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Valentina Vaxevani, Tagarakis A. Ioannis, Tsokali Fani, Daskalopoulos Marios, Papamitsou Theodora
Published: 31 December 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 172-177; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9152

Abstract:
Aim.: Τo investigate the Mobbing phenomenon in the workplace, Material And Methods: We investigated the Mobbing by reviewing previous international research over mobbing. The research material was accumulated after thoroughly examining former studies and reviewing the existing literature, as it was found in the bibliography, data bases, academic libraries, academic journals and the internet. Results: Through the research we tried to define this phenomenon and at the same time to study it in the workplace. Finally, we conducted a literature review from previous research in order to investigate this phenomenon and its factors. Conclusions: The current study has concluded that mobbing sadly negatively affects the recipient by creating both direct and indirect effects on various aspects of his daily life, one of which is the workplace.
Yajun Wang
Published: 27 December 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN LINGUISTICS, Volume 12, pp 27-51; https://doi.org/10.24297/jal.v12i.9140

Abstract:
This paper reports a corpus-based study on English and Chinese semantic prime happen and fasheng in Natural Semantic Metalanguage. With the aids of computer software Wordsmith 5.0 and SPSS19.0, we conducted a contrastive study on happen and fasheng based on a small English and Chinese comparable corpus constructed by ourselves. By extracting evidence from the corpus, the distribution of happen and fasheng, their syntactic patterns, their colligation types as well as their semantic prosody are identified and analyzed. We found that there is no significant difference between English semantic prime happen and its Chinese counterpart fasheng with respect to their distribution, their syntactic patterns, their colligations, and their semantic prosody. The results reveal that semantic prime happen is identical with its Chinese counterpart fasheng. Thus it provides an evidence to justify the premise of the Natural Semantic Metalanguage Theory.
Vojtěch Zlámal
Published: 20 December 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 440-448; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9137

Abstract:
Proof problems, especially the ones of the synthetic plane geometry solvable by deductive methods, play a significant role in mathematical education and due to their demanding principle also in the above-standard education including mathematical competitions. Therefore, the issue of preparing pupils for solving the proof problems is very important. This study aimed to find out if the contemporary state of the system of pupils’ preparation for synthetic plane geometry proof problems is sufficient enough for the mentioned purpose. From the full set of schools of the Czech Republic, there were 14 schools identified as the successful ones based on the results of the national round of the Mathematical Olympiad. These schools were asked questions about literature used for pupils’ preparation and the publications named in the answers were then deeply inspected. The results showed a narrow range of the literature used by the schools and the didactic-methodical inspection of stated literature detected considerable space for improvements which led the author to the main theme of his dissertation.
Ritchelee B. Alugar
Published: 10 December 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 159-171; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9143

Abstract:
The continued service at the frontline of educational delivery in the time of COVID19 pandemic situates teachers to susceptibility that is no less critical. This study aimed to tell the experiences of teachers who were in the throes of COVID-19 disease and have recovered, through the narration of their personal stories. Narrative Inquiry was employed and facilitated by the use research interviews and written accounts of 4 teacher-survivors. Using Narrative Thematic approach in data analysis, themes were developed and were formatted in a literary chronological sense of the pre, during and post COVID19 stages of their journey to tell a cohesive narrative story. The plot started with Skepticisms and disbelief that describe the pre-COVID stage. Guilt, Anxiety and Shame; Fraud Information and Disclosure; Stigmas and Discrimination; and experiences pertaining to Temporality and Place; to their Being a Teacher; and to Relationship and Sociality, capture their During-COVID19 stage. The common accounts of Lessons and New Beginnings articulate the Post-COVID19 Stage. Recommendations to help advance the public’s understanding of the experiences of these teacher-survivors were also explicated.
Ayman Ibrahim Yusuf Rayan
Published: 15 November 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 144-158; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9108

Abstract:
This research tackles the subject of the indication of antonyms and its impact on the exegesis of al-Samin in both his books “al-Durr al-Masun” (Preserved Pearls) and “‘Umdat al-Hufaz” (Reliance of the memorize-rs). In this research, I have combined between the language and tafsir (exegesis) and clarified the efforts exerted by al-Samin in serving the interpretation of the Quran. Moreover, I have introduced his great contribution to linguistic research and compiled the conclusions he has reached in both his books (al-Durr) and (al-’Umda) on antonyms. I have organized his ideas, studied his tangible effects in his exegesis of the holy Quran in addition to methodologically establishing the role of the language being one of the tools in the past and contemporary exegesis of the holy Quran and clarified its multiple indications and various manners. I was also keen in highlighting the importance of the indication of antonyms and the extent of its impact on interpreting the noble Quran. Moreover, I have studied the points of contention among the scholars and exegists on the meaning of the Quranic statement and clarified the importance of the Quranic context in determining the exact meaning of the vocabularies and structures. Furthermore, I have highlighted the close connection between the developed indication of words and the intended meaning in the Quranic verse.
, Giancarlo Scozzese
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, Volume 16, pp 89-93; https://doi.org/10.24297/ijmit.v16i.9131

Abstract:
Distribution channels are undergoing a radical change. The success of the online channel and digitalization driven by a few leading companies in recent years has dramatically changed the way people live and change their purchasing patterns. New technologies have multiplied the points of contact; broadband connection has increased the number of always-on consumers and, at the same time, has developed online shopping (Pentina & Hasty, 2009). What are the implications of digital technological innovations? Will the physical store continue to play a key role? Will online shopping be able to offer an engaging and exciting consumer experience? For example, showrooming is becoming a common practice. It consists in obtaining all relevant information about a product at the point of sale and finally, buying it online. This practice is often used in order to save money since online prices are known to be lower than in retail shops. It is also driven by the customer's need to touch a product before buying it. More and more retailers are dealing with this phenomenon of being a storefront, providing information, letting people touch products and eventually making fewer sales.
Shivkant Tiwari, Dragan Obradovic, , Lakshmi Narayan Mishra, Vishnu Narayan Mishra
Published: 15 November 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 431-439; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9136

Abstract:
In recent years, there has been an increased use of information and communication technologies and mathematical software in mathematics teaching. Numerous studies of the effectiveness of mathematical learning have shown the justification and usefulness of the implementation of new teaching aids. They also showed that learning with educational software has a great impact on students' achievement in the overall acquisition of mathematical knowledge during the school year as well as in the final exam at the end of primary education. Teaching realized by using computers and software packages is interesting for students, increases their interest and active participation. It is indisputable that the use of computers and mathematical software has great benefits that have been proven and presented in their works by many researchers of effective learning. It is also indisputable that one of the main tasks of teaching mathematics is to develop constructive thinking of students. Visualization and representation of mathematical laws are of great importance in the realization of mathematics teaching. They should be applied everywhere and whenever possible.
Ana Cristina Fătu, Cristina Maria Lumînare, Daniel Nicolae Cojanu, Mihaela Monica Dinu, Ana Maria Andrei
Published: 27 October 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN AGRICULTURE, Volume 12, pp 70-76; https://doi.org/10.24297/jaa.v12i.9130

Abstract:
The thermal tolerance of four isolates of Beauveria bassiana and one isolate of Beauveria pseudobassiana was evaluated in vitro, by measuring the colonial diameters, on PDA medium, at temperatures between 5 and 35 ° C, during 14 days. The data obtained were used to calculate the growth rate of fungal colonies (mm / day), using linear regression. The representation of the values corresponding to the minimum, optimal and maximum temperature for vegetative growth was a curve described by a modified beta (ß) mathematical function. The minimum growth temperature of these isolates varied between 3.4 and 4.5 °C, the optimum temperature varied between 21.8 and 22.9 °C, except for one isolate of which optimal temperature was 26.8 °C, while the maximum temperature was varied for all isolates between 35.0 and 35.7 °C.
Agnieszka Bożek
Published: 25 October 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 122-143; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9113

Abstract:
The study’s first goal was to explore and analyze ‘beyond-duties engagement’ (employee engagement that exceeds basic professional duties) within the assistance and creative professions. The second goal was to explore relationships of daily beyond-duties engagement with autonomy in action, feedback from others, positive affect and subjective assessment of one's competences. Each participant completed a daily diary for 5-6 days, and data were obtained from 64 employees, aged 21-61 (M = 38.91, SD = 8.99), from each profession. Qualitative sorting of beyond-duties engagement yielded twelve categories with forty subcategories. Hierarchical linear modelling demonstrated a positive relationship between feedback from others and subjective assessment of one's competences with enhanced beyond-duties engagement. A mediation role of positive affect was also observed. When considered within the relevant organizational context, these findings may help predict how an employee, from a given profession, is likely to respond to specific, positive stimuli at work.
J. Chauca, R. Doria, R. Soares
Published: 25 October 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 281-345; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9054

Abstract:
Electromagnetic phenomena is based on electric charge and spin. However, Maxwell equations are just macroscopic. There is a microscopic EM phenomena to be understood. A performance originated from electric charge microscopic behavior. Thus, keeping on mind the two basic EM postulates, which are light invariance and charge conservation, Maxwell is extended to a Four Bosons Electromagnetism. It says that, the macroscopic Maxwell equations does not describe all electromagnetism. The electric charge physics has been studied microscopically through elementary particle physics. A new perception of EM phenomena emerges based on three interconnected charges {+, 0, −} under four intermediated bosons {Aµ, Uµ, V±µ }. From Maxwell photon, EM becomes a systemic cooperation between four fields. This quadruplet originates a new electric charge physics. New features for electric charge conservation, exchange, conduction, interaction are derived. The research is to analyze the Four Bosons Electromagnetism gauge invariance and EM flux. The model is studied under U(1), SO(2)global and U(1)×SO(2)global symmetries. Two approaches are considered. Based on fields strengths and on fields. A gauge invariant quadruplet physics is obtained under free coefficients conditions. A nonlinear EM flux appears. Without requiring electric charge as source nonlinear fields work as own sources for flowing spin-1 and spin-0 waves and particles. It flows through a four potential field quadruplet, granular and collective fields strengths. A self contained EM is constituted providing a nonlinear physicality that precedes physical constants as electric charge and medium parameters. The EM meaning is enlarged and we have to understand on the physical structures generated by this antireductionist nonlinear four bosons microscopic electromagnetism. Determine the corresponding fields blocks which are real and gauge invariants. They are identified as the electromagnetic domains. The Four Bosons EM develops interdependent EM domains. Interlaced physical sectors sharing a common EM energy context. Lagrangian, equations of motion, conservation laws are expressing such domains physics. They correspond to physical sectors where each one contains its own EM energy.
Robert Glenn Johnson
Published: 15 October 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN NATURAL SCIENCES, Volume 8, pp 39-45; https://doi.org/10.24297/jns.v8i.9121

Abstract:
The extremely heavy precipitation that initiated the Last Ice Age (the Wisconsin Glaciation in Canada) was caused by a strong and persistent atmospheric low-pressure system centered over the northern Labrador Sea and southern Baffin Bay. This system, called the Labrador Low, was dependent on strong deep-water formation in the northern end of Baffin Bay. The replacement for the sinking deep water consisted of warmer and more saline Irminger Current water that mixed into the northward-flowing West Greenland Current near the center of the Labrador Low. The heavy precipitation in northeastern Canada began after the stratification in Baffin Bay was eliminated by the southward flow of denser Atlantic water through the Nares Strait. This temporary flow began when the oscillating Atlantic Meridional Oceanic Circulation (AMOC) flow reached a maximum greater than today. This sent Atlantic water westward, north of Greenland and through the Nares Strait. Although the extremely heavy snowfall began the Wisconsin Glaciation in Canada, the initiation of the Last Ice Age in Eurasia was a more complex process and was delayed by about 4,000 years by formation of the Hudson Strait ice dam.
O. Ababneh, N. Zomot
Published: 15 October 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 424-430; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.8289

Abstract:
In this paper, we consider iterative methods to find a simple root of a nonlinear equation f(x) = 0, where f : D∈R→R for an open interval D is a scalar function.
Jowati Juhary, Erda Wati Bakar, Mardziah Shamsudin, Asniah Alias
Published: 8 October 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN LINGUISTICS, Volume 12, pp 18-26; https://doi.org/10.24297/jal.v12i.9122

Abstract:
Corpus research becomes an important area of research of late, especially in Malaysia and for the national language, Malay language. A corpus includes texts and transcriptions of speeches for variety of situations. For this short paper, the focus is on Malay language, which is the national and official language of Malaysia. The purposes of this paper are to identify features and types of Malay Corpora and to determine the needs for a military biased Malay Corpus. In so doing, as a short paper, the methodology involves only content analysis of relevant documents on the development of Malay language corpora. Preliminary findings suggest that there are at least 15 Malay corpora in existence, and that some of the features in these corpora overlap. Further, the researchers argue for the need for a Malay Corpus for Military Operations since the existing corpora do not fully cater for this type of corpus.
Armando Morales Carballo, Angie Damián Mojica, Jessica Maldonado Morales
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN EDUCATION METHODOLOGY, Volume 12, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.24297/ijrem.v12i.9128

Abstract:
A hypothetical learning trajectory line is described for the assimilation and fixation of the concept of height of a triangle for its treatment in pre-university. The theoretical and methodological basis is based on the processes of assimilation, learning trajectories, problem solving and the use of GeoGebra software. This work provides a didactic proposal aimed at the teacher, different from the classic presentation for the treatment of the concept of height, highlighting that the use of the software favors the processes of assimilation of this concept through the dynamic-visual activity, use of the geometric and numerical resource that this technological tool makes possible.
Published: 25 September 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 233-280; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9115

Abstract:
We propose a new integration of relativity and quantum mechanics (QM). Your cell phone or smart phone is a rich source of empirical information about relativity. It tells time based on a system called Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) which assumes absolute simultaneity: all observers in all inertial frames observe the same sequence of all events. You must choose whether to trust the time on your cell phone, or trust Einstein’s incompatible ideas about a space-time continuum. As concerns QM, the existence of “weirdness” means a mistake was made in QM’s starting assumptions. This article finds and corrects that mistake and presents for the first time, a quantum world free of all weirdness. There is another half to nature, previously unrecognized. It is devoid of energy and matter, namely zero-energy Elementary Waves which move within the medium of aether. We derive the linear wave PDE’s. There is evidence that Elementary Waves are in control of nature, despite their lack of energy. The existence of UFO’s (Unidentified Flying Objects) suggests that someone has learned how to control Elementary Waves. If we could learn from the UFO’s, we might acquire a decisive advantage in our battle against climate change.
Edem K. Netsey, , Samuel M. Naandam, Aayire C. Yadem
Published: 25 September 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN BIOTECHNOLOGY, Volume 9, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.24297/jbt.v9i.9109

Abstract:
Many diseases like cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia disease (SCD), among others, arise from single point mutations in the respective proteins. How a single point mutation might lead to a global devastating consequence on a protein remains an intellectual mystery. SCD is a genetic blood-related disorder resulting from mutations in the beta chain of the human hemoglobin protein (simply, β-globin), subsequently affecting the entire human body. Higher mortality and morbidity rates have been reported for patients with SCD, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical management of SCD often requires specialized interdisciplinary clinicians. SCD presents a major global burden, hence an improved understanding of how single point mutations in β-globin results in different phenotypes of SCD might offer insight into protein engineering, with potential therapeutic intervention in view. By use of mathematical modeling, we built a hierarchical (nested) graph-theoretic model for the β-globin. Subsequently, we quantified the network of interacting amino acid residues, representing them as molecular system of three distinct stages (levels) of interactions. Using our nested graph model, we studied the effect of virtual single point mutations in β-globin that results in varying phenotypes of SCD, visualized by unsupervised machine learning algorithm, the dendrogram.
Abdul Malek
Published: 15 September 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 221-223; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9106

Abstract:
Kepler’s Laws of planetary motion (following the Copernican revolution in cosmology), according to Leibniz and his follower Hegel, for the first-time in history discovered the keys to what Hegel called the absolute mechanics mediated by dialectical laws, which drives the celestial bodies, in opposition to finite mechanics in terrestrial Nature developed by mathematical and empirical sciences, but that are of very limited scope. Newton wrongly extended and imposed finite mechanics on the absolute mechanics of the cosmic bodies in the form of his Law of one-sided Universal Gravitational Attraction, by distorting and misrepresenting Kepler’s profound laws and in opposition to Leibniz’s more appropriate “Radial Planetary Orbital Equation”. The still-prevailing error by Newton (notwithstanding his well known manipulation of science for selfish ends), not only shows the limitation of mathematical idealism and prejudice driven modern cosmology in the form of Einstein’s theories of relativity; but also, have made gaining positive knowledge of the cosmos an impossibility and has impaired social/historical development of humanity by reinforcing decadent ruling ideas. Hegel’s Naturphilosophie is not only a protest against the misrepresentation of Kepler’s Laws in particular; his Enzyklopädie der Philosophischem Wissenschaften is the negation and the direct rebuttal of Newtonian physics and Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, in general. Modern natural science ignores Leibniz and Hegel at its own peril! Kepler’s phenomenological laws of planetary motion and the dialectical insights of Leibnitz and Hegel opens the way for gaining positive knowledge of the dynamics, structure and the evolution of the cosmic bodies and other cosmic phenomena; without invoking mysteries and dark/black cosmic entities, which has been the pabulum of official astrophysics and cosmology so far.
Azza Abugharsa
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY, Volume 21, pp 103-114; https://doi.org/10.24297/ijct.v21i.9105

Abstract:
Over the recent decades, there has been a significant increase and development of resources for Arabic natural language processing. This includes the task of exploring Arabic Language Sentiment Analysis (ALSA) from Arabic utterances in both Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) and different Arabic dialects. This study focuses on detecting sentiment in poems written in Misurata Arabic sub-dialect spoken in Misurata, Libya. The tools used to detect sentiment from the dataset are Sklearn as well as Mazajak sentiment tool1. Logistic Regression, Random Forest, Naive Bayes (NB), and Support Vector Machines (SVM) classifiers are used with Sklearn, while the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is implemented with Mazajak. The results show that the traditional classifiers score a higher level of accuracy as compared to Mazajak which is built on an algorithm that includes deep learning techniques. More research is suggested to analyze Arabic sub-dialect poetry in order to investigate the aspects that contribute to sentiments in these multi-line texts; for example, the use of figurative language such as metaphors.
Hadjicharalambous Demetris, Loucia Demetriou, Koulla Erotocritou
Published: 15 September 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 110-121; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9112

Abstract:
The onset of the infectious disease Covid19 originating in Wuhan, China, took over the world in December 2019 and was declared a pandemic in January 2020. Empirical evidence resulting from relevant research illustrated that the effects of the pandemic itself but also of the strict measures to contain the spread of the virus on the mental health and well-being of affected populations were just as unanticipated as the pandemic itself. Data led to the identification of six idioms of distress: (1) Demoralization and pessimism towards the future, (2) anguish and stress, (3) self-depreciation, (4) social withdrawal and isolation, (5) somatization, (6) withdrawal into oneself. Our research explores the psychological impact of the Covid19 pandemic on college students and their quality of life. The study took place in Cyprus with 356 young participants, whereas 256 were female (72%) and 100 were male (28%). They all completed the General Health Questionnaire-28 and the Life Satisfaction Inventory (LSI). The present study's findings revealed that six factors, including residence without family, the deterioration of the financial situation of the family, the loss of employment, the deterioration of social relationships, young age, and gender, have significantly affected in a negative way the mental health and quality of life of young people. Research findings revealed that the strict lockdown and physical/social isolation measures had a significant adverse effect on our sample, whereas participants showed increased symptoms of anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction, and somatization. Young adults who lost their jobs during the pandemic or had a significant decrease in their family income, and students who stayed away from their families, experienced a negative impact on their quality of life and had to cope with more mental health problems.
Shikha Pandey, Dragan Obradovic, Lakshmi Narayan Mishra, Vishnu Narayan Mishra
Published: 8 September 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 419-423; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9097

Abstract:
The rules for calculating partial derivatives and differentials are the same as for calculating the derivative of a function of one variable, except that when finding partial derivatives per one variable, the other variables are considered as constants
Adéchinan A. Joseph, Moumouni Sounmaïla, Guédjé K. François, Houngninou B. Etienne
Published: 8 September 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 204-216; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9102

Abstract:
This paper analyses for the first time in tropical area, the relationship between lightning and DSD (Drop Size Distribution) parameters on rainy events that occurred during the monsoon period. The Lightning data used are collected by the LINET (Lightning Detection Network) while the DSD data were recorded by a distrometer. The correlation was computed within five circles of radius varying between to with a step of . These consecutive areas are centered on the position of the disdrometer. By taking into account only the convective spectra and remove out of the data the cases where there is rain without any lightning and vice versa, all data was computed with a time scale of one minute during each of the rainy events .The results showed that the exponential and polynomial laws fit better our data than the power and linear laws. The highest correlation coefficients are obtained within a radius of about 20 km around the distrometer location. The correlation between the parameter and is the most stable with a correlation coefficient equal to .
Anil D Gotmare, P.G. Khot, Shraddha R. Gotmare
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY, Volume 21, pp 97-102; https://doi.org/10.24297/ijct.v21i.9104

Abstract:
Gadchiroli district is a part of Vidarbha, Traibal district away from 200 KM from sub capital of Maharashtra, Nagpur, Gadchiroli is well known tribal district of vidarbha. Total forest cover of the district is around 78% of total geographic area. District has 12 blocks with 6 revenue division. It is a notified tribal district having 8.61%–81.50% tribal population in different blocks and block-wise urbanization varies from 0.00% to 37.10%. Objective: Objective of present research paper is to device tool to rank the blocks of the district according to community health status exist in blocks and accordingly assess community health status at block level in Gadchiroli district.
Athraa Najeb Abed, Salwa Salman Abed Ii
Published: 7 August 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 356-370; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9082

Abstract:
This article devoted to present results on convergence of Fibonacci-Halpern scheme (shortly, FH) for monotone asymptotically αn-nonexpansive mapping (shortly, ma αn-n mapping) in partial ordered Banach space (shortly, POB space). Which are auxiliary theorem for demi-close's proof of this type of mappings, weakly convergence of increasing FFH-scheme to a fixed point with aid monotony of a norm and Σn+=∞1 λn= +∞, λn =min{hn , (1-hn)} where hn ⸦ (0,1) where is associated with FH-scheme for an integer n>0 more than that, convergence amounts to be strong by using Kadec-Klee property and finally, prove that this scheme is weak-w2 stable up on suitable status.
T.Tshikuna Matamba
Published: 7 August 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 345-355; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9064

Abstract:
We introduce the concept of conjugaison in contact geometry. This concept allows to define new structures which are used as base space of a Riemannian submersion. With these new structures, we study new three types of almost contact metric submersions.
Bhekuzulu Khumalo
Published: 30 July 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 185-203; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9090

Abstract:
The principles of Thomas Young’s double slit experiment are used to find out further the nature of magnetism. This paper shows that not only can magnetism be defined as a wave but it allows us to understand the nature of all waves and concept of polarization in quantum mechanics. A wave pattern results from the interactions. It is something else before it organizes into a wave formation. In all, because of the nature of magnetic phenomenon, it must be studied at close range with the double slit experiment. This gives an incredibly unique insight. All data is available at figshare.com to share.
Nora Isela Macías Núñez, Aurora Moyano González, Victor Ibarra, José Armando Peña-Moreno, Martha Esthela Calderon Parga
Published: 30 July 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 100-109; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9084

Abstract:
The problems that arise in society, in relation to health affect workers to some extent, this is the case of the COVID -19 pandemic, which has somehow affected organizations in general, such as: in their profits, in the reduction of personnel, in adapting new forms of work if required, and in activating health protocols to avoid the spread of it in its workers, this health situation that is present worldwide has had a great impact on people from the psychological aspect, it is for this the interest to carry out this research, with the purpose of knowing the perception of the workers of different organizations in this pandemic situation, that is to say, how it has affected them in relation to stress and therefore their general health, the instruments applied were: Perceived Stress Scale (10 items) and the Golberg General Health Questionnaire. The results of this work gave us a Coronbach alpha of α = .85 of reliability which indicates that this study is reliable, likewise 60% of the population report that they have felt stress due to COVID-19, as well as 42% of the population state that they have perceived factors or symptoms that affect their mental health to some degree.
Jelena Raukar
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN NATURAL SCIENCES, Volume 8, pp 24-38; https://doi.org/10.24297/jns.v8i.9091

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine prevalences for anti-FCoV antibody, FeLV antigen, FeLV proviral DNA, and anti-FIV antibody among client-owned cats from the cities of Zagreb and Varaždin in Croatia. Subjects included 106 client-owned cats tested at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria. Blood samples were tested with IFA for anti-FCoV antibody and IFA FCoV antibody titeres, with ELISA for FeLV p27 antigen, with PCR for FeLV proviral DNA, and with RIM for anti-FIV antibody. Prevalence of FCoV and FeLV was 41.51% and 6.60%, respectively. A coinfection with FeLV/FCoV and FIV/FCoV prevalence was 7.55% and 5.66%. No cats were coinfected with FIV and FeLV. All three viruses were detected, confirming their presence in Croatia. The seroepidemiological findings demonstrate that both feline retroviruses and feline coronavirus are important feline pathogens in Croatia.
Published: 30 July 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 204-207; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9089

Abstract:
According to the cosmic censorship conjecture, it is impossible for nature to have a physical singularity without a horizon because if it were to arise in any formalism, for instance as an extremal black hole (Kerr or Reissner-Nordstrom) then the surface gravity κ = 0, which is a strict violation of the third law of black hole thermodynamics. In this paper we explore whether a true singularity can exist without defying this law.
Abdul Malek
Published: 15 July 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 174-184; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9079

Abstract:
The Lorentz Transformation (LT) is an arbitrary and poorly conceived mathematical tool designed to make Maxwell’s electromagnetism conform to Galilean relativity, which formed the basis of classical mechanics and physics. A strange combination of this transform with an axiomatic assumption by Albert Einstein that the velocity of light c is an absolute and universal constant has led to an idealist, geometrical and phenomenological view of the universe, that is at variance with objective reality. This conundrum that has lasted for more than hundred years has led to rampant mysticism and has impaired the development of positive knowledge of the universe. The present reconstruction of LT shows that the gamma term, which fueled mysticism in physics and cosmology is, on the contrary, a natural outcome of the subjective geometrical rendition of the speed of light and the idealist unification of abstract space and time into a 4D “spacetime” manifold; by Minkowski and Einstein. Only a materialist dialectical perspective of space and time can rid physics of all mysticism arising out of LT; from the quantum to the cosmic.
Chetansing Rajput
Published: 15 July 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 312-344; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9088

Abstract:
The Primitive Pythagorean Triples are found to be the purest expressions of various Metallic Ratios. Each Metallic Mean is epitomized by one particular Pythagorean Triangle. Also, the Right Angled Triangles are found to be more “Metallic” than the Pentagons, Octagons or any other (n2+4)gons. The Primitive Pythagorean Triples, not the regular polygons, are the prototypical forms of all Metallic Means.
Jorge A. Osuna-Garcia, Jesús Daniel Olivares-Figueroa, Peter M.A. Toivonen, Ma. Hilda Pérez-Barraza, Ricardo Goenaga, María J. Graciano-Cristóbal
Published: 10 July 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN AGRICULTURE, Volume 12, pp 61-69; https://doi.org/10.24297/jaa.v12i.9069

Abstract:
A portable spectrometer was validated to determine optimum harvesting stage of ‘Ataúlfo’ using dry matter and skin color as fruit indicators. To build the model, samples were collected as follows: a. Unripe; b. Green Mature 1; c. Green Mature 2; d. Green Mature 3; and e. Fully mature. Fruit were scanned with a near infrared spectrometer at three temperatures (15, 25, and 35 °C). Skin color (‘a’ value) was measured with a Minolta 400 colorimeter. DM was attained in a conventional oven by drying samples for 72 h at 60 °C. Model was built and validated three times. The best model linearity was obtained on skin color ‘a’ (R2 = 0.98), whereas for DM the R2 was only 0.70. For the first validation, the best predicted value was skin color ‘a’ with an R2 = 0.9144, followed by DM with an R2 = 0.7056. On the second validation, the adjusted predicted value for skin color ‘a’ had an R2 = 0.8798, while DM had an R2 = 0.4445. When comparing NIR versus Heat Units Accumulation, in Nayarit, ‘Ataúlfo’ skin color average difference between the spectrometer vs the colorimeter was only -0.04. For ‘Ataúlfo’ from Sinaloa, skin color average difference was only -0.06, but the correlation was higher (R2 = 0.90). In conclusion, measuring skin color with the NIR spectrometer has potential as a nondestructive technique to determine the optimum harvesting stage of ‘Ataúlfo’ mango.
Denise Huet
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 312-359; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9066

Abstract:
This survey is the result of investigations suggested by recent publications on functional analysis and applied sciences. It contains short accounts of the above theories not usually combined in a single document and completes the work of D. Huet 2017. The main topics which are dealt with involve spectrum and pseudospectra of partial differential equations, Steklov eigenproblems, harmonic Bergman spaces, rotation number and homeomorphisms of the circle, spectral flow, homogenization. Applications to different types of natural sciences such as echosystems, biology, elasticity, electromagnetisme, quantum mechanics, are also presented. It aims to be a useful tool for advanced students in mathematics and applied sciences.
Chetansing Rajput
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 283-293; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9076

Abstract:
This work illustrates the intriguing relation between Metallic Means and the Numbers 3, 6 and 9. These numbers occupy special positions in the realm of Metallic Ratios, as elaborated herein.
Chetansing Rajput
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 294-301; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9077

Abstract:
This paper synergize the newly discovered generalised geometry of all Metallic Means and the recently published mathematical formulae those provide the precise correlations between different Metallic Ratios. The paper also illustrates the concept of the “TRIADS of Metallic Means”. The Metallic Means and their TRIADS can be geometrically substantiated, in an intriguing manner, as described in this paper.
Chetansing Rajput
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 267-282; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9075

Abstract:
This paper synergizes the newly discovered geometry of all Metallic Means and the recently published mathematical formulae those provide the precise correlations between different Metallic Ratios. The paper illustrates the concept of the “Triads of Metallic Means”, and aslo the close correspondence between Metallic Ratios and the Pythagorean Triples as well as Pythagorean Primes.
Chetansing Rajput
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 302-311; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9078

Abstract:
This paper introduces the close correspondence between Pascal’s Triangle and the recently published mathematical formulae those provide the precise relations between different Metallic Ratios. The precise correlations between various Metallic Means can be substantiated with Pascal’s Triangle, as described herein.
Robert G. Johnson
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN NATURAL SCIENCES, Volume 8, pp 12-23; https://doi.org/10.24297/jns.v8i.9055

Abstract:
During the Last interglacial period of constant sea level, large coral reefs formed on the tectonically rising island of Barbados, and a broad lagoon with a small barrier reef formed at the Cane Vale site. The constant sea level was ended by a rapid glaciation, causing a fall of world sea level of 2.4 m, as measured by surveys of features associated with breaking waves on Barbados. The fall began about 120 ka BP, and lasted roughly 400 years, according to a lake pollen record from western Europe. That rapid fall was terminated at a wave-cut step on Barbados and with a quite small reversal in falling sea level. The rise was caused by rapid melting of the marine-based Barents Sea ice dome and other ice masses, due to a restored strong Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) flow. The sea level fall then resumed until it was halted at a wave-cut step at a world sea level 12.3 m below the last interglacial level, as recorded at the University of the West Indies site on Barbados. Following the erosion of that second step, a zonal northern North Atlantic circulation prevailed, causing a glacial ice-volume decrease and rise in sea level of 3.8 m. These two sea level fall reversals were caused respectively by the formation and destruction of a Hudson Strait ice dam and the resulting increase and much later decrease in the rate of AMOC flow.
Sumali Conlon, Lakisha Simmons, Feng Liu
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, Volume 16, pp 97-113; https://doi.org/10.24297/ijmit.v16i.9072

Abstract:
High-tech industry employees are among the most talented groups of people in the workforce, and are therefore difficult to recruit and retain. We analyze employee reviews submitted by employees from five technology companies. Following the Cross-Industry Standard Process for Data Mining (CRISP-DM) and the data science life cycle process, we use machine learning techniques to analyze employees’ reviews. Our goal is to predict an overall measure of whether employees are satisfied or not, using other information from the reviews, such as employer attitudes towards upper management. We also use predictive analysis to determine which features are more helpful in determining an employee’s overall job satisfaction. Finally, we analyze which prediction algorithm provides the most accurate predictions. We find the percentage of true positives we correctly identify in the holdout sample is 97.4%, while the percentage of true negatives correctly identified is 72.5%.
Bao Guo Shen, Jin Yue Dai, Xiao Dong Zhang, Zhao Hui Duan
Published: 22 June 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN AGRICULTURE, Volume 12, pp 44-60; https://doi.org/10.24297/jaa.v12i.9063

Abstract:
Visible light near infrared (VS-NIR) hyperspectral combined with three-dimensional laser scanning was applied to extract the VS-NIR features of lettuce nitrogen between 400-1700 nm and 3D morphological features of the plants. Such combination realizes the rapid quantitative detection of lettuce nitrogen. This study is based on the hyperspectral image data cube achieved from lettuce leaves with different nitrogen levels. Stepwise regression sensitive area was used and adaptive band selection method was combined to extract the characteristic spectrum and feature image of lettuce nitrogen and characterize the average image intensity. Also; the error caused by moisture variation content in lettuce nitrogen image features was compensated. Then a model of lettuce nitrogen hyperspectral image diagnosis was built. The reverse engineering software Geomagic Qualify was used to repair and smooth interference noise and discontinuous range which are based on the 3D laser scanning data of lettuce. Accordingly, the stem diameter, plant height, leaf area, and biomass features of different nitrogen levels of lettuce are obtained and the model of nitrogen detection about lettuce growth features was built based on reverse engineering and integral method. Multi-scale fusion lettuce nitrogen detection model is built by using the acquired hyperspectral images with growing features of lettuce nitrogen and adopting genetic algorithm combined with partial least squares regression. Results show the correlation coefficient R of the built model is 0.95; the model precision is much better than single feature of hyperspectral images and 3D laser scanning model. The feature extraction algorithm and the eigenvectors provide the reference for development of facilities for online monitoring system of crop growth information.
Eric Amoah Asante, Joseph Oppong Akowuah, Samuel Appah, George Obeng-Akrofi
Published: 22 June 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN AGRICULTURE, Volume 12, pp 31-43; https://doi.org/10.24297/jaa.v12i.9045

Abstract:
Pod grains threshing using mechanical devices is essential in understanding the diversities involved in the application of machine–crop parameter combinations towards achieving best quality grain. The integration of pod grains’ physical properties in optimizing product quality which is vital to meet the increasing global requirement is limited. However, with computing and technological advancements into thresher design and evaluation have been found to be capable of meeting these needs which are of interest to researchers. Over the past three–four decades, the applications of the technology in reducing impact force through modification of peg geometry have attracted researchers’ widespread interest and the future looks promising. This review presents an overview of mechanical thresher development and the applications in the field of pod grain production chain. The role of grain physical properties in threshers design, operations and with force sensors to reveal the mysteries surrounding the causes of grain damage and how they can be minimised are stressed. The current trends and future advances of such studies are also presented.
Sucheta Gupta, Sushil Lekhi
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY, Volume 21, pp 84-96; https://doi.org/10.24297/ijct.v21i.9061

Abstract:
The technology has been growing from day to day in human life. The basic need of human to lead his/her life comfortably is a home. A home with updated latest technology which means a smart home. In such a scenario, there is a need to have an endeavour to have everything at the push of a button away, and more importantly, automated. Home Automation is such an endeavour, in which, all the electrical appliances present at home are connected to each other, having interactions with sensors placed at strategic positions in a closed loop manner to perform meagre tasks automatically, leaving less burden on the humans. With this project we are promoting the fact that Home Automation can greatly contribute to energy conservation too. This paper gives the basic idea use cisco packet tracer to implement smart home. Cisco implemented (IoT) functionalities in the latest version of the platform, and now it is possible to add all the smart devices, sensors, actuators, and devices, which simulate microcontrollers like Arduino or Raspberry Pi to the network. All IoT devices can be run on generic programs or modified by Java, Python or Blocky programming them. This makes Cisco Packet Tracer a perfect method to construct functional simulations for IoT.
Milam Aiken, Mina Park
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY, Volume 21, pp 76-83; https://doi.org/10.24297/ijct.v21i.9046

Abstract:
With the advent of free, online translation services such as Google Translate, many people are now able to obtain information relatively effortlessly from a wide variety of foreign language sources. The translations from these services are often worse than those provided by professional, human translators, however, and the tradeoff between these two alternatives is not always clear. When should a professional be used, and when is machine translation sufficient? In this study, we discuss factors involved in the decision and illustrate their use with a predictive model.
Leonard Van Zanten
Published: 13 June 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 156-174; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9047

Abstract:
One of the most rewarding things in the sciences is to learn how things are put together, and how they operate. Our senses are not the only ones to come by movements in its particulars, seeing nature no less is in-and-by movement. Accordingly we come to a revelation in movements to movement, a revelation to show nature for its reality. Additionally; by illustration, the coordinates of movement are furnished to wit, magnetic, electric, light's velocity, and radial velocity.
Siyuan Bai, Khalil Guy, Yuxiang Jia, Weiyi Li, Qingxia Li, Xinyao Yang
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 240-249; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9037

Abstract:
This research will focus on studying the effect of aperture size and shape of the micro-channel heat sink on heat dissipation performance for chip cooling. The micro-channel heat sink is considered to be a porous medium with fluid subject inter-facial convection. Derivation based on energy equation gives a set of governing partial differential equations describing the heat transfer through the micro-channels. Numerical simulation, including steady-state thermal analysis based on CFD software, is used to create a finite element solver to tackle the derived partial differential equations with properly defined boundary conditions related to temperature. After simulating three types of heat sinks with various protrusion designs including micro-channels fins, curly micro-channels fins, and Micro-pin fins, the result shows that the heat sink with the maximum contact area per unit volume will have the best heat dissipation performance, we will interpret the result by using the volume averaging theorem on the porous medium model of the heat sink.
Sumali J. Conlon
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, Volume 16, pp 59-71; https://doi.org/10.24297/ijmit.v16i.9058

Abstract:
Data scientists are among the highest-paid and most in-demand employees in the 21st century. This gives them opportunities to switch jobs quite easily. In this paper, we follow the Cross-Industry Standard Process for Data Mining (CRISP-DM) approach and the data science life cycle process to analyze factors which predict whether a data scientist is looking for a new job or not. Specifically, we use machine learning techniques to analyze data from Kaggle.com. We find that features that have the highest impact on whether a data scientist wants to change his/her job include the city development index, company size, and company type. When we examine the city development index more carefully, we find evidence suggesting that employees move from cities with lower to higher development indexes, as they become more experienced. The predictive analysis system we use is able to predict with average accuracy rates of higher than 78%.
Miloš Čojanović
Published: 7 June 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 142-155; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9039

Abstract:
The use of parallax angles is one of the standard methods for determining stellar distance. The problem that arises in using this method is how to measure that angle. In order for the measurement to be correct, it is necessary for the object we are observing to be stationary in relation to the sun. This is generally not true. One way to overcome this problem is to observe the object from two different places at the same time. This would be technically possible but will probably never be realized. Another way to determine the distance is given in [1]. With certain assumptions, this is a mathematically completely correct method. After the publication of the third Gaia's catalog [2], we are now able to test the proposed method using real data. Unfortunately, for the majority of stars it is not possible to obtain the distance directly, but with the help of some additional measurements we would be able to indirectly determine the distance of such stars.
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 211-239; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9042

Abstract:
Although boundary condition problems in quantum mathematics (QM) are well known, no one ever used boundary conditions technology to abolish quantum weirdness. We employ boundary conditions to build a mathematical game that is fun to learn, and by using it you will discover that quantum weirdness evaporates and vanishes. Our clever game is so designed that you can solve the boundary condition problems for a single point if-and-only-if you also solve the “weirdness” problem for all of quantum mathematics. Our approach differs radically from Dirichlet, Neumann, Robin, or Wolfram Alpha. We define domain Ω in one-dimension, on which a partial differential equation (PDE) is defined. Point α on ∂Ω is the location of a boundary condition game that involves an off-center bi-directional wave solution called Æ, an “elementary wave.” Study of this unusual, complex wave is called the Theory of Elementary Waves (TEW). We are inspired by Kurt Gödel and Alan Turing who built mathematical games that demonstrated that axiomatization of all mathematics was impossible. In our machine quantum weirdness vanishes if understood from the perspective of a single point α, because that pinpoint teaches us that nature is organized differently than we expect.
Chetansing Rajput
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 250-266; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9056

Abstract:
This paper brings together the newly discovered generalised geometry of all Metallic Means and the recently published mathematical formulae those provide the precise correlations between different Metallic Ratios. The paper also puts forward the concept of the “Triples of Metallic Means”. This work also introduces the close correspondence between Metallic Ratios and the Pythagorean Triples as well as Pythagorean Primes. Moreover, this work illustrates the intriguing relationship between Metallic Numbers and the Digits 3 6 9.
Sayed A. El-Mongy
Published: 4 June 2021
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, Volume 19, pp 134-141; https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v19i.9048

Abstract:
Expansion of the universe is a divine fact in the glorious Quran. The accelerated expansion of the universe is one of the physics mysteries and challenges. This article is a try to find an answer to this ambiguity. A simple fusion and merging of the Newton, Einstein and quantum field equations were carried out to clarify this topic. Innovative equations correlating the acceleration (As), cosmological constant (Ʌ), vacuum energy density (ρ) and distance (d) was deduced. It can be concluded that Sayed`s acceleration constant (As) is proportional to (Ʌ/ρ), (1/8mc2) and (1/πd2). The derivative equation reveals a probable violation of the mass-energy formula (E= mc2); the speed of light might be 12.5% more. This disparity may be due to antimatter contribution; neutrino-antineutrino, β-β+ annihilation and/or a predicted unrecognized very light particle in the atom nucleus. The Sayed`s acceleration constant (As) and (As/Ʌ) ratio were calculated and found to be 6.33825x10-8 m/s2 and 5.7620475x10+44 m3/s2 respectively. Using Sayed`s equations, the calculated acceleration in planck scale is matched with the declared 5.56081x1051 m/s2 value. The The calculated recession velocity at 1 Mpc was found to be 6.5192677 x 108 m/s .and the cosmological constant (Ʌ) is as measured;~1.1x10-52 m-2
Jose Quintero
JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS, Volume 20, pp 188-210; https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v20i.9044

Abstract:
We study the existence of positive solutions for an elliptic equation in RN for N = 2, 3 which is related with the existence of standing (localized) waves and the existence of the ground state solutions for some physical model or systems in fluid mechanics to describe the evolution of weakly nonlinear water waves. We use a variational approach and the well-known principle of concentration-compactness due to P. Lions to obtain the existence of this type of solutions, even in the case that the nonlinear term g is a non-homogeneous function or an operator defined in H1(RN) with values in R.
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