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(searched for: (10.5155/eurjchem.4.1.20-24.620))
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Siti Nuryanti, Sabirin Matsjeh, Chairil Anwar, Tri Joko Raharjo, Baharuddin Hamzah
European Journal of Chemistry, Volume 4, pp 20-24; doi:10.5155/eurjchem.4.1.20-24.620

Abstract:
Acid-base titration requires indicators to show color change at each pH interval. Synthetic indicators applied recently have some negatives, such as chemical pollution, availability and expensive production cost. Effort to obtain natural product-based-indicator from corolla of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) has been conducted. Firstly, anthocyanin contained in the Roselle’s corolla was identified. Then, the indicator was obtained by extracting the corolla consecutively with n-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol-HCl 0.5%. Then the filtrate was evaporated at 65 oC. The obtained indicator was applied in weak base-strong acid and weak acid-strong base titrations. The comparison indicators used in this research were methyl orange and phenolphthalein. The results showed that the Roselle’s corolla indicator gave red color in acidic solution, while green in basic solution. Additionally, its performance is similar to that of methyl orange.
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