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Practical Applications; https://doi.org/10.3905/pa.2021.pa469

Abstract:
In Shoring Up Shortfalls: Women, Retirement, and the Growing GigSupp Economy, from the Summer 2021 issue of The Journal of Retirement, authors Caroline Lewis Bruckner (of American University in Washington, DC) and Jonathan Barry Forman (of Oklahoma College of Law in Norman, OK) explored the growth of gig work that people do to supplement their regular income (GigSupp work). Smartphone apps like Uber and DoorDash have driven the rise of online gig work, but most gig workers do traditional odd jobs offline. Most GigSupp workers are women, and there is little research on them—so the authors focused on the effects of GigSupp work on women’s retirement prospects. They found that many GigSupp workers underreport their income to the IRS and thus undermine their Social Security retirement income potential. This is because current tax laws do not require payors to report many types of payments they make to gig workers. Gig workers also have lower rates of saving for retirement. This is problematic for women gig workers, who are less likely to have full-time jobs and tend to have lower financial literacy. The authors recommended policy changes to improve tax reporting, allow tax withholding from gig worker pay, expand Social Security benefits, and provide financial literacy education.
, Ural State University of Economics
Economic Consultant, Volume 36, pp 33-41; https://doi.org/10.46224/ecoc.2021.4.4

Abstract:
Introduction. The relevance of the research is due to the fact that the model of communication between customers and suppliers within the online space has long influenced all marketing stages in the introduction of goods and services, starting with customer awareness, attitudes towards customers, soliciting potential customers to testing new products, sales, and customer retention. The purpose of the research is to identify features of the Internet as a space of marketing relationships and formulate the principles of interaction with users. Materials and methods. The reviewed sources included contemporary periodicals: Journal of Targeting Measurement and Analysis for Marketing, Electronic Markets, Marketing, etc. The study of Internet resources was based on the authors’ own data received by analysing the portals WebCanape, WebsiteSetup, Statista, etc. Results. There are nearly half a billion new users on social media; trillions of dollars have been spent in online stores, according to the annual Global Digital 2021 report. As of October 2021, the most popular social networks in the world by the number of active users (in millions) are Facebook (2,894), YouTube (2,291), WhatsApp (2,000), Instagram (1,393), Facebook Messenger (1,300), Weixin/WeChat (1,251), TikTok (1,000), etc. The Internet as a new business environment differs from traditional economic sectors by a higher level of heterogeneity. From the standpoint of marketing, the Internet makes it possible to simultaneously bring a message to a large number of users (mass communication is ensured), on the other hand, to customise the offer for specific consumers according to their needs. Conclusion. Contemporary marketing follows the consumer, i.e. uses the online environment as a point of contact with the consumer to promote and distribute products. Relationship marketing theories are based on the need for companies to invest in relationships between themselves and consumers. Relationship marketing focuses on taking relationships between the company and the consumer from a state of engagement to that of loyalty. Each customer has a personality and his/her relationship with a particular brand becomes the dominant factor influencing his/her decision regarding purchase or service.
Katie Hesketh, Jonathan Low, Robert Andrews, Charlotte A Jones, Helen Jones, , Jonathan Little, Ceu Mateus, Richard Pulsford, Joel Singer, et al.
Published: 26 November 2021
by BMJ
Abstract:
Introduction: Exercise and physical activity (PA) are fundamental to the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Current exercise and PA strategies for newly diagnosed individuals with type 2 diabetes are either clinically effective but unsuitable in routine practice (supervised exercise) or suitable in routine practice but clinically ineffective (PA advice). Mobile health (mHealth) technologies, offering biometric data to patients and healthcare professionals, may bridge the gap between supervised exercise and PA advice, enabling patients to engage in regular long-term physically active lifestyles. This feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT) will evaluate the use of mHealth technology when incorporated into a structured home-based exercise and PA intervention, in those recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.Methods and analysis: This feasibility multicentre, parallel group RCT will recruit 120 individuals with type 2 diabetes (diagnosis within 5–24 months, aged 40–75 years) in the UK (n=60) and Canada (n=60). Participants will undertake a 6-month structured exercise and PA intervention and be supported by an exercise specialist (active control). The intervention group will receive additional support from a smartwatch and phone app, providing real-time feedback and enabling improved communication between the exercise specialist and participant. Primary outcomes are recruitment rate, adherence to exercise and loss to follow-up. Secondary outcomes include a qualitative process evaluation and piloting of potential clinical outcome measures for a future RCT.Ethics and dissemination: The trial was approved in the UK by the South East Scotland Research Ethics Committee 01 (20/SS/0101) and in Canada by the Clinical Research Ethics Board of the University of British Columbia (H20-01936), and is being conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and Good Clinical Practice. Results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at national and international scientific meetings.Trial registration numbers: ISRCTN14335124; ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04653532.
Adrienne Pichon, Kasey B Jackman, Inga T Winkler, Chris Bobel, Noémie Elhadad
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association; https://doi.org/10.1093/jamia/ocab244

Abstract:
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, ocab212, https://doi.org/10.1093/jamia/ocab212
Isobel Greenhalgh, Jessica Tingley, Gordon Taylor, Antonieta Medina-Lara, Shelley Rhodes,
Published: 23 November 2021
by BMJ
Abstract:
Introduction: A mobile app, BlueIce, was codesigned with young people with a history of self-harm to provide them with more accessible and available evidence-based support at times of distress. A preliminary evaluation found that BlueIce was acceptable, safe and used by young people and helped to reduce self-harm. The present study is designed to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of adding BlueIce to usual Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS).Methods and analysis: This study is a single-blind, randomised controlled trial comparing usual CAMHS care with usual care plus BlueIce. A total of 138 adolescents aged 12–17 with current or a history of self-harm will be recruited through the Oxford Health National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust via their CAMHS clinician. The primary outcome is self-harm at 12 weeks assessed using the Risk Taking and Self-Harm Inventory for Adolescents. Secondary outcomes include mood, anxiety, hopelessness, general behaviour, sleep and impact on everyday life at 12 weeks and 6 months. Health-related quality of life and healthcare resource utilisation data will be collected at baseline, 12 weeks and 6 months. Postuse interviews at 12 weeks will determine the acceptability, safety and usability of BlueIce.Ethics and dissemination: The study was approved by the NHS South Central—Oxford B NHS Research Ethics Committee (19/SC/0212) and by the Health Research Authority (HRA) and Health and Care Research Wales. Findings will be disseminated in peer review open-access journals and at academic conferences.Trial registration number: ISRCTN10541045.
, Michail Kalogianakis, Eirini Sifaki, Angeliki Monnier
Published: 22 November 2021
Frontiers in Education, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2021.790534

Abstract:
Editorial on the Research Topic The Impact of Smart Screen Technologies and Accompanied Apps on Young Children Learning and Developmental Outcomes The first job of any journal editorial ought to be to celebrate the accomplishment of the contributors included. As you read the five articles in this present collection, we invite you to think of the degree of scholarship in our relationship with technology and young children. Every collection of papers is fascinating in its way, and this collection is no exception. There are papers from countries as diverse as Greece, Russia, Turkey, and the United States. The topics reflect new issues that demand attention, such as the role of smart screen technologies and digital learning. At the same time, they include ongoing themes of inquiry on the understanding, beliefs, values, and differing models of educational relationship and the development of inclusive practice. The first article was a literature review that examined the impact of coding apps to support children’s CT skills. The next two articles examined the use of technology and media in preschool classrooms. The last two articles studied the role of social robots and screens in vocabulary learning. We hope that the reader will find a helpful reference for the state-of-the-art in the emerging field of smart screen technologies on young children’s learning and developmental outcomes. The first article (Papadaki) presents a literature review of empirical studies on applying four coding apps to support young children’s learning of Computational Thinking (CT) and Computational Fluency (CF). The main conclusion is that all apps positively affect the development of children’s CT skills. None of the apps can ultimately support the development of CF, although ScratchJr, with a “sandbox” approach, can better help students express themselves. The author suggests that there are challenging decisions that researchers and designers have to make in relative software product creation to facilitate CT and CF for young children. Researchers also must work in this field and try innovative approaches that capitalize on helpful ideas. Dore and Dynia investigate the use of technology and media in preschool classrooms. They go beyond prior research by surveying teachers on device use, purposes (e.g., to teach new material, entertainment), and context (individually with a teacher, as a whole class). Results show significant variation in teachers’ use of these devices and several programs- and teacher-level predictors of classroom technology use. Veraksa et al. examine the development of phonological memory in preschoolers in the context of digitalization, highlighting passive and active screen time as different influences on the processing of verbal information in a child. The authors demonstrate that watching television negatively predicts the development of phonological memory, while family factors such as the level of maternal education and family socio-economic status mediate this relationship. In the fourth article, Demir-Lira et al. study the role of social robots in L2 vocabulary learning. First, the researchers have found that those children could learn L2 words from a social robot. Second, children could learn when the tutor (robot or human) gestured or used on-screen cues. Children could learn L2 words with both types of scaffolds, but learning outcomes were better when the teaching was supported by on-screen cues than when the tutor gestured. Finally, the type of gesture did not significantly influence L2 vocabulary learning. In the last article, Ylinen et al. conducted a 4-week intervention focused on articulatory training and learning English words in 6–7-year-old Finnish-speaking children who used a digital language-learning game app Pop2talk. Some improvement with the Russian sibilant contrast in the gamers was not statistically significant. No improvement was observed for the tone contrast for the gaming group. Children’s perceptual skills were linked to their word learning in the control group but not in the gaming group, where recurrent exposure enabled learning for children with poorer perceptual skills. Together, the results demonstrate the beneficial effects of learning via a digital application yet raise a need for further research of individual differences in learning. The articles assembled in this volume indicate that well-designed educational apps can improve learning outcomes. It is, therefore, necessary to enhance research on app design and the ways the latter can shape learning environments and outcomes. Longitudinal approaches may be an appropriate approach in this respect. All authors listed have made a substantial, direct, and intellectual contribution to the work and approved it for publication. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher. Keywords: smart screen technologies, applications, young children, learning, development Citation: Papadakis S, Kalogianakis M, Sifaki E and Monnier A (2021) Editorial: The Impact of Smart Screen Technologies and Accompanied Apps on Young Children Learning and Developmental Outcomes. Front. Educ. 6:790534. doi: 10.3389/feduc.2021.790534 Received: 06 October 2021; Accepted: 29 October 2021; Published: 22 November 2021. Edited and reviewed by: Copyright © 2021 Papadakis, Kalogianakis, Sifaki and Monnier. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons...
Mauricio Vásquez-Carbonell
Published: 16 November 2021
Journal of Mobile Multimedia; https://doi.org/10.13052/jmm1550-4646.1825

Abstract:
As the use of Educational Apps rises every day and the population begins its use at an increasingly early age, it becomes relevant to understand the positive and negative aspects of this technological tool. However, the information may seem overwhelming, especially for those starting investigations on this topic. For this reason, a Systematic Literature Review was conducted on 119 published scientific papers, in order to create a work that synthesizes all the recent data about most used keywords, funding aid, authors and publishing journals, just to name a few. Additional data also reveals the need, expressed by authors and backed by their research, to evaluate the effectiveness of the Educational Apps. As an additional point, some solutions are offered to deal with the aforementioned problem, as well as some recommendations for the correct development of applications.
Jacob Vargas Arteaga, , Lorenzo Domenico Zanello Riva
International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), Volume 16, pp 132-148; https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v16i21.25149

Abstract:
The irruption of digital technologies in social contexts and their integration in educa-tion has led to new learning environments where the communication, interaction and access to knowledge are an essential part of the educational process. This paper shows a literature review and mapping of the most important technological tools used in the contexts where heritage teaching has been conducted in the last decade. For this aim developed a bibliometric analysis of scientific publications in high impact journals through selective searches in the specialized databases Scopus and Science Direct. The findings show trends in the educational practice approach regarding herit-age, integrating emerging technologies such as augmented reality, 3D modelling, arti-ficial intelligence, QR coding and virtual reality that offer situated and immersive learning experiences on mobile apps and web-based platforms. From the studies analyzed in different contexts, it is concluded that the integration of digital technolo-gies in the teaching and heritage appropriation is a field that in recent years shows a clear increase, so that it is necessary to consider the potential of these tools in it’s diffusion, teaching and preservation to strengthen existing work lines and open up possibilities to future studies.
Judith Clarke
Entrepreneurial journalism in greater China and Southeast Asia pp 52-65; https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315270432-4

Abstract:
Studies show that journalism startups tend to put little emphasis on technology, often farming the work out to contractors. That may be a good thing because it discourages them from jumping on every new tech development when many don’t live up to their promise. But founders and staff need to have some knowledge of newsroom tech, in particular content management systems (CMSs), apps, podcasting and livestreaming. Other areas where technical knowledge is needed are security for operations and communications and tools for internal organisation. Machine learning is becoming more common for automatable functions such as recommendations, tagging, payment and so on, but journalists are reluctant to use it for newsgathering except in areas such as data journalism. Blockchain has shown promise but no outlet using it has yet succeeded. While many digital news founders are veteran journalists, some come from a business background or have no relevant experience. For those who need them, journalism skills can be learned at college, including by distance learning, and through the many short courses available from international companies, NGOs and so on. However, it isn’t easy to learn business skills through formal means while running an outlet, though some funders help out with training.
Published: 11 November 2021
by MDPI
Abstract:
New projects have recently emerged to develop geolocation technology for the publication of local news in Portugal. These types of new initiatives open the possibility to explore new media perspectives, identifying emerging directions and opportunities to develop more competitive ways to publish local news. In this work, we study these ideas and to what extent they can be used to cope with the challenges that the local Portuguese press is currently facing. We provide local news editors with information to further develop their e-participation and news publishing activities. To this end, we present 10 indicators that measure geolocation technology that has been successful in providing attractive services to local consumers. Lastly, we analyze five Portuguese apps by means of the proposed guideline. Our work shows that the use of geolocation technology has a great potential for local journalism in Portugal but nevertheless we still find flaws in their implementation.
Published: 9 November 2021
Mobile Information Systems, Volume 2021, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/5909281

Abstract:
E-health sustainable systems can be optimized by empowering patients in self-care programs through artificial intelligence ecosystems in which both doctors and patients interact in an agile way. This work proposes agent-based simulators as a mechanism for predicting the repercussions of certain self-care programs in certain patients for finding the most appropriate ones. In order to make this easy for both doctors and patients, mobile agents are used to configure an app for each patient, and this app provides the resources to each self-care program. Mobile agents include a machine-learning module for learning which programs are the most appropriate for each patient. This approach is illustrated with two agent-based simulators for respectively reducing negative emotions such as depression and controlling heart rate variability extreme values related to stress. The resulting app was evaluated with a group of users with the Usefulness, Satisfaction and Ease of use (USE) scale and obtained 73% in usefulness, 77% in satisfaction, and 68% in ease of use. This trial is registered with According to the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), this manuscript states that all experiments have been approved with the ethical committee CEICA from Community of Aragon (Spain) with registration number C.I.PI18/099.
C Long, T Modzelewski, Nj Bell
Published: 8 November 2021
by BMJ
The wider impact of the pandemic, Volume 76; https://doi.org/10.1136/thorax-2021-btsabstracts.215

Abstract:
Introduction Spirometry is an essential component of monitoring the health of people with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). Since the Covid-19 pandemic, most consultations have been conducted via video conferencing. All appropriate patients were given MIR Spirobank® portable spirometers (MIR Medical International Research Srl) and asked to send in readings before each clinic. We noticed a fall in the number and quality of spirometry reports available to clinicians in virtual clinics compared to face-to-face reviews. We set out to improve this through a Respiratory Physiologist-led virtual spirometry clinic. Methods Spirobank® spirometry reports (including grading of quality using ATS/ERS criteria1) provided by patients attending virtual CF clinics in our CF centre in January 2021 were reviewed. Following this review, a virtual spirometry clinic was established (running before the main clinic) in which the patient performs spirometry via the ‘Live Video Exam’ app on their mobile device, coached by a Physiologist who is able to see the patient via their mobile phone camera and view spirometry flow loops in real time, downloading results ready for the subsequent clinic. Review of spirometry available for clinics in May 2021 was then performed and the number and quality of reports available compared. Results Spirometry reports were available for 35 out of 70 appointments for patients with Spirobank® devices in January 2021, of which 26/70 (37%) were ATS grade A or B. In May 2021, 50 patients with devices had clinic appointments: 9 provided reports independently (7 grade A or B), 37 were coached by a physiologist (31 A or B), and 4 did not attend or declined a coaching session. Conclusion Without coaching, only 37% patients with a Spirobank® device provided ATS grade A or B spirometry for virtual CF clinics; this increased to 76% with the introduction of pre-clinic online Respiratory Physiologist coaching sessions. We plan to review how the number and quality of reports provided with and without coaching changes as patient experience in the use of home spirometers increases. Reference Standardization of Spirometry 2019 Update. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 2019;200(8):e70–e88.
Corrigendum
Tanja Kalic, Christian Radauer, Andreas L. Lopata, Heimo Breiteneder,
Published: 8 November 2021
Frontiers in Allergy, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.3389/falgy.2021.797456

Abstract:
A Corrigendum onFish Allergy Around the World—Precise Diagnosis to Facilitate Patient Managementby Kalic, T., Radauer, C., Lopata, A. L., Breiteneder, H., and Hafner, C. (2021). Front. Allergy 2:732178. doi: 10.3389/falgy.2021.732178 There is an error in the Funding statement, funding source “the Austria Science Fund (FWF) grant P 30936-B30” was incorrectly written as “the Austria Science Fund (FWF) grant B 30936-B30” The corrected Funding statement appears below. Funding for this work was provided by the Danube Allergy Research Cluster of Lower Austria (P-06), the Medical University of Vienna, the Austria Science Fund (FWF) grant P 30936-B30, and the NHMRC grant APP1086656. The authors apologize for this error and state that this does not change the scientific conclusions of the article in any way. The original article has been updated. All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher. Keywords: fish allergy, fish allergen diversity, fish extracts, molecular allergy diagnosis, patient management, cross-reactivity Citation: Kalic T, Radauer C, Lopata AL, Breiteneder H and Hafner C (2021) Corrigendum: Fish Allergy Around the World—Precise Diagnosis to Facilitate Patient Management. Front. Allergy 2:797456. doi: 10.3389/falgy.2021.797456 Received: 18 October 2021; Accepted: 19 October 2021; Published: 08 November 2021. Approved by: Copyright © 2021 Kalic, Radauer, Lopata, Breiteneder and Hafner. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. *Correspondence: Christine Hafner, [email protected]
Samantha Hornsey, Catherine Hill, Ingrid Muller, Beth Stuart, Hazel Everitt
Published: 3 November 2021
by BMJ
Abstract:
Introduction Chronic insomnia is common in children. Behavioural interventions are effective.1 A systematic review (pending publication) revealed UK research about primary healthcare (PC) management is limited. Parents seek advice online,2 however, no published research to date has explored parents’ discussions online about PC management. This qualitative study explored (in online discussions) parents’ concerns/expectations about children’s sleep problems, awareness of online, PC, and community management resources, and perceptions of management within PC. Methods Two public online discussion forums were searched for parents’ discussions about children’s sleep problems. Eligible threads were analysed with Braun and Clarke’s reflexive thematic analysis. Results Ninety-three threads were included. Five main themes were developed. Parents had many ‘concerns about children’s sleep problems’ and were emotional/practical support for one another: ‘parents experiences or sharing advice online as a resource’. Parents expressed little regarding PC but had ‘mixed experiences and perceptions of community-based PC professionals’ and ‘limited experiences and perceptions of general practice’. They often discussed ‘other resources for supporting parents with child sleep problems’ (e.g. apps, private sleep consultants). Discussion Parents may have unmet management needs, act as resources for one another, and use non-healthcare resources, however the accuracy of these resources must be explored. The management of chronic insomnia within PC specifically must be further explored. This study/project is funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Primary Care Research. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care. References Mindell JA, Kuhn B, Lewin DS, et al. Behavioral treatment of bedtime problems and night wakings in infants and young children. Sleep 2006; 29(10):1263-76. Hatton REM, Gardani M. Maternal perceptions of advice on sleep in young children: How, what, and when?British Journal of Health Psychology 2018; 23(2):476-95.
T Sunarti, N Suprapto, S Admoko
Published: 1 November 2021
by 10.1088
Abstract:
There have been training scientific articles online for physics teachers. The purpose of this activity is to (1) improve Physics teachers in the ability to create scientific articles and (2) increase the number of scientific articles written by Physics teachers. Seventy-five physics teachers in Mojokerto attended the training. They implemented online by forming a synchronous meeting zoom class and continued with asynchronous assistance using WhatsApp group facilities. The success of this training workshop is evaluated using an assessment of the resulting article and a questionnaire of the trainee’s response to the implementation of training activities. Scientific articles that have been obtained are included in the review process and have been revised to meet the criteria to be published in scientific journals. The article have been prepared aspects of the assessment of articles compiled by Physics teachers include titles and identities, abstracts, introductions, theoretical foundations, results and discussions, conclusions, and bibliography. The articles compiled have met the criteria well, with an average score of 87. The results of the trainee response questionnaire showed that 67 % strongly agreed and 33 % agreed. It shows that there is still a need to increase the quantity and quality of articles compiled by physics teachers.
B. Cooper, M. Bedi, J.A. Bovi, A.D. Currey, B.A. Erickson, E.M. Gore, W.A. Hall, C.A.F. Lawton, C.J. Schultz, M.L. Siker, et al.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, Volume 111; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2021.07.505

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 30 October 2021
by MDPI
Social Sciences, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10110416

Abstract:
There has been a lot of interest in digital mental health interventions but adherence to online programmes has been less than optimal. Chatbots that mimic brief conversations may be a more engaging and acceptable mode of delivery. We developed a chatbot, called 21-Day Stress Detox, to deliver stress management techniques for young adults. The purpose of the study was to explore the feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of this low-intensity digital mental health intervention in a non-clinical population of young adults. The content was derived from cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and included evidence-informed elements such as mindfulness and gratitude journaling. It was delivered over 21 daily sessions using the Facebook Messenger platform. Each session was intended to last about 5–7 min and included text, animated GIFs, relaxation tracks and reflective exercises. We conducted an open single-arm trial collecting app usage through passive data collection as well as self-rated satisfaction and qualitative (open-ended) feedback. Efficacy was assessed via outcome measures of well-being (World Health Organisation (Five) Well-being Index; WHO-5; and Personal Well-being Measure; ONS4); stress (Perceived Stress Scale–10 item version; PSS-10); and anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale; GAD-7). One hundred and ten of the 124 participants who completed baseline commenced the chatbot and 64 returned the post-intervention assessment. Eighty-one percent were female and 51% were first year students. Forty-five percent were NZ European and 41% were Asian. Mean engagement was 11 days out 21 days (SD = 7.8). Most (81%) found the chatbot easy to use. Sixty-three percent rated their satisfaction as 7 out of 10 or higher. Qualitative feedback revealed that convenience and relatable content were the most valued features. There was a statistically significant improvement on the WHO-5 of 7.38 (SD = 15.07; p< 0.001) and a mean reduction on the PSS-10 of 1.77 (SD = 4.69; p = 0.004) equating to effect sizes of 0.49 and 0.38, respectively. Those who were clinically anxious at baseline (n = 25) experienced a greater reduction of GAD-7 symptoms than those (n = 39) who started the study without clinical anxiety (−1.56, SD = 3.31 vs. 0.67, SD = 3.30; p = 0.011). Using a chatbot to deliver universal psychological support appears to be feasible, acceptable, have good levels of engagement, and lead to significant improvements in well-being and stress. Future iterations of the chatbot should involve a more personalised content.
Mert Küçükvardar
Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 20, pp 1757-1778; https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.915740

Abstract:
Digital journalism is increasing its influence day by day. With the use of messaging services by news agencies, the circulation of news has gained momentum. Interest in different apps has increased with Whatsapp's decision to change its privacy policy. As a result, Telegram has become an application used by news agencies in terms of news distribution. For this reason, there is a need for various researches on the use of instant messaging programs in journalism. In this study, official Telegram accounts of Anadolu News Agency (AA), Demirören News Agency (DHA) and İhlas News Agency (İHA) were examined in a time period between February 22 and March 3. In the study, the number of participants in the accounts of news agencies, the sharing of news content, the number of readings and their distribution by fields were analyzed quantitatively. When the first and last day user change rates were examined, it was determined that the İHA Telegram account came in first place with an increase of 12.42%. The least change was seen on the DHA Telegram account with 1.19%. When the news sharing averages are examined, it is seen that AA has an average of 12.4, DHA has an average of 1.8, and an İHA has an average of 13.4. As a result the number of news shares in Telegram accounts is insufficient, and news themes are not satisfying for the reader. In addition to all this, extensive research is needed in terms of the use of the instant messaging service in journalism. Dijital habercilik her geçen gün etki alanını artırmaktadır. Mesajlaşma servislerinin kitle iletişim araçlarına haber sağlayan haber ajansları tarafından kullanılmasıyla birlikte haberin dolaşımı hız kazanmıştır. Mesajlaşma servisi kullanıcıları ve haber okuyucuları açısından da değişimler yaşanmıştır. WhatsApp gibi ülkemizde sıkça tercih edilen anlık mesajlaşma uygulamasının gizlilik politikasındaki değişiklik kararıyla birlikte farklı uygulamalara olan ilgi artmıştır. Bunlardan biri olan ve popülerliğini artıran Telegram haber ajanslarının haber dağıtımı açısından tercih ettiği bir uygulama haline gelmiştir. Bu nedenle anlık mesajlaşma programlarının habercilikte kullanımına yönelik çeşitli araştırmalara ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır. Bu araştırmada AA, DHA ve İHA haber ajanslarının resmi Telegram hesapları 22 Şubat - 3 Mart tarihlerini kapsayan bir zaman diliminde gruplarda bulunan katılımcı sayıları, yapılan haber içerikleri paylaşımları, okunma sayıları ve bunların temalara göre dağılımları açısından niceliksel olarak incelenmiştir. İlk ve son gün kullanıcı sayısı değişim oranları incelendiğinde İHA, Telegram hesabının %12,42 artış ile ilk sırada geldiği görülmüştür. En az değişim %1,19 ile DHA Telegram hesabında görülmüştür. Haber paylaşım ortalamalarına bakıldığında AA’nın 12.4, DHA’nın 1.8, İHA’nın ise 13.4 ortalamaya sahip olduğu görülmüştür. Haber ajanslarının ülkemizde oldukça geniş kitlelere ulaştığı, günlük haber akışını sağladığı bilinmektedir. Bu bilgiler göz önüne alındığında haber ajanslarının Telegram hesaplarından yapılan haber paylaşımlarına ait oranın oldukça düşük olduğu görülmektedir. Bunlara ek olarak AA ve İHA haber ajanslarının paylaşımları benzerlik göstermektedir. Her iki haber ajansında yaşam temalı haberler ön plana çıkmıştır. Fakat haber paylaşımlarının sayısı yetersiz ve haber temaları okuyucuya her alandan bilgi verebilecek nitelik değildir. Sonuç olarak her geçen önemini artıran mesajlaşma uygulamalarının habercilik açısından değerlendirildiği kapsamlı çalışmalara ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır.
S.M. Nanda, P. Swain, B.C. Das, S.K. Dash, K. Shweta, S.N. Mohapatra, B. Sahoo, S.K. Joshi, S. Kanungo
Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research; https://doi.org/10.18805/ajdfr.dr-1779

Abstract:
Background: Veterinarians in field conditions access different sources for gathering information on dairy husbandry activities. The information source used most frequently must be given due importance by the researchers and scientists to provide quality information. Methods: The present study was conducted among 120 field veterinarians of coastal Odisha. The sources used by the respondent veterinarians were identified and analysed for the extent of usage of the sources. The mean was calculated for frequency of accessing different sources for information on dairy husbandry activities as per the data collected in a 3-point continuum scale namely Always (2), Sometimes (1) and Never (0) and ranks were assigned accordingly. The effect of different independent variables on different information sources was analysed using one way ANOVA. Result: It was reported that usage of internet by the respondents was ranked 1st followed by WhatsApp 2nd, Personal contact 3rd, Phone calls 4th, Technical literatures 5th, books 6th, journals 7th, TV 8th, Apps 9th, SMS 10th and email 11th respectively. It was observed that the female respondent veterinarians were using books and journals significantly more than their male counterparts. Significant difference was observed in usage of books for acquiring information between the respondent veterinarians of young age group (up to 35 years) and old age group ( greater than 50 years). Significant differences were observed between the respondent veterinarians with less than 10 years of job experience and greater than 20 years of experience for using personal contact method with the lower estimates for the higher experienced group.
Akash Pallath, Qiyang Zhang
Published: 24 October 2021
Abstract:
This paper presents a browser-based software tool, Paperfetcher, to automate the handsearch portion of systematic reviews. Paperfetcher has two parts: an extensible back-end framework written in Python, which does all the heavy lifting, and a set of easy-to-use front-end apps for researchers. The front-end apps can be run online, with no setup, on a cloud platform. Privacy-conscious users can run the app on their computers after a few steps of installation, and advanced users can modify the source code and extend the back-end interface for their own specific needs. Paperfetcher's website has user guidelines and a step-by-step setup video to coach researchers to use the software. With Paperfetcher's assistance, researchers can retrieve articles from designated journals and a given timeframe with just a few clicks. Researchers can also restrict their search to papers matching a set of keywords. In addition, Paperfetcher automates snowball-search, which retrieves all references from selected articles. Paperfetcher helps save a considerable amount of time and energy in the literature search portion of systematic reviews.
A Aguiar, M Pinto,
Published: 19 October 2021
JMIR Research Protocols, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.2196/28071

Abstract:
Background The COVID-19 outbreak and consequent physical distance measures implemented worldwide have caused significant stress, anxiety, and mental health implications among the general population. Unemployment, working from home, and day-to-day changes may lead to a greater risk of poor mental health outcomes. Objective This paper describes the protocol for a web-based cross-sectional study that aims to address the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. Methods Individuals from the general population aged 18 years or more and living in Portugal were included in this study. Data collection took place between November 10, 2020, and February 10, 2021. An exponential, nondiscriminative, snowball sampling method was applied to recruit participants. A web-based survey was developed and shared on social media platforms (eg, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, and WhatsApp groups) and through e-mail lists for recruitment of the seeds. Results Data analysis will be performed in accordance with the different variables and outcomes of interest by using quantitative methods, qualitative methods, or mixed methods, as applicable. A total of 929 individuals had completed the web-based survey during the 3-month period; thus, our final sample comprised 929 participants. Results of the survey will be disseminated in national and international scientific journals in 2021-2022. Conclusions We believe that the findings of this study will have broad implications for understanding the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Portuguese residents, as well as aspects related to the informal economy. We also hope that the findings of this study are able to provide insights and guidelines for the Portuguese government to implement action. Finally, we expect this protocol to provide a roadmap for other countries and researchers that would like to implement a similar questionnaire considering the related conclusions. International Registered Report Identifier (IRRID) DERR1-10.2196/28071
, Pingan Song, Yun Liu
Published: 18 October 2021
Frontiers in Materials, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.3389/fmats.2021.778652

Abstract:
Editorial on the Research TopicSustainable Flame Retardants and Polymeric Materials Due to increasing environmental consciousness and the gradual depletion of fossil resources, growing concerns have led to the development of novel routes for the utilization of sustainable resources to produce polymeric materials and other useful chemicals. For example, bio-derived materials from renewable resources like polylactic acid have been recognized as a promising and environmentally friendly alternative to petroleum-based plastics, and waste recycled plastics like poly(ethylene terephalate) can reduce white pollution and make full use of resources. However, most of these sustainable polymeric materials are inflammable, which brings about a potential fire threat and limits their application in practice. It is necessary and urgent to expand their application by improving their fire safety. This research topic on sustainable flame retardants and polymeric materials aims to feature the latest prospects in sustainable flame-retardant materials. It includes discussion of applying flame retardants into renewable or recycled polymeric materials, and the synthesis and application of new flame retardant additives produced from sustainable chemicals. Different flame retardant mechanisms in the condensed phase or gas phase are covered. The topic of our special issue delivers greener strategies for flame retarding polymeric materials, which is quite attractive for experts and scholars working on sustainable materials science, high-performance polymers, flame retardancy, etc. This series includes five research articles that cover flame retardant polymer materials including polyurethane foam (Zheng et al.; Yang and Shao), bamboo material (Lin et al.; Lin et al.), and poly(butylene succinate) (Wang et al.). One review is also included in this series about the application of solid waste in the flame retardant field (Gao et al.). Zheng et al. synthesized silica aerogel nanoparticles immobilized with 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-1-oxide. They were used as a flame retardant to improve thermal stability and fire safety by catalyzing the formation of carbonaceous carbon on the surface of polyurethane foams. Lin et al. treated flammable bamboo slices with melamine (MEL) and phytic acid (PA) using layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly technology to improve its flame retardancy properties. The formation of thermally stable char with excellent thermal resistance performed a vital role in suppressing flame spread and heat release. Lin et al. presented a green strategy for the improvement of the flame retardancy of bamboo materials through the self-assembly of PA and polyethyleneimine (PEI). The treated bamboo specimen showed an increased fire performance index and decreased CO and CO2 yields. He et al. designed a modified ammonium polyphosphate (APP) with a novel phosphorus-containing organosilicon compound (PCOC), which had a greater charring ability and better flame-retardant properties than unmodified APP in as-prepared rigid polyurethane foam. Wang et al. fabricated poly(butylene succinate)/diethylphosphinate (PBS/AlPi) composites. The data show that the use of AlPi endows PBS with an improved flame retardancy without seriously sacrificing other comprehensive performances. Gao et al. reviewed the recent development of waste flame retardants and their impacts on thermal stability, flame retardancy, and smoke suppression of polymers, followed by representative flame-retardant mechanisms. In summary, these contributions offer effective green strategies for improving the flame retardancy of materials from both synthetic and natural polymers and offer guidance for the field of sustainable flame retardants and polymeric materials. All authors listed have made a substantial, direct, and intellectual contribution to the work and approved it for publication. YZ wrote the manuscript; PS and YL revised the manuscript. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all authors and reviewers, and to the editorial team of Frontiers in Materials. Keywords: sustainable, flame retardant, recycle and waste, biomass, bio-derived additive Citation: Zhang Y, Song P and Liu Y (2021) Editorial: Sustainable Flame Retardants and Polymeric Materials. Front. Mater. 8:778652. doi: 10.3389/fmats.2021.778652 Received: 17 September 2021; Accepted: 30 September 2021;Published: 18 October 2021. Edited and reviewed by: Copyright © 2021 Zhang, Song and Liu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. *Correspondence: Yan Zhang, [email protected]
Xi Lu, Yunan Chen, Daniel A. Epstein
Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, Volume 5, pp 1-32; https://doi.org/10.1145/3479595

Abstract:
Studies of personal informatics systems primarily examine people's use or non-use, but people often leverage other technology towards their long-term behavior change processes such as social platforms. We explore how tracking technologies and social platforms together help people build healthy eating behaviors by interviewing 18 people who use Chinese food journaling apps. We contribute a Model of Socially Sustained Self-Tracking in personal informatics, building on the past model of Personal Informatics and the learning components of Social Cognitive Theory. The model illustrates how people get advice from social platforms on when and how to track, transfer data to and apply knowledge from social platforms, evolve to use social platforms after tracking, and occasionally resume using tracking tools. Observational learning and enactive learning are central to these processes, with social technologies helping people to gain deeper and more reliable domain knowledge. We discuss how lapsing and abandoning of tracking can be viewed as evolving to social platforms, offering recommendations for how technology can better facilitate this evolution.
Maiken Meldgaard, Annesofie Lunde Jensen, Amalie Damgaard Johansen, Rikke Damkjaer Maimburg, Helle Terkildsen Maindal
Published: 12 October 2021
Abstract:
Background: Obesity in pregnant women is increasing worldwide, affecting the health of both mother and baby. Obesity may be associated with inadequate health literacy, a central competence when navigating antenatal health information and services. This study explores women’s health literacy experiences among a sample of pregnant women with a prepregnant body mass index (BMI) >25 kg/m2.Methods: An inductive, qualitative study using an interpretive description methodology. Data was collected through ten semi-structured interviews with pregnant women with a prepregnancy BMI >25 kg/m2 attending antenatal care at the midwifery clinic at Aarhus University Hospital in the Central Denmark Region.Results: Pregnant women with obesity understand general health information provided by health professionals, but translating this knowledge into specific healthy behaviours presents a challenge. Although difficulties navigating booking systems and available digital services contribute to this problem, apps can help facilitate navigation. However, successful navigation may depend on adequate e-health literacy. Conflicting information from health professionals, social media and families also present a challenge for pregnant women, requiring a broad skillset for critical evaluation and resolution.Conclusions: Adequate health literacy is necessary for pregnant women receiving antenatal care to (i) translate general health information into personalised healthy behaviour, (ii) access and navigate complex and digitalised systems, and (iii) critically evaluate conflicting information. Person-centred differentiation in the organisation of antenatal care may benefit vulnerable pregnant women with inadequate health literacy.Trial registration: The study was registered cf. General Data Protection Regulation, Aarhus University Journal number 2016-051-000001, serial number 1934.
, Emma H. Palermo, Lorenzo Lorenzo-Luaces, Robert J. DeRubeis
Published: 12 October 2021
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2021.07.001

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, M. Katherine Ford
Published: 7 October 2021
Language and Education pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.1080/09500782.2021.1981925

Abstract:
This article examines recent U.S. language education policies regarding English learners (ELs) and their teachers using an interpretive policy analysis theoretical lens (Wagenaar 2011 Wagenaar, H. 2011. Meaning in Action: Interpretation and Dialogue in Policy Analysis. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe. [Google Scholar]) incorporating a sensemaking perspective on organizational dynamics (Weick, Sutcliffe, and Obstfeld 2005 Weick, K. E., K. M. Sutcliffe, and D. Obstfeld. 2005. “Organizing and the Process of Sensemaking.” Organization Science 16 (4): 409–421. doi:https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.1050.0133.[Crossref], [Web of Science ®] , [Google Scholar]). We portray U.S. EL policies as shaped by varying macro, meso, and micro-local sociohistorical contexts and conflicting discourses regarding language and education. We identify major tensions between (a) centripetal versus centrifugal policy influences; (b) monolingual English-only versus multilingual policy influences; (c) policies that address ELs’ specific instructional needs versus policies addressing equitable access to the mainstream curriculum. We argue that EL policy must be considered in tandem with language teacher education policies since educators’ sensemaking of these tensions depends on their professional training, dispositions, and beliefs. We identify significant gaps in U.S. language teacher education policies including (a) low and inconsistent levels of teacher preparation, (b) little training for mainstream educators, and (c) inadequate recruitment of educators from EL students’ ethnolinguistic communities. Based on our analysis, we argue for rigorous comparative interpretive policy analyses (Appe and Telch 2020 Appe, S., and F. Telch. 2020. “Grassroots International NGOs: Using Comparative Interpretive Policy Analysis to Understand Meanings in Private Development Aid.” Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice 22 (1): 30–46. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2019.1582885.[Taylor & Francis Online], [Web of Science ®] , [Google Scholar]) of EL and language teacher education policies both within and across English-dominant societies to elucidate common challenges, advocate and work for equity, and make institutional change.
, , , Felix Oluseyi Amoo, Adekunle Adedeji, Elhakim Ibrahim, Angwi Enow Tassang, Idriss Hussein Musa, Hassan Hussein Musa
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2021.1969851

Abstract:
COVID-19 pandemic public health emergency is one of the worse disease outbreaks in the history of infectious disease. The consequence has resulted in over 4 million deaths globally. Therefore, a more in-depth understanding of the dynamics of the disease, vaccine development, and safety has become crucial for the disease eradication. The study adopted bibliometric analysis to identify the global contribution in COVID-19 and Vaccine Safety and analyzed the current status, development, and research hotspots to reference for future research directions. Studies published between January 1, 2019 and July 11, 2021 were retrieved from the Scopus database. Data analysis and visualization were conducted using VOSviewer ver 1.6.6, Bibliometrix app. (Using R). A total of 1827 publications with 12.14 average citations per document were identified. These publications were published in 796 journals by 10,243 authors (with 5.61 authors per document) from 80 countries/regions. About 33.75% of the researches were from the developed countries. The USA, China, and India were top contributors for scientific research on COVID-19 and vaccine safety. The “Vaccine” is the most productive journal with 58 articles. Li Y, NA NA, and Liu X were the top three prolific authors. Furthermore, “Human,” “Coronavirus disease 2019,” and “Drug safety,” were the most common frontier topics. Our analysis highlights the characteristics of the most influential articles on COVID-19 related to vaccine safety. The findings provided valuable insight into the scientific research progress in this domain and suggest scaling-up research and information dissemination on COVID-19 and vaccine safety.
, Jens Christian Bjerring
Knowers and Knowledge in East-West Philosophy pp 191-233; https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-79349-4_9

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Nathanial Maeda, Loreen Wales, Martin Ferguson-Pell
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Volume 102; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2021.07.689

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 1 October 2021
Mental Health Weekly, Volume 31, pp 8-8; https://doi.org/10.1002/mhw.32973

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Published: 28 September 2021
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse; https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380211046752

Abstract:
Women are increasingly at risk of gender-based violence through technology and digital tools. Some digital devices and apps such as GPS location tracking, spyware, mobile phones and social media platforms have become new tools for perpetrators to monitor, harass and abuse victims. However, the nature and impacts of technology on intimate partner violence (IPV) have remained perplexing and ambiguous. Hence, this scoping review was conducted to explore the nature, patterns and consequences of technology-facilitated domestic abuse (TFDA). All journal articles and grey literature exploring the TFDA phenomenon, its nature and impacts on victims and services providers were scanned, and twenty-two papers were included in this scoping review. Overall, findings showed that digital devices, online applications and social media accounts facilitated IPV and exacerbated the consequences of abuse. Yet, many victims and frontline workers found understanding the nature and impacts of TFDA difficult. They faced many challenges addressing this form of abuse. Thus, several strategies are needed to adequately tackle TFDA, including conducting further research on the issue, developing appropriate policy and addressing gender inequality in the online environment.
, Sarah D’Ambruoso, Christopher Pietras, Thomas Strouse, Dikla Benzeevi, ,
Published: 26 September 2021
Abstract:
BACKGROUND Open design formats for mobile applications help clinicians and stakeholders bring their needs to direct, co-creative solutions. Palliative care for patients with advanced cancers requires intensive monitoring and support, and remains an area in high need for innovation. OBJECTIVE To use community partnered participatory research (CPPR) to co-design a mobile application to meet the palliative care priorities of clinicians and patients with advanced cancer. METHODS In-person and virtual workshops were held with patient and community stakeholders, researchers, and clinicians from palliative care and oncology. Question prompts, written feedback, semi-structured interviews and facilitated group discussion identified core palliative care needs. Using Chorus, a no-code app building platform, a mobile app was co-designed with stakeholders. A pilot test with a cohort of 11 patients was conducted, with semi-structured interviews of clinician and patient users for feedback. RESULTS Key themes identified from focus groups included patient advocacy and encouragement, access to vetted information, patient/clinician communication, and symptom management. The final prototype, “My Wellness App,” contained: 1) a weekly wellness journal to track patient-reported symptoms, goals, and medication use; 2) information on self-management of symptoms; 3) lists of community resources; and 4) patient and caregiver testimonial videos. Initial pilot testing identified value in app-based communication for clinicians, patients, and caregivers, with needs for improving user interface, feedback and presentation of symptom reports, gamification, and integration of a coordinator to support patient app engagement. CONCLUSIONS Development of a mobile app using CPPR is a low-cost, low-tech, and feasible intervention for palliative care delivery. Iterative re-design and user interface expertise may improve implementation.
Siska Arifiani, Miranda Manurung, Raden Venantius Hari Ginardi
PIKSEL : Penelitian Ilmu Komputer Sistem Embedded and Logic, Volume 9, pp 103-118; https://doi.org/10.33558/piksel.v9i2.2981

Abstract:
Jakabaring Sport City (JSC) is an integrated sports facility complex and a public tourist spot in Palembang. Due to its extensive area and numerous facilities, visitors need a map with distinct markers for the landmark to make it easier when walking around. Recent technology advancements and its expanding role in various fields invites the question on how to integrate technology in the tourism industry. This journal aims to create an android-based digital map application with augmented reality (AR) as a guiding medium that will display directions towards the Jakabaring exit gate. This app is built using Maps SDK for Android to build the digital maps, Navigation SDK for Android to run navigation, and Maps for Unity to display AR objects that will show the directions towards the exit. The development focuses on a location-based service using GPS to track the user's whereabouts and provide real-time location data around the user. This application has a location search feature, a guiding direction (route and navigation) to a designed location, and an AR camera feature to display where the JSC exit gate is located. Every feature is working well and able to help users while visiting JSC. However, this application could still be improved in the AR feature because on its current version, it is only able to display directions to the JSC exit gate when users are within a radius of one kilometer or less to the exit.
Mukhasin Mukhasin, Ana Andriani
Dinamika Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Dasar, Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.30595/dinamika.v13i2.11550

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The background of this study is the low attitude of student discipline during distance learning. This study aims to determine the benefits of WhatsApp groups in distance learning on improving the discipline attitude of elementary school students. Student discipline is very important to improve learning outcomes. The data used is secondary data, as well as the research method used is literature study research. The analysis technique used in this study is the content analysis. The data obtained will be collected, analyzed, and concluded to get the expected conclusion. Based on the results of literature research from several journals written by researchers previously showed that the use of WhatsApp groups in distance learning is very useful in the process of increasing student discipline.
Muhdi Harto, Misbah Misbah
Vidya Karya, Volume 35, pp 78-86; https://doi.org/10.20527/jvk.v35i2.10591

Abstract:
The world of education is again disturbed by the massive spread of the COVID-19 virus or coronavirus disease. The use of technology is considered to facilitate and be a solution and innovation in the learning process that can be a way out so that the teaching and learning process during the COVID-19 period becomes more effective. One of the innovations that teachers can do as educators in delivering learning materials is using models in collaboration with technological advances in the learning process, especially in science learning. This research is descriptive in the form of a literature study. Data sources come from 15 scientific articles from national journals and accredited national journals. Based on the literature review that has been carried out, it can be concluded that the use of online learning models in collaboration with technology such as the Zoom platform, google classroom, WhatsApp, and others can be used in the science learning process at all levels of education during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is because this learning model is centred on students so that they are not dependent on the teacher, which is in line with the basis of online learning, which requires students to think critically, be active in exploring or understanding the subject matter presented. Students are required to establish communication between fellow students and the teacher who acts as a moderator.Keywords: Covid-19; Inovations; Online Learning; Science Dunia pendidikan kembali terusik dengan adanya penyebaran virus COVID-19 atau coronavirus disease secara masif. Penggunaan teknologi dianggap bisa mempermudah dan menjadi solusi serta inovasi dalam proses pembelajaran yang bisa menjadi jalan keluar sehingga proses belajar mengajar di masa COVID-19 menjadi lebih efektif. Salah satu inovasi yang bisa dilakukan guru sebagai tenaga pendidik dalam menyampaikan materi pembelajaran yaitu penggunaan model yang dikolaborasikan dengan kemajuan teknologi dalam proses pembelajaran khususnya pada pembelajaran sains. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif berupa studi kepustakaan. Sumber data berasal dari 15 artikel ilmiah dari jurnal nasional maupun jurnal nasional terakreditasi. Berdasarkan kajian literatur yang telah dilakukan, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan model pembelajaran online leaning yang dikolaborasikan dengan teknologi seperti platform Zoom, google classroom, whatsapp, dan lainnya dapat digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran sains pada semua jenjang pendidikan di masa pandemi COVID-19. Hal ini karena model pembelajaran ini berpusat kepada peserta didik sehingga mereka tidak ketergatungan kepada guru, yang sejalan dengan dasar dari pembelajaran secara daring yaitu menuntut peserta didik untuk berpikir kritis, aktif dalam menjelajahi atau memahami materi pelajaran yang disampaikan serta peserta didik dituntut agar dapat menjalin komunikasi yang baik antara sesama peserta didik dan juga guru yang berperan sebagai moderator.Kata kunci: Covid-19; Inovasi; Online Learning; Sains
Yu Ting Poh, Crystal Abidin
AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research; https://doi.org/10.5210/spir.v2021i0.12226

Abstract:
Following the meteoric rise of TikTok in the global market and the dominance of Douyin in the Chinese market, this article maps academic scholarship focusing on Douyin and TikTok. Examining Chinese and English journal articles studying Douyin and TikTok, we address three research questions: Firstly, what are the disciplinary approaches and methodologies employed by researchers in studying Douyin and TikTok? Secondly, what are the foci of research questions put forth by researchers? Thirdly, how is the academic scholarship on these platforms developing independently? In terms of disciplinary leanings, Douyin publications tended to be published by scholars in the humanities and social sciences while TikTok and comparative publications demonstrated a broader scope of disciplinary leanings. Regarding methodology, Douyin publications tended to employ qualitative ones. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed approaches for TikTok publications were more balanced. Qualitative and quantitative approaches were observed in comparative publications. Data collection methods across publications included digital fieldwork, surveys, interviews, experiments, media texts, and ethnography; while data analyses included content, thematic, statistical, network, critical discourse, and descriptive forms of analyses. Regarding research questions, articles on Douyin tended to engage with e-commerce, the development of short form videos, and practices, cultures and communities. Articles on TikTok tended to engage with platform logics and governance concerns, fame, virality and influencers, and representation of events or information. Comparative publications tended to engage with platformization, expression of cultural differences, fan engagement strategies and factors underlying app usage. Finally, academic scholarship on Douyin and TikTok are largely based in independent geographic regions.
, Makhosi Nkanyiso Sibanda
Published: 15 September 2021
Digital Journalism pp 1-20; https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2021.1976065

Abstract:
New Information and Communication Technologies (NICTs) are transforming newsmaking practices and journalistic cultures across the globe. Although factors such as lack of Internet access and prohibitive costs are constraining the adoption of these interactive digital technologies in most African countries, journalists are creatively appropriating these digital tools in their everyday professional work. Informed by the concept of journalism culture and the social constructionist approach to technology, this article examines the lived experiences of Zimbabwean journalists covering the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Drawing upon the first-hand accounts of 21 journalists covering this pandemic, this study explores the adoption and appropriation of digital technologies in their newsmaking practices. Despite challenges of resources such as finances, internet access and lack of protective gear, Zimbabwean journalists increasingly relied on interactive digital tools such as WhatsApp and Twitter to generate story ideas, conduct diary meetings, and for virtual sourcing.
Muhammad Syarif, M. Zaim
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on English Language and Teaching (ICOELT-8 2020) pp 83-87; https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210914.015

Abstract:
WhatsApp messaging offers four types of messages that have the potential of reinforcing the class material and given positively influence student’s learning. It also helps a teacher to improve student’s reading, listening, speaking, and writing skills. Besides that, the use of WhatsApp affects students learning processes, such as teachers cannot fully manage students’ focus on learning. The teacher does not know the student’s problems in writing directly. The writing skill of students still has low-quality. The students were not motivated in writing activities. This study’s purpose was to show the use of WhatsApp messaging as mobile learning more effective in developing students’ writing skills. This study is a descriptive qualitative study. The data was from articles and journals related to Using WhatsApp for learning. The result of this research helped the students to develop writing skills, the performance of grammar, and lexically. It allows students to learn from other friends writing. Through WhatsApp chat was provide the students to practice English writing freely as communication. This study concluded that WhatsApp as mobile learning provides the students with opportunities for practicing language as specially written communication.
, Kerstin Bach, Anne Lovise Nordstoga, Gro Falkener Bertheussen, Ilya Ashikhmin, Nora Østbø Boldermo, Else-Norun Kvarner, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Gunn Hege Marchand, , et al.
Published: 13 September 2021
by BMJ
Abstract:
Introduction Low back pain (LBP) and neck pain (NP) are common and costly conditions. Self-management is a key element in the care of persistent LBP and NP. Artificial intelligence can be used to support and tailor self-management interventions, but their effectiveness needs to be ascertained. The aims of this trial are (1) to evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored app-based self-management intervention (selfBACK) adjunct to usual care in people with LBP and/or NP in secondary care compared with usual care only, and (2) to compare the effectiveness of selfBACK with a web-based self-management intervention without individual tailoring (e-Help). Methods and analysis This is a randomised, assessor-blind clinical trial with three parallel arms: (1) selfBACK app adjunct to usual care; (2) e-Help website adjunct to usual care and (3) usual care only. Patients referred to St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim (Norway) with LBP and/or NP and accepted for assessment/treatment at the multidisciplinary outpatient clinic for back or neck rehabilitation are invited to the study. Eligible and consenting participants are randomised to one of the three arms with equal allocation ratio. We aim to include 279 participants (93 in each arm). Outcome variables are assessed at baseline (before randomisation) and at 6-week, 3-month and 6-month follow-up. The primary outcome is musculoskeletal health measured by the Musculoskeletal Health Questionnaire at 3 months. A mixed-methods process evaluation will document patients’ and clinicians’ experiences with the interventions. A health economic evaluation will estimate the cost-effectiveness of both interventions’ adjunct to usual care. Ethics and dissemination The trial is approved by the Regional Committee for Medical and Health Research Ethics in Central Norway (Ref. 2019/64084). The results of the trial will be published in peer-review journals and presentations at national and international conferences relevant to this topic. Trial registration number NCT04463043.
Barbara Guidi, Laura Ricci, Rolf Nyffenegger, Robin Ribback
Proceedings of the Conference on Information Technology for Social Good; https://doi.org/10.1145/3462203.3475901

Abstract:
The decentralization of Social Media applications has gained importance in the last years. In this direction, the HELIOS project has been proposed in order to provide a decentralized platform for social applications. Among these several social applications, the Journalism field is considered an important use case. The main problem which needs to be addressed is preventing the spread of fake news and ensuring the authenticity of the literature for end readers. Furthermore, with the rise of Citizen Journalism, the way of how people can participate to share information is changed. In this paper, we present the HELIOS Citizen Journalism App (CJ) developed in the context of the HELIOS project. The CJ App allows users to contribute content anonymously, based on blockchain technology. After publishing the content via the app, the content is available to publishers for further distribution, on a decentralized P2P and IPFS-based network storage. Furthermore, by making a donation for particular content, the CJ also receives remuneration. In this paper, we show the architecture of the App by describing its components and how it works.
, Pok Hong Lam, , Henry Hon Wai Lam,
Published: 9 September 2021
JMIR Formative Research, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.2196/27985

Abstract:
Background The lifelong management of hemophilia is demanding and complex. In July 2019, we published a review in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, summarizing telehealth interventions that facilitate monitoring of bleeding events and promoting the appropriate use of clotting factors among patients with hemophilia. This work has led to the development of a community program that aims to harness technology to promote self-management among patients with hemophilia in Hong Kong. Objective Before the inception of this program, we conducted a cross-sectional survey to evaluate the patients’ level of technology acceptance and identify their expectations of the use of mobile technology for self-management of hemophilia. Methods In total, 56 participants (75% adult patients and 25% parents of pediatric patients; 87.5% with moderate to severe disease) were recruited from a local nongovernmental organization that serves patients with hemophilia. They rated their perceived confidence and acceptance in using the new mobile technology (score 1 to 5 for each item, with a higher score indicating better acceptance) using a structured questionnaire (adapted from the Technology Acceptance Model). They also identified the top features that they perceived to be the most important components of a mobile app for the self-management of hemophilia. The Mann–Whitney U test was used to compare technology acceptance scores across subgroups of different clinical and socioeconomic characteristics. Results In general, the participants considered themselves skilled in using mobile apps (mean 4.3, 95% CI 4.1-4.5). They were willing to learn to use the new mobile app to organize their bleeding records (mean 4.0, 95% CI 3.7-4.3) and to manage their health (mean 4.2, 95% CI 4.1-4.5). Participants who lived in public housing (a surrogate marker for lower socioeconomic status in Hong Kong) reported lower technology acceptance than those who lived in private housing (P=.04). The most important features identified by the participants concerned documenting of infusion logs (n=49, 87.5%), bleeding events (n=48, 85.7%), and the secure delivery of the bleeding information to health care professionals (n=40, 71.4%). Conclusions It is encouraging to infer that patients with hemophilia in Hong Kong are receptive to the use of mobile health technology. The findings of this survey are applicable in designing the key features of a patient-centered, multimodal program harnessing mobile technology to promote self-management among patients with hemophilia. Future studies should evaluate participants’ acceptability and perceived usability of the mobile app via user metrics and assess clinical and humanistic outcomes of this program.
Jianfei Cao, , , Xitong Guo,
Published: 8 September 2021
JMIR mHealth and uHealth, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.2196/31097

Abstract:
Background Smartphones have become an integral part of our lives with unprecedented popularity and a diverse selection of apps. The continuous upgrading of information technology has also enabled smartphones to display great potential in the field of health care. Objective We aimed to determine the future research direction of mobile health (mHealth) by analyzing its research trends and latest research hotspots. Methods This study collected mHealth-related literature published between 2000 and 2020 from the Web of Science database. Descriptive statistics of publication trends of mHealth research were determined by analyzing the annual number of publications in the literature and annual number of publications by country. We constructed visualization network maps of country (or regional) collaborations and author-provided keyword co-occurrences, as well as overlay visualization maps of the average publication year of author-provided keywords to analyze the hotspots and research trends in mHealth research. Results In total, 12,593 mHealth-related research papers published between 2000 and 2020 were found. The results showed an exponential growth trend in the number of annual publications in mHealth literature. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, the Journal of Medical Internet Research, and JMIR Research Protocols were the 3 top journals with respect to number of publications. The United States remained the leading contributor to the literature in this area (5294/12,593, 42.0%), well ahead of other countries and regions. Other countries and regions also showed a clear trend of annual increases in the number of mHealth publications. The 4 countries with the largest number of publications—the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia—were found to cooperate more closely. The rest of the countries and regions showed a clear geographic pattern of cooperation. The keyword co-occurrence analysis of the top 100 authors demonstrated 5 clusters, namely, development of mHealth medical technology and its application to various diseases, use of mHealth technology to improve basic public health and health policy, mHealth self-health testing and management in daily life, adolescent use of mHealth, and mHealth in mental health. The research trends revealed a gradual shift in mHealth research from health policy and improving public health care to the development and social application of mHealth technologies. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, the most current bibliometric analysis dates back to 2016. However, the number of mHealth research published between 2017 and 2020 exceeds the previous total. The results of this study shed light on the latest hotspots and trends in mHealth research. These findings provide a useful overview of the development of the field; they may also serve as a valuable reference and provide guidance for researchers in the digital health field.
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