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Umar Jaeni, Ismet Basuki, Moedjiarto Moedjiarto
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 151-164; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i3.53

Abstract:
Education needs a generation that understands and is aware of a superior character culture. This study aims to analyze 25 student characters' development process in cooperative learning in Al-Quran tilawati at Junior High School Al Muslim of Sidoarjo, Islamic Junior High School of 1 Surabaya, and Junior High School of 34 Surabaya. This research method uses qualitative research. This type of research uses a multi-case study from three school places. The sample of this research is the principal, the coordinator of the Al Quran teaching model, the teacher of Al Quran, the teacher of Al Quran learning model of the tilawati model and the students and by using research instruments, namely observation (observation), interview (interview), questionnaire (questionnaire), documentation and the combination of the four or triangulation. Based on the research conducted, it was found that the process of growing 25 characters in learning Al Quran with the tilawati model at Junior High School Al Muslim of Sidoarjo, Islamic Junior High School of 1 Surabaya, and Junior High School of 34 Surabaya gave good and strong results and obtained the growth of 25 character attitudes, namely respect for teachers, discipline, courageous and caring for others, orderly, compassionate, tolerant, love of Allah, spirit of learning to study, focus, spirit, patient, tolerant, obedient, togetherness, fond of reading, hard work, curiosity, caring, democracy, love of peace, neat in clothes, thorough, tawakkal, brave, independent, unyielding, and creative.
Dwikoranto, Rahyu Setiani, Barokah Widuroyekti, Sri Tresnaningsih, Dwi Sambada, Titik Setyowati, Agus Rohman, Basuki Tri Harnoto
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 175-184; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i3.36

Abstract:
The purpose of this study explains the effectiveness of the student activity sheet model to enhance scientific creativity and student learning outcomes and student responses to the learning process. The research design used pre-experimental with one group pretest-posttest design. The study's subject was the student activity sheet (SAS) model and the implementation of primary teacher Education undergraduate students who programed a science introductory concept course during the 2019.1 registration at Open University. Data collected using test methods and questionnaires with product cognitive test instruments, cognitive process tests, scientific creativity tests and student questionnaire responses. Data analyzed by t-test and the proportions calculated. Normality test and homogeneity test are done before the t-test is applied. Increased creativity and student learning outcomes are calculated using normalized N-Gain. The results showed: 1) Improvement of students' scientific creativity after joining learning in the medium category. 2) Improving student learning outcomes after participating in learning in the good category. 3) Student responses to the learning process in the positive category. Based on the above, it can be concluded that the application of student activity sheet model used in learning activities to improve scientific creativity competency and student learning outcomes is effective.
Della Shinta Bestiantono, Putri Zulaiha Ria Agustina, Tsung-Hui Cheng
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 133-139; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i3.46

Abstract:
This exploration study inspects the perspectives of Indonesian junior high school students towards learning courses amid Coronavirus (COVID-19). Secondary students were overviewed to discover their viewpoints about online training in Indonesia. The discoveries of the investigation featured that web-based learning cannot create wanted outcomes in immature nations like Indonesia, where a larger part of understudies cannot get to the web because of specialized just as money-related issues. The absence of eye-to-eye connection with the educator, reaction time and nonattendance of conventional homeroom socialization were among some different issues featured by advanced education understudies.
Annita Kastur, Mustaji Mustaji, Yatim Riyanto
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 165-174; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i3.50

Abstract:
This study aims to produce a direct learning model with a life-based learning approach that is feasible, practical, and effective to improve the learning outcomes of students at Morris Sidoarjo. This research method uses the Dick and Carey development model with the one-group pretest-posttest design research design. The data collection process was carried out using observation, questionnaires, and giving tests to students. The research instruments obtained were student activity questionnaires, student response questionnaires, learning observation sheets, and student learning outcomes tests. The sample of this research is 20 students at the Morris Sidoarjo course. The research indicated that the direct learning model with a life-based learning approach was practical in its use to improve course participants' learning outcomes at Morris Sidoarjo in the Yogyakarta, which was shown by the excellent category of learning and activity of students. Second, the direct learning model with a life-based learning approach is effective in improving the learning outcomes of course participants at Morris Sidoarjo in the Yogyakarta, which is shown by the results of the calculation of the N-Gain test showing an increase in learning outcomes with a value of 0.8 in the high category. From these results, the model built with a life-based learning approach can be implied as an alternative and reference for developing learning models in course institutions.
Roy Martin Simamora, Daniel De Fretes, Ezra Deardo Purba, Daniel Pasaribu
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 185-208; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i3.45

Abstract:
This study aimed to investigate the lecturer' perspectives during COVID-19 pandemic in higher education. The participants have consisted of 8 from various universities in Indonesia. In this study, researchers chose narrative analysis as a research approach. A narrative analysis was used to explore lecturer perspectives or views on e-learning based on the practices, challenges, and prospects during COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the lecturers' perspective, the researchers concluded that online learning applications are beneficial for some lecturers to deliver lecture material without face to face, although there are some obstacles such as inadequate internet access. Some campuses provide self-developed applications to facilitate teaching lecturers and provide access to students to study lecture material. Some teachers also used online learning service provider applications or third parties such as Youtube, Zoom, Google Meet, Google Classroom and other online applications. Overall lecturers in universities can use existing learning applications. Efforts are needed to develop further, train, and improve infrastructure facilities to support online learning in the future. Online learning has high prospects and potential to be applied due to its extremely related to technological developments and ever-changing times wherever everything is quick and economical.
Subkan
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 209-217; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i3.44

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of simple KIT-based media in improving student learning achievement in dynamic electricity material. The sample used was the students of class grade 12 of IPA-3 Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 2 Mojokerto, totaling 35 students. The type of research used is research development (Research and Development). The research data were obtained from questionnaire responses during learning and the results of the pre-test and post-test. The questionnaire's responses were as many as 85.14% of students who thought that the development of KIT-based learning media was very effective in using dynamic electricity learning. Moreover, as many as 14.85% think that KIT-based learning media is creative and interactive learning and is an additional supplement in the teaching and learning process. From the test results given to students, there was a significant increase in students' achievements. This indicator can be seen from the t count value is smaller than the t table (t count
Muh Burhanudin Harahap, Maria Veronika Roesminingsih, Mudjito Mudjito
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 140-150; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i3.52

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the concept of Human Resource Development carried out by schools in improving the performance of teaching staff at Elementary School Muhammadiyah of 1 Jember and Al Baitul Amien of 1 Jember. This research method uses a qualitative approach with a multi-case study design. The multi-case study used in this study uses two research sites. Data collection techniques in this study used participant observation, documentation, and interviews. Based on the research conducted, it can be concluded that the concept of the human resource development program carried out by these schools to improve the quality of teacher performance, namely: (1) increasing the abilities, skills, attitudes, and responsibilities of educators (teachers) to be more effective and efficient, (2) optimizing human resource development as much as possible by delegating to educators (teachers), and (3) striving to improve education quality by recommending educators (teachers) to take further studies to a higher level. There is no multi-case study research in improving the performance of students.
Kamila Amalia, Suliyanah Suliyanah
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 127-136; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i3.54

Abstract:
Gravity is known as a discovery made by Sir Isaac Newton. Long before this theory was put forward, the Qur'an came down first, and some verses indicated the existence of gravity, but not everyone understood these signs. There are still many Islamic schools in Indonesia that have not yet studied science by relating the Qur'an. This study aims to determine the extent of Muslim students' understanding and to find out what Muslim students think about gravitational interconnection in science and the Qur'an. This research used descriptive qualitative research methods. The research data were obtained from interviews and questionnaires. Participants in this study were fifty participants, namely students from the Al-Amin Islamic Boarding School, Mojokerto, East Java. The results of this study indicate that the majority of students have a good understanding of Newton's gravitational interconnection in Science and the Qur'an. Most of the respondents argue that Newton's idea of ​​gravity is related to the verses of the Qur'an, especially QS Al-Hajj 22:65, QS Al-Mursalat 77:25, QS Maryam 16:25, and QS Al-Qori'ah verses 1-5. This research can make Muslim students improve their understanding of gravity in science and the Qur'an and also increase their piety to God.
Muhammad Farid Ilhamuddin, Issac Briyan Alisyahbana
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 137-148; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i3.55

Abstract:
Sociodrama technique is a method of role-playing learning to solve problems related to social phenomena. The use of sociodrama techniques in this study is to improve the polite behavior of students through group guidance services. This study uses action research, with two cycles, namely cycle 1 and 2, each of which has two meetings and at each meeting allocates 40 minutes. Data collection methods used are observation, interviews, and documentation to determine the level of politeness of students in the implementation of group guidance services in school. The subjects of the study were ten students from grade 8th, Unesa Middle School who had problems in their polite behavior. Based on the observations of students in both cycles, there is an increase in the politeness of students, including good criteria in the implementation of group guidance services using Sociodrama techniques. After the implementation of the first cycle, it can be seen that there is a 63% change in students' behavior which means it shows the politeness behavior of students in the Good Criteria. At the meeting, after the second cycle, there is an increase to 76% in the Good criteria. Thus, from the results of the analysis, it can be concluded that the action research hypothesis that reads "The use of sociodrama techniques can improve polite behavior of students through the implementation of group guidance services in School " can be accepted so that it can be implied as an alternative and reference in providing guidance services to students or children.
Titik Setyowati, Rahyu Setiani, Dwi Sambada, Wuwuh A. Surasmi, Dwikoranto
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 104-112; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i3.31

Abstract:
Open University is needed to meet the needs of studying without being limited by space, time, amount, cost, age, and distance with a quality tutor. This study aims to describe the ideal form of tutor recruitment, the role of tutors and get quality tutors. This survey research was conducted at the Distance Learning Program Unit (DLPU) Surabaya with data collection methods through observation, interviews, questionnaires and documentation. Sources of data were obtained from Study groups, Tutors, Department of Education, Regional Responsibility in the tutorial period 2019.1 and 2019.2. Data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that: (1) The ideal form of tutor recruitment is through tutor selection, through the tutor candidate test, through agency recommendations and special offers. (2) The role of tutors in the professional learning process is that tutors are still needed for certain subjects, as innovators and motivators, to play a role in reducing dropout. (3) To get quality tutors and not only as a part-time job so that tutors in working remain professional is to build a sound system. The obligations and rewards that are received appropriately. Between taxes and a decent income. Also, between expertise or rank need to be adjusted to the level of compensation which is given.
Eka Desiriah, Nurul Afifah, Jelita Puspita Ningrum Choirunnisa
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 113-117; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i3.27

Abstract:
We, as budding researchers, try to present science in the form of comics. We present the theory of optics by Christiaan Huygens and Sir Isaac Newton in a short comic strip. As we know, the Huygens principle explains that each wavefront can be considered to produce new wavelets or waves with the same wavelength as the previous one. A wavelet can be likened to a wave generated by a rock dropped into the water. The Huygens principle can be used to explain the diffraction of light in small slits. When passing through a small gap, the wavefront will create an infinite number of new wavelets so that the waves do not just flow straight, but spread out. By doing so, Huygens discovered his telescope. In this paper, we then illustrate his telescope through a simple comic.
Fitria Mercyta Celina, Nadi Suprapto
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 118-126; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i3.48

Abstract:
Al Qur’an is the greatest miracle that used as a guide for Muslims in the world. In it contains several verses that are relevant to physics. The study aims to examine Einstein’s Theory of Relativity in the story of Ashabul Kahf and Isra’ Mi’raj of Prophet Muhammad SAW. A qualitative approach is used with the library research method by analyzing related books and journals. The result show that the relativity time of angles and humans can be explained by Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. Einstein’s Theory of Relativity has nothing to do with the Ashabul Kahf event. However, for the events of Isra’ Mi’raj of prophet Muhammad SAW, Einstein’s Theory of Relativity is not sufficient to prove it.
Husni Mubarok, Nur Shabrina Safitri, Alif Syaiful Adam
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 97-103; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i3.51

Abstract:
One of the meaningful learning implications is the formation of Long-Term Memory (LTM). Through the development of concepts related to the problems of everyday life that bridge LTM and the implementation of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) as an educational approach, it enables students to realize the importance of knowledge for society. However, some aspects of society are excluded from STEM, in that way a transformation needs to be carried out. Art and Religion need to be developed in STEM to nurture students, environment, and society to the full. Several examples are presented to represent the relationship between STEM with art and religion, not only in terms of learning outcomes in schools, but also the expectations to create resilient people in facing the future challenges. With Science, Technology, Religion, Engineering, Art, and Mathematics (STREAM) education approach.
Mohammad Alim Ahaddin, Budi Jatmiko, Zainul Arifin Imam Supardi
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 104-111; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i2.39

Abstract:
This research aims to describe the improvement of critical thinking skills of primary school students in the learning model of teaching Inquiry integrated peer instruction. A research sample is a Grade 5 primary school student with a total of 40 students. Research methods use experimental research with one group pre-test and post-test design. Data collection techniques using tests. The data analysis technique uses statistic inferential. Based on the results of the calculations using N-Gain, it is gained that there is an increase in the critical thinking skills of primary school students, i.e. 12 students gained a high upgrade category and 28 students gained a moderate upgrade category. In addition, it is obtained that students experience the guidance of learning both individually and in class. The result of guided Inquiry model integrated peer instruction provided effect so that there has been an improvement of critical thinking in primary school students. Further research is expected that all students can obtain high increases.
Dwikoranto, Pramonoadi, Sri Tresnaningsih, Abdul Faqih, Rahyu Setiani
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 122-132; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i2.35

Abstract:
The concept attainment tutorial tool with multi representations still needs to be developed. The purpose of this study is to describe the validity of the model and the validity of concept attainment devices with multi representations as alternative learning models to improve students' mastery of concepts and scientific consistency. The development of this tutorial tool uses the design of Plomp which consists of preliminary study phase, prototype stage, and assessment phase. The limited test was conducted on students of the Surabaya Open University in the Basic Science Natural Sciences course (PDGK4103). Research data were collected by the validation method using the model validation sheet instrument and the device validation sheet. Data were analyzed using qualitative descriptive analysis. The results of the study show that: (1) The concept of attainment model with multi representations developed is included in the valid criteria in terms of content validity and construct validity. (2) The multi-representation tutorial tool developed is included in the valid criteria. Based on the above it can be concluded that the concept of attainment with multi representations developed is valid and appropriate to be used to improve students' mastery of concepts and scientific consistency.
Siti Fadilah. Ms, Budi Jatmiko, Tjipto Prastowo
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 66-75; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i2.32

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the effectiveness and validity of a teaching document using Argument-Driven Inquiry (ADI) model with a Contextual Approach to improve students' critical thinking skills in science learning. This type of research was research and development (R&D) that refers to the 4D model. Data collected by the validation sheets, student response sheet, and critical thinking skills test. They were analyzed by using t-test and N-gain. The present research was applied in lower secondary at SMP Negeri 1 Bluto with trial design of One-Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The results of the data analysis show that (1) the learning materials was valid in terms of the results of the validity of the materials with the score of 3.57; (2) learning materials was effective in terms of: (a) the students' responses were categorized as very good with results of 83.2%, (b) students' critical thinking skill increased with an average value of N-gain in grade eight A of 0.74 and 0.75 for grade eight B with a high category. Based on the results of statistical analysis using the t test, the probability value (sig) was 0,000 in the two classes. This means that the significance value was less than 0.05 which means there was a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test results. In conclusion, Argument-Driven Inquiry (ADI) model with a Contextual Approach is proven to be feasible and effective for improving critical thinking skills.
Sari Famularsih
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 112-121; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i2.40

Abstract:
The COVID-19 has brought about schools and universities closed the whole way across the world. Subsequently, teaching has changed drastically, with the distinctive rise of online learning, whereby teaching is embraced remotely and on computerized stages. Research recommends that online learning has been appeared to expand maintenance of data, and take less time, which means the progressions of coronavirus have caused may be digging in for the long haul. In this case, online learning application stages are broadly utilized by English educators in instructing and learning. The online learning stages are likewise utilized as a strengthening apparatus to advance autonomous learning. This study focuses on the utilization of online learning application in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) Classroom. The participants of this study were 35 students of second semester students of English Department in one of universities in Salatiga, Indonesia. The data was gathered through surveys and semi-structured interviews. Moreover, it was explained using descriptive qualitative approach. This investigation showed that most of students considered the utilization of online learning application in English learning is effective and efficient in this emergency situation. However, the obstacles in using online learning application in English classroom were slow-speed internet connection, so many tasks, not all teaching material can be taught through online learning, and lack of interaction between lecturer and student. In this pandemic situation, the most favorite online learning application among students is WhatsApp Group because it takes a bit of internet quota. Therefore, students can save their internet quota in this condition.
Binar Kurnia Prahani, Tsung-Hui Cheng
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 63-65; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i2.41

Abstract:
Social distancing and physical distancing policies have been implemented in many countries for some time in the face of a COVID-19 pandemic. The new policy that has been adopted by many countries is "New Normal". New Normal is a scenario to accelerate the handling of COVID-19 in health and socio-economic aspects. One of them is the Government of Indonesia has announced plans to implement new normal scenarios by considering epidemiological studies and regional readiness. With the implementation of New Normal, education will be run again according to the health protocol. New Normal policies in education must also be in line with instructions issued by The United Nations Agency for Child Welfare (UNICEF). UNICEF has issued guidelines for countries that want to reopen teaching and learning activities in schools. The guide consists of three stages, namely before opening, entering the opening process, and when opening has been carried out. Research on the planning, preparation, implementation, and evaluation of New Normal in the field of learning and teaching needs the attention of all parties, including academics. The results of research and publications on the impact of New Normal in the field of learning and teaching are believed to be beneficial in the field of education.
Ilfi Fatimah Alfiyanti, Budi Jatmiko, Wasis
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 76-85; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i2.34

Abstract:
This study is aimed to determine the effectiveness of predict observe explain (POE) model with PhET to improve critical thinking skills of senior high school students. The sample used was the grade eleven students of SMA N 18 Surabaya consist of 60 students. This type of research was pre-experimental with one group pre-test post-test design. Research data is obtained from the result of pre-test and post-test of students' critical thinking skills and responses after learning activity. Data analysis techniques used N-gain and Wilcoxon test. The result of the study shows that the score of students' critical thinking skills in grade eleven of Group 1 and Group 2 increase after the implementation of predict observe explain (POE) learning model with PhET and both of them present positive responses to the learning component and show a good interest. Based on the data analysis result, it can be concluded that predict observe explain (POE) model with PhET is effective to use to improve the critical thinking skills of senior high school students.
Roy Martin Simamora
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 86-103; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i2.38

Abstract:
COVID-19 pandemic has changed the way of learning in higher education. Teaching, and learning activities that are usually carried out with face-to-face meetings have turned into virtual meetings in various online learning applications. This paper aims to analyze student essays in the form of perspectives or responses about the challenges of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper collected fifteen students as samples in the Fundamentals of Education I course who were actively involved in online learning activities. Online learning provides various instructions led by the lecturer. Instructions can be synchronous (communication where participants interact in the same time space as video conferencing, zoom, google meet, and WebEx) or asynchronous (time-separated communication such as e-mail, google form, streaming video content, posting lecture notes and social media platforms). This study used a qualitative approach. The researcher then collecting, reading and highlights each student's response that is considered relevant for analysis. This paper has shown so many responses about the challenges experienced by the students while studying online, such as, positive and negative impact of online learning, economic conditions, anxiety during online learning, government should think and planned, the risk of user data security, face-to-face class to online learning, ability, finding effective online learning media.
Beni Setiawan
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 87-96; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i2.30

Abstract:
Reform and innovation are important issues in the educational field. Education is dynamic and changing depends on globalization demands. To counterbalance for these changes, there are two strategies to make education change. Top down and bottom up strategies. Top down and bottom up have advantages and disadvantages to the reform and innovation of educational. For instance, the advantage of top-down is the government have the power to make policy, do research about national curriculum and implement that policy in the education area, especially at school but for making policy, regulation, research and implement government have spent more money without significant result. In another hand, the benefit of bottom-up is the innovation of education easily to find and grow up because they have involved directly in the change in school, also understand what they need in education because the teachers and the principle have strong connection with the students and indirectly evaluate the national curriculum which is appropriate or not. Nevertheless, school community as the representative of bottom-up did not have the power to bring that innovation in the top level because there is no connecting purpose between government and school. In addition, the big effect is the top-down, bottom-up has the different points of view to look into education. Furthermore, to solve that problem, there are some approaches could be bond to both strategies such as the collaborative, negotiate, conceptual, and strategic clarification, school-based management and strong site councils. Based on several previous researchers that approach is the best option for bridging the educational purpose between top down and bottom up.
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education; doi:10.46627/sipose

Abstract:
SiPoSE : Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education is an international peer-reviewed journal that focuses on Philosophy of Science (POS) and Philosophy of Education (POE). The journal concerns in philosophical, theoretical, practical, psychological, and conceptual issues in science education and education in general. The SiPoSE is published three times a year in April, August, and December. The SiPoSE welcomes any research papers on Nature of Science (NOS), History of Science (HOS), Philosophy of Science (POS), and Philosophy of Education (POE) in any technical knowledge domain: original theoretical works, literature reviews, research reports, position papers, book review, and review articles. The articles should be original, unpublished and not in consideration for publication elsewhere at the time of submission to the SiPoSE.
Studies in Learning and Teaching; doi:10.46627/silet

Abstract:
SiLeT : Studies in Learning and Teaching. Studies in Learning and Teaching (SiLeT) is an internationally recognized journal in the field of education (Learning and Teaching) and is published three times a year (in April, August, and December). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality studies in the areas of learning, teaching, curriculum development, learning environments, teacher education, educational technology, educational developments, measurement and evaluation, educational statistics, and other learning-teaching issues.
Fenny Rizky Amelia
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 74-86; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i2.28

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to seek depth information how international students maintain their relationship to stay feeling close with their romantic partners although separated by distance or live in a different country, the difficulties and the reasons they choose to remain in the long-distance relationship. Semi-structured interviewed were conducted to four international students. Five themes emerged, they are “keep in touch”, “this is my look”, “trustworthiness as foundation”, “family’s support”, and “relationship’s goal is get married”. The participants utilize many ways of communication to keep in touch well because it also becomes a difficulty for the relationship if it is not done seriously. Since many of the participants have got support from their family, it makes them more believed that this relationship would be no matter even in a long-distance relationship. Admittedly, the distance has both beneficial and negative aspects, but how the couples handle it through the communication, always trust each other and share the relationship’s goal, determined the maintenance and help to feel close in the long-distance relationship.
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 41-51; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i1.26

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Muslimah Cindikia, Hainur Rasyid Achmadi, Binar Kurnia Prahani , Saiyidah Mahtari
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 52-62; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i1.22

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Suryawahyuni Latief, Wolter Parlindungan Silalahi, Yeni Rachmawati
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 59-73; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i2.10

Abstract:
This paper performs a narrative analysis of the basic philosophy of education book. The book, “becoming critical” was written by Carr and Kemmis (1986). Authors rise up again this old book due to the whole content is essential for educator, students from undergraduate to doctoral level. In simple, the book narrated three basic educational research methodologies among all chapters: technical-theoretical-positivism, practical-interpretative-hermeneutics, and critical-reflection-emancipatory paradigm. Narrative is the central mechanism for meaning making. It is the multiple representations used to reference and make sense of human experience. Dealing with the pros and cons of those paradigms, this paper gives a brief memory to educator in doing research in education. To sum up, this paper illustrated education, knowledge, and action research.
Nadi Suprapto
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 50-55; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i2.24

Abstract:
A misconception is a misunderstanding in connecting a concept with other concepts, between new concepts and old concepts that are already in the minds of students, so that the wrong concepts are formed. Students' conceptions are different or contrary to the conceptions of the scientists. There are five kinds of misconceptions, namely: (a) preconceived notions; (b) non-scientific beliefs; (c) conceptual misunderstandings; (d) misconceptions of local languages (vernacular misconceptions); and (e) factual misconceptions. The causes of misconceptions are four parts: students, teachers, teaching materials or literature, context and teaching methods. It is expected that by knowing the types and causes of students' misconceptions in understanding science, it will be easier for teachers to find solutions in teaching science concepts. Examples of data related to misconceptions in physics are illustrated to reinforce explanations.
Mochamad Yusuf Efendi, Suryawahyuni Latief, Hsieh Nancy Lien
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 27-40; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i1.20

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Margaretha Aurelia Pasaribu , Nadi Suprapto
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 12-17; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i1.19

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Saidatul Khoiriyah, Adhelia Karunia Sukma
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 56-58; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i2.12

Abstract:
We as budding researchers, try to present science in the form of comics. We present the theory of light by Christiaan Huygens and Sir Isaac Newton in a short comic strip.
Nadi Suprapto , Binar Kurnia Prahani , Mohd Nor Syahrir Abdullah, Tsung-Hui Cheng
Studies in Learning and Teaching, Volume 1, pp 1-2; doi:10.46627/silet.v1i1.11

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Binar Kurnia Prahani , Utama Alan Deta, Mochammad Yasir, Sri Astutik, Paken Pandiangan, Sayidah Mahtari, Husni Mubarok
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 21-37; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i1.8

Abstract:
The Kampus Merdeka lately becomes the center of attention for the education circle in Indonesia. The government via Indonesian Minister of education and culture believed that the Kampus Merdeka as an effort to freedom for the education system more supportive of students and lecturers in achieving quality learning meaningful to face the disruption of the current era. This paper presents the authors' views on "Kampus Merdeka" which was promoted by the Indonesian government. Also, the authors will underline the concept of "Kampus Merdeka" in accordance with Paulo Freire's critical pedagogy. From our point of view, we give a position this concept is developed based on the thinking of Paulo Freire. As we know, Freire's educational model offered a model of education for freedom. In this case, the term ‘freedom’ means a transformation in a real system that is competitively related and complex.
Azmil Abidah, Hasan Nuurul Hidaayatullaah, Roy Martin Simamora, Daliana Fehabutar, Lely Mutakinati
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 38-49; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i1.9

Abstract:
The Covid-19 pandemic is now beginning to spread to the world of education. The Ministry of Education and Culture (MOEC) is currently based on official information, ready with all scenarios, including encouraging online learning for students. This article is a kind of position paper—it clearances one side of a debatable opinion about a hot issue. The aim of a position paper is to persuade the reader that our opinion is valid and defensible. In regards to our position as researchers, then, the point of view is separated into four parts: The philosophy of “Merdeka Belajar”, physical distancing, social distancing and self-quarantine, digital learning in Indonesia to face Covid-19, ‘Merdeka Belajar’, digital learning, Covid-19, and authors’ view.
Moch Yusuf Efendi, Tsung-Hui Cheng, Elok Halimah Sa'diyah, Desi Wulandari, Ahmad Qosyim, Nadi Suprapto
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 7-20; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i1.7

Abstract:
Having the development of learning materials of the history of physics with Socratic learning dialogue, we implemented them to the two classes in a public university in Indonesia. The materials consisted of a lesson plan, student worksheets, evaluation sheets, and rubrics that fulfill the criteria of construct, content, and empirical validity. However, the discussion of this paper focused on the results of empirical validity. Learning materials were trialed and tested on a limited participant (10 university students from a public university in Surabaya - S), then the real classes included 40 students from a public university in Surabaya, Indonesia- S1 and S2 (20 students for each class). The data analysis technique used a descriptive statistical analysis with percentages and logical analysis. The research findings included: 1) the student's assessment of the learning materials (especially the handout and student worksheet) were categorized as good, 2) the feasibility of the learning materials during the real teaching activities obtained: the implementation of history of physics learning at S1 and S2 for each item was a quite good category, and 3) assessment of critical thinking students who are oriented Socratic dialogue showed that over 60% and 70% of S1 and S2 student answers lead to Socratic thinking, respectively. The implication of the study is the availability of physics history learning materials that are ready to be used in conducting lectures in the following semester.
Agnestasya Ayu Sayekti, Tsaniyah Nabilah Rachmawati
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 4-6; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i1.6

Nadi Suprapto , Chih-Hsiung Ku, Tsung-Hui Cheng, Binar Kurnia Prahani
Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, Volume 1, pp 1-3; doi:10.46627/sipose.v1i1.3

Abstract:
This small piece of the paper introduces the Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education (SiPoSE). As an international peer-reviewed journal, SiPoSE aware of the quality of the content. The rational, the purpose, and the scope are illustrated as the opening speech of the journal. Since the number of philosophy journals is still lacking in accommodating the ideas of philosophers in the world especially in the domain of science education and education in general, therefore, the existence of SiPoSE will fill the void of scientific discussion, especially in terms of Nature of Science (NOS), History of Science (HOS), Philosophy of Science (POS), and Philosophy of Education (POE).
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