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Suherli Kusmana, Bela Nurzaman
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 351-362; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.8778

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain folklore teaching materials as a character education scaffold. The folklore studied was taken from the environment of Cirebon community students. The research method used is research and development. The stages carried out are (1) initial collection and analysis of folklore, textbooks used, and the need for teaching materials; (2) development of teaching materials design and validation; (3) reconstruction of teaching materials based on input from expert validation results; (4) evaluation through the feasibility test for use in learning in schools; and (5) implementation of teaching materials in learning. The results showed that the development of affective competence through folklore is a scaffold for students' character education. The development of character education is used to develop ideas or ideas in compiling short stories. Character education is carried out through teaching materials containing the values of local wisdom of folklore into short stories.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan bahan ajar cerita rakyat sebagai perancah pendidikan karakter. Cerita rakyat yang diteliti diambil dari lingkungan peserta didik masyarakat Cirebon. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian dan pengembangan. Adapun tahapan yang dilakukan adalah: (1) pengumpulan dan analisis awal cerita rakyat, buku teks yang digunakan, dan kebutuhan bahan ajar; (2) pengembangan desain bahan ajar dan validasi; (3) rekonstruksi ulang bahan ajar berdasarkan masukan hasil validasi ahli; (4) evaluasi melalui uji kelayakan penggunaan dalam pembelajaran di sekolah; dan (5) implementasi bahan ajar dalam pembelajaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan kompetensi afektif melalui cerita rakyat merupakan perancah (scaffolding) bagi pendidikan karakter siswa. Pengembangan pendidikan karakter dimanfaatkan untuk mengembangkan ide atau gagasan dalam menyusun cerita pendek. Pendidikan karakter dilakukan melalui bahan ajar bermuatan nilai-nilai kearifan lokal cerita rakyat ke dalam cerita pendek.
Septina Krismawati
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 336-350; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.7755

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the social reality during the pandemic that appears in the short stories Atai Balak dan Rencana Lebaran Corona. This qualitative descriptive research analyzes social reality with a sociological approach to literature. Data collection is done by listening and note-taking techniques. Data analysis was done by using the content analysis method and the sociology of literature approach. The results of the study show that 1) this short story can be a reflection of reality during a pandemic, 2) the life of the lower class community during a pandemic is represented in Atai Balak as the main character, and 3) social reality during a pandemic that can be found in the short story, namely related to the policy of Large-Scale Social Restrictions and the reality of increasing poverty.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan realitas sosial pada masa pandemi yang tampak pada cerpen Atai Balak dan Rencana Lebaran Korona. Penelitian deskriptif kualitatif ini menganalisis realitas sosial dengan pendekatan sosiologi sastra. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik simak dan teknik catat. Analisis data dilakukan dengan metode analisis isi dan pendekatan sosiologi sastra. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 1) cerpen ini dapat menjadi cerminan kenyataan pada masa pandemi, 2) kehidupan masyarakat kalangan bawah pada masa pandemi terepresentasi pada diri Atai Balak sebagai tokoh utama, dan 3) realitas sosial pada masa pandemi yang dapat ditemukan dalam cerpen tersebut, yaitu terkait dengan kebijakan Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar (PSBB) dan realitas kemiskinan yang semakin meningkat.
Elza Leyli Lisnora Saragih, Tiarma Intan Marpaung, Mhd. Pujiono
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 363-377; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.6701

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to describe students' attitudes and language choices. Using a qualitative descriptive approach, the study was conducted on students from the University of HKBP Nommensen Medan, Indonesia. The study was conducted from January to February 2020. Questionnaires, interviews, and participatory observations are used to collect data. The data was quantitatively examined using a Likert scale. The results revealed that students have a positive attitude and make good choices of Indonesian. Other languages have not succeeded in replacing Indonesian as a national language and a symbol of national identity. The sense of pride in Indonesian is still high. English language proficiency is perceived as more self-assured, more modern, and reflective of the speaker's intelligence. Students believe that knowing a second language will help them obtain work and build international relationships. Indonesian is still widely used for professional and informal communication. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan sikap dan pemilihan bahasa para mahasiswa Universitas HKBP Nommensen Medan, Indonesia dengan menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kuantitatif. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Januari sampai bulan Februari 2020. Alat pengumpulan data menggunakan angket, wawancara, dan pengamatan partisipatif. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara kuantitatif dengan menggunakan skala Likert. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sikap dan pemilihan bahasa Indonesia dalam kategori tinggi. Posisi bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa nasional dan lambang identitas bangsa belum tergantikan oleh bahasa lain. Rasa kebanggaan terhadap bahasa Indonesia masih tinggi. Adapun penguasaan bahasa Inggris dipandang lebih menunjukkan kepercayaan diri, lebih modern dan menggambarkan inteligensia penuturnya. Mahasiswa berpandangan bahwa kemampuan berbahasa asing akan mempermudah dalam mencari pekerjaan dan menjalin hubungan internasional. Komunikasi formal dan nonformal masih dominan menggunakan bahasa Indonesia.
Lusy Novitasari
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 321-335; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.6560

Abstract:
This study aims to describe and explain the social criticism contained in the novel Pasung Jiwa by Okky Madasari. The method used is the descriptive qualitative method. The data source of this research is the text of the novel Pasung Jiwa by Okky Madasari, first printed in 2013 and published by PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama Jakarta Publisher. This research is focused on problems related to social criticism. The data was obtained by using the document technique and analyzed in terms of content. The approach used in the sociology of literature. The research stages consist of data identification, data description, data analysis, and data interpretation. The results of the study indicate that this novel contains criticisms of parental/family confinement, abuse of transgender women, the miserable life of factory workers, the lives of commercial sex workers, those in power, and government arbitrariness, as well as the existence of laskar/religious defenders.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan menjelaskan kritik sosial yang terdapat dalam novel Pasung Jiwa karya Okky Madasari. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Sumber data penelitian ini adalah teks novel Pasung Jiwa karya Okky Madasari, cetakan pertama tahun 2013 dan diterbitkan oleh Penerbit PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama Jakarta. Penelitian ini difokuskan pada permasalahan yang berkaitan dengan kritik sosial. Data diperoleh dengan menggunakan teknik dokumen dan dianalisis dari segi isi. Pendekatan yang dipergunakan adalah sosiologi sastra. Tahapan penelitian terdiri atas: identifikasi data, deskripsi data, analisis data, dan interpretasi data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa novel ini mengandung kritik terhadap: kungkungan orang tua/keluarga, kesewenangan kepada waria (transgender), kehidupan nestapa buruh pabrik, kehidupan pekerja seks komersial, pihak yang berkuasa dan kesewenangan pemerintah, serta adanya laskar/pasukan pembela agama.
Abdul Rozak, Atikah Atikah, Diana Rahmawati Rozak
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 305-320; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.8029

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to describe the concept of psychic impulses in the characters in the novel Ayat-Ayat Cinta 2 by Habiburrahman El Shirazy. This study uses a qualitative method with a descriptive-analytical working mechanism. The approach used is a literary psychology approach. The data collection technique applied is documentation. The data analysis activities consist of data reduction, data presentation, and concluding/verification. The results of the study indicate that there is an impetus that drives or underlies the behaviour of each character. Interaction between characters leads to encouragement, namely encouragement that comes from the spiritual aspect, encouragement to fulfil desires without regard to values, and encouragement that is influenced by news in the mass media. Changes in the character of the antagonist are influenced by the behaviour of practising the Qur'an and hadith by the main character. Thus, reflected in the pattern of the relationship between individual history, goals, and aspirations of individuals to the behaviour of the characters.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan konsep dorongan psikis pada tokoh dalam novel Ayat-Ayat Cinta 2 karya Habiburrahman El Shirazy. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan mekanisme kerja deskriptif analitik. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan psikologi sastra. Teknik pengumpulan data yang diaplikasikan adalah dokumentasi. Aktivitas analisis data tersebut terdiri atas reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan/verifikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat dorongan yang menggerakkan atau melatarbelakangi perilaku setiap tokoh. Interaksi antartokoh mengarah pada adanya dorongan, yakni dorongan yang berasal dari aspek spiritualitas, dorongan memenuhi keinginan tanpa memperhatikan nilai-nilai, dan dorongan yang dipengaruhi oleh pemberitaan di media massa. Perubahan karakter tokoh antagonis dipengaruhi perilaku pengamalan Al-Qur’an dan hadis oleh tokoh utama. Dengan demikian, tercermin adanya pola hubungan antara sejarah individu, tujuan, dan aspirasi individu terhadap perilaku tokoh.
Jaja Jaja, Sri Rahayu, Tri Pujiatna
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 290-304; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.7794

Abstract:
This study aims to produce handouts oriented to local culture. This development research was conducted from November 2018 to January 2019 in Cirebon Regency. Data were collected through analysis of the structure and linguistic rules of procedure texts in the Indonesian Recipes book. The results of the analysis are used as material to design teaching materials for procedural text handouts. The data is processed descriptively qualitatively and quantitatively to produce handout products suitable for use. Validity is carried out through expert judgment. The results of the study concluded that: the structure of the procedure text that was analyzed was complete and represented using typical linguistic rules, the design was valid, and fit for use. This book can improve students' understanding of procedural texts.Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan handout berorientasi kebudayaan lokal. Penelitian pengembangan ini dilakukan November 2018 sampai Januari 2019 di Kabupaten Cirebon. Data dikumpulkan melalui analisis terhadap struktur dan kaidah kebahasaan teks prosedur dalam buku Resep Masakan Indonesia. Hasil analisis digunakan sebagai bahan untuk merancang bahan ajar handout teks prosedur. Data diolah secara deskriptif kualitatif dan kuantitatif guna menghasilkan produk handout layak pakai. Keabsahan dilakukan melalui penilaian pakar. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa: struktur teks prosedur yang dianalisis lengkap dan direpresentasikan dengan menggunakan kaidah kebahasaan yang khas, rancangan valid; dan layak pakai. Buku ini dapat meningkatkan pemahaman siswa terkait teks prosedur.
Apriana Nugraeni, Teguh Setiawan
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 273-289; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.5971

Abstract:
This research to describe English loanwords in the Destinasi Indonesia printed magazine, which focuses on travel, tourism destination guidance, and culinary. It focuses on several types, strategies, and equivalences of form, pronunciation, and meaning of those languages. The research used qualitative content analysis on a written document. The results show that types of English loanwords in Indonesian are in the form of words and phrases. The strategies are adoption, adaptation, translation, and creation. In the adoption strategy, the researchers invented partial and full adoption. They also discovered terms with the same form and meaning but distinct pronunciation in equivalences of form, pronunciation, and meaning. The pronunciation and meaning are the same, but the form is different. The concept is the same, but the form and pronunciation are different, or the points are the same as a whole. These English loanwords have profoundly modernized Indonesian lexicons.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kata serapan Bahasa Inggris dalam majalah Destinasi Indonesia yang membahas perjalanan, panduan destinasi wisata, dan kuliner. Penelitian berfokus pada tipe unsur serapan, strategi, serta kesejajaran bentuk, lafal, dan makna antara kedua bahasa. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif analisis isi pada dokumen tertulis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tipe unsur serapan Bahasa Inggris dalam Bahasa Indonesia adalah kata dan frasa. Strateginya adalah adopsi, adaptasi, terjemahan, dan kreasi. Dalam strategi adopsi, ditemukan adopsi sebagian dan penuh. Pada kesejajaran bentuk, lafal, dan makna, ditemukan kata yang memiliki bentuk dan makna sejajar, lafal berbeda. Lafal dan makna sejajar, bentuk berbeda. Makna sejajar, bentuk dan lafal berbeda atau sejajar secara keseluruhan. Kata serapan Bahasa Inggris memodernisasi leksikon dalam Bahasa Indonesia.
Wikanengsih Wikanengsih, Puspita Ningrum
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 262-272; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.8417

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the improvement of students' skills in writing short story texts. This quasi-experimental study used pretest-posttest in the control and experimental groups. The population in this study were students of class VII SMK with a purposive sample of 46 people. The research was conducted in the period from January 20 to February 5, 2020. The instruments used were in the form of tests and non-tests, validated by two experts. Based on the results and discussion, it is concluded that the discovery learning method assisted by Adobe Flash can improve the ability to write short stories and can increase learning motivation. Students become challenged in solving the problems given by the teacher.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peningkatan keterampilan siswa dalam menulis teks cerita pendek. Penelitian eksperimen kuasi ini menggunakan pretes-postes pada kelompok kontrol dan eksperimen. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa SMK kelas VII dengan sampel purposive sebanyak 46 orang. Penelitian dilakukan pada rentang waktu 20 Januari - 5 Februari 2020. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa tes dan non tes dengan divalidasi oleh dua orang ahli. Berdasarkan hasil dan pembahasan diperoleh simpulan bahwa metode discovery learning berbantuan adobe flash dapat meningkatkan kemampuan menulis cerita pendek dan dapat meningkatkan motivasi belajar. Siswa menjadi tertantang dalam menyelesaikan soal-soal yang diberikan guru.
Emmy Erwina
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 220-235; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.7904

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the intonation perception of the Malay aristocrats' speech on emotions. This study uses an experimental phonetic study among the nobility in Tanjungpura, Langkat Regency, North Sumatra. This study uses acoustic-phonetic theory and also uses the Praat program. Data analysis used the Average method so that the percentage of Malay nobility's perception of the intonation of emotional speech was obtained. The results of this study get the percentage of data on angry emotional speech, which is 40%. For the percentage of data on the perception of the nobility towards sad emotional speech, namely all respondents.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan persepsi intonasi tuturan kaum bangsawan Melayu terhadap emosi. Penelitian ini menggunakan kajian fonetik eksperimental pada kalangan bangsawan di Tanjungpura, Kabupaten Langkat, Sumatera Utara. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori fonetik akustik serta digunakan juga program Praat. Analisis data menggunakan metode Average sehingga diperoleh persentase persepsi kaum bangsawan Melayu terhadap intonasi tuturan emosi. Hasil dari penelitian ini mendapatkan persentase data terhadap tuturan emosi marah, yaitu sebesar 40%. Untuk persentase data persepsi kaum bangsawan terhadap tuturan emosi sedih yaitu seluruh responden.
Bani Sudardi, Dwi Sulistyorini
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 161-174; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.7475

Abstract:
The objective of this paper is to comprehend the process of producing texts derived from written texts in the form of chronicles and developing them into oral texts of oral tradition or folklore. The object of this study is the Chronicle of Diponegoro and the traditions of Pasarean Gunung Kawi, Malang. The study method is based on descriptive qualitative research principles. The findings demonstrate that the Chronicle of Diponegoro does not mention the Pasarean Gunung Kawi figures directly. Because there are figures from Prince Diponegoro's war when facing the Company, the text of Prince Diponegoro serves as a background for the story of Pasarean Gunung Kawi. The two texts appear to be different, yet the second is an extension of an existing text. Following the narrative of the Chronicle of Diponegoro, there is a story about Kyai Zakaria, a follower of Prince Diponegoro who fled to Malang, East Java. Furthermore, the text on Pasarean Gunung Kawi was influenced by community situations, including the relationship between the Malang people and the Chinese community.Tulisan ini bertujuan memahami proses pembuatan teks yang berasal dari teks tertulis berupa babad dan berkembang menjadi teks lisan tradisi lisan atau folklor. Objek kajian ini ialah Babad Diponegoro dan tradisi di sekitar Pasarean Gunung Kawi, Malang. Metode kajian menggunakan prinsip-prinsip penelitian kualitatif deskriptif. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa babad Diponegoro memang tidak secara langsung menceritakan tokoh-tokoh Pasarean Gunung Kawi. Teks Pangeran Diponegoro berkedudukan sebagai latar belakang kisah Pasarean Gunung Kawi karena di dalamnya terdapat tokoh-tokoh dari peristiwa perang Pangeran Diponegoro ketika menghadapi kompeni. Kedua teks tersebut terlihat berlainan, tetapi sesungguhnya teks kedua merupakan suatu pengembangan teks baru dari teks yang sudah ada. Teks Babad Diponegoro dilanjutkan dengan cerita tentang Kyai Zakaria, pengikut Pangeran Diponegoro, yang melarikan diri sampai ke Malang Jawa Timur. Selanjutnya teks tentang Pasarean Gunung Kawi ini berkembang sesuai dengan kondisi yang terjadi di masyarakat, yaitu adanya hubungan antara masyarakat Malang dengan masyarakat China.
Asep Muhyidin
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 175-188; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.5230

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to examine how the champion's local wisdom is depicted in Qizink La Aziva's novel entitled Kelomang. The method used in this study is descriptive qualitative. The data sources are represented in the novel as words that describe the champion's local wisdom. The data were analyzed using qualitative descriptive techniques in three stages: categorization, tabulation, and inference. The study's findings show that the champion's figure in the novel's characters is good at self-defence, courage, leadership, armed with machetes and agate, speaking candidly, and a culture of violence. In this novel, a black champion is depicted in the form of Sakib, who is always willing to justify any means to achieve his goal. The idea of a white champion, on the other hand, is portrayed in the character of Saija, who battles for the betterment of society. This study's findings may have implications for learning Indonesian in senior high schools. This is because there are learning components connected to character education in the 2013 Curriculum. The novel's good characters can serve as role models for students.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui representasi kearifan lokal jawara dalam novel Kelomang karya Qizink La Aziva. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode yang bersifat deskriptif kualitatif. Data berupa kalimat-kalimat dalam novel yang menggambarkan kearifan lokal jawara. Analisis data dilakukan dengan teknik deskriptif kualitatif melalui beberapa tahapan, yaitu 1) kategorisasi, 2) tabulasi, dan 3) inferensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan representasi sosok jawara yang terdapat pada tokoh-tokoh yang ada pada novel tersebut bersifat jago bela diri, pemberani, berjiwa pemimpin, bersenjatakan golok dan memakai batu akik, berbicara ceplas-ceplos, dan budaya kekerasan. Dalam novel ini muncul sosok jawara hitam yang tergambar pada sosok Sakib yang selalu menghalalkan segala cara demi mendapatkan tujuannya. Sebaliknya, sosok jawara putih tergambar pada sosok tokoh Saija yang berjuang demi kepentingan masyarakat. Hasil penelitian ini dapat diimplikasikan dalam pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia di Sekolah Menengah Atas. Hal demikian disebabkan karena di dalam Kurikulum 2013 terdapat komponen-komponen pembelajaran yang berkaitan dengan penguatan pendidikan karakter. Siswa dapat meneladani karakter baik pada tokoh-tokoh yang ada pada novel tersebut.
M. Wildan, Tri Pujiati, Zamzam Nurhuda
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 202-219; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.8116

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the word class in Arabic and Indonesian. This study uses contrastive analysis to describe the similarities and differences in word classes between the two languages from March - July 2020. The data collection technique used documentation techniques in Arabic and Indonesian texts. Sources of data come from books and magazines in Arabic and Indonesian. The results showed the use of ism al-Jins, ism al-s`awt and fi'l al-Madah. This finding is expected to be a morning solution for Arabic learners when learning Arabic.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kelas kata dalam bahasa Arab dan bahasa Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis kontrastif sebagai upaya untuk mendeskripsikan persamaan dan perbedaan kelas kata di antara kedua bahasa. Waktu penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Maret - Juli 2020. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik dokumentasi pada teks bahasa Arab dan bahasa Indonesia. Sumber data berasal dari buku dan majalah berbahasa Arab dan bahasa Indonesia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya penggunaan ism al-Jins, ism al-s`awt dan fi‘l al-Madah. Temuan ini diharapkan mampu menjadi solusi pagi pemelajar bahasa Arab.
R. Kunjana Rahardi
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 236-247; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.8112

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the types of social-social context landscapes in cybertexts-based pragmatics related to the Covid-19 vaccination discourse. The research data is in the form of speech excerpts that contain the identity of the social-social context landscape in cybertexts. The data collection method applied is the listening method with reading and note-taking techniques. Furthermore, the data are identified, classified, and typified to apply data analysis methods and techniques. The data analysis method applied was the extra lingual equivalent method. The validity of the data used expert validation and theoretical triangulation. This study resulted in findings in the form of six types of social-social context landscapes for Covid-19 vaccination, namely (1) confirming the meaning of the speech, (2) clarifying the meaning of the speech, (3) informing the purpose of the speech, (4) setting the background for the speech, (5) supporting the meaning of the speech. the meaning of the speech, and (6) clarify the meaning of the speech.Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan jenis-jenis lanskap konteks sosial-sosietal dalam pragmatik berbasis cybertexts terkait dengan wacana vaksinasi Covid-19. Data penelitian berupa cuplikan-cuplikan tuturan yang di dalamnya terkandung identitas lanskap konteks sosial-sosietal dalam cybertexts. Metode pengumpulan data yang diterapkan adalah metode simak dengan teknik baca dan teknik catat. Selanjutnya data diidentifikasi, diklasifikasi, dan ditipifikasi untuk dikenakan metode dan teknik analisis data. Metode analisis data yang diterapkan adalah metode padan ekstralingual. Keabsahan data menggunakan validasi pakar dan triangulasi teori. Penelitian ini menghasilkan temuan berupa enam jenis lanskap konteks sosial-sosietal vaksinasi Covid-19, yakni (1) menegaskan maksud tuturan, (2) mengklarifikasi maksud tuturan, (3) menginformasikan maksud tuturan, (4) melatarbelakangi maksud tuturan, (5) mendukung maksud tuturan, dan (6) memperjelas maksud tuturan.
Diyan Permata Yanda, Dina Ramadhanti
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 189-201; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.6154

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to describe the uniqueness of the Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) and Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) models in terms of poetry learning. This is a quantitative study that uses a pure experimental method. The randomized posttest in the control group was used as the experimental design. With the average similarity test, the study sample was chosen randomly, class of Experiment I and Experiment II. The STAD model was used to teach poetry to experimental class I, and the CIRC model was used to teach poetry to experimental class II. Both learning models can be employed in poetry learning, according to the findings, because they improve poetry understanding skills, social skills in terms of interpreting poetry content, and the process and ultimate outcomes of poetry learning. Both types have their own distinct characteristics that make them suited for poetry instruction. The STAD model differs from others in that it creates opportunities for students to collaborate in groups, take responsibility, and high abilities. The CIRC model is unique in that it divides students into groups according to their level of reading interest, collaborate and encourage one another.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan keunikan Model STAD (Student Team Achievement Division) dan CIRC (Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition) dalam pembelajaran puisi. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan metode eksperimen murni. Desain eksperimen yang digunakan adalah the randomized posttest only control group design. Sampel penelitian dipilih secara random dengan uji kesamaan rata-rata, yakni kelas Eksperimen I dan Eksperimen II. Kelas eksperimen I menerima pengajaran puisi dengan model STAD dan kelas eksperimen II menerima pengajaran puisi dengan model CIRC. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kedua model pembelajaran dapat digunakan dalam pembelajaran puisi karena memberi dampak pada peningkatan keterampilan memahami puisi, peningkatan kemampuan sosial dalam hal memaknai isi puisi, dan peningkatan proses dan hasil belajar puisi secara keseluruhan. Keunikan model STAD adalah pemberian reward yang memberikan dorongan kepada mahasiswa untuk berkolaborasi kelompok, bertanggung, dan pendampingan agar kemampuan kelompok merata. Keunikan model CIRC adalah pembagian kelompok yang didasarkan pada tinggi rendahnya minat baca mahasiswa, bekerja sama, dan saling memotivasi.
Syihaabul Hudaa, Nuryani Nuryani, Elen Inderasari
Indonesian Language Education and Literature, Volume 6, pp 248-261; https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v6i2.6012

Abstract:
The lack of teacher competence in making creative and informative learning media makes the learning atmosphere less pleasant. This study aims to describe the use of pop-ups in Indonesian language learning at the Al-Qur`an Learning Center (TPA). This research belongs to the type of descriptive qualitative using a classroom action research (PTK) approach. This research was conducted in August-November 2019. The stages of the research include: 1) introducing pop-ups and their manufacturing techniques, 2) the teacher applies them in Indonesian language learning activities at the TPA, and 3) describes the effectiveness of pop-up media in learning activities. The results showed that pop-up media was very effective to be applied in learning activities at the TPA. The increase in students' reading and writing skills occurs because pop-ups make students enthusiastic in learning activities.Kurangnya kompetensi guru dalam membuat media pembelajaran yang kreatif dan informatif membuat suasana pembelajaran menjadi kurang menyenangkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penggunaan pop up pada pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia di Taman Pendidikan Al-Qur`an (TPA). Penelitian ini termasuk ke dalam jenis kualitatif deskriptif dengan menggunakan pendekatan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK). Penelitian ini dilakukan Agustus—November 2019. Tahapan penelitian, meliputi: 1) mengenalkan pop up dan teknik pembuatannya, 2) guru menerapkan dalam kegiatan pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia di TPA, dan 3) mendeskripsikan keefektifan media pop up dalam kegiatan pembelajaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa media pop up sangat efektif diterapkan dalam kegiatan pembelajaran di TPA. Peningkatan kemampuan siswa dalam membaca dan menulis terjadi karena pop up membuat siswa antusias dalam kegiatan belajar.
Siswoyo Aris Munandar
Jurnal Tamaddun : Jurnal Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Islam, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.24235/tamaddun.v9i1.7010

Abstract:
It is a fact that the West is now economically more advanced than the East. This matter is considered unanimously by most Easterners to be entirely oriented to him. The West exports an ideology that all countries in the world seem unable to reject, then developing countries agree with it, then struggle with the number one puritan discipline and cunning attitude to be able to advance economically and technologically. It seems that it is a necessity for a comprehensive human development. Various criticisms have been raised, but nothing has been able to stop the power of this understanding. In fact, it made him modify an even more accurate strategy. The question that arises then is, why did the homeland liberation movement succeed in escaping from military occupation but failed to defend economic, political, cultural and civilizational independence? Why are the majority of independent countries, after gaining their independence increasingly following the West in the fields of food, weaponry and modernization of society? This paper is a study with the type of research library that intends to discuss Hassan Hanafi's ideas regarding accidentalism which is a form of Islamic response to the progress of Western civilization. The conclusion obtained from this study is that incidentalism is an act of resistance from the East to study the West in more depth. According to Hassan Hanafi, in seizing the glory of the East, it requires the attitude of three renewal tradition projects, namely, first, our attitude towards old traditions, our attitude towards Western traditions, and our attitude towards reality. Even with a harsh and critical tone, Hanafi's occidentalism does not intend to do a complete reversal in the sense of replacing the position that had been played by orientalism. If earlier orientlism was not in a neutral position and was mainly dominated by European consciousness structures formed by modern civilization, Hanafi designed orientalism as a neutral scientific discourse. Keywords: Orientalism, Occidentalism, West, East, Hassan Hanafi
Aulia Novemy Dhita, Sesilia Dwi Putri
Jurnal Tamaddun : Jurnal Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Islam, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.24235/tamaddun.v9i1.8174

Abstract:
The existence of Arab descent in Palembang has a long historical path. This study aims to describe the history of the arrival of the Arabs to their present life. To answer this problem, this study uses historical methods (heuristics, interpretation, source criticism and historiography). The results showed that the Arabs in Palembang were dominated by Hadramaut. During the Sultanate of Palembang they had a special position at the Palace as religious advisors to the Sultan and were allowed to establish settlements on land. In the trade sector they control the trade in the micro sector and can carry out economic interactions with the community in the Uluan area. This situation changed after the abolition of the Palembang Sultanate. The Dutch colonial government restricted the economic movements of the Arabs. However, some Arab descendants have good relations with the Dutch so that they are able to survive. Currently they live side by side with ‘wong’ Palembang and other ethnicities. They occupy an area called Kampung Arab. In general, he works as a trader, especially in Pasar 16 Ilir and scholars.Keywords: Arrived, Arab Descent, Kampung Arab, Palembang Abstrak: Keberadaan Keturunan Arab di Palembang memiliki jalan historis yang panjang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguraikan sejarah kedatangan orang-orang Arab hingga kehidupannya saat ini. Untuk menjawab permasalahan tersebut, penelitian ini menggunakan metode historis (heuristik, interpretasi, kritik sumber dan historiografi). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa orang-orang Arab di Palembang didominasi dari Hadramaut. Pada masa Kesultanan Palembang mereka memiliki kedudukan istimewa di Istana sebagai penasehat agama Sultan dan diizinkan mendirikan pemukiman di darat. Dalam bidang perdagangan mereka menguasai perdagangan sektor mikro dan dapat melakukan interaksi ekonomi dengan masyarakat di wilayah uluan. Keadaan ini berubah pasca dihapuskannya Kesultanan Palembang. Pemerintah kolonial Belanda membatasi gerak ekonomi orang-orang Arab. Namun demikian beberapa keturunan Arab memiliki hubungan baik dengan Belanda sehingga mampu tetap bertahan. Saat ini mereka hidup berdampingan dengan wong Palembang dan masyarakat dari etnis lain. Mereka menempati wilayah yang disebut Kampung Arab. Secara umum berprofesi sebagai pedagang terutama di Pasar 16 Ilir dan ulama.Kata Kunci: Kedatangan, Keturunan Arab, Kampung Arab, Palembang
Syahrul Kirom
Jurnal Tamaddun : Jurnal Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Islam, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.24235/tamaddun.v9i1.8028

Abstract:
The moral crisis hit the mental and character of the Indonesian nation with widespread cases of corruption, lies and dishonesty in all human activities. In fact, Indonesian culture has very good customs and traditions if we want to explore the ethical values of archipelago culture such as the Samin culture in Central Java. This paper was done using qualitative research. The formal object of this research is ethics, while the material object is the local wisdom value of the Samin community. The method used is the historical continuity method and heuristic method. This step was carried out with the aim of drawing into the history of Samin's culture and to be related to the current situation, related to the values of local wisdom of Samin culture. The results of this study conclude, that it turns out that the negative stigma against Samin culture is not good, who is ignorant and disobedient to taxes, does not want formal schooling with the aim of fighting colonialism. 1), the ethical value of honesty in the culture of samin with the slogan biasakno, kuliknano, pangucapmu, in karo karepe atimu means that it must be accustomed to between verbal and heart, that is, the values of honesty in heart and verbally must be the same, and should not lie. 2). In the words of the Samin people, dhuwekmu yo dhuwekku, mulo iku is sincere, it means that what you have is mine, then be sincere, the purpose of this expression is actually to build an act of mutual giving and receiving ours together with the intention of salig please help and be full of sincerity later who repays God. Key Words: Samin, Ethics, Culture, Local wisdom
Cep Gilang Fikri Ash-Shufi, Agus Mulyana
JURNAL YAQZHAN: Analisis Filsafat, Agama dan Kemanusiaan, Volume 7, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.24235/jy.v7i1.8076

Abstract:
Para Psikolog Barat Modern mengonsepsikan kebahagiaan sebagai evaluasi afektif, yaitu evaluasi individu terhadap kejadian-kejadian dalam hidup yang meliputi emosi yang menyenangkan dan emosi yang tidak menyenangkan. Sementara Imam Al-Muḥāsibī menyebut bahwa kebahagiaan seseorang terletak pada keimanannya. Untuk menjaga kebahagiaan beliau menganjurkan untuk senantiasa menghisab diri. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk memaparkan konsep kebahagiaan afektif dalam pandangan psikolog modern, lalu ditinjau dari segi konsep muḥāsabah Imam al-Muḥāsibi yang memiliki relevansinya dengan kebahagiaan. Hasilnya bahwa kebahagiaan yang menggunakan standar empiris dan bersifat materialistik semata merupakan kebahagiaan semu dan berujung dengan problem kemanusiaan seperti stress dan bunuh diri. Sementara kebahagiaan yang diusahakan dengan menjaga keimanan melahirkan pribadi yang tenang, tentram dan menyambungkan kebahagiaan di dunia dengan akhirat.
Agung Bayuseto, Asep Pahmi, Denden Matin Dayyin, Ghina Raudhatul Jannah, Icha Agustina
JURNAL YAQZHAN: Analisis Filsafat, Agama dan Kemanusiaan, Volume 7, pp 91-104; https://doi.org/10.24235/jy.v7i1.7881

Abstract:
This research bases on the structure of science according to Imam Al Ghazali. Research method uses is qualitative through p Libraries and field studies with design thinking approach. The result and discussion of this research bases on science explanation, knowledge as human needs, and knowledge concept according to Imam Al Ghazali. Thus, the researcher conclude that knowledge is the most important in islamic. Therefore, knowledge is primary needs for human in particularly as a caliph. In addition, knowledge is the most important for human sustainability on earth. Keyword: Design Thinking, Structure, Science, Knowledge
Nurma Izzati, Widyastuti Widyastuti
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 98-106; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.8519

Abstract:
This study aims to 1) determine student self-efficacy; 2) Knowing the mathematical disposition of students; and 3) Knowing the effect of self-efficacy on students' mathematical dispositions. The research method uses quantitative methods with a one-shot case study research design. The study population was all students of the Mathematics Tadris Department of IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon in the even semester of the 2020/2021 academic year with the sample being all fourth semester students of the Mathematics Tadris Department of IAIN Sheikh Nurjati Cirebon, namely four classes totaling 151 students. The data collection technique used a questionnaire to determine the students' self-efficacy and mathematical disposition. The results showed that 1) the average student self-efficacy was 72.86, included in the strong category; 2) The average student's mathematical disposition is 74.42, which is included in the strong category; and 3) Self-efficacy has a significant effect on students' mathematical disposition. Self-efficacy has an effect of 68% on students' mathematical dispositions
Tri Nopriana, Siska Firmasari, Bambang Avip Priatna Martadiputra
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.6460

Abstract:
This study analyzes some hard skills (problem-solving abilities, level of logical thinking, and geometric thinking) and soft skills (students' self-concept and mathematical habits of mind) mathematics education students explicitly in the first year. The research method used is descriptive quantitative. From the population of all mathematics education students in the first year, one group of students was selected as a random sample using analysis techniques, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. Based on the research results, mathematics education students' overall ability in the first year is already good. Students were mastering five reasoning on the test of logical thinking (TOLT). It means they have solved problems with reasoning associated with proportional or ratio, control variables, probability, correlation and combinatorics. Most students have reached the level of thinking geometry at the analysis stage; that is, students have already understood the properties of concepts or geometry based on informal analysis of parts and component attributes. However, students do not have good soft skills. Even though they have a strong habit of mind, students' self-concept is quite sufficient
Ulfi Firdayati, Darwan Darwan, Hadi Kusmanto
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 49-59; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.8138

Abstract:
This study aims to develop Android-based media for learning the orm applications by developing designs to attract students to learn independently. The application used in this study is the Smart Apps Creator (SAC). This media development uses the research and development (R&D) method according to Sugiyono by using the Potential and Problem steps, Gathering Information, Product Design, Design Validation, Design Improvement, Product Testing, Product Revision, and Usage Trials. The validation results by the media expert were 0.84 with the criteria "Very Appropriate." The validation results by the material experts were 0.80 with the criteria "Very Suitable." Based on the results of expert validation, the application is declared valid and feasible to be tested on a limited and broad basis. Based on the limited trial results and broadly obtained from the results of the questionnaire for each item number> 50%. To sum up, that this android-based mathematics application media is suitable for independent learning wherever and whenever
Adi Jufriansah, Wahyuningsih Wahyuningsih, Agnesia Bergita Anomeisa, Kartini Rahmanisa
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 39-48; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.8066

Abstract:
The Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia has resulted in a change in the learning implementation system at IKIP Muhammadiyah Maumere, carried out face-to-face. Even so, the EdLink platform's presence in the learning system at IKIP Muhammadiyah Maumere can be a solution by providing easy online learning offers for lecturers and students. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the strategies for learning achievement effectiveness during the pandemic in the variable calculus course using the EdLink platform. This research uses qualitative descriptive data, with the target of testing is mathematics education students in semester 5 and semester 7 with a total of 29 students. The research scale used is the percentage score of the effectiveness of learning outcomes. The assessment scale uses an item scale with a score of 0-100 to assess students towards lecturers. Whereas the student questionnaire used a Likert scale with a score of 1-4. The results showed that the students enthusiastically joined the variable calculus class using the EdLink application. The results showed that for student learning outcomes and the assessment questionnaire results, EdLink was effectively applied during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Bayu Mukti Abdullah, Budi Murtiyasa, Djalal Fuadi
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 107-116; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.7890

Abstract:
The challenge of education today is a generation that is starting to weaken its work ethic and religisitas. This makes teachers need to equip students with material that is integrated with Islamic values, including in mathematics learning. The purpose of this study is to describe Islamic values in mathematics learning in the era of 4.0 by knowing how to implement it and mathematical topics that can be integrated with Islamic values. The research subjects consisted of mathematics subject teachers and students. Through observations and interviews, it was found that Islamic values of patience, honesty, never giving up and tawakkal were integrated in mathematics learning. The implementation of Islamic values is carried out by linking mathematics learning materials with the content of the verses of the al-Qur'an
Aliyatul Marzuqoh, Toheri Toheri, Indah Nursuprianah
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 71-82; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.8064

Abstract:
The rearrangement of the song suwe ora jamu uses the Fibonacci numbers and the golden ratio to facilitate the creation of music. The purpose of this study is to determine rearragement stages of the song suwe ora jamu using fibonacci numbers and golden ratio, to determine content of fibonacci numbers and golden ratio in the rearragement of the song suwe ora jamu, and to determine the difference in the beauty of the original song and rearrangement of the song suwe ora jamu uses fibonacci numbers and golden ratio. The method used in this research is mixed methods with a mixed-stage technique and a sequential exploratory strategy model. The results showed that: 1) 4 stages of rearrangement namely selecting the tone motif, determining the initial tone, determining the second tone using the initial tone or the previous tone as a reference, and determining the bar and its golden ratio, 2) analyzing the content of the Fibonacci numbers and the golden ration respectively are the song suwe ora jamu amounting to 32.1% and 61.804%, the first arrangement is 50% and 70.633% and the second arrangement are 46.2% and 98.887% and 3) the difference in the beauty of the original version of the song suwe ora jamu and the rear of the song suwe ora jamu using the Wilcoxon test is worth 0.000 <0.05, so it can be concluded that there is a difference in the beauty.
Ega Gradini, Siti Rahma Mulyani, Asnawi Asnawi
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 27-38; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.8062

Abstract:
This study aims to develop Social Arithmetic teaching materials integrated with Islamic characters that valid, practical, and effective. This research is developmental research that deploys afour-D development model from Thiagarajan, Semmel, and Semmel. The research stages are Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate. The research instruments used were expert validation sheets, teacher and student response questionnaires, and learning outcomes tests. The data analysis of the validity and practicality of the prototype was carried out by converting quantitative data in the form of an assessment score into qualitative data. Effectiveness data analysis was carried out by determining the percentage of student learning completeness based on a standard of learning completeness criteria (KKM).This developmental research produced teaching materials for 7th grader students: Teacher handbooks, Student handbooks, Student Activity Sheets, and Learning Outcomes Tests that integrated with Islamic value; religion, honesty, curiosity, caring, hard work, independence, patience, honest, thoughtful, consistent, and tolerance. The research showed that the developed teaching materials were valid, practical, and effective in Social Arithmetics learning. Teaching materials are declared valid with the content validity value of the Teacher handbook is 1.00; Student handbook is 0.96, and Students Work Sheet is 0.86. Teaching materials are stated to be practical by obtaining an average value of the teacher's response is 4.75, and student response is 3.45 with both categories are good. Teaching materials are declared effective based on the 95% completeness of student mastery learning and hypotheses testing
Christina M Laamena, Theresia Laurens
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 60-70; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.8163

Abstract:
An Integer is one material that is still considered difficult by students, even junior and senior high school students. Therefore it is necessary to prepare a learning media that can help students to master integers well. Various media have been developed to make it easier for students to understand and operate integers. However, the media is still far from the reach of students. This study aims to develop learning media for integers based on local Maluku wisdom as well as learning tools, namely the Lesson Plan, teaching materials, and student worksheets that serve as a guide in learning. This research is development research using the ADDIE development model, which consists of stages, namely: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. The research begins by analyzing the students' abilities on integer material and teaching materials and the media used in learning. Then the researcher designed the media and learning tools which were then submitted to the experts to be validated and to students for their implementation. Based on the results of the validation of experts and student learning outcomes, it can be concluded that the resulting learning tools are valid and can be used
Komala Komala, Budi Manfaat, Arif Abdul Haqq
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 83-97; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.8518

Abstract:
Assessment of geometry learning should encourage students to have spatial reasoning abilities. This type of study is research and development to develop a geometry test instrument with Van Hiele's level of thinking to measure students' spatial reasoning abilities. This research and development aim to obtain a valid and reliable test instrument for spatial reasoning abilities. This test has been declared content validity through expert judgment techniques and has been declared linguistically correct by linguists. Based on the results of the field test, the test instrument has a reliability of 0.89. The developed test instrument has a pretty good average distinguishing power estimate. The results of the difficulty level of the developed test are 12.5% items have a very easy, 25% easy, 37.5% moderate, and 25% difficult. The results of the measurement of students' spatial reasoning ability obtained that 25% of students had low spatial reasoning abilities (Plane), 60.71% in the medium category (Fuzzy), and 14.29% in the high category (Spatial)
Charina Ulfa, Ariyadi Wijaya, Habibullah Habibullah
Eduma : Mathematics Education Learning and Teaching, Volume 10, pp 14-26; https://doi.org/10.24235/eduma.v10i1.8024

Abstract:
This research is a design research that aims to design a hypothetical learning trajectory based on investigative learning. This study’s subjects were students of class VII in a junior high school in Aceh Barat Daya, consisting of 32 students for the pilot experiment and 31 students for the teaching experiment. The selection of research subjects for these two classes used a random sampling technique. The data collection technique were carried out by observation, interview, and documentation. The research data were analyzed using qualitative analysis. This design research model consists of three stages: preparing for the experiment, experimental design, and retrospective analysis. The results showed that the hypothetical learning trajectory based on group investigative learning that has been designed can help students achieve learning goals. The learning trajectories produced in this study are (1) students can find the size of the object on the two sketchs by measuring and making comparisons of the two sketchs object values (the same amount); (2) students can find the form of the ratio from the size of the two sketchs and students can draw the conclusion that from the ratio value can be obtained the scale value; (3) students can determine the ratio of two different quantities of the investigative activity carried out and can write a form of direct proportion; and (4) students can distinguish the form of direct proportion and inverse proportion problems
Inayatul Ummah
AL-TARBIYAH: Jurnal Pendidikan (The Educational Journal), Volume 31, pp 69-78; https://doi.org/10.24235/ath.v31i1.8311

Abstract:
Writing is often associated with a child's creativity. In this study, creativity was assessed using TCT-DP (The Test for Creative Thinking-Drawing Production) where students were asked to continue drawing the available patterns. This study aims to determine whether there is a relationship between students who are able to continue drawing patterns by writing narrative text well. This research was conducted in one of the SDN Citangkil District with a population of 2 classes totaling 88 students. The method used in this research is correlational descriptive. In this study, data from the creative thinking test uses 11 out of 14 criteria, namely: continuations, completion, new elements, the connection made with a line, the connection made to produce a theme, boundary-breaking that is fragment dependent, boundary-breaking that is fragment independent. , perspective, humor, and affectivity, unconventionally, and speed. These criteria are translated through scores of 1-3. The results showed that there was a relationship between students who had the ability to think creatively and write good narrative texts.
Kiki Mulqi Abdul Ghani
AL-TARBIYAH: Jurnal Pendidikan (The Educational Journal), Volume 31; https://doi.org/10.24235/ath.v31i1.6758

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Kemampuan Pemahaman Siswa (KPS) pada mata pelajaran Al-Qur’an Hadits, berdasarkan 3 kelompok model pembelajaran yang berbeda (Independent sample). Hal ini penting untuk dibahas agar guru bisa memastikan ketercapaian tujuan pembelajaran melalui penerapan berbagai model pembelajaran. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan Kuantitatif Deskriptif Pasipatoris. Partisipan pada penelitian ini adalah 20 siswa Kelas VIII A, 20 siswa kelas VIII B dan 20 siswa kelas VIII C MTs Libasut Taqwa. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah hasil ulangan harian dari tiga kelompok belajar yang berbeda dengan menggunakan 3 model pembelajaran yang berbeda yaitu Think Pair Share (TPS), Think Pair Square (PTSq) dan Konvensional(Ceramah), kemudian dianalisis menggunakan aplikasi SPSS Versi 26. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan Kemampuan Pemahaman Siswa (KPS) pada mata pelajaran Al-Qur’an Hadits, antara siswa yang belajar dengan TPS dan siswa yang belajar dengan TPSq dan Konvensional. Kemampuan Pemahaman Siwa pada Model Pembelajaran Pair Think Share (PTS), mendapatkan nilai rata-rata tertinggi dibanding dengan model pembelajaran Pair Think Square (PTSq) dan Konvensional. Hal ini dapat dikatakan bahwa model pembelajaran dan Faktor Asal Sekolah tidak memberikan pengaruh terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Qur’an Hadits Siswa.
Ratnawati Ratnawati, Septi Gumiandari
AL-TARBIYAH: Jurnal Pendidikan (The Educational Journal), Volume 31, pp 27-39; https://doi.org/10.24235/ath.v31i1.8493

Abstract:
AbstrakPada abad 21, banyak orang memiliki pandangan berbeda terkait profil guru yang profesional, termasuk mahasiswa IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon yang memiliki pandangan berbeda terkait dengan isu ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap melalui perspektif mahasiswa IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon tentang profil guru profesional abad 21. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukan bahwa para mahasiswa IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon mempersepsi kriteria guru profesional abad 21 dengan tujuh keterampilan, yakni: (1) kemampuan berkomunikasi, (2) berkolaborasi, (3) berpikir kritis, kreatif dan inovatif, (4) kemampuan memecahkan masalah, (5) kemampuan memahami karakteristik peserta didik, (6) pola pikir yang imajinatif, serta (7) terampil dalam penguasaan teknologi informasi. Disamping ketujuh keterampilan tersebut, profil guru abad 21 pun harus memiliki beberapa karakter berikut: (1) ulet dan cekatan, (2) menjunjung tinggi profesi dan kode etik guru, (3) disiplin (tepat waktu), (4) terbuka, (5) jujur, (6) amanah dan bertanggungjawab, (7) professional (tidak mencampur adukan masalah pribadi ke dalam masalah akademik dunia pendidikan).Kata kunci: Abad 21, guru profesional, mahasiswa IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon AbstractIn the 21st century, many people have different views regarding the profile of professional teachers, including students of IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon who have different views on this issue. This study aimed to reveal the perspectives of IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon students on the profile of 21st century professional teachers. This study used a qualitative method with a descriptive approach. The results of the study show that students of IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon perceive the criteria of 21st century professional teachers with seven skills, namely: (1) communication skills, (2) collaboration, (3) critical and creative thinking, (4) problem solving skills, (5) the ability to understand the characteristics of students, (6) an imaginative mindset, and (7) being skilled in mastering information technology. In addition to these seven skills, the profile of a 21st century teacher must also have the following characters: (1) tenacious and agile, (2) upholding the profession and teacher's code of ethics, (3) discipline (being on time), (4) open-minded, (5) honest, (6) reliable and responsible, (7) professional (no interference of personal problems in the academic problems in the world of education).Keywords: 21st century, professional teachers, students of IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon
Zulfahita Zulfahita, Heru Susanto, Rimawati Rimawati, Nurhannah Widianti
AL-TARBIYAH: Jurnal Pendidikan (The Educational Journal), Volume 31, pp 18-26; https://doi.org/10.24235/ath.v31i1.8397

Abstract:
AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan meningkatkan keterampilan menulis teks narasi siswa pada kelas VII A SMP Negeri 1 Selakau Timur menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe circuit learning. Upaya tersebut dilakukan karena pembelajaran yang cenderung teoretis. Hal itu menyebabkan siswa kesulitan dalam mengonstruksikan antara pengetahuan dan pengalamannya ke dalam bentuk teks narasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) yang akan menjelaskan proses pembelajaran mulai dari perencanaan, pelaksanaan, hingga evaluasi. Alat pengumpul data yang digunakan, yaitu APKG 1, APKG 2, dan nilai siswa. Penelitian menunjukkan 3 hasil, yaitu: (1) Perencanaan pembelajaran keterampilan menulis teks narasi menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe circuit learning mencapai nilai 46,43% pada siklus I dan 78,57% pada siklus II, dan peningkatan yang dialami sebesar 32,14%. (2) Pelaksanaan pembelajaran keterampilan menulis teks narasi menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe circuit learning mencapai nilai 78,75% pada siklus I, 100% pada siklus II, dan mengalami peningkatan sebesar 21,25%. (3) Hasil pembelajaran keterampilan menulis teks narasi menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe circuit learning menghasilkan nilai individu dan nilai kelompok. Pada siklus I diperoleh nilai 71, siklus II 85 untuk nilai individu. Sementara itu, nilai kelompok pada siklus I, yaitu nilai 75, siklus II 82. Adapun peningkatan nilai individu dari siklus I ke siklus II sebesar 14,04%, sedangkan peningkatan nilai kelompok dari siklus I ke siklus II sebesar 7%.Kata kunci: circuit learning, menulis, narasi, penelitian tindakan kelas AbstractThis study aimed to improve students' narrative text writing skills in class VII A of SMP Negeri 1 Selakau Timur by using a circuit learning type of cooperative learning model. This effort was made because the learning tended to be theoretical. It led students to have difficulties in constructing their knowledge and experience into narrative texts. This research used Classroom Action Research (CAR) which explained the learning process from planning, implementation, to evaluation. The data collection tools used were APKG 1, APKG 2, and students’ scores. The research shows three main results, namely: (1) the planning of learning narrative text writing skills using the circuit learning type of cooperative learning model reached a value of 46.43% in the first cycle and 78.57% in the second cycle, and the increase experienced was 32.14%; (2) the learning implementation of narrative text writing skills using the circuit learning type of cooperative learning model reached a value of 78.75% in cycle I, 100% in cycle II, and the increase experienced was 21.25%; and (3) the results of learning narrative text writing skills using the circuit learning type of the cooperative learning model produce individual and group scores. In the first cycle, the individual scores were 71 in the first cycle and 85 in the second cycle. Meanwhile, the group scores in the first and second cycle were 75 and 82 respectively. The increase in individual scores from cycle I to cycle II is 14.04%, while the increase in group scores from cycle I to cycle II is 7%.Keywords: circuit learning, classroom action research, narrative, writing
Opik Abdurrahman Taufik, Suprapto Suprapto
AL-TARBIYAH: Jurnal Pendidikan (The Educational Journal), Volume 31, pp 57-68; https://doi.org/10.24235/ath.v31i1.8468

Abstract:
AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis dan mendeskripsikan pengembangan kurikulum prodi agama berbasis KKNI dalam mewujudkan lulusan yang kompeten dengan duni kerja. Melalui metode library research, dan hasil kajian FGD, penelitian ini menelaah dan menganalisis literatur peraturan perundangan berkenaan dengan kurikulum di Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam serta kajian pengembangan kurikulum pada beberapa PTKI di Indonesia. Penyetaraan lulusan prodi PAI dengan berbagai bidang dan sektor pekerjaan menjadi harapan utama dari pengembangan kurikulum ini. Kerangka Kualifikasi Nasional Indonesia (KKNI) ini menjadi rujukan dalam pengembangan kurikulum dan pemetaan mutu pendidikan. Terkait dengan hal tersebut kurikulum pendidikan agama di Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam (PTKI) perlu dikembangkan lebih lanjut untuk mewujudkan lulusan yang kompeten. Berdasarkan kajian data dan hasil workshop dapat disimpulkan bahwa profil lulusan suatu prodi akan ditentukan oleh asosiasi prodi masing-masing. Alur pencapaiannya dimulai dari penentuan jumlah dan nama mata kuliah yang tepat sesuai kebutuhan profil lulusan, penyiapan fasilitas yang memadai dan dosen serta staf yang kompeten. Kerjasama yang baik dengan instansi dan mitra di luar kampus sangat penting untuk pelaksanaan praktik mengajar dan pemerolehan sertifikat atau Surat Keterangan Pendamping Ijazah (SKPI). Sinergi antara dosen dan kepemimpinan yang bagus akan melahirkan lulusan yang kompetenKata Kunci: KKNI, kurikulum, lulusan, prodi PAI AbstractThis study aimed to analyze and describe the curriculum development of the KKNI-based religion study program in realising competent graduates in the workplace. Through the library research method, and the results of the FGD, this research examined and analyzed the literature on regulations regarding the curriculum in several Islamic Religious Colleges (PTKI) and studies on curriculum development at several PTKI in Indonesia. The equalization of Islamic Religious Education graduates in various fields and working sectors is the main expectation of this curriculum development. The Indonesian National Qualifications Framework (KKNI) becomes a reference in curriculum development and the mapping of education quality assurance. Thus, the religious education curriculum at Islamic Religious Colleges (PTKI) needs to be further developed to create competent graduates. Based on the study of the data and the results of the workshop, it can be concluded that the profile of graduates of a certain study program will be determined by its association. The path of achievement starts from determining the number and the appropriate course titles according to the needs of the graduate profiles, planning on adequate facilities and competent lecturers and staff. Good cooperation with institutions and partners outside the campus is very important for the implementation of teaching practices and the achievement of certificates/Diploma Supplement (SKPI). The synergy between lecturers and good leadership will produce competent graduates.Keywords: KKNI, curriculum, graduates, Religious Study Program
Suci Ramdaeni
Equalita: Jurnal Studi Gender dan Anak, Volume 3, pp 66-76; https://doi.org/10.24235/equalita.v3i1.8320

Abstract:
This study aims to explore gender constructs in early childhood education. Through a post-developmentalism perspective, this research uncovers how masculine and feminine binaries reinforce inequality in PAUD. This study uses a meta-analysis research method that integrates previous research through a post-developmentalism perspective. The findings of this study indicate that children often reinforce inequality through understanding gender stereotypes, choosing the type of song, and selecting the song instrument that is constructed in early childhood education. It is hoped that this research will become a reflection for teachers and adults to be more gender sensitive. So that boys and girls get the same stimulation and experience in singing in PAUD.in the form of stimulation and the same experience in singing to boys and girls
Asep Kurniawan
Equalita: Jurnal Studi Gender dan Anak, Volume 3, pp 17-37; https://doi.org/10.24235/equalita.v3i1.8378

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to reveal in depth the leadership of women during the Covid-19 pandemic and the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on her. This research used a qualitative method with normative law which was carried out by reviewing the literature. The approach used a contextual and statutory approach. The data were organized, analyzed inductively, and classified into many units and formulated into a pattern. The results showed that the progress of female leaders during Covid-19 was quite successful in controlling the condition with their leadership strengths. However, in general, this Covid-19 pandemic negatively impact on the lives of almost the entire population of the world, especially for women, namely, the multiple burdens of child care and work, the threat of domestic violence, and unequal treatment in the economic sector. All of these impacts showed that the Covid-19 pandemic was not gender-neutral due to the position of women who positioned unbalanced from the beginning with men in the economic and social sectors. For this reason, there should be emancipation efforts to initiate policies that were sensitive to gender issues in overcoming the Covid-19 pandemic.
Wisnu Hatami
AL-TARBIYAH: Jurnal Pendidikan (The Educational Journal), Volume 31, pp 79-91; https://doi.org/10.24235/ath.v31i1.8387

Abstract:
AbstrakPendidikan karakter merupakan hal yang selalu diperhatikan dalam dunia pendidikan Indonesia. Terdapat banyak sumber penelitian yang dapat dijadikan referensi dalam pendidikan karakter. Salah satunya adalah lagu. Lagu merupakan sarana yang efektif untuk membawa pesan. Biasanya terdapat makna yang ingin disampaikan pencipta lagu kepada pendengarnya. Tidak terkecuali makna yang berkaitan dengan nilai karakter. Salah satu lagu yang memiliki nilai karakter adalah lagu JKT48 berjudul Pesawat Kertas 365 Hari. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menggali nilai-nilai karakter yang terdapat pada lirik lagu. Pendekatan penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif interpretative dengan metode analisis semiotika model Charles Sanders Peirce yang menganalisis tanda, objek dan interpretant. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai karakter yang terdapat dalam lagu ini yaitu mandiri, kerja keras, rasa ingin tahu, peduli sosial, bersahabat, religius, disiplin, percaya diri, menghargai prestasi, tanggungjawab, cinta damai, kreatif, dan peduli lingkungan. Nilai-nilai ini adalah nilai yang berusaha ditampilkan oleh pencipta lagu untuk menujukkan bahwa manusia harus memiliki semangat dalam menghadapi segala ujian yang datang. Lagu ini memberi pesan bahwa saling tolong menolong sesama manusia merupakan kebaikan yang perlu dilakukan. Hal ini sesuai dengan ciri masyakat Indonesia yang gemar tolong menolong dan bergotong-royong. Selain itu, adanya nilai karakter dalam lagu ini menunjukkan lagu ini dapat menjadi alternatif media pembelajaran untuk menunjang mata pelajaran di sekolah. Mata pelajaran seperti Bahasa Indonesia, Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan, Seni Musik dan mata pelajaran lain dapat menggunakan lagu ini sebagai sumber pembelajarannya
Afif Muamar, Abdul Aziz, Wasman Wasman, Nisa Lusiana
Al-Mustashfa: Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah, Volume 6, pp 57-69; https://doi.org/10.24235/jm.v6i1.8361

Abstract:
Layanan Syariah LinkAja mengedepankan tiga kategori utama produk layanan syariah yaitu ekosistem Zakat, Infak, Sedekah, dan Wakaf, pemberdayaan ekonomi berbasis masjid serta digitalisasi pesantren dan usaha mikro, kecil, dan menengah. Melihat mayoritas masyarakatnya beraga Islam, dan terdapat banyak lembaga keagamaan membuat Kota Cirebon menjadi sasaran perluasan Layanan Syariah LinkAja. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif, data yang dikumpulkan dengan cara wawancara, observasi, dokumentasai kemudian dianalisis dengan metode deskriptif analisis. Adapun hasil dari penelitian ini: Transaksi melalui Layanan Syariah LinkAja khususnya di Kota Cirebon tentu diperbolehkan apabila menggunakan prinsip syariah. Akad qardh adalah yang paling mendekati dalam top-up LinkAja Syariah. Layanan Syariah LinkAja menggunakan akad qardh yaitu customer LinkAja Syariah memberikan kepada pihak LinkAja Syariah dalam hal ini disebut top-up dan pihak LinkAja Syariah tidak mempergunakan uang tersebut, hanya menyimpan dan dapat dikembalikan ke customer kapan saja dalam bentuk yang sama.Kata Kunci: Layanan Syariah LinkAja, Ekosistem Keislaman, dan Hukum Islam
Wing Redy Prayuda, Syafrudin Syafrudin, Ripky Ishlahul Amal Al Umami
Al-Mustashfa: Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah, Volume 6, pp 70-81; https://doi.org/10.24235/jm.v6i1.8278

Abstract:
Jual beli adalah bagian dari perilaku muamalah yang selalu dilakukan oleh manusia setiap saat, kendatipun demikian dalam prakteknya sering terjadi perbedaan pendapat di kalangan para ulama. Salah satunya mengenai masalah tentang praktik jual beli kotoran ayam, yang menjadi pusat permasalahan ialah soal penetapan haram dan halal. Ditinjau dari syarat terdapat satu syarat barang yang diperjualbelikan harus suci. Adapun hasil dari penelitian ini setelah mendapatkan informasi dari beberapa pihak baik dari keadaan riil dengan informan pemilik ternak dan para petani meupun pendapat ulama-ulama fiqh serta analisis penulis dengan rujukan pendapat para Imam Madzhab. Terhadap pelakasanaan jualbeli kotoran ternak yang terjadi di Desa Cilimus Menurut Imam Hanafi, Maliki dan Hanafi jual beli kotoran ayam dibolehkan, namun menurut Imam Syaf’i dianggap sah jika sesuai dengan syariat yang ditawarkan yaitu melalui proses istihalah dengan cara menggunakan akad naqlul yad yang dalam pelaksanaanya didasari dengan mengucapkan ijab dan qabul yang jauh berbeda dengan akad jual beli. Kata Kunci: Jual Beli, Kotoran Ayam dan Hukum Islam.
Aan Roihatul Jannah, Farouk Imam Arrasyid, Ahmad Rifai
ELT Echo : The Journal of English Language Teaching in Foreign Language Context, Volume 6, pp 117-126; https://doi.org/10.24235/eltecho.v6i1.8178

Abstract:
The learners’ skills of communication, collaboration, creative and critical thinking, information literacy, media literacy, technology literacy, leadership, initiative, productivity, social skill and flexibility are the important requirements in this 21st century. Those skills can be developed through learning a foreign language. A successful language learner covers several characteristics, which quite similar with the characteristics of a bilingual or multilingual. A lot of research had explored the characteristics of a successful language learner, without specifying the skills involved. The aim of this research is to analyze the profile of successful English learners on their critical thinking aspect. The method of this research is qualitative and the data is collected through interview for both teacher and learners. The result shows that the successful learners are commonly reached the standard of a good critical thinking based on the the theory adapted.
Lilia Indriani, Widya Ratna Kusumaningrum, Rolisda Yosintha
ELT Echo : The Journal of English Language Teaching in Foreign Language Context, Volume 6, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.24235/eltecho.v6i1.7480

Abstract:
This study reports a case study research in Writing Blended Learning Environment for higher education that enriched digital environment study especially in the pandemic of Covid-19. It examines the students’ writing apprehension and their performance as perceived by a selected group of EFL students who enroll in Professional Writing class. Questionnaires were administered to three writing lecturers and fifty students of the English Department, Universitas Tidar. The obtained data were analyzed quantitatively using descriptive statistics, while those obtained from the interview were analyzed qualitatively using Miles, Huberman, and Saldana’s model (2014). The findings show that there are many challenges faced by both the teachers and the students when they implemented this writing blended learning environment. Though, some challenges give not only the pitfalls but also positive contribution to the students’ learning progress in their writing. The study found that students need specific and intensive instruction, practice, and feedback for improving their writing skills. It is also found that learning writing through writing blended learning environment is somehow interesting and also challenging in some covered topics and activities, while lecturers still have their instructional and pedagogical roles in a blended learning environment.
Irvan Ruslan Bennu
ELT Echo : The Journal of English Language Teaching in Foreign Language Context, Volume 6, pp 69-83; https://doi.org/10.24235/eltecho.v6i1.7933

Abstract:
Language and cultural identity are things that can summarized in terms of language identity. The construct of second language identity has strong relation with study abroad. Second language identity tend to appears in continuous classical conditioning through study abroad. However, no further investigation about this issue has been researched in Indonesian international student context. This study purposed to explore how is the second language identity constructed through the interactions during study abroad. Through narrative interviews, this study will explore more about how second language identity of two international students constructed in their study abroad countries. The result of this study is second language identity construction is more powerful based on self-desire of participants and who the interlocutors are. Further, by knowing how the second language identity is constructed when international students are in native and non-native English-speaking countries, this study will give an empirical contribution about how English language learning patterns depend on the environment. Thus, the English teacher or language expert later could adapt English learning patterns through the construction of other people's language identity.
Zahrotus - Saidah
AL-TARBIYAH: Jurnal Pendidikan (The Educational Journal), Volume 31, pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.24235/ath.v31i1.8430

Abstract:
AbstrakPenanaman nilai-nilai pendidikan agama berbasis kearifan lokal merupakan salah satu upaya efektif dalam menangkal degradasi nilai-nilai agama peserta didik di era digital. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui strategi yang telah diterapkan TKIT Al Ma’ruf Tegalrejo Magelang dalam menanamkan nilai-nilai pendidikan Islam berbasis kearifan lokal. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara terstruktur dan tidak terstruktur, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Adapun analisa data dilakukan melalui tahapan reduksi data, penyajian data dan verifikasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dalam menanamkan nilai-nilai pendidikan Islam berbasis kearifan lokal, TKIT Al Ma’ruf Tegalrejo Magelang telah menerapkan strategi pembudayaan nilai-nilai agama melalui kegiatan-kegiatan berbasis kearifan lokal seperti tahlilan, ziarah makam, silaturrahim dan halalbihalal. Nilai-nilai pendidikan Islam yang telah ditanamkan berupa nilai akidah yaitu iman kepada Allah dan kepada hari akhir; nilai akhlak yaitu kasih sayang, kepedulian sosial, kesopanan, serta berbakti kepada orang tua dan guru; dan nilai ibadah berupa bacaan dzikir ayat-ayat suci Al Qur’an dan kalimat thayyibah.Kata kunci: Nilai Pendidikan Islam, Kearifan Lokal, Generasi Digital AbstractInternalization of religious education values based on local wisdom is one of the effective efforts to prevent the degradation of students’ religious values in the digital era. This study aimed to determine the strategies that have been implemented by TKIT Al Ma’ruf Tegalrejo Magelang in internalizing the values of Islamic education based on local wisdom. This research was a descriptive qualitative research. Data collection was done through structured and unstructured interviews, observation, and documentation. The data analysis was carried out through the stages of data reduction, data presentation and verification. The result of this study indicates that in internalizing the values of Islamic education based on local wisdom, TKIT Al Ma’ruf Tegalrejo Magelang has implemented a strategy of cultivating religious values through activities based on local wisdom such as tahlil, grave pilgrimace, visits, and halal bihalal. The values of Islamic education that have been instilled are in the form of faith values, such as faith in Allah dan the day of judgement; moral values, such as affection, social awareness, politeness and devotion to parents and teachers; and worship values in the form of recitation of the holy verses of the Qur’an and kalimah thayyibah. Keywords: Islamic Education, Local Wisdom, Digital Generation
Sugeng Riyadi, Dewi Laela Hilyatin
Al-Mustashfa: Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah, Volume 6, pp 43-56; https://doi.org/10.24235/jm.v6i1.8100

Abstract:
Sistem ekonomi kapitalis yang mengutamakan kepentingan individu, dan sistem ekonomi sosialis yang mengutamakan kepentingan bersama tidak dapat memberikan solusi atas permasalahan yang dihadapi masyarakat. Ekonomi Islam sebagai solusi berkembang di Indonesia yang menerapkan sistem ekonomi kerakyatan (berdasarkan nilai Pancasila) masih fokus pada lembaga keuangan. Artikel ini disusun untuk membahas transformasi ekonomi Islam dalam sistem ekonomi kerakyatan. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian pustaka. Dari hasil pembahasan dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat 7 prinsip sinergi antara ekonomi Islam dan ekonomi sosial, jika ketujuh prinsip tersebut dilaksanakan dengan memperhatikan konteks keindonesiaan, Islam tidak hanya sekedar label, dan mempertimbangkan maqashid syariah, kesejahteraan masyarakat akan terwujud. Pembangunan ekonomi Islam tidak hanya terfokus pada lembaga keuangan tetapi juga pada sektor riil.Kata Kunci: Transformasi, Ekonomi Islam, dan Ekonomi Kerakyatan.
Vina Gunawan, Didi Sukardi
Al-Mustashfa: Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah, Volume 6, pp 82-94; https://doi.org/10.24235/jm.v6i1.8259

Abstract:
Penelitian ini mengkaji mengenai akad pembiayaan musyarakah yang diterapkan di KSPPS BMT Lariba Islamic Centre, bagaimana penerapan asas kebebasan berkontrak pada akad pembiayaan musyarakah menurut hukum positif, dan pandangan hukum Islam terhadap penerapan asas kebebasan berkontrak pada akad pembiayaan musyarakah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian lapangan dengan menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif serta bersifat normatif empiris. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa akad pembiayaan musyarakah yang diterapkan di KSPPS BMT Lariba Islamic Centre sah karena telah terpenuhinya rukun dan syarat-syarat berkontrak dalam hukum Islam. Penerapan asas kebebasan berkontrak pada akad pembiayaan keseluruhannya sesuai menurut KUH Perdata dalam buku III pasal 1380 tentang kebebasan berkontrak. Penerapan asas kebebasan berkontrak tidak terdapat klausul pembagian kerugian. Kerugian pada pembiayaan musyarakah harus dibagi secara proporsional menurut modal masing-masing. Kata Kunci: Kontrak, Pembiayaan, dan Musyarakah.
Kristian Florensio Wijaya
ELT Echo : The Journal of English Language Teaching in Foreign Language Context, Volume 6, pp 50-68; https://doi.org/10.24235/eltecho.v6i1.7957

Abstract:
L2 academic writing processes require both cognitive and affective aspects from EFL University students to be more proficient and independent writers. Hence, metacognitive awareness plays a pivotal role to bridge the huge gap between cognitive and affective elements hindering graduate students to accomplish the given academic writing tasks. Further, this present study attempted to investigate graduate students’ perceptions of their metacognitive awareness in academic writing. To fulfill this study objective, this study was conducted qualitatively by utilizing the qualitative content analysis to provide more obvious portrayals out of the specific events experienced by the participants. Two research instruments were also harnessed in this study namely the Likert-scale Questionnaire and open-ended interview questions. The participants enrolling in this study were 15 English Education Master students of Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta having experienced academic writing learning journeys for one and a half years. The obtained findings delineated the importance of cultivating a higher degree of metacognitive awareness during academic writing learning enterprises to make EFL University students more competent, self-regulated, and qualified L2 academic writers. Although this study only contributed a small puzzle piece to complete the prior investigations on the importance of metacognitive awareness in academic writing learning rides, EFL practitioners and educators should foster learners’ metacognitive awareness at the onset of academic writing programs to enrich the development of their cognitive and affective state into the utmost level. Keywords: metacognitive awareness, academic writing, graduate students
Tri Ilma Septiana
ELT Echo : The Journal of English Language Teaching in Foreign Language Context, Volume 6, pp 139-154; https://doi.org/10.24235/eltecho.v6i1.8576

Abstract:
In the present study, TOEFL as a standardize test is used UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin as one of requisites to complete study. This study aims to analyze the most difficult reading skills for students of English Education Department (further glossed by EED) and their problems on the reading section of TOEFL. It employed a case study, in which 22 EED students were involved in the TOEFL test which carried out by Language Development Center, UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten. There were three instruments used: archival record of TOEFL test, questionnaire and interviews. The findings of this study found that finding main idea was the most difficult reading skills, Meanwhile, some problems of EED students on the reading section of TOEFL test were limited vocabulary mastery, lack of grammatical knowledge and reading skills, unfamiliar with the topic, as well as low concentration, physical endurance, and limited time.
Ninik Tri Astutik, Willy Prasetya
ELT Echo : The Journal of English Language Teaching in Foreign Language Context, Volume 6, pp 34-49; https://doi.org/10.24235/eltecho.v6i1.8460

Abstract:
International teaching practicum (ITP) has gained more popularity since it is considered as a way of improving teachers’ quality not only in terms of the pedagogical competence but also the intercultural one. Despite the growing body of research on emotions of pre-service English teachers as well as on ITP experiences, little attention has been given to the role of emotions particularly in pre-service teachers’ ITP experiences. Therefore, drawing on the notion of structures of feeling by Williams (1977), the present study attempted to explore an Indonesian pre-service English teacher’ emotions during her participation in an ITP program in Thailand. The narrative of the pre-service teacher was collected through semi-structured interviews, follow-up conversations and online correspondences. Thematic analysis was then conducted to analyze the narratives. The result of this study shed light on how interaction with students and co-workers as well as with sociocultural differences affected the participant’s emotions and how emotions shaped her thoughts, beliefs, and actions as teachers. The implication of this study is also discussed.
Hendi Hidayat, Tohidin Tohidin, Sumadi Sumadi
ELT Echo : The Journal of English Language Teaching in Foreign Language Context, Volume 6, pp 84-100; https://doi.org/10.24235/eltecho.v6i1.8524

Abstract:
This study was intended to develop autoplay-based Reading learning media that meet the valid, practical, and effective criteria. The method used in this research is research and development method with ADDIE development design (Analyze, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation). Data collection techniques in this study used questionnaires and tests. Based on the results of the research that has been described, it can be concluded that the autoplay-based reading learning media developed has met the valid criteria, because the average expert validation results are 90.67 (valid) including good criteria. In addition, autoplay-based reading learning media also meets practical criteria, because student responses to the use of autoplay-based reading learning media are 85%. The score is included in the good category, namely the practical autoplay-based reading learning media used in the learning process. Autoplay-based reading learning media also meets the effective criteria, because the average value of student learning outcomes is 87. This value exceeds the KKN set by the school, which is 75.
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