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, Juni Sumarmono, Agustinus Hantoro Djoko Rahardjo, Mardiati Sulistyowati, Kusuma Widayaka
Published: 30 August 2017
Buletin Peternakan, Volume 41, pp 298-306; https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i3.18266

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to investigate the chemical, physical and sensory properties of goat milk kefir during storage under different temperatures and storage time. Experimental method, applied completely randomized factorial design. The first factor was temperature (-1 to -5oC; 5 to 10oC and 6 to 10oC) and the second factor was storage time (10; 20 and 30 days) followed by Duncan test. Result showed that temperature, storage time and interaction highly significantly affected (P0.05) on protein content, fat and ash but CO2 level, texture and flavor of kefir were affected by storage time. Kefir viscosity was only affected by storage temperature (P
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
This research aimed to know the ability of citronella from C. hystrix to protect unsaturated fatty acid of Tropical cooking oil on the hydrogenation process by rumen microbes. The in vitro fermentation test used rumen fluid of local female sheeps as source of microbial, Tropical cooking oil as a source of unsaturated fatty acids and C. hystrix leaves as source of cironela. Tropical cooking oil was mixed with Preston skim milk (1:2). The mixture were added by C. hystrix leaves with the level of 0%, 1%, 2%, 3% and 4% (dry weight bases) from the weight of the mixture, then mixed evenly into protected Tropical cooking oil. The data was analyzed by Completely Random Design. The difference of means the treatments were tested by Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test. Result showed that oleic and linoleic resulting from fermenting Tropical cooking oil protected by citronela in C. hystrix was increase if it compare to unprotected. It can be concluded that Tropical cooking oil protected with citronelal C. hystrix was reduced hydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acid, mainly oleic and linoleic.
, Bambang Ariyadi, Novita Kurniawati, Fransiskus Trisakti Haryadi
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
Konsep kebijakan pembangunan peternakan Indonesia pada saat ini telah bergeser dari paradigma pembangunan yang sentralistik menuju pada konsep pembangunan partisipatoris. Konsep partisipatoris secara operasional formal diwujudkan dalam bentuk kelompok-kelompok ternak. Kelompok ternak merupakan perwujudan modal sosial di masyarakat yang penting dalam pembangunan masyarakat peternak khususnya dalam peningkatan kesejahteraan rumah tangga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh modal sosial terhadap tingkat kesejahteraan rumah tangga peternak. Pengambilan data melibatkan 61 rumah tangga peternak yang tergabung dalam kelompok ternak Ngudi Mulyo. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa modal sosial dan aset fisik berpengarh signifikan terhadap tingkat kesejahteraan peternak. Ini menunjukkan bahwa konsep kebijakan yang partisipatoris dalam pembangunan peternakan berkontribusi dalam peningkatan kesejahteraan rumah tangga peternak di Indonesia.
, Miskiyah Miskiyah, Juniawati Juniawati
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
Gelatin merupakan produk turunan protein yang diperoleh dari hidrolisis kolagen hewan yang terkandung dalam tulang dan kulit yang dapat diekstraksi melalui proses asam dan basa. Pemanfaatan gelatin sudah sangat luas dan menjadi bagian dalam lifestyle masyarakat Indonesia. Untuk mengurangi ketergantungan impor gelatin, diperlukan solusi alternatif produksi gelatin halal dari kulit sapi. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mempelajari sifat fisik dan kimia gelatin kulit sapi yang selanjutnya dibandingkan dengan sifat gelatin komersial yang distandarkan SNI. Rancangan penelitian yang akan digunakan adalah Rancangan acak lengkap dengan perlakuan bahan pelarut untuk ekstraksi (HCl 1%, CH3COOH 1%, NaOH 1%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gelatin kulit sapi yang diproduksi menggunakan pelarut HCl 1 % menghasilkan rendemen yang tinggi (23,5%) dan karakteristik yang sesuai dengan SNI (kadar air 9,11%, kadar abu 2,34%, kadar lemak 0,47%, kadar protein 93,65%, pH 3,49, kadar Cu 3,52 ppm, kadar Zn 12,45 ppm, kadar As 0,005 ppm, kadar sulfit 0,00002 ppm, viskositas 8,5 cP dan kekuatan gel 67,67 bloom)
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
ABSTRAKPermintaan kulit yang bermutu semakin meningkat tetapi ketersediaannya semakin menurun. Teknologi pasca penyamakan (finishing) merupakan hal yang dapat dilakukan untuk menutupi kerusakan kulit. Salah satu bahan finishing kulit yang dapat digunakan untuk menutupi cacat kulit adalah pigmen. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan jumlah pigmen pada lapisan dasar terhadap sifat fisik kulit tersamak. Kulit sapi yang sudah disamak ulang diberi perlakuan finishing dengan variasi pigmen 7,5; 10; 12,5; 15; dan 17,5% pada lapisan dasar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pigmen berpengaruh pada penyerapan air selama dua jam dan ketebalan lapisan finishing. Formulasi dengan berbagai variasi pigmen dalam penelitian ini memenuhi standard SNI 0234: 2009 Kulit Bagian Atas Alas Kaki-Kulit Boks dan ISO 20879: 2007 Footwear performance requirements for footwear-upper dari segi ketahanan gosok cat (kering dan basah), penyerapan air (2 dan 24 jam), dan permeabilitas uap air..(Kata kunci: “finishing, kulit sapi, pigmen, permeabilitas uap air”) ABSTRACTThe demand of high quality leather was increasing, but it’s availability was decrease. Finishing was technology to upgrade the quality of leather. Pigment was one of the materials for finishing leather that can correcting grain. The aim of this research was to determine the best variation in addition of pigment as base coat on leather physical properties. Retanned cow leather was finished with 7,5; 10; 12,5; 15; and 17,5% of pigment as base coat. This study revealed pigment, as one of basecoat material, affected not only water absorption for two hous but also leather coating thickness. Finishing formulation used to finish leather, with pigment included, was met the requirements of SNI 0234: 2009 Kulit Bagian Atas Alas Kaki-Kulit Boks dan ISO 20879: 2007 Footwear performance requirements for footwear-upper for rub fastness (wet and dry), water absorption (2 and 24 hours), and water vapour permeability. (Keywords: “finishing, cow leather, pigment, water vapour permeability”)
Musram Abadi, Sitti Aida Adha Taridala, La Ode Nafiu
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis kelayakan finansial, dan menganalisis proyeksi permintaan telur agribisnis peternakan ayam ras petelur pada perusahaan CV. Bintani Poultry Shop Kendari. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Januari 2012 sampai dengan Februari 2012. Variabel penelitian adalah (a) biaya investasi; (b) biaya tetap; (c) biaya variabel; (d) penerimaan; dan (e) pendapatan;. Data penelitian dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis pendapatan (Pd), Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate Of Return (IRR), Net Benefit Cost Ratio (NBCR), analisis kepekaan (Sensitivity Analysis), Break Event Point (BEP) dan Payback Period (PBP). Hasil penelitiantentang evaluasi kelayakan investasi dilihat dari aspek finansial, diketahui usaha peternakan ayam ras petelur CV. Bintani Poultry Shop Kendari adalah layak untuk dikembangkan. Nilai NPV positif pada discount faktor 12% sebesar Rp. 1.610.842.868,- selama 10 tahun, IRR 38,45% (>12%), NBCR 2,23 (>1), BEP sebesar Rp. 15.333,84. Nilai PBP sebesar 3,41 atau setara dengan 3,4 tahun, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk pengembalian dana investasi cukup pendek (1 periode siklus produksi). Analisis sensitivitas pada kenaikan harga pakan sebesar 5% dan penurunan harga telur sebesar 5% secara bersamaan, NPV tetap bernilai positif sebesar Rp. 1.723.037,- dengan IRR sama dengan nilai OCC yakni sebesar 12,03% (= 12%) dan NBCR sama dengan satu yakni 1,0.
Zaenal Bachruddin
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
A The purpose of this research was to figure out the affinity value of soluble carbohydrates from pollard with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and its effect on tofu waste silage. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolates used as inoculum were commerce LAB isolates (B13-1) and yolk LAB isolates (K6-3). The selected of LAB isolates used in the tofu waste silage were tofu waste (TW) and pollard (P) with different proportion (70:30), (60:40), and (55:45). The result showed that the addition of soluble carbohydrates sources in the tofu waste silage did not affect lactic acid and pH value. However LAB addition significantly increased lactic acid (P
, Iin Ana Rizqi, La Ode Sumarlin, Tri Retno Dyah Larasati, Suharyono Suharyono
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi nilai degradabilitas substrat pakan jerami padi pada particle size yang berbeda dan perlakuan fermentasi menggunakan Aspergillus niger. Perlakuan penelitian adalah: 1) Jerami padi non fermentasi ukuran 5 cm (JP5); 2) Jerami padi non fermentasi ukuran halus (JPH); 3) Jerami padi fermentasi ukuran 5 cm (JP5F) dan 4) Jerami padi fermentasi ukuran halus (JPHF). Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) pola faktorial 2x2 dengan particle size sebagai faktor pertama dan perlakuan fermentasi sebagai faktor kedua. Pengulangan dilakukan sebanyak empat kali. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah bahwa fermentasi dengan Aspergillus niger pada jerami padi ukuran 5 cm dapat meningkatkan kandungan BK sebesar 2,06 % sedangkan pada jerami padi halus meningkat sebesar 2,55%. Ukuran Particle size halus meningkatkan kandungan BK jerami padi setelah difermentasi. Perlakuan fermentasi meningkatkan degradasi BK dan BO jerami padi pada kedua particle size. Perbedaan particle size tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap degradasi BK dan BO baik pada jerami padi halus maupun ukuran 5 cm. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa fermentasi menggunakan Aspergilus niger yang telah diiradiasi dapat meningkatkan degradasi BK dan BO jerami padi. Penggunaan paticle size yang berbeda tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap degradabilitas jerami padi secara in sacco.
Gusma Gama Maradon, , Rita Mutia, Wiwin Winarsih
Published: 30 August 2017
Buletin Peternakan, Volume 41, pp 285-297; https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i3.23026

Abstract:
This study aimed to evaluate dietary inclusion of silica+® on mineral metabolism, health status and excreta quality of broilers. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 6 replications (40 birds of each). The treatments were high nutrient diet (T1), T1 + silica+® 200 ppm (T2), low nutrient diet (T3), T3 + silica+® 200 ppm (T4), feed contain local feedstuff (rice bran) (T5), T5 + silica+® 200 ppm (T6). Parameters measured were minerals consumption, minerals retention, mineral content of the tibia, blood profile (erythrocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit, leukocytes, differentiation of leukocytes and ratio H/L) and excreta quality (pH, water content and ammonia). The results showed that using silika+® 200 ppm increased (P
, Nono Ngadiyono, Sumadi Sumadi
Published: 30 August 2017
Buletin Peternakan, Volume 41, pp 230-242; https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i3.13618

Abstract:
Kabupaten Kebumen merupakan salah satu sentra peternakan sapi potong di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Pemeliharaan ternak sapi potong pada peternakan rakyat didominasi oleh sapi lokal, khususnya sapi Peranakan Ongole (PO). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk Mengetahui dinamika populasi, output dan penampilan reproduksi sapi PO di Kabupaten Kebumen, Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini dilakukan dari bulan September hingga Desember 2015. Materi penelitian ini terdiri dari 1.261 peternak dan 3.112 ekor sapi PO yang berasal dari enam kecamatan di wilayah Urut Sewu, Kabupaten Kebumen. Penelitian bersifat analisis deskriptif dengan metode survey. Penampilan reproduksi induk sapi PO di Kebumen adalah baik dan efisien, yaitu ditunjukkan dengan days open 4,37±0,64 bulan, S/C 1,97±0,20, interval kelahiran 14,17±0,67 bulan, dan nilai efisiensi reproduksi (ER) 97,25%. Nilai natural increase (NI) pada penelitian ini yaitu sebesar 40,78%. Kemudian nilai net replacement rate (NRR) sapi PO jantan dan betina masing-masing sebesar 794,70% dan 307,41%. Hasil estimasi output sapi PO 40,08% dari populasi, estimasi dinamika populasi sapi PO tahun 2015 sampai 2019 akan meningkat 2.181 ekor atau 2,70% per tahun. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, dapat disimpulkan bahwa Kabupaten Kebumen layak untuk dijadikan sentra pembibitan sapi PO dan penampilan reproduksi sapi PO di Kabupaten Kebumen masih dapat ditingkatkan dengan menerapkan manajemen pemeliharaan yang lebih baik.
, Any Suryantini, Jamhari Jamhari, Nafly Comilo Tiven
Published: 30 August 2017
Buletin Peternakan, Volume 41, pp 365-370; https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i3.16969

Abstract:
INTISARI Pembangunan suatu daerah sering ditemui adanya suatu ketimpangan prioritas pembangunan. Ketimpangan ini disebabkan tidak tepatnya penentuan prioritas sektor ekonomi yang akan dikembangkan akibat adanya persaingan prioritas kebijakan dalam suatu wilayah/daerah. Persaingan subsektor dalam suatu daerah dapat dilihat dari kontribusi pendapatannya pada PDRB dan Net ekspor-impor serta pengukuran keunggulan sektor/subsektor tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persaingan subsektor peternakan dengan sub sektor-subsektor pertanian lainnya di Provinsi Maluku. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Analisis Input-Output; data diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Maluku Tahun 2013. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan Persaingan subsektor peternakan di Provinsi Maluku belum mampu bersaing dengan subsektor pertanian lainnya; hal ini terlihat dari kontribusi pendapatannya pada PDRB Maluku dan nilai Net Ekspor-Impornya. Dampak penyebaran subsektor peternakan bila ditinjau dari derajat kepekaan dan derajat penyebaran; subsektor peternakan berada pada kuadran pertama, artinya nilai derajat kepekaan dan derajat penyebaran lebih dari satu. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa subsektor peternakan merupakan subsektor unggulan di provinsi Maluku. Walaupun persaingan subsektor peternakan belum mampu bersaing sengan subsektor pertanian lainnya dilihat dari kontribusi pendapatan terhadap PDRB dan net ekspor-impor, namun subsektor peternakan merupakan subsektor potensial untuk dikembangkan di Provinsi Maluku. Kata kunci : (Input-Output, Persaingan, Pertanian, Subsektor Peternakan) ABSTRAK            The development of a region often encountered the existence of an inequality of development priorities. This inequality caused not exactly determinated the economy priority sectors  which will be developed as a result of the priorities competition policy in a region or area.  The subsector competition in an area can be seen from  contributions in the GDP and net revenue exports-imports as well as measurement of excellence sectors / sub-sectors. This paper is aimed to determine the competitionanimal husbandry sector with the other agricultural subsectors in the province of Maluku.The method used in this research was the Input-Output Analysis; data obtained from the Central Statistics Agency Province of Maluku in 2013. Results showed the animal husbandry subsector competitionin Maluku Province had not been able to competed with other agricultural subsectors; it can be seen from the revenued contribution in the GDP Province of Maluku and value Net revenue Export-Import. The impact of the distribution of the animal husbandry subsector when the reviewed of the degree of sensitivity and the degree of distribution; the animal husbandry subsector were in the first quadrant, that meaning the value of the degree of sensitivity and the degree of distribution were more than one. This showed that the animal husbandrysubsector were a superior subsector in Province of Maluku. Although the animal husbandry subsector competition had not been able to compete with other agricultural subsector viewed on the contribution to the GDP and net revenue import-export, but the animal husbandrysubsectorwas a potential sub-sectors to be developed in the Province of Maluku.Keyword : (Agriculture, Animal Husbandry Subsector, Competition, Input-Output)
, Yuny Erwanto, Yudi Pranoto, Rusman Rusman
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
This study examined the characteristics of the edible film mixture gelatin bovine split hide and soy protein isolate, cross-linked using transglutaminase enzyme with addition level of glycerol as a plasticizer.The material used gelatin combination (Gelatin bovine split hide: soy proteinisolate = 90: 10 with 30 Utransglutaminase enzyme levels ), and glycerol. Data were analyzed using completely randomized design each treatment was replicated thrice of glycerol as a treatment level ( 10%, 20% dan 30%). The results showed that the glycerol level significantly affected the thickness, elongation, solubility, degree of cross-linking and WVTR, but not the tensile strength.The addition of glycerol causing the film becomes more elastic and the surface is more homogeneous and compact. Increasing the level to 30% glycerol affects the mechanical properties of an edible film.
Supriadi Supriadi, Ali Agus, Muhadjir Darwin, Rijanta Rijanta, Ambar Pertiwiningrum
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
Integrated farm is a model for the management of local resources’ potential by integrating livestock and crops into eco-friendly farming (zero waste). It can be the answer for the country’s basic needs of food that is still dependent on imports. Most of the habitants of Argorejo and Argosari village work as farmers and ranchers. Although the formal education of rural people is still low due to low income, the average member of activities to get information, knowledge and management skills in agribusiness sectors to understand the practical, economical, and effective ways in business development. It facilitates adoption of innovation and the process of information absorption. Adoption of innovation is a process of mental or behavioral changes in the form of knowledge (cognitive), attitudes (affective), and skills (psychomotor) since one recognizes the innovation until one decides to adopt it after receiving it. This is qualitative research, with research material in the form of members of agribusiness activities in the intervention program called Mandiri Bersama Mandiri. The method used is descriptive analysis. The data is collected by interview, observation, and records related to the activities of the group. The result of Classification Analysis with Adopter type shows that 7 of the 8 groups in the facilitation of innovation adoption of integrated farms have: 6.7% to 14.3% innovator; 8.3% to 18.2% early adopter; and the rest is 71.4% to 77.8% early majority. One group has no innovator and up to 50% early adopter. The innovators of Mandiri Bersama Mandiri program include the most influential people that have important positions, such as group leaders, village officials, or persons who have knowledge. It indicates that the potential success of the intervention program is located on the adopter type that exists in each member, absorption of new innovations adoption, and succeed in the community empowerment program.
, Ridho Kurniawan Rusli, , Toto Toharmat, Jakaria Jakaria
Published: 30 August 2017
Abstract:
This research aimed to study long-term addition natural herbal: mangosteen pericarp meal and non-herbal: vitamin E in the diet on digestive organs, accessory organs, reproductive organs, and carcass of laying hens. A total of 160 laying hens of Lohman strains (24-wk-old) the observation was conducted for 11 weeks. Designs used area completely randomized design with four treatments and four replications (10 birds each). The treatments consisted of R0 (control diet), R1 (R0 + 1 g MPM/kg ration), R2 (R0 + 2 g MPM/kg ration) and R3 (R0 + 200 mg VE/kg ration). The variabel observation were digestive organs (percentage of crop, heart, gizzard, spleen, kidney, small intestine), accesory organs (percentage of liver and bile), reproductive organs, body weight and carcass of laying hens. The results showed that all of treatments (RO, R1, R2, and R3)  did not affect (P>0.05) internal organs (percentage of crop, heart, gizzard, spleen, kidney, small intestine), accesory organs (percentage of liver and bile), reproductive organs, body weight and carcass of laying hens. In conclusion,long-term addition of mangosteen pericarp meal 1-2 g/kg ration and vitamin E 200 mg/kg in the diet no adversed effect on digestive organs, accesory organs, reproductive organs, body weight and carcass of laying hens.
, Ferry Poernama, Chusnul Hanim, Nanung Danar Dono
Published: 30 August 2017
Buletin Peternakan, Volume 41, pp 243-249; https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i3.10755

Abstract:
This study was aimed to determine the effects of protease supplementation in diets with agricultural-livestock by products on the growth performance in broiler chickens. The commercial protease used in current study was produced by Bacillus licheniformis which based on keratinase. The treatment diets were a control basal diet without agricultural-livestock by-products and protease supplementation (P1); P1 + 0.05% protease; basal diet with meat bone meal (MBM) and distiller’s dried grain with soluble (DDGS) suppementation (P3); P3 + 0.05% protease (P4); basal diet with hydrolized chicken feather meal (HCFM) and DDGS supplementation (P5); P5 + 0.05% protease. The obtained data were statistically analyzed using Complete Randomized Design, and analyzed subsequently by Orthogonal Contrats Test. Results showed that protease supplementation in the diets containing agricultural-livestock by-products did not affect growth performance of broiler chickens in starter phase and overall age phase. However, in diets containing MBM, protease supplementation reduced the nett gain and feed conversion ratio (FCR) in finisher phase (P
, Rochijan Rochijan, Budi Guntoro, Budi Prasetyo Widyobroto, Indratiningsih Indratiningsih, Nafiatul Umami
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to analyze the performance of milk production, total milk revenue and reproduction indicators of Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows maintained under smallholder’s management system of 122 cows in DIY Province and 345 cows in East Java Province, Indonesia. The study was conducted with survey method and direct observation. A total of 180 Friesian Holstein Crossbred farmers (90 farmers were in DIY and another 90 farmers were from East Java Province) was randomly selected and interviewed used structured questionnaire to assess the milk production, total milk revenue and indicators of reproduction of Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows. The result of the study showed that the average mature equivalent of milk production was 3,810.21±920.10 L/lactation in DIY and 3,717.79±818.44 L/lactation in East Java Province, and the total milk revenue was 12,401,917.87±2.48 IDR per lactation in DIY and 14,647,217.80±3.05 IDR per lactation in East Java Province; day to first mating (postpartum mating), services per conception and days open were 62.34±29.24 days, 2.60±1.32 and 88.58±34.43 days in DIY and 60.62±23.07 days, 2.46±1.26 and 88.67±28.86 days in East Java Province. Based on total milk revenue, the conclusion of this study was Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows maintained under smallholder’s management system in East Java Province better than those in Yogyakarta province (DIY). The mature equivalent of milk production and reproduction indicators of dairy cows (postpartum mating, service per conception and days open) from both provinces showed no significant differences and the value of each parameter reproduction indicators is still within the normal range.
, Andri Haryono Awalokta Kusuma, Rusman Rusman
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
The aim of this research was to determine the effect of breed, age, and sex PO, SIMPO, and LIMPO’s cattles on physical and chemical quality also fatty acid’s profile. The sample were 180 cattles and this samples were divided into 3 groups, each group contain 3 different breeds (PO, LIMPO, and SIMPO). Every breeds divided into 2 subgroups based on sex and on age (1.5-2.0 years old; 2.5-3.0 years old; and more than 4.0 years old). Data were collected for slaughter’s weight, carcass’s weight, carcass’s percentage, and physical also chemical quality of Longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle. Data were analized using a complete randomized design (CRD) with factorial design: 3X3X2 factorials and subsequently continued with Duncan’s new multiple range test. The results showed that breed and age had very significant differences (P<0.01) on slaughter’s weight, carcass’s weight, and carcass’s percentage. Sex of PO, SIMPO, LIMPO had significant differences (P<0.05) on slaughter’s weight and carcass’s weight. Chemical quality of meat showed that age and sex had significant differences (P<0.05) on moisture and fat contents. The conclusion was breed of LIMPO produced more carcass than PO and LIMPO but PO had better chemical quality than SIMPO and LIMPO.
, Iwan Herdiawan
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
The research objective was to obtain information about the knowledge of farmers towards Chloris gayana grass and economic feasibility of buffalo farming and farmer level as a first step for further activities. The study was conducted in the village Mekarsari Cibadak Subdistrict Lebak District of Banten Province, with a survey method in 2016, using questionaire and interviews to 20 farmers. Primary data were obtained from the farmer and secondary data obtained from the local Office. The collected data were tabulated and analyzed descriptively, quantitatively and economically. In male buffalo rearing, farmer’s profit was able to reach Rp3.170.000,-/head, with B/C ratio was 1.06. While buffalo cow-calf operation gave profit as Rp4.630.000,-/head, with B/C ratio was 1.06. It seems that keeping buffalo to produce meat was more porfitable compared to cow-calf operation. It resulted the development of bufallo in Kampung Curug Mekar Sari village Cibadak District of Lebak, Banten was slow. Planting Chloris gayana grass can support farmer and increase the economic scale of buffalo farmers.
, Sudi Nurtini, Rini Widiati, Suci Paramitasari Syahlani, Tri Anggraeni Kusumastuti
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
Food consumption pattern in Indonesia has change. Consumption of animal protein food is increasing as income increase. Animal protein foods are come from fish products and livestock products. The aim of this study is to analyze household decision on animal protein food consumption based on socioeconomics determinant of the households. Household expenditure data were used in this study. Discrete choice model is used to measure household decision in consuming these foods. Socioeconomics determinants are measured by Binary Logistic regression to know the influence of these to the household’s decision. Marginal effect value from binary logistic regression analysis showed that households tend to increase consuming animal protein food from livestock products varies from 0.5 to 6.09 times associated to socioeconomic factors of the households. Further research need to analyze nutritional status of the household’s members.
Monica Sonia Indri Pradipta, Sri Harimurti, Widodo Hadisaputro
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of microencapsulation of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) probiotic isolated from chickens’ gastrointestinal tract on Salmonella enterica serotype enteritidis ATCC 13076 and Escherichia coli EPEC. Probiotic of LAB used were Streptococcus thermophilus strain Kp-2, Lactobacillus murinus strain Ar-3, and Pediococcus acidilactici strain Kd-6. Microencapsulation were conducted by spray drying with inlet/outlet temperatures of 160/80°C using maltodextrin and skim milk powder (20% w/v) as coating materials. Competitive exclusion test was conducted in vitro using well diffusion method. Variable measured in this study was the clear zone observed. The data of clear zone among treatments were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) one way followed by Duncan multiple range test (DMRT); except the data of clear zone resulted by probiotic before and after microencapsulation that was analyzed using t-test. The result showed that the ability of each strain against pathogen was decreased after being encapsulated. S. thermophilus before and after microencapsulation had the same antagonistic ability against E. coli and S. enteritidis (P>0.05). Microencapsulation process with spray drying method decreased antagonistic ability of probiotic against pathogenic bacteria both in single and multi strain.
Agustin Pratiwi, Supadmo Supadmo, Andriyani Astuti,
Published: 30 May 2017
Buletin Peternakan, Volume 41, pp 119-125; https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.16966

Abstract:
This study was aimed to observe the growth performance and carcass production of male Rex rabbits fed with corn oil supplementation. Twenty four head of rabbits with 1.362±260 g initial body weight were randomly divided into four groups e.g. R0 (control), R1 (supplemented with 2% of corn oil supplementation), R2 (supplemented with 4% of corn oil supplementation), and R3 (supplemented with 6% of corn oil supplementation). Feed and water were offered ad libitum. The animals were raised for 56 days prior to slaughtering. The collected data was analyzed using one way analysis of variance and followed with least significant different analysis. Dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF), and total digestible nutrient (TDN) intake of R3 was lower (P<0.05) than R0, R1, and R2. There were no significant differences among groups in average daily gain, feed convertion ratio, carcass percentage and meat bone ratio. It is concluded that supplementation of corn oil in the diet had no effect on growth performance and carcass production of Rex rabbits.
Purwaningsih Purwaningsih, Tri Anggraeni Kusumastuti, Bambang Sumiarto
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
This research was aimed to identify the financial feasibility of parasitiasis treatment for calves in the small holder breeding farm in Piji Subdistrict, Podosoko Village, Magelang Regency. Farmer was taken purposively, considering their objective of keeping cattle (breeding). Eight calves naturally infected gastrointestinal parasites were selected based on consideration of the uniformity of the age (4 months) breeds of Limousin-PO (LimPO) male 120-125 kg of body weight. They were divided into two groups, consisting of four calves for each group (Group I without treatment and Group II with improved health management). Farmers income was calculated based on the input and output data gathered from interview. The data were compared between Group I and II. Result showed that the value of additional revenue of the calves was IDR 4,230,000 and the selling price of one head of the treated antiparasitic calf was IDR 6,047,000. The calves net benefit in Group II was IDR 142,661/head/year, while group with improved health management (Group II) achieved the net income of IDR 283,621/head/year.
, Panjono Panjono, Ali Agus, I Gede Suparta Budisatria, Budi Prasetyo Widyobroto
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
This research was conducted to determine growth performance of SO beef catlle fed rice straw added with concentrate with different levels of RUP, RUP used was soybean meal protected with 0.8% formaldehyde. Thirty six SO bull were divided into two groups at random, group that fed low and high RUP. Feed in the form of rice straw and concentrate with a ratio of 30:70 in dry matter (DM). Cattle fed low RUP get concentrate containing DM 91.22%, crude protein (CP) 19.38%, RUP 33.05%, and TDN 51.71%, whereas cattle fed high RUP get a concentrate with DM 91.13%, CP 19.40%, RUP 41.13%, and TDN 51.57%. Water was given unlimited. The nutrient intake and growth performance parameters analyzed using independent sample t-test, average daily gain was analyzed by ANCOVA with initial body weight as covariates. Intake RDP and RUP had significant effect (P
, Ferry Poernama, Zuprizal Zuprizal, Nanung Danar Dono
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
This study was aimed to observe the requirements of non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) with phytase supplementation in starter phase broiler. A total number of 1000 broiler (500 males and 500 females) were divided into 5 dietary treatments for 21 days rearing period. The treatment diets (P1-P5) were basal diets with 0.67% Calcium (Ca) and 60 FTU phytase that combined with NPP at different levels, i.e.: 0.420% (P1); 0.345% (P2); 0.270% (P3); 0.195% (P4); 0.120% (P5). The basal diet was a corn-soybean based diet that contained 0.097% Ca and 0.124% Phosphorus (P). The data were subjected to a one-way ANOVA using complete randomized design. Response variables that observed in current study were: feed intake, nett gain, feed convertion ratio, average body weight, mortality and toe ash. Measurement of responses due to the reduction of NPP supplementation on average body weight and toe ash were then followed subsequently by generating equation for quadratic curve y = ax2+bx+c to determinate the NPP requirement. Determination of the maximum response was done through ymaks = -b/2a. Results showed that based on average body weight, estimation of NPP requirement with phytase supplementation were 0.317% for the 0-10 days; 0.314% for the 11-21 days; and 0.315% for the the 0-21 days rearing periods. Based on toe ash content, estimation of NPP requirement with phytase supplementation was 0.990% (toe) for the 21 days rearing period. This study was aimed to observe the requirements of non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) with phytase supplementation in starter phase broiler. A total number of 1000 broiler (500 males and 500 females) were divided into 5 dietary treatments for 21 days rearing period. The treatment diets (P1-P5) were basal diets with 0.67% Calcium (Ca) and 60 FTU phytase that combined with NPP at different levels, i.e.: 0.420% (P1); 0.345% (P2); 0.270% (P3); 0.195% (P4); 0.120% (P5). The basal diet was a corn-soybean based diet that contained 0.097% Ca and 0.124% Phosphorus (P). The data were subjected to a one-way ANOVA using complete randomized design. Response variables that observed in current study were: feed intake, nett gain, feed convertion ratio, average body weight, mortality and toe ash. Measurement of responses due to the reduction of NPP supplementation on average body weight and toe ash were then followed subsequently by generating equation for quadratic curve y = ax2+bx+c to determinate the NPP requirement. Determination of the maximum response was done through ymaks = -b/2a. Results showed that based on average body weight, estimation of NPP requirement with phytase supplementation were 0.317% for the 0-10 days; 0.314% for the 11-21 days; and 0.315% for the the 0-21 days rearing periods. Based on toe ash content, estimation of NPP requirement with phytase supplementation was 0.990% (toe) for the 21 days rearing period.
Arif Darmawan, Sumiati Sumiati, Widya Hermana
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
Vitamin E and zinc are necessary for preventing free radical damage to phospholipid membranes, enzymes and other important molecules. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary vitamin E and zinc levels on performance and lipid oxidation in fresh and stored eggs of laying duck. A total of 90 of 22 weeks old ducks were randomly divided into 15 experimental units by assigning a completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment diets were R1 (control diet), R2 (R1+40 IU vitamin E), R3 (R1+80 IU vitamin E), R4 (R1+100 ppm organic zinc), and R5 (R1+200 ppm organic zinc).The experiment was carried out for 8 wk. Parameters observed were feed intake, egg production, egg weight, feed conversion ratio, and Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) value. The results showed that increasing of vitamin E from 40 IU to 80 IU and zinc from 100 ppm to 200 ppm did not affect feed intake and egg weight. Otherwise, the dietary Vitamin E and organic zinc significantly decreased (P
, Ali Agus, Bambang Irawan, Habibah Habibah, Nur Faizah, Kharisma Julia Wulandari
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
A limited survey was conducted to determine aflatoxins contaminations in feed and products of Alabio duck. A total of 271 feed samples, 48 liver sample, 42 meat samples, and 38 egg samples were analyzed for determination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) using Enzyme-Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) tests. Results showed high prevalence of AFB1 contamination in feed sample, especially in feed concentrate, dried fish, and rice hulls (100%). AFB1 concentrations were higher than tolerable limit for AFB1 in feed for laying duck according to Indonesia National Standard (SNI), being 20 ppb, except for sago pit. This survey also showed high prevalence and levels of aflatoxin residues in the products of Alabio duck. AFB1 was found in all liver samples, with concentrations ranging from 4 to 12 ppb (average: 7 ppb). AFM1 was found in all of liver, meat, and egg samples. The highest level of AMF1 was found in liver which was ranging from 105 to 1,215 ppt (average: 304 ppt). High level of AFM1 was also found in meat, namely between 71 to 128 ppt (averaged: 91 ppt). Although found at low level, AFM1 was detected in egg, which was ranging from 10 to 36 ppt (average: 19 ppt). This survey showed high contaminations of aflatoxins in the liver, meat and egg of Alabio duck collected from the area of survey and their concentrations of aflatoxins were harmful for the consumer.
Juniawati Juniawati, Miskiyah Miskiyah, Widaningrum Widaningrum
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
Using natural preservative is a choice amid fears consumers to use a chemical preservative in food products including fresh meat. Acetic acid can be used as a preservative because of its ability to inhibit the growth of microbes. However, a strong smell and taste of the synthetic acetic acid limit its use in food products. This research aims to determine the ability of acetic acid from banana peel vinegar and coconut water vinegar to inhibit the growth of Salmonella typhimurium in fresh meat. The study was conducted at two storage temperature are room temperature and temperature of 5-7°C where at each temperature is designed using completely randomized design with acid treatments (vinegar banana peel vinegar, coconut water vinegar, acetic acid and lactic acid commercial) and repeated in triplicates. Sample 75 g that has been treated with acid soaking, inoculated with Salmonella, allowed until 20 minutes, packed and put at room temperature and refrigerated temperature.The result showed that banana peel vinegar is the most effective for reducing Salmonella typhimurium than coconut water vinegar, commercial acetic acid, and commercial lactic acid up to 24 hours at room temperature. Coconut water vinegar is the most effective for reducing Salmonella typhimurium up to 12 days of storage at temperature 5-7°C.
, Roni Ridwan, Yantyati Widyastuti
Published: 30 May 2017
Buletin Peternakan, Volume 41, pp 156-162; https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.15513

Abstract:
West Nusa Tenggara province is one potential area for farming of cattle and has been chosen as location for developing a Technopark in Banyumulek. Forage preservation as silage is a program to support the sustainability of forage for beef cattle. Silage was made using whole corn crop and additives of rice bran and Lactobacillus plantarum 1A-2 as inoculum under a block randomized design. Three treatments were given and 10 replications of each month. Evaluation of silage quality, based on chemical and microbiological analysis, showed that silage making during 3 months in Technopark Banyumulek is good and stable.
Allaily Allaily, , M. Aman Yaman, Agus Setiyono, Nahrowi Nahrowi
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
This study was conducted to determine how the fermented feed effect against blood profile, digestive organ and fecal ammonia of laying ducks. Feed materials were prepared according to laying ducks need as 21% crude protein, then mixed rations already given water until 45% the water content, then anaerobic fermented for 7 days. This study used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments of feed, such as: dry feed, wet feed, wet fermentation feed, and commercial dry feed. Each treatment was repeated 5 times, and each replication was consisted of four laying ducks. Laying duck were 80 heads Indramayu duck at 5 month of old. Blood observations were taken 3 times at 5 months, 6.5 months and 8 months old. Parameters measured were red blood cell (RBC), packed cell volume (PCV) = volume percentage of erythrocytes in the blood, hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cell (WBC), heterophile cell (H), lymphocytes (L), monosit (M) and the ratio of HL. Blood was taken from vena pectoralis vein under duck wings. Observation of digestive organs and fecal ammonia content was at 8 months old of duck. The results showed in pre treatment of the 5 months ducks significantly influenced the PCV and the WBC, but at 6.5 months and 8 months of treatment did not significantly affect blood profile of laying ducks. Digestive organs of liver in fermentation treatment showed significantly lower than in controls. The content of fecal ammonia were not significantly different.
Bayu Setya Hertanto, Rizky Aulia Fitra, Lilik Retna Kartikasari,
Published: 30 May 2017
Abstract:
Halal is one of important aspects in consumer protection. Meat and processed meat products are food that should be controlled strictly because those are prone to be adulterated by pork contamination. Therefore, it is necessary to provide detection technique which is accurate, fast and cheap. The objective of this research was to identify the presence of impurities of pork meat on raw chicken meat using gene Cyt-b with duplex-PCR analysis. This research used six samples of raw chicken meat and raw pork. Raw chicken meat was bought from supermarkets in the city of Surakarta and raw pork was obtained from pig slaughterhouse. The percentage of raw pork contamination on raw chicken meat was designed as much as 1, 5, 10, and 25%, respectively. The DNA genome was isolated according to DNA isolation protocol from Genomic DNA Mini Kit. In addition, duplex-PCR was performed based on protocol of KAPA2G Fast Multiplex PCR kit. The data was descriptively analyzed by directly looking the DNA bands on the gel documentation apparatus. The result showed that specific DNA bands for chicken and pig were completely appeared on 1.5% of agarose gels. Duplex-PCR detect contamination of pork on raw meat of chicken at all contamination levels. This research proved that the duplex-PCR detect the contamination of pork until the level of 1%.
, Robert Hughes, Mark Geier, Robert Gibson
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
The objectives of the study were to examine the effect of diet high in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) on omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) and the health status of the heart. Diets were based on a commercial starter diet, with a low level of fat. The experimental diets contained two levels of ALA (2.23 and 19.37%), with the total fat content was approximately 5%. Pure or blended vegetable oils were included at a level of 2.8% in order to produce diets with the desired levels of linoleic acid (LA) and ALA. The ratio of LA to ALA of the diets was 9.75:1 for control diet and 1.37:1 for high ALA diet. Each diet was provided ad libitum for the duration of the 28-d growth period. At 28 days of age, six selected birds from each pen (12 birds per group) were weighed individually and hearts were collected for analysis. A ratio of right ventricle mass (RV) to total ventricle mass (TV) was used to indicate the health status of the heart. Results showed that dietary treatment increased the level of ALA from 0.1% (control diet) to 0.5% (P
, Dedy Supriadin,
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
The objective of the experiment was to find the best administration method of betel leaf meal inlong term to prevent and to treat subclinical mastitis of lactating dairy cows. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design with four treatments and three replicationsand used twelve cows. The treatments were P0 (without betel leaf meal, as control), P1 (administration of betel leaf meal every day), P2 (administration of betel leaf meal with one week interval) and P3 (administration of betel leaf meal in 3 weeks and 1 week off). Parametersmeasured were somatic cell count, milk composition, milk production, immunoglobulin (IgG), level of glucose and triglyceride. Data were analyzed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the differences amongst treatments were examined by Duncan multiple range test. Results showed that number of somatic cells in the control (P0) increased by 17.22%, whereas P1, P2 and P3 decreased somatic cell count by 95.74, 97.17 and 89.03%, respectively.Supplementation of betel leaves did not significantly affect milk composition, IgG, glucose and triglyceride. It was concluded that supplementation of betel leaf meal with one week interval (P2) was the best method in lowering the number of somatic cells and increasing milk production without changing the composition of milk.
, Ismaya Ismaya, Sigit Bintara
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
The aim of this research was to determine the proportion, viability and motility of X and Y ram spermatozoa separated with egg white albumin. Sperm samples derived from Garut ram, which was collected by using an artificial vagina. Observations were made on spermatozoa fraction above and below each medium fraction treatment. There are treatment egg white albumin as separation medium, each medium consisting of fractions top and bottom fraction with different concentration: 1) P0 = sperma before separation (control); 2) P1 = 10% above fraction + 30% lower fraction; P2 = 25% + 45%; P3 = 25% + 75%. Data proportion of X and Y, viability and motility were analyzed statistically by Completely Randomized Design patern in the direction followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test for data with a real difference. Separation with egg white albumin affect significantly increased the proportion of spermatozoa X and Y (P≤0.05), but tends to decrease the viability and motility of spermatozoa.The proportion of spermatozoa X and Y was highest in treatment P3,76.76% of spermatozoa X (fraction above 25%) and 79.81% spermatozoa Y (75% lower fraction), with an average viability obtained respectively 68,9% (fraction above) and 59,7% (bottom fraction), motility 77,5% (fraction above) dan 84,0% (bottom fraction). It was concluded that the egg white albumin is very effective in changing the proportions of X and Y ram sperm with the quality of spermatozoa after separation feasible for applications insemination or processed into frozen semen. (Keywords: Garut ram, White egg albumin, Spermatozoa X and Y)
, Bambang Suwignyo Bambang Suwignyo, Nafiatul Nafiatul
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
This study aimed to analyze the quality of chemical and chlorophyll content of alfalfa plants with lenght of irradiation and dose of dolomite on the regosol soil. The experiment was conducted implemented in Greenhouse Laboratory Forage and Pasture Faculty of Animal Sciences University of Gadjah Mada, from May to September 2015. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) 3 x 3 factorial design with two factors treatments and four replications. The first factor is the dose of dolomite (D) with 3 treatment (D0 = without dolomite, D1 = dolomite 6 t/hectare or 90 g/polybag and D2= dolomite 12 t/hectare or 180 g/polybag). The second factor is the length of irradiation (C) with 3 treatments (C0 = irradiating 12 hours, C1 = irradiating 14 hours and C2 = irradiating 16 hours). Data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance and significant results continued with Duncan test at 5% level.Parameters measured were the proximate analysis (dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, ash) and alfalfa chlorophyll content. The results showed that there was no significant interaction effect between lenght of irradiation and dose of dolomite treatment to the dry matter content, organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, ash and alfalfa chlorophyll content. The treatment lenght of irradiation are significant (P
Teguh Wahyono, Wahidin Teguh Sasongko, Maratus Sholihah, Megga Ratnasari Pikoli
Published: 27 February 2017
Buletin Peternakan, Volume 41, pp 15-25; https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i1.22450

Abstract:
Nutrien daun kelor (Moringa oleifera) dan jerami kacang hijau (Vigna radiata) sebagai hijauan pakan ternak cukup berkualitas sehingga perlu diproteksi untuk meningkatkan efektivitas penggunaannya di dalam rumen. Daun nangka mengandung total tanin sebesar 7,08%, sehingga potensial digunakansebagai bahan untuk memproteksi bahan pakan sumber protein. Studi in vitro perlu dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi penggunaan tepung daun nangka untuk meningkatkan efektivitas penggunaan hijauan berupa daun kelor dan jerami kacang hijau. Tujuan dari studi yang dilakukan adalah untuk mengetahuipengaruh penambahan tepung daun nangka terhadap nilai biologis daun kelor dan jerami kacang hijau. Evaluasi produksi metana juga dilakukan untuk mengetahui efisiensi proses fermentasi. Perlakuan penelitian adalah: 1) jerami kacang hijau; 2) jerami kacang hijau + 0,7% daun nangka; 3) jerami kacanghijau + 1 ,4% daun nangka; 4) daun kelor; 5) daun kelor + 0,7% daun nangka; 6) daun kelor + 1 ,4% daun nangka. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan pengulangan sebanyak tiga kali. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap produksi gas total (inkubasi ke-0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, dan 24 jam),konsentrasi gas metana (%), karakteristik produksi gas dan karakteristik produk fermentasi rumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan tepung daun nangka tidak berpengaruh terhadap produksi gas total, produksi gas maksimum dan laju degradasi kedua jenis hijauan pakan. Penambahan 0,7 dan1,4% tepung daun nangka dapat menurunkan konsentrasi gas metana daun kelor berturut-turut sebesar 4,93% dan 3,19%. Penambahan tepung daun nangka juga mampu meningkatkan rasio CO2:CH4 substrat jerami kacang hijau masing-masing sebesar 4,42 dan 6,49%. Tepung daun nangka juga tidakmemberikan efek negatif terhadap produk fermentasi rumen (pH, NH3, VFA total, dan degradasi bahan organik).
, Ridho Kurniawan Rusli, , Toto Toharmat, Jakaria Jakaria
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh suplementasi tepung kulit manggis (TKM) dan Vitamin E (VE) di dalam ransum ayam ras petelur terhadap kualitas fisik telur selama penyimpanan pada waktu dan suhu yang berbeda. Ayam petelur diberi perlakuan pakan yaitu : R0 (ransum kontrol), R1 (R0 +1 g TKM/Kg ransum), R2 (R0 + 2 g TKM/Kg ransum) dan R3 (R0 + 200 mg VE/Kg ransum). Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap pola faktorial 4 x 3 x 2 dengan 4 ulangan. Faktor pertama yaitu ransum, faktor kedua yaitu: waktu penyimpanan (1, 2 dan 3 minggu) dan faktor ketiga yaitu suhu penyimpanan pada refrigerator (4,13oC dan 22,50%) dan suhu ruang (27, 47oC dan 76,17%). Variabel yang diamati adalah: berat telur, persentase kerabang telur, persentase kuning telur, persentase putih telur, tebal kerabang, warna kuning telur dan Haught unit (HU). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa interaksi antara ransum, waktu dan suhu selama penyimpanan sangat nyata (P
, Lukman Mohammad Baga, Rita Nurmalina
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to analyze the competitiveness on beef cattle fattening small scale business in Bojonegoro. Data processing quantitative methods using PAM (Policy Analysis Matrix). Analysis of competitiveness calculated by the approach of comparative advantage (Domestic Resources Cost Ratio) and competitive advantage (Private Cost Ratio), based on the results of the research value of the DRC and PCR respectively 1,04 and 1,05, this result shows that fattening beef cattle in Bojonegoro not competitive. Policy implications that can be applied in order fattening beef cattle in Bojonegoro competitiveness is to increase ADBW (Added Daily Body Weight) amounted to 17,33 percent, equivalent to 0,11 kg per day from the previous ADBW 0,55 kg per day, one attempts to do is the provision of input quality feed and concentrates, as well as the necessary counseling to farmers about the importance of quality feed and to improve the ability of farmers needed training and assistance from the Government of Bojonegoro.
Atit Kanti
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
Penambahan enzim hidrolisis untuk pakan ternak dapat meningkatkan nilai nutrisi pakan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan kondisi optimal untuk produksi enzim amilase dan fitase pada media ampas tahu menggunakan Aspergilus niger, Rhizophus oryzae dan Neurospora sitophila. Uji kemampuan produksi enzim fitase dan amilase oleh Aspergilus niger, Rhizophus oryzae dan Neurospora sitophila dilakukan menggunakan media ampas tahu yang disterilisasi. Pemilihan ketiga isolat ini diawali dengan uji produksi enzim amilase pada kultur cair yang mengandung 2 % pati, dan uji fitase dilakukan pada media yang mengandung 0.5 % sodium fitat. Hasil uji pada medium cair selanjutnya digunakan untuk uji produksi enzim fitase dan fitase pada sistem fermentasi padat (SSF) menggunakan ampas tahu sebagai media fermentasi. Untuk mendapatkan produksi enzim yang tinggi dilakukan melalui optimasi waktu inkubasi, suhu inkubasi dan pH media. Fitase dan amilase dapat diproduksi dengan media ampas tahu oleh R. oryzae,A. niger dan N. sitophila. Kondisi optimum untuk produksi fitase, yaitu waktu inkubasi pada hari keempat untuk ketiga kapang, suhu 25 °C untuk R. oryzae dan A. niger, suhu 30°C untuk N. sitophila, pH 8 untuk R. oryzae, pH 6 untuk Aspergillus niger dan N. Sitophila. Neurospora sitophila menghasilkan amilase optimum pada suhu 35°C, sedangkan Aspergillus niger dan Rhizopus oryzae optimum pada suhu 30°C. Penurunan aktivitas produksi amilase menurun oleh R. oryzae pada suhu 40°C. Amilase diproduksi optimal pada pH 6-7. Pakan ternak yang mengandung asam fitat mampu dihidrolisis oleh fitase pada kondisi optimum. Ketiga kapang juga menghasilkan enzim amilase pada media ampas tahu mengindikasikan bahwa ampas tahu merupakan susbtrat yang baik untuk produksi enzim hidrolisis yang berguna untuk meningkatkan nilai nutrisi pakan ternak. (Kata kunci: Amilase, Aspergilus niger, Neurospora sitophila, phytase, Rhizophus oryzae )
, Yesi Chwenta Sari, Roni Ridwan, Didid Diapari, Erika Budiarti Laconi
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of different drying temperature on chemical composition, in vitro rumen fermentation and digestibility of soybean and redbean. Soybean and redbean were dried in an oven set at four different drying temperatures, i.e. 50, 60, 70 and 80 oC for 24 h in three replicates. Dried samples were then milled and used further for chemical composition determination (proximate analysis, Van Soest analysis and protein fraction) and in vitro rumen fermentation assay. Parameters measured in the in vitro assay were gas production, digestibility, pH, ammonia and volatile fatty acids (VFA). Data obtained were analyzed by using analysis of variance and a posthoc test namely Duncan’s multiple range test. Results revealed that neutral detergent insoluble crude protein (NDICP) content increased at higher drying temperature (70 or 80 oC) for both soybean and redbean (P
Siti Andarwati, R Rijanta, Rini Widiati, Yanin Opatpatanakit
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
This study aims to analyzed the strategies of dairy farmers in disaster prone areas (DPA) in the southern slopes of Merapi for sustaining livelihood after the eruption of Merapi volcano in 2010. Research conducted by the Survey method. Sampling was done by using the Census methods, consists of 84 dairy farmers in DPA III (Kaliadem hamlet) and 50 dairy farmers in DPA II (Gondang Wetan hamlet). Both hamlets were including Cangkringan district To find out the farmers strategies used descriptive method, that was to gather as much information related to their livelihood, covers three important aspects: assets (livelihood resources), access and activity. Statistical analysis that used for classification of livelihood strategies was Factor Analysis with SPSS 18. The results showed, there were nine strategy chosen by the dairy farmers for sustaining livelihoods in order to ensure sustainable livelihoods: The combination of financial, physical asset and natural resources utilization, as well as maintained dairy farm; The combination of physical and social capital utilization, social access and business diversification; Utilization of social access; Utilization of social help and mutual access, Utilization of liquid assets and social capital; The combination of psychological factors with utilization of financial & social access; Utilization of financial assets and access with the use of pause time; Utilization of social capital; and Farm diversification. The combination of financial, physical asset and natural resources utilization, as well as maintained dairy farm was the most of dominant strategy chosen by the farmers, with the greatest cumulative value (27.645%). Psychological variable (sense of security) was to be the new finding in the theory of sustainable livelihood strategies. Social capital was the variable that dominated the basic options of sustainable livelihood strategy of dairy farmers after the eruption of Merapi in 2010.
, Yantyati Widyastuti, Ristianto Utomo, Lies Mira Yusiati,
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
This study was conducted to determine effectiveness of inoculants consisted of lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum (Lp) and yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sc) combined with addition of rice bran on the physico-chemical characteristics and palatability of king grass (Pennisetum hybrid) silage. The experiment was arranged on the factorial randomized design (3x3) consisting of the inoculants treatments (control, Lp, Lp+Sc) and the addition level of rice bran (0, 5 and 10%). The measured variables were physico-chemical characteristics i.e. colour, odour, pH, lactic acid, Fleigh points, and palatability of silage. Inoculation of Lp and Lp+Sc improved silage odour and reduced fungal contamination. Silage was treated by Lp+Sc and rice bran (5-10%) showed reduction of pH and an increase of lactic acid and Fleigh points. However, interaction between inoculants and rice bran treatment was not significance. Either inoculation or addition of rice bran tended to enhance the palatability of silage in cattle. It concluded that the addition of inoculants L. plantarum and S. cerevisiae with/without addition of 5-10% rice bran could improve the physico-chemical characteristics of silage and its palatability to ruminant.
Edi Suryanto, Bulkaini Bulkaini, Soeparno Soeparno, I Wayan Karda
Published: 27 February 2017
Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas karkas, marbling dan kandungan kolesteroldaging serta komponen non karkas sapi Bali Jantan yang diberi pakan mengandung kulit buah kakao (KBK)fermentasi. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 8 ekor sapi Bali jantan berumur 1,5-2 tahundan berat badan 162,52±13,51 kg. Sapi Bali dibagi secara acak ke dalam 2 kelompok perlakuan pakan.Kelompok I diberi pakan yang mengandung 30% konsentrat komersial dan 70% jerami jagung, sedangkankelompok II diberi pakan yang mengandung 30% konsentrat (15% KBK fermentasi bioplus dan 15%konsentrat komersial) dan 70% jerami jagung. Sapi digemukkan selama 2 bulan dan dipotong pada akhirperlakuan pakan serta dianalisis kualitas karkas, marbling dan kandungan kolesterol daging dan komponennon karkasnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan pakan tidak memberikan perbedaan yangnyata pada kualitas karkas, marbling dan kandungan kolesterol serta komponen non karkas sapi Bali.Persentase karkas, tebal lemak punggung, rib eye area dan indeks perdagingan sapi Bali kelompok Iberturut-turut adalah 54,76%, 2,80 mm, 61,79 cm2, 0,94%, sedangkan kelompok II berturut-turut adalah53,77%, 2,68 mm, 61 ,01 cm2, 0,91 %. Tingkat marbling dan kadar kolesterol sapi Bali kelompok I berturutturut adalah 3,91 % dan 85,00 mg/100g dan kelompok II berturut-turut adalah 3,43% dan 76,75 mg/100g.Kesimpulan hasil penelitian adalah bahwa kulit buah kakao yang difermentasi dengan bioplus dapatdigunakan untuk mensubstitusi penggunaan konsentrat komersial padapakan sapi Bali dan menghasilkankualitas karkas dan marbling daging sapi Bali yang tidak berbeda dengan sapi Bali yang mendapat pakankontrol.
, Yelly Magdalena Mulik, Iwan Prihantoro, Marthen Luther Mullik
Published: 3 November 2016
Abstract:
This study was aimed to assess the effect of the addition of putak  meal (as a source of carbohydrates) and rumen content (as a source of enzymes) in the making of C. odorata silage to the total content of tannins and nutrient content of C. odorata silage. The treatments were: CO (C. odorata), COP (C. odorata + 10% of putak meal), COPR5 (C. odorata + 10% of putak meal + 5% of rumen content), and COPR10 (C. odorata + 10% of putak meal + 10% of rumen content). The experimental design used was Completely Randomized Design, with 4 x 2 factorial patterns. The first factor was the treatment (CO, COP, COPR4, COPR10) and the second factor is the silage fermentation time (0 days and 21 days). Each treatment was replicated 4 times. The variables measured were concentration of total tannin content and nutrient content. The results showed that the addition of (10% of putak meal and 10% of rumen content) decrease total tannins of the silage by 15.50%. The nutrient content (OM and OP) increased by 3.45% and 41.81% respectively as well as a decline in crude fiber 3% when compared to the silage without additives. Fermentation time of C.odorata silage for 21 days produced the best quality silage fermentation time compared to 0 days.
, Osfar Sjofjan, Irfan Hadji Djunaidi
Published: 3 November 2016
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Moringa leaf meal (Moringa oleifera) in feed on production performance and egg quality of laying hens. The materials used 120 laying hens of Isa Brown breed in 38 to 42 weeks age. The method used an experimental trial by Moringa oleifera addition in the basal feed. The experiment were devided into four groups i.e. without Moringa oleifera as control (P0), with Moringa oleifera 0.5% (P1), 1% (P2), 1.5% (P3) and 2% (P4). Variables observed were the appearance of egg production and quality. The data was analyzed by Completely Randomized one way design. The mean differences were calculated by the Duncan Multiple Range Test. The results showed that administration of Moringa leaf powder can increase the production and quality of eggs in laying hens. Addition of 2% Moringa leaf powder in the feed gives the best effect on the appearance and quality of production and egg. This research suggested the addition of 2% Moringa leaf powder was recommended in order to obtain the finest appearance and quality of production.
Septiani Anggitasari Sitompul, Osfar Sjofjan, Irfan Hadji Djunaidi
Published: 3 November 2016
Abstract:
The study was aimed to investigate the effects of some kinds of commercial feed on quantitative and qualitative production performance of broiler chickeninclude feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion ratio, mortality, index of production (IP), income over feed cost (IOFC), percentage of carcasses, deposition of breast meat, meat cholesterol, and antibiotic residues. This study used 200 unsexed day old broiler chick which were allocated in Completely Randomized Design and analyzed using one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The birds were fed some of the commercial diets produced by PT. P, PT. M, PT. C, or PT. W from 35 days rearing period. Analysis in the laboratory revealed that different commercial diets did not contain different chemical composition, including: dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, ether extract, gross energy, calcium, phosphorus and antibiotic residues. Different commercial broiler feeds did not affect feed consumption, but affect (P<0.05) body weight gain, carcass percentage, income over feed cost, and high significantly affect (P<0.01) feed conversion, breast meat deposition, production index, and cholesterol deposition.Oxytetracycline  residues in chicken meat from all treatment diets were <30 ppb. Effect of some kinds of commercial feed showed different results on feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion, carcass percentage, breast  meat  deposition,  production index,  and IOFC, meat cholesterol and antibiotic residue. However, feed from PT. M showed better results, as it gave production index and IOFC values than that of other commercial feeds.
, Budi Guntoro, Budi Prasetyo Widyobroto, Sudi Nurtini, Ambar Pertiwiningrum
Published: 3 November 2016
Abstract:
This study was aimed to formulate strategies for increasing adoption innovation in the smallholderdairy farms. The study was conducted in May to July 2015. The research was conducted using survey method. The selection of respondents was conducted using multi-stage sampling to 270 dairy smallholder farmers in Yogyakarta Region, Central, and East Java Provinces. The method used was descriptive qualitative by using SWOT analysis (strength, weakness, opportunity and threat). The results of the research which is to optimize resources; provide a clear and continuous information about innovation; facilitate access to information by extending the dissemination of information; provide mentoring programs, counseling, and training with a demonstration of the innovation; increase the participation of dairy farmers; strengthen institutional dairy farmers; seek a tool to support innovation together; improve the quality of extension, media, and the delivery of information; and optimize government and NGO aid.
, Ferry Poernama, Nanung Danar Dono
Published: 3 November 2016
Abstract:
The aim of this study was to determine the calcium requirements of broiler chickens in starter phase with the addition of phytase enzyme. This experiment used 1,200 broiler chickens (mixed sex) for 21 days rearing period in a closed house. The basal diets was corn and soybean meal which contained 0.097% Ca and 0.123% P-av. The treatments consisted of 6 diets treatment: P1 (basal diet with the addition of 0.42% non-phytate phosphorus (NPP), and then P2 to P6 were basal diet with the addition of 0.22% NPP and 1,000 FTU/kg phytase and the addition of calcium (Ca) at different levels: 0.82% (P2); 0.74% (P3); 0.66% (P4); 0.58% (P5) and 0.50% (P6). The growth performance, feed efficiency, and bone mineralization parameters were studied using Oneway ANOVA in a Completely Randomized Design. Duncan's new Multiple Ranges Test was used to separate means with significant differences. Results showed that 0.90% Ca supplementation without phytase and the reduction levels of Ca from 0.82% to 0.50% increased the amount of feed consumed by birds in all growth phases (P
, Soegeng Heriyanto, Afduha Nurus Syamsi
Published: 3 November 2016
Abstract:
The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of soursop leaf meal on characteristics of blood and meat fat of male Tegal ducks. This study used completely randomized design. The study consisted of four treatments, namely: feed without supplementation of soursop leaf meal, feed with 5% soursop leaf meal, feed with 10% soursop leaves meal, and feed with 15% soursop leaf meal. Each treatment was 5 replications and each replication consisted of five ducks. The treatment given to duck for 5 weeks started from 4 to 10 weeks of age. Data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) continued by orthogonal polynomial test. The results showed that soursop leaf meal supplementation in feed had no significant effect on levels of blood triglycerides, cholesterol, and LDL as well as meat triglycerides and cholesterol, but it affected levels of HDL significant (P<0.01), ie increase HDL levels. It can be concluded that soursop leaf meal supplementation in male Tegal duck feed by 8.36% showed the highest blood HDL levels (99.89 mg/dl), however soursop leaf meal supplementation up to 15% did not affect levels of blood triglycerides, cholesterol, and LDL as well as levels of meat triglycerides and cholesterol of 9 weeks male tegal duck.
Dianestu Putra, Lies Mira Yusiati, Ristianto Utomo
Published: 3 November 2016
Abstract:
This study were aimed to determine the correlation between concentration of purine derivatives (PD) in spot sample with PD total excretion in Bligon and Kejobong goats and determine the appropriate sampling time, in order to predicting microbial protein synthesis in both breeds. Six male Bligon goats and six male Kejobong goats with age range from 8 to 14 months and body weight from 16 to 21 kg were placed in metabolism cages. Peanut straw and water were given to both groups of goats through ad libitum feeding and drinking. The study was done in 14 days for adaptation, 3 days for collection. Sample of feeds, feed residues, and feces were collected and then analyzed to determine dry matter and organic matter content. Spot urine and the total daily urine samples were also collected. Samples collection of spot sampling technique was run by taking the urine periodically with 3 hours intervals at 24 hours. Urine samples were analyzed for the content of creatinine and PD which includes allantoin, uric acid, xanthine, and hypoxanthine. Data were tested for the correlation between concentration of PD spot urine sample with total PD daily excretion. It is known that the concentration of PD and creatinine (µmol/L) for Bligon were 1,418.40 and 202.85 respectively, while for Kejobong were 1,547.40 and 219.68 respectively. Total excretion of PD, allantoin, uric acid, xanthyne and hypoxanthine and creatinine (µmol/W0,75/day) for Bligon were 114.14, 95.86, 17.31, 0.97, and 16.40 respectively, with microbial protein synthesis efficiency was 4.61 g N/kg degraded of organic matter in rumen (DOMR). Total excretion of PD allantoin, uric acid, xanthyne and hypoxanthine and creatinine (µmol/W0,75/day) for Kejobong were 180.18, 158.17, 20.60, 1.40, and 24.87 respectively, with microbial protein synthesis efficiency was 6.90 g N/kg DOMR. Based on this study also known that the best time for spot sampling to determine the total excretion of PD in Bligon was in the range time of 11.00 am to 2.00 pm, with equation Y=1.474X+48.81, while Kejobong goat in the range of 2.00 to 5.00 pm, with equation Y=2.678X+5.692.
, Bela Putra, Nafiatul Umami, Cahyo Wulandari, Ristianto Utomo
Published: 3 November 2016
Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphate (P) fertilizer on the nutrient content, phosphate uptake and in vitro digestibility of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).The research was conducted at green house of Forage and Pastures Science Laboratory, Faculty of Animal Science Universitas Gadjah Mada. The experiment was arranged in Completely Randomized Design using 3x4 factorial patterns with four replications. The first factor was dosage of phosphate fertilizer SP 36 (0, 60, and 120 kg/ha). Second factor was the dosage of AMF (0, 0.8, 1.6, and 2.4kg/ha). The variable measured was nutrient contents (crude protein, dry matter, and organic matter), total P uptake and dry matter and organic matter in vitro digestibility. The results showed that the interaction of AMF and P fertilizer had no significant effect on crude protein and total P uptake, but highly significant effect on the parameters of dry matter, organic matter and dry matter and organic matter in vitro digestibility.
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