 factors, 3 elements, 4 clusters), factors influencing health behavior (12 factors, 3 elements, 4 clusters), readiness to take practical measures aimed at health maintenance (22 factors, 4 elements, 2 clusters). Factors that positively and negatively affect a person's assessment of the lifestyle as a healthy one were identified. Conclusions. The selected subgroups (clusters) of respondents are a simple and effective method of building a better understanding of the target audience of campaigns to promote healthy lifestyles, which after proper clarification, verification and development of a reliable measurement tool can be used to create targeted messages for each population group after a proper clarification and verification
Ievgenii Gladukh, Maiia Podorozhna
Published: 31 March 2021
EUREKA: Health Sciences pp 82-89; doi:10.21303/2504-5679.2021.001732

Abstract:
Rheological parameters are an important characteristic of semisolid dosage forms. Structural and mechanical characteristics have a noticeable effect on the processes of release and absorption of drugs from ointments, as well as on their consumer properties: spreadability, adhesion, the ability to squeeze out of the tubes. The aim: to study the rheological parameters of aqueous solutions of sodium alginate in various concentrations to create medicinal hydrogel compositions. Materials and methods: sodium alginate (Shandong Topsea Seaweed Industrial Co., Ltd., China) was used as a gelling agent. The physicochemical properties of the samples were studied according to generally accepted methods of the State Pharmacopoeia of Ukraine. Rheological studies of experimental samples were carried out using a rotational viscometer «Rheolab QC», by Anton Paar (Austria) with coaxial cylinders C-CC27/SS at a temperature 20–25 °С. Results and discussion: the rheological profiles of sodium alginate gels have a non-Newtonian type of flow, which makes it possible to characterize them as systems with plastic-viscous properties. Gels with a sodium alginate concentration of 1.5–2 % have the best indicators of yield stress, hysteresis loop area, mechanical stability and dynamic flow coefficients. This indicates a low degree of destruction of the structural grid in the process of mechanical action and the presence of thixotropic bonds. Conclusions: sodium alginate gel base at 0.5 % and 1 % concentration is less stable under stress compared to sodium alginate bases at 1.5 % and 2 % concentration. The gel base of sodium alginate at a concentration of 2 % has the optimal mechanical stability value.
Irina Holtsova, Yana Tsimbalenko
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities pp 33-36; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2021.001767

Abstract:
2020 has become a global societal challenge for the whole world. The global pandemic, caused by COVID 19 has become threatening to the well-being of society and its sustainable development in virtually all spheres of human activity. The sphere of public procurement is not an exception not only in Ukraine, but also in European countries. The new conditions of social reality set such conditions for the implementation of public procurement, for which the world was not ready, but they required the necessary and urgent transformations. The article examines the experience of Ukraine and the European Union in the formation of public procurement and its operation under COVID 19 and strict quarantine restrictions. The Ukrainian economy was largely unprepared for the new social realities, but it was the sphere of public procurement, the development of which occured in the last 5 years, that surprised with its functional and regulatory security. The author draws attention to the peculiarities of the implementation of the system of electronic public procurement, their gradual formation and transformation. The analysis and qualitative differences of the new system of public procurement, which allowed to ensure the necessary transparency and publicity of the state order in the medical sphere, are given. A comparison of the Ukrainian system of functioning of public procurement and European transformations in this sphere is given. Because the experience of European countries in the difficult transition phase of the society of the pandemic era is very important for the countries of the post-Soviet space, as the countries of the European Union are in many respects the example to follow for such countries. The author cites the key features of the transformation and improvement of the public procurement system in accordance with the critical conditions of society
Svitlana Panchenko
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities pp 29-32; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2021.001763

Abstract:
The main objectives of tourism business management are to develop and implement new strategies for promoting the product in the tourism market with the help of new technologies, as well as improve the existing ones due to using the main management functions. The article aims to improve the religious tourism sector in the modern tourism market and draw attention to religious tourism management. Research methods include analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, forecasting, as well as the use of systemic, activity-oriented, historical and culturological approaches. The article offers some ways of solving the issues of religious tourism, taking into account the specifics of this sector. It also covers some problematic issues in religious tourism in the context of the main management functions. The article proves that the potential of religious tourism is unrealized in terms of management and marketing research on tourism. The crisis of the global tourism industry, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, has done significant harm to the entire tourism sector of Ukraine’s economy. But it opens a unique window of opportunities for Ukraine to become a world-famous religious destination. The WTTC drew attention to this, urging public and private sector leaders to work together to pave the way for the economic recovery, needed for the travel and tourist industry and create millions of jobs.
Alla Akhmetshina, Dilya Biktimirova
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities pp 50-52; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2021.001720

Abstract:
This article announces the results of a study conducted within the framework of the Uralym project, revealing topical issues of youth socialization. The purpose of this article is to record the intermediate results of a comparative analysis and determine the areas of interaction and mutual influence of issues and problems of youth socialization. Particular attention is paid to promising opportunities for youth adaptation through the development and education of a linguistic personality. As part of the professional training of specialists, the parameters of the expansion and deepening of their linguistic worldview are investigated using the objects and methods of comparative sociolinguistics. The connection between new approaches to the formation of a linguistic personality and the socialization of youth through tourism, local history, history, culture, traditions of the region is revealed, and the possibilities and mechanisms of excursion rhetoric are used.
Marinela Teneqexhi, Elda Dollija
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities pp 21-23; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2021.001675

Abstract:
The focus of this present study was the ranking of factors (assessment of importance) by employees and managers. Studying these factors is of special importance in concluding which of internal and external motivators are mostly evaluated by employees. It recommends to managers where to put emphasis to meet employees’ expectations. Factors that are mostly evaluated by public sector employees involved in the study include: good salaries (10), employee loyalty (9), feeling that the job is diverse and interesting (8); and those factors which are less evaluated include: supervistor’s help with personal issues (1) feeling of being included in organization (2). Meanwhile, factors that private sector employees evaluate most include: good salaries (10), feeling of being recognized (9), job guarantee (8), and less evaluated are: supervistor’s help with personal issues (1) diverse and interesing job (2).
Gentisa Furxhi, Elda Dollija
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities pp 18-20; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2021.001674

Abstract:
Business are facing new threats or opportunities due to globalization, changes in costumers demands, new technologies, new expectations from society. Business change to stay competitive and to survive. It is very important to find the proper change and to manage it effectively. Many researchers, (Lewin, 1951; Kotter, 1996; Peddle et al., 1998; Paton and McCalman, 2000), have developed change models which describe important stages involved in effective change management process. Organizational change can be planned or unplanned. Organizations may change their products, structure, strategy or people. Although, what type of change an organization is undertaking, it had been argued that organizational change will fail without effective communication, appropriate leadership, employee commitment and readiness to change. Managers, know that a change to be successful needs to be managed effectively. There are many factors that create effective change management. In this paper we will focus on the impact of leadership, communication and employee commitment to change. Employees implement changes in organization and if they do not have the necessary information why organization needs the change and what is the outcome of proposed change they probably will refuse it. Also, leadership has an important role in change management. Employees need to feel security from their leader that change will improve their organization and will bring benefits to all of them. Employees are very concern to know if organization has the capacity to implement the proposed change.
Halyna Marchenko
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities pp 53-55; doi:10.21303/2613-5647.2021.001772

Abstract:
Corruption in any social system. At the same time, taxes are a measure of social justice and should not only ensure the economic stability of the state, but also instill in members of the taxpayer society a positive tolerance to the state. The term for defining the state as "social" implies meeting the social needs of each member of society. According to the author's view, this does not mean that the state should sponsor people, who do not want to work. At the same time, the state must provide an appropriate level of support to society members who, due to objective circumstances, need it. Taxes are a source of social benefits for society. At the same time, they are a form of fair treatment of citizens by the state. Inequality or injustice in the collection of taxes contributes to social inequality and significantly reduces the tolerance of society members to the state.
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