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(searched for: 10.29328/journal.ijpra.1001044)
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Bekele Abraham Barena
International Journal of Physics Research and Applications, Volume 5, pp 011-015; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.ijpra.1001044

Abstract:
In this work, α-induced 59Co reactions in the energy range from 11- 41MeV were used in order to study the role of pre-equilibrium emission. The experimentally measured excitation functions for residues populated via (α, n),(α, 2n),(α,3n),(α,2p),(α, 3n 2p) and (α, 4n 2p) channels in the interaction of + 59Co system available in the literature [13] were compared with theoretical predictions obtained using the statistical model code COMPLET. It was observed that at higher energy points the pure compound nucleus predictions, in general, failed to reproduce the measured data at projectile energies ~11-41MeV, this shows significant contributions from pre-equilibrium emission. The study signified both equilibrium and pre-equilibrium emissions were required to reproduce the presently measured excitation functions. An attempt was made to deduce the contribution coming from pre-equilibrium emission. It was found that the pre-equilibrium contribution increases with increasing projectile energy. Furthermore, the present result revealed a strong correlation between pre-equilibrium contribution and particle multiplicity.
Sirin Guner Onur, Ilknur Tasdemir, Sinem Batur Kara, Betul Kargul
Cumhuriyet Dental Journal; https://doi.org/10.7126/cumudj.728154

Abstract:
Objectives: Dental caries has a multifactorial etiology that has been associated with many risk factors such as improper dietary habits, poor oral hygiene, parental education and socioeconomic status of family. It is essential to identify the potential risk factors to improve the oral health of children. The aim of the present study is to evaluate dental caries prevalence and potential risk factors in a group of Turkish children residing in Edirne province. Materials and Methods: Data of 704 children aged between 7 to 12 years old, who applied for examination/treatment to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry between April 2016 through June 2018 were evaluated for the present study. Dental caries status was recorded using the number of decayed, missing or filled teeth (dft/DMFT) and decayed, missing or filled surface (dfs/DMFS) indices. A structured questionnaire inquiring sociodemographics information, oral hygiene habits, and diet history of the children were employed to parents. Results: The sample comprised of 365 males and 339 females. From overall children, 31.11 % were caries-free, while the caries prevalence was found 68.89%. Dental caries scores of all children included in the study were calculated as dft:4.97±4.02, dfs:11.85±11.82 for primary teeth and as DMFT:2.63±2.42 DMFS: 3.81±4.34 for permanent teeth. Statistically significant differences were found between age groups according to caries prevalence in the primary dentition (p Anahtar Kelimeler children, dental caries, oral health Kaynakça Kim AH, Shim YS, Kim JB, An SY. Caries prevalence in Korean children and adolescents from 2000 to 2012. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;41(1):32-37. Yee R, Sheiham A. The Burden of Restorative Dental Treatment for Children in the Third World Countries. Int Dent J 2002; 52(1):1-9. Pitts NB, Zero DT, Marsh PD, Ekstrand K, Weintraub JA, Ramos-Gomez F, Ismail A. Dental caries. Nat Rev Dis Primers 2007;3(1):1-16. Jiang H, Petersen P, Peng B, Tai B, Bian Z. 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Dental caries and body mass index in a sample of 12-year-old eastern Turkish children. J Dent Sci 2012 7(1):77-80. Cinar AB, Kosku N, Sandallı N, Murtomaa H: Individual and maternal determinants of self-reported dental health among Turkish school children aged 10-12 years. Community Dent Health 2008 25: 84-88. Vanessa R, Danuze B, Tatiana D, Ana C, Orlando A. Prevalence of dental caries and caries-related risk factors in premature and term children. Braz Oral Res 2010;24(3):329-335. Gathecha G, Makokha A. Dental caries and oral health practices among 12-year-old children in Nairobi west and Mathira west districts, Kenya. Pan Afr Med J. 2012;12:42. Nurelhuda NM, Trovik TA, Ali RW, Ahmed MF. Oral health status of 12-year-old school children in Khartoum state, Sudan; a school-based survey. BMC Oral Health 2009;9:15. Mulu W, Demilie T, Yimer M, Meshesha K, Abera B. Dental caries and associated factors among primary school children in Bahir Dar city: a cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes 2014;7:949. Alkhunaizi YM, Alshahrani SM, Elshewahy KM, Moaf AI, Wyne AH. Prevalence, Severity And Pattern Of Dental Caries Among Female Schoolchildren In Eastern Province. PODJ 2018;38(2):222-226. El Meligy O, Bahannan S, Hassan M, Eltelety S, Kayal R, Qutob A, Al-Johani K. Oral Health Status and Habits among 6-13 Years Old Children with Limited Access to Dental Care in South Jeddah. IJPRAS 2019; 8(3):109-118. Bekiroglu N, Tanboga I, Altinok B, Kargul B. Oral health care behavior in a group of Turkish children. Iran J Public Health 2009;30(4):125-13. Dogan BG, Gokalp S. Oral Health Knowledge and Practices of Children in a Primary School in Turkey. J Dent App 2015;2(3):178-182. Ayrıntılar Birincil Dil en Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri Yazarlar Orcid: 0000-0002-6890-3500Yazar: Sirin GUNER ONUR (Sorumlu Yazar) Kurum: Trakya University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Edirne, TurkeyÜlke: Turkey Orcid: 0000-0001-8008-8054Yazar: İlknur TASDEMİR Kurum: Trakya University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Edirne, TurkeyÜlke: Turkey Orcid: 0000-0002-1041-574XYazar: Sinem BATUR KARA Kurum: Trakya University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Edirne, TurkeyÜlke: Turkey Orcid: 0000-0002-3294-8846Yazar: Betul KARGUL Kurum: Marmara University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Istanbul, TurkeyÜlke: Turkey Tarihler Başvuru Tarihi : 28 Nisan 2020 Kabul Tarihi : 29 Temmuz 2020 Yayımlanma Tarihi : 6 Ekim 2020 Kaynak Göster EndNote %0 Cumhuriyet Dental Journal Assessment of caries prevalence and associated risk factors among Turkish children in Edirne, Turkey %A Sirin Guner Onur , İlknur Tasdemi̇r , Sinem Batur Kara , Betul Kargul %T Assessment of caries prevalence and associated risk factors among Turkish children in Edirne, Turkey %D 2020 %J Cumhuriyet Dental Journal %P 1302-5805-2146-2852 %R doi: 10.7126/cumudj.728154 %U 10.7126/cumudj.728154
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