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Israa Mohamed Shamkh, Dina Pratiwi
Journal of Molecular Docking, Volume 1, pp 1-14; doi:10.33084/jmd.v1i1.2212

Abstract:
The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is an acute respiratory tract infection that emerged in Wuhan city, China. The spike protein of coronaviruses is the main driving force for host cell recognition and is responsible for binding to the ACE2 receptor on the host cell and mediates the fusion of host and viral membranes. Recognizing compounds that could form a complex with the spike protein (S-protein) potently could inhibit SARS-CoV-2 infections. The software was used to survey 300 plant natural compounds or derivatives for their binding ability with the SARS-CoV-2 S-protein. The docking score for ligands towards each protein was calculated to estimate the binding free energy. Four compounds showed a strong ability to bind with the S-protein (neohesperidin, quercetin 3-O-rutinoside-7-O-glucoside, 14-ketostypodiol diacetate, and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose) and used to predict its docking model and binding regions. The highest predicted ligand/protein affinity was with quercetin 3-O-rutinoside-7-O-glucoside followed by neohesperidin. The four compounds were also tested against other related coronavirus and showed their binding ability to S-protein of the bat, SARS, and MERS coronavirus strains, indicating that they could bind and block the spike activities and subsequently prevent them infection of different coronaviruses. Molecular docking also showed the probability of the four ligands binding to the host cell receptor ACE2. The interaction residues and the binding energy for the complexes were identified. The strong binding ability of the four compounds to the S-protein and the ACE2 protein indicates that they might be used to develop therapeutics specific against SARS-CoV-2 and close related human coronaviruses.
Emilio Viktorov Mateev, Iva Valkova, Maya Georgieva, Alexander Zlatkov
Journal of Molecular Docking, Volume 1, pp 40-47; doi:10.33084/jmd.v1i1.2357

Abstract:
Recently, the application of molecular docking is drastically increasing due to the rapid growth of resolved crystallographic receptors with co-crystallized ligands. However, the inability of docking softwares to correctly score the occurred interactions between ligands and receptors is still a relevant issue. This study examined the Pearson’s correlation coefficient between the experimental monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) inhibitory activity of 44 novel coumarins and the obtained GOLD 5.3 docking scores. Subsequently, optimization of the docking protocol was carried out to achieve the best possible pairwise correlation. Numerous modifications in the docking settings such as alteration in the scoring functions, size of the grid space, presence of active waters, and side-chain flexibility were conducted. Furthermore, ensemble docking simulations into two superimposed complexes were performed. The model was validated with a test set. A significant Pearson’s correlation coefficient of 0.8217 was obtained for the latter. In the final stage of our work, we observed the major interactions between the top-scored ligands and the active site of 1S3B.
, Radhika Waghela
Journal of Molecular Docking, Volume 1, pp 25-31; doi:10.33084/jmd.v1i1.2148

Abstract:
SARS-CoV-2, a new type of Coronavirus, has affected more millions of people worldwide. From the spread of this infection, many studies related to this virus and drug designing for the treatment have been started. Most of the studies target the SARS-CoV-2 main protease, spike protein of SASR-CoV-2, and some are targeting the human furin protease. In the current work, we chose the clinically used drug molecules remdesivir, favipiravir, lopinavir, hydroxychloroquine, and chloroquine onto the target protein SARS-CoV-2 main protease. Docking studies were performed using Arguslab, while Discovery Studio collected 2D and 3D pose views with the crystal structure of COVID-19 main protease in complex with an inhibitor N3 with PDB ID 6LU7. Computational studies reveal that all ligands provided good binding affinities towards the target protein. Among all the chosen drugs, lopinavir showed the highest docking score of -11.75 kcal/mol. The results from this molecular docking study encourage the use of lopinavir as the first-line treatment drug due to its highest binding affinity.
Chief Editor Of J Mol Docking
Journal of Molecular Docking, Volume 1; doi:10.33084/jmd.v1i1.2382

Abstract:
Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.Alhamdulillahirabbil ‘alamin. After a long wait for almost 1 year from the first planned, finally, the new scientific journal of the Department of Pharmacy Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya can be published. This scientific journal was named the Journal of Molecular Docking (J Mol Docking), inspired by one of the most popular in silico methods in computer-aided drug design. Journal of Molecular Docking published every 6 months (2 issues/year) every June and December.This edition contains five articles consisting of writings from four countries including Indonesia, India, Bulgaria, and Egypt. The authors come from several institutions, including Bio Search Research Institution, Sekolah Tinggi Farmasi Muhammadiyah Tangerang, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Siddha Central Research Institute – Central Council for Research in Siddha, Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, Universitas Mataram, and Medical University – Sofia.Editorial boards are fully aware that there is still room for improvement in this edition, hence with all humility willing to accept constructive suggestions and feedback for improvements to the publication for the next editions. The editorial board would like to thank all editors and reviewers, and contributors of the scientific articles who have provided the repertoire in this issue. We hope that all parties, especially the contributors of the articles, could re-participate for publication in the next edition in December 2021.Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.
Logesh Kumar Selvaraj, Geethanjali Thayumanavan, , Sugin Lal Jabaris
Journal of Molecular Docking, Volume 1, pp 15-24; doi:10.33084/jmd.v1i1.2264

Abstract:
The Indian Traditional Medicines System has long used Siddha polyherbal formulations for different viral diseases. The ingredients of these formulas have been proven to be antiviral. The study focuses on in silico computational evaluation of phytoconstituents of the official Siddha formulation Kabasura, Thonthasura, and Vishasura Kudineer, which were widely used in treating viral fever and respiratory infections and may influence the current SARS-CoV-2 coronary virus pandemic. Maestro interface (Schrödinger Suite, LLC, NY) was used for molecular docking studies against MPro (PDB ID 5R82, 6Y2F, and 6LU7), Nsp15 endoribonuclease (6W01), RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (6M71), and spike protein (6VW1) of SARS-CoV-2. In addition, pharmacokinetics (ADME) and safety profile prediction studies were performed to identify the best drug candidates using Qikpro and Toxicity Estimation Software Tool (T.E.S.T). A total of 36 compounds were screened, of which nine displayed strong binding affinity and drug-likeness. Luteolin and chrysoeriol produced stronger results. These nine compounds were free of oral toxicity as evaluated by the Toxicity estimation software. Based on further in vitro, in vivo, and clinical effectiveness trials, these compounds may be used for the prevention or treatment as per the Indian system of traditional medicines.
Baiq Ressa Puspita Rizma, Agus Dwi Ananto, Anggit Listyacahyani Sunarwidhi
Journal of Molecular Docking, Volume 1, pp 32-39; doi:10.33084/jmd.v1i1.2307

Abstract:
Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new strain of coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2, which was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The rapid transmission of COVID-19 from human to human forced researchers to find a potent drug by setting aside the time-consuming traditional method in drug development. The molecular docking approach is one a reliable method to screening compound from chemical drug or by finding a compound from Indonesian herbal plants. The present study aimed to assess the potency of compounds from five medicinal plants as potential inhibitors of PLpro and 3CLpro from SARS-CoV-2 using molecular study. The molecular docking was performed using Protein-Ligand Ant System (PLANTS) to analyze the potential compounds by the docking score. Remdesivir triphosphate was used as a standard for the comparison of the test compounds. The docking score obtained from the docking of PLpro with native ligand, remdesivir triphosphate, curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin, luteolin, apigenin, quercetin, kaempferol, formononetin-7-O-glucuronide, andrographolide, and neoandrographolide were -111.441, -103.827, -103.609, -102.363, -100.27, -79.6655, -78.6901, -80.9337, -79.4686, -82.1124, -79.1789, and -97.2452, respectively. Meanwhile, docking score with 3CLpro for the same ligand were -64.0074, -86.1811, -81.428, -87.1625, -78.2899, -73.4345, -70.3368, -71.5539, -68.4321, -72.0154, -75.9777, and -93.7746. The docking score data suggest that curcumin was the most potential as a PLpro inhibitor, while neoandrographolide was the best as a 3CLpro inhibitor.
Saurabh Nimesh, , Shikhka Dhama, , Muhammad Akram, Neda Esmaeili Nejad Hasaroeih
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 91-98; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1950

Abstract:
The systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), commonly known as Lupus, is a rare and complex multisystem autoimmune disease where one’s immune system is overactive, and the body attacks its organ systems. SLE is a historically old disease described already in antiquity; it is an example of a chronic disease with physical, psychological, financial, and social implications for individuals diagnosed. It has inspired medical and basic biological scientists that focus on molecular biology, basic immunology, immunopathology, clinical science, genetics, and epidemiology. The syndrome is real in its existence-although hidden behind obstacles, cumbersome for patients and clinicians, and rebellious for scientists. There is currently no cure for SLE. The goal of treatment is to ease symptoms. This article will review information on the general approach to SLE therapy, focusing on currently approved therapies and novel approaches that might be used in the future.
, , Sangam Singh, Nitin Kumar
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 117-127; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1915

Abstract:
This study aims to develop a liposomal drug delivery system of isotretinoin, an acne drug-using spray drying, as a cost-effective and time-effective technique. The liposomal formulation was prepared by using spray drying; three different strategies were adopted: suspension spray drying (SSD), thin-film hydration and spray drying (TFHSD), and emulsion spray drying (ESD). Isotretinoin was 99% bound with lipid, so lipids hydrogenated soy phosphatidylcholine (HSPC), distearoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DSPG), and cholesterol were selected for the formulation development. The HSPC, DSPG, cholesterol, and isotretinoin were taken in the ratio 4 : 1 : 0.16 : 3.1 mmol. In vitro drug release studies, microscopy, drug content, and related substance characterizations were done to formulate each strategy of spray drying prepared dry liposomes of isotretinoin. Results were compared with the USP monograph of isotretinoin. It was revealed that isotretinoin's liposomal formulation using ESD was having drug release according to the USP limits. Drug content was also according to the USP requirement; no free drug crystals were found in microscopy, multivesicular vesicles were found in shape, a particle size of up 60 µ was found. The ESD technique was a successful, time-effective, and cost-effective technique for preparing a liposomal drug delivery system for isotretinoin.
Fitrianti Darusman, , Gina Fuji Nurfarida
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 110-116; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1826

Abstract:
Glimepiride is often combined with metformin HCl as an oral antidiabetic in type II diabetes mellitus, which provides a complementary and synergistic effect with multiple targets for insulin secretion. Glimepiride includes class II of BCS, which solubility practically insoluble in water but high permeability, which will impact the drug's small bioavailability. In contrast, metformin HCl includes class III of BCS, which has a high solubility in water, but low permeability is absorbed approximately 50-60% in the digestive tract given orally. The co-crystallization method can be used to improve the glimepiride solubility properties and the permeability properties of metformin HCl by interrupting glimepiride with metformin HCl physically. This study aims to identify the physical interactions between glimepiride and metformin HCL using a thermal analysis of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and then confirmed by a computational approach. Identifying the physical interactions between glimepiride and metformin HCL was carried out by plotting the melting points generated from the endothermic peaks of the DSC thermogram at various compositions versus the mole ratios of the two were further confirmed by the computational approach using PatchDock. The results of the phase diagram analysis of the binary system between glimepiride and metformin HCl show a congruent pattern, which indicates the formation of co-crystal or molecular compounds at a 1 : 1 mole ratio at 228°C. Computational approach results showed that the interaction between glimepiride and metformin HCl did not form new compounds but heterosinton formation that was stable in molecular dynamics simulations.
Dita Ayulia Dwi Sandi, Eka Fitri Susiani, , Pratiwi Wikaningtyas
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 78-83; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1782

Abstract:
Sunscreen is a cosmetic substance that has the ability to reflect or absorb sunlight actively. It can prevent skin irritation due to UV rays. One of the natural ingredients with a sunscreen effect is the Edible-nest swiftlet's (Aerodramus fuciphagus) nest (ESN). This study aimed to determine the value of the sun protective factor (SPF) of the ESN water extract. The ESN water extract solution with variation concentration, this is 2000, 2500, 5000, 6000, and 7000 ppm, were measured by spectrophotometric UV-Vis at wavelength 290-375 nm with 5 nm intervals to determine the value of SPF, percentage of erythema transmission (%Te), and percentage of pigmentation transmission (%Tp) of ESN water extract. The result showed that the ESN water extract's SPF values at the concentration 2000, 2500, 5000, 6000, and 7000 ppm were 7.80; 9.68; 18.75; 20.58; and 22.24. The value of %Te of each concentration were 15.60±0.19; 10.03±0.42; 1.24±0.04; 0.81±0.01 and 0.56±0.01. While the value of %Tp of each concentration was showed the sunblock category. In conclusion, the ESN water extract from Central Kalimantan at the concentration of 6000 ppm has potential in ultraviolet protection against the skin in the ultra category with sunblock category mechanism. Further, it can be developed into sunscreen cosmetics from natural ingredients.
Vilya Syafriana, Amelia Febriani, Suyatno Suyatno, Nurfitri Nurfitri, Fathin Hamida
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 135-144; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1870

Abstract:
Sempur (Dillenia suffruticosa) leaves are known as a traditional medicine for the people of Bangka-Belitung Island. The local people empirically utilize the boiled water of D. suffruticosa leaves as anti-diarrhea. However, the antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extract of D. suffruticosa leaves has not been reported. This study aims to determine the antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extract of D. suffruticosa leaves against several microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus as Gram-positive bacteria, Escherichia coli as Gram-negative bacteria, and Candida albicans as fungi. Extraction was carried out by maceration method with 70% ethanol, then screened for phytochemical constituents. The antimicrobial test was carried out by the disc diffusion method using Nutrient Agar (NA) for bacteria, and Sabouraud Dextrose Agar (SDA) for fungi. The results of phytochemical screening showed that the ethanol extract of D. suffruticosa leaves contained alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, and saponins. The antimicrobial test showed that the extract of D. suffruticosa leaves could inhibit the growth of S. aureus at concentrations of 10%, 20%, and 40% were 8.35±0.05; 9.34±0.32; and 10.52±0.22, respectively. The ethanol extract of D. suffruticosa leaves could inhibit the growth of S. aureus, whereas E. coli and C. albicans did not show any activity.
Abraham Bwalhuma Muhindo, , , , Emmanuel Eilu, Joe Mutebi, , Richard Onyuthi Apecu
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 145-156; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1948

Abstract:
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are challenging to treat and often associated with much higher extended stays, morbidity, and mortality, higher treatment costs, especially when the causative agent is multidrug resistance (MDR). This study was designed to determine the prevalence of nosocomial infections and susceptibility profiles of bacteria isolated from Cesarean section (C-section) and surgical patients from Kasese District Hospitals in Western Uganda. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from January to September 2016 involving 303 patients with SSIs in obstetrics & gynecology; and general surgery wards in three health facilities. Clinical-demographic characteristics of patients were obtained using structured questionnaires before surgery. Bacterial analysis of the air and floor of the theatre room was done using the standard culture method. Of the 303 patients enrolled with SSIs (median age 34 years), 71.6% were female, and 28.4% were males. Only 14.5% developed SSIs, with predominant isolates being Staphylococcus aureus 33.33% and Escherichia coli 24%. The majority of recruited participants underwent a C-section of 58% and the least amputations of 0.3%. Duration of operation or surgery, p-value 0.002 (95% CI 1.599-7.667) was significantly associated with SSIs. Gram-negative bacteria were found resistant (50-100%) to ampicillin, gentamycin, and ciprofloxacin, the commonly used post-operative drugs of choice. Hospital-acquired infections were common with emerging antibiotic-resistant strains isolated in most SSIs at Kasese hospitals. The development of resistance to commonly used antibiotics such as ampicillin, gentamycin, and ciprofloxacin than previously reported calls for laboratory-guided SSIs therapy and strengthening infection control policies.
Gaurav Joshi, , Nishant Goutam, Alka Sharma
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 157-170; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1978

Abstract:
Drug-related problems (DRPs) had often been a concern in the system that needed to be detected, avoided, and addressed as soon as possible. The need for a clinical pharmacist becomes even more important. He is the one who can not only share the load but also be an important part of the system by providing required advice. They fill out the patient's pharmacotherapy reporting form and notify the medical team's head off any drug-related issues. General practitioners register severe adverse drug reactions (ADRs) yearly. As a result of all of this, a clinical pharmacist working in and around the healthcare system is expected to advance the pharmacy industry. Its therapy and drugs can improve one's health quality of life by curing, preventing, or diagnosing a disease, sign, or symptom. The sideshows, on the other hand, do much harm. Because of the services they offer, clinical pharmacy has grown in popularity. To determine the overall effect and benefits of the emergency department (ED) clinical pharmacist, a systematic review of clinical practice and patient outcomes will be needed. A clinical pharmacist's anatomy, toxicology, pharmacology, and medicinal chemistry expertise significantly improves a patient's therapy enforcement. It is now important to examine the failure points of healthcare systems as well as the individuals involved.
Aditya Maulana Perdana Putra, Ratih Pratiwi Sari, Siska Musiam
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 84-90; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1703

Abstract:
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease with signs of increased blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes is common diabetes in adults. Bawang dayak is one of the plants believed to have the efficacy of curing various types of diseases. The purpose of this study was to find out the comparison of hypoglycemic effects between combinations of bawang dayak extract and acarbose with single acarbose. This study was an experimental study using 32 white mice divided into two groups. Group one was given a combination of bawang dayak at a dose of 100 mg/kg BW and acarbose at a dose of 40 mg/100 g BW, while group two was given acarbose at a dose of 40 mg/100 g BW. Treatment is administered after the test animal is induced with dexamethasone at a 1 mg/kg BW dose dissolved in NaCl 0.9% subcutaneously for 12 days. Measurement of glucose levels was carried out using a glucometer. Data retrieval was carried out every three days for 15 days after previously fulfilled for +10 hours. Blood glucose level data were analyzed with the General Linear Model test. The combination of bawang dayak-acarbose onion extract had a greater decrease in blood glucose levels than single acarbose. Average reduction in blood glucose levels for D+3; D+6; D+9; D+12; and D+15 was 187.31; 168.56; 140.81; 119.81; and 102.56 mg/dl, respectively. The General Linear Model test results showed a p <0.05 value that significantly impacted blood glucose levels between groups.
Priyanka Singh, Amit Kumar Shrivastava, , Manish Dhar Dwivedi
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 99-109; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1854

Abstract:
This study aimed to improve the dissolution rate of aceclofenac and release the drug in a controlled manner over a period of 24 hours. Matrix tablets were prepared by direct compression method, using hydrophilic polymers (HPMC/guar gum). Matrix tablets were prepared by wet granulation method using different hydrophilic polymers (HPMC/guar gum). Tablets were evaluated for in vitro drug release profile in phosphate buffer with pH 6.8 (without enzymes). The thickness and hardness of prepared tablets were 3.23 ± 0.035 to 3.28 ± 0.008 mm and 3.26 ± 0.115 to 3.60 ± 0.200 kg/cm2, respectively. The friability was within the acceptable limits of pharmacopoeial specifications (0.31 to 0.71%), which indicates the good mechanical strength of the tablets. Drug release was retarded with an increase in polymer concentration due to the gelling property of polymers. The in vitro drug release from the proposed system was best explained by Higuchi’s model, indicating that drug release from tablets displayed a diffusion-controlled mechanism. The results clearly indicate that guar gum could be a potential hydrophilic carrier in developing oral controlled drug delivery systems. Based on the study results, formulations F8 was selected as the best formulation.
Sani Ega Priani, Desti Puspa Rahayu, Indra Topik Maulana
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4, pp 128-134; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.1942

Abstract:
Cod liver oil (CLO) has long been used as medicine or as a functional food. The CLO is a potential source of vitamin D, vitamin A, and omega fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid/EPA and docosahexaenoic acid/DHA). Self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) can enhance dissolution, absorption, and bioavailability of hydrophilic and lipophilic substances for oral administration. The objective of this study was to develop a SNEDDS of CLO with good physical characteristics and stability. The optimization formula was carried out using various ratios of oil, surfactant, and cosurfactant. The physical properties of SNEDDS were determined by transmittance percentage, dispersibility, robustness, thermodynamics stability (heating-cooling cycle, centrifugation, and freeze-thaw cycle), and globule size distribution. The optimum formula of CLO-SNEDDS was obtained at a ratio of surfactant and cosurfactant 2 : 1 and a comparison of oil and surfactant mixtures 1 : 6. The CLO-SNEDDS meets the requirement of percent transmittance (97.90±0.85), dispersibility (grade A), and stability based on robustness and thermodynamic stability tests. Diluted SNEDDS has an average globule size of 125 nm with a polydispersity index (PDI) of 0.515. CLO-SNEDDS preparation has good physical characteristics and stability.
Chief Editor Of Borneo J Pharm
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, Volume 4; doi:10.33084/bjop.v4i2.2289

Abstract:
Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb. Alhamdulillahirabbil ‘alamin. The next edition of the Borneo Journal of Pharmacy (Borneo J Pharm), has been published in May 2021. Starting from this volume, Borneo J Pharm increases the frequency of publishing four times a year. This change aims to improve the circulation of the best articles published by Borneo J Pharm. This edition contains ten articles consisting of Pharmacology-Toxicology, Pharmaceutical, Microbiology Pharmacy, and Clinical-Community Pharmacy. This edition includes writings from seven countries including Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Iran, Nepal, Uganda, and Nigeria. The authors come from several institutions, including Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Borneo Lestari, Bandung Institute of Technology, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Banjarmasin, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan ISFI Banjarmasin, Shri Gopichand College of Pharmacy, Government College University Faisalabad, Islamic Azad University, Sardar Patel College of Pharmacy, Universal College of Medical Sciences, NKBR College of Pharmacy and Research Centre, Universitas Islam Bandung, Oxford College of Pharmacy, ATMS Group of Institutions, Institut Sains dan Teknologi Nasional, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Kampala International University, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aliero, University Institute of Pharma Sciences Chandigarh University, and Laureate Institute of Pharmacy. The editorial board would like to thank all editors and reviewers, and contributors of the scientific articles who have provided the repertoire in this issue. We hope that all parties, especially the contributors of the articles, could re-participate for publication in the next edition in August 2021. Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.
Emil Adly
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 306-313; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2079

Abstract:
Pagersari is a hamlet located in Srumbung Magelang District, which is planned to be developed into a tourist village. To access the hamlet, a map showing the location and informative information is needed so that tourists can easily reach the location. The hamlet must have an information system containing partial administrative data. The problem often occurs the lack of administrative processing that provides complete, accurate, and easy-to-update data. This service aims to update the hamlet information system by mapping the hamlet, which contains information on population data and other attributes according to the needs based on Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and assisted by using ArcGIS then exported to CarryMap software. The implementation method is collecting population data from family cards, taking coordinate points, and inputting the ARCGIS software. The results obtained are that the public can find out in detail the location of the residents' houses and the population data available in the form of an online map. Therefore, the community can more easily access or update the hamlet population data through the operator. The community can also list the business opportunities they have. With an accurate digital map, it can make it easier for the outside community to find the location of tourist attractions that the village will plan as a tourism village by the potential of each hamlet.
Kadek Ayu Astiti, Andam S. Ardan, Damianus Dao Samo
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 266-271; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1787

Abstract:
This community service activity improves teacher skills in carrying out simple Mathematics and Natural Sciences practical activities. This activity is designed in the form of training through several stages, namely 1) coordinating with partner schools for implementation time, 2) providing material related to simple mathematics and science practicum, 3) Mentoring for Mathematics and Natural Sciences teachers in designing simple practicums, and 4) program evaluation. Participants in this activity were several Mathematics and Natural Sciences teachers from SMP N 1 Nekamese, SMP N 2 Nekamese, SMP N 4 Nekamese, and SMP N 5 Nekamese. In the training activities, the participants were quite enthusiastic in participating in the activities, which could be seen from the enthusiasm to participate in the activities and dynamic discussions. Based on the final test results, there was an increase in the teacher's ability before and after the training with an n-gain value in the high category.
, Rinny Ardina, Halida Suryadini
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 222-229; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1917

Abstract:
COVID-19 infection regardless of age. It can infect children, adults, and older adults. Children and older adults are high-risk groups of infection. An orphanage where many children live in one place with a high risk of transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Education about prevention of infection and the spread of COVID-19 transmission at Darul Tazkiyah orphanage Palangka Raya was needed. The implementation methods included a pre-test, education about COVID-19, post-test, and submission of calendars containing information on prevention of COVID-19, posters, betel leaf extract hand sanitizers and health protocols banners. A total of 46 orphanage children became respondents. The paired sample t-test showed that p-value (0.000) <0.05. It meant there was a difference between pre-test and post-test results, which meant there was an increasing children's knowledge about prevention of infection and the spread of COVID-19 transmission at Darul Tazkiyah Orphanage, Palangka Raya. Based on the results of the service activities carried out, it showed that providing education can increase children's knowledge about how efforts to prevent transmission of COVID-19, so it is hoped that this increased knowledge can minimize transmission of COVID-19 and help government programs to reduce positive cases of COVID-19 in Palangka Raya in particular.
Srie Rosmilawati, Mita Sari, Sirojul Rahman, Yustin Yustin, Isti Qomah
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 211-216; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1878

Abstract:
Countries in the world face a big challenge in handling the coronavirus outbreak, which is officially identified by WHO as Corona Virus Disease-19 or abbreviated as Covid-19. This pandemic, which started in the city of Wuhan, China, has caused a global shock because, in the last few decades, we have never experienced a viral outbreak with such a rapid and massive rate and transmission rate like this coronavirus, far above its cousins ​​SARS and MERS viruses as well as Ebola, which had been tormented a few years ago, but was quickly resolved. Educational action on the impact of Covid-19 is very much needed to provide understanding to the people of Panjehang Village where the education contains what Covid-19 is, its effects and dangers, and how to prevent the spread of Covid-19 and to continue the distribution of food packages.
Tiara Diah Sosialita, Reza Lidia Sari, Valina Khiarin Nisa
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 272-279; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1792

Abstract:
Based on the need analysis conducted, the problems are Bubutan subdistrict of Surabaya City has a large number of young people, but it is not balanced with productivity. In this stage, adolescents should be directed to carry out positive activities by their interests. Results of the initial assessment found that young people in Bubutan are interested in the field of entrepreneurship. Still, unfortunately, most of them did not have basic entrepreneurial knowledge and skill. The solution that is expected to be effective for those problems is an entrepreneurship education program to empower self-potential in the entrepreneurial field. In fact, the implementation of this program can be a solution to the need of young people in Bubutan, which was lack entrepreneurial education. This program was given to Posyandu Remaja with consideration that they can become initiators for other adolescents to develop productivity, quality, and self-character in the industrial era 4.0, which demands global competition.
Sartono Joko Santosa, Siswadi Siswadi, Andi Fajarwanto
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 251-257; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1772

Abstract:
Food is a basic need for humans that must be fulfilled as a basic need; food has an essential meaning and role in a nation's life. The problems faced during the Covid 19 pandemic have forced everyone to keep quiet and work from home so that everyone tries to take advantage of this free time with productive activities. One of these activities is gardening at home using household waste. To make this happen, from April to September 2020, the community service team conducted counseling and training and practices for the Amuktiwo Ngubo farmer group, Kestalan sub-district, Banjasari District, Surakarta City, Central Java. The results of the program show that the Covid 19 pandemic forces every citizen, especially partner groups, to do activities at home, which results in a lot of free time available, so gardening at home by using household waste as a planting medium is the most appropriate solution because the environment is clean and healthy. The crop yields can meet the needs of the kitchen, which results in reduced expenses. Also, if this program is implemented nationally, the goal of community food security will be achieved.
Gatot Supangkat Samidjo, , Triyono Triyono
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 314-320; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2252

Abstract:
Cawas Village has launched a Garbage Bank in every RW in its area, one of which is RW 09 Kuncen, which has succeeded in establishing the Manunggal Sejahtera Waste Bank. The focus of this program is the development of a waste bank to become the Parent Garbage Bank, both in management and in technical implementation. The objective of this activity is the compilation of the Cawas Village Kuncen Waste Bank Master Development Plan which is in line with the Cawas Village RPJMDes regarding waste management, both inorganic and organic. The Direct Action method is applied in community service programs by increasing management capabilities through socialization activities, training, practice, study visits, and Waste Bank Master planning documents preparation. The presence of the Covid-19 pandemic diverted some community empowerment activities to community efforts in overcoming Covid-19. Community empowerment is done online. The results achieved have not been optimal due to the Covid-19 pandemic, so that several strategic activities related to the initiation of the main waste bank development have been hampered. Some of the results were achieved, the agreement to build a waste bank was continued after the pandemic, a demonstration area for the reuse of waste as a planting place, preparation and implementation of an environmental competition for waste management, and activities to prevent the spread of Covid-19 (environmental sanitation and checking body temperature at the entrance to villages and mosques). The response of partner satisfaction to program implementation is above 80%, and 100% hope that it will continue
Chief Editor Of PengabdianMu J Pengabdian Masyarakat
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2270

Abstract:
Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb. Dear reader, now PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat re-published on Volume 6 Issue 3 April 2021. This edition marks a change in publication frequency from four times to six times a year. The publication of PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat certainly participates in disseminating the results of community services in science and technology development conducted by lecturers and researchers especially from UM Palangkaraya and other universities. This edition contains 16 articles consisting of Education, Social and Political, Agriculture, and Health Science topics. Editorial boards are fully aware that there are still room for improvement in this edition, hence with all humility willing to accept constructive suggestions and feedback for improvements to the publication for the next editions. The editorial board would like to thank the University, all editors and reviewers, and contributors of the scientific articles who have provided the repetoire in this issue. We hope that all parties, especially the contributors of the articles, could re-participate for the success of the publication in the next edition on June 2021. Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.
Sukamta Sukamta, Indardi Indardi
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 298-305; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2083

Abstract:
The problems faced by coconut shell charcoal craftsmen are production capacity, product quality, and low selling prices. Low product quality is due to the absence of quality standards in the production process. This activity aims to improve the management quality and add value to charcoal products by turning them into briquettes to increase the selling price. Implementing activities is divided into two different problem areas that one partner handles: production problems and management problems (raw material management, production process management, packing, and warehousing management, shipping management, product quality assurance management, and marketing management). The output of this community service activity is that coconut shell charcoal has been produced with an increased quality than before in terms of the low water content of less than 7%. Likewise, the briquettes to those produced are of high quality. There is an increase in added value through processing shell charcoal into briquettes which have significantly increased revenue and profit.
Berthiana Berthiana
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 230-235; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1923

Abstract:
Elderly residents need to be given attention because usually, at old age, there will be many complaints/health problems due to decreased organ function. Therefore it needs various supports from various parties, especially families, in increasing the independence of the elderly in fulfilling daily activities so that the elderly can maintain their health as optimal as possible. The results showed that increased knowledge about good family support and awareness of the elderly in doing their own independent activities would improve the quality of life of the elderly in their old age. There are two evaluations carried out in this community service: pre-test and post-test evaluation. For the pre-test results of 30 participants, 45% are good, and 55% are not good after the activity process is carried out; the post-test gets 90% good and 10% less good. The conclusion from the implementation of community service participants in community service activities can understand and understand the role of the family regarding the independence of the elderly in fulfilling daily activities
Muchamad Zaenuri, Suswanta Suswanta, Muhammad Iqbal
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 280-284; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1815

Abstract:
Dukuh Sikepan Ngagrong Village is one of the villages located in Gladagsari District, Boyolali Regency, Central Java Province. Plantations and animal husbandry are the sources of livelihood for the people of Dukuh Sikepan, most of whom work as farmers and breeders. Also, the limited knowledge of residents about animal feed fermentation has made residents only provide feed with ordinary grass, which is only found in the rainy season. So that during the dry season, residents have to buy feed elsewhere at a higher cost. The not yet optimal marketing of agricultural products and development is also an obstacle for Sikepan residents. Thus, it is necessary to have a community service program that is expected to help the people of Sikepan Hamlet reduce the problems they are facing. Through the method of extension, education, and assistance to develop public knowledge to recognize and utilize agricultural knowledge about animal feed fermentation and education about post-harvest online marketing in Sikepan Hamlet, it is necessary to do it. KKN students, assisted by Field Supervisory Lecturers, carry out community service programs that interact with the community. The KKN-PPM program is beneficial for residents in carrying out livestock feed fermentation, providing technical training to enable farmers to do what they need. Besides that, with online marketing training, mothers and adolescents can sell their products smartly.
Nayang Helmayunita, Ade Elsa Betavia, Dovi Septiari, Sany Dwita
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 243-250; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1762

Abstract:
Based on interviews conducted with the Head of the Vocational High School Management and Business Vocational High School Subject Teacher Conference in West Sumatra Province, it was found that teachers need to improve their competence about the use of Computer Accounting Applications. It is known that teachers still lack competence, and teachers are still unfamiliar with how to operate various menus and functions that can be used in a spreadsheet program to complete company financial reports. Based on this condition, the teaching and learning process for subjects has been done more with the lecture method and a little practice. So that this affects the competence of SMK graduates. In fact, the guidance for the world of work requires SMK graduates to operate this application program properly. The community's activity was carried out for two days on 18 and 19 September 2020 at SMKN 2 Kota Padang. The implementation is carried out in three stages, namely material presentation, integrated training, and evaluation. At the end of the activity, it was known that there was an increase in the understanding of the participants regarding the preparation of financial statements of trading companies using Microsoft Excel with a case settlement value that could be achieved was 85.71%. Furthermore, this increase in teacher competence is expected to be transferred to students and is reflected in the value of UKK and the acceptance of graduates in the world of work.
Dewi Sekar Kencono, Atik Septi Winarsih
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 291-297; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.2082

Abstract:
This paper has the aim of demonstrating the importance of environmentally friendly educational props by utilizing used goods. The implementation of teaching and learning activities at Pre-Kindergarten Kota Yogyakarta has problems with limited educational aids (APE). The existence of APE is one of the keys in carrying out the learning process. The low level of teacher creativity in making APE, in this case, becomes the anchor to provide APE for the learning process. This APE can be made by enhancing the creativity between teachers and parents of parents. During the Covid-19 pandemic, teaching and learning activities in Pre-Kindergarten were carried out in their respective homes. To support the use of APE, training on the use of used goods was conducted. Through training in the use of used goods, the aim is to utilize items around and be used as children's learning media for teachers and parents. In addition, to increase the creativity of teachers and parents. Used goods are recycled into useful items. The use of used goods reduces the increasing waste of waste. Through training on the use of used goods as educational props, it can facilitate learning methods both at home and school for early childhood and reduce waste of used goods.
Indah Tri Handayani, Bahrianoor Bahrianoor
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 217-221; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1895

Abstract:
The village of Mentaren II is productive as the center of the snack processing industry. The majority of the people use agricultural land as a livelihood to make various snacks. The management of small industries in this village has been going on for a long time; business actors have their own materials and equipment in their processing practices. Pukades is one of the leading village programs in the direction of development in the village. With this superior village product, it is hoped that it can boost job opportunities in the countryside. So that systematically, it can increase purchasing power and reduce the level of poverty in the village. The sales prospect is quite developed, as evidenced by the many results of their complaining that they are traded in suburban stalls along the Kalimantan road, even directly with buyers. However, this industry's development has faced obstacles since the Covid-19 epidemic, which requires the public not to gather together. This has an impact, especially on business actors who have been relying on conventional marketing systems. At this stage, the community service team visits the village office and meets the village head and village officials, discussing village institutions' activeness, both BUMDes, and Posyantek, in the village. The service team immediately went into the field by visiting several houses that had businesses and conducting brief interviews with the procession of managing activities and various obstacles.
, Candra Adi Intyas, Yahya Yahya
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 285-290; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1832

Abstract:
Kademangan is a shrimp paste production center in the Probolinggo municipality. The shrimp paste made from this fish processing center is of lower quality than similar products on the market. The varying size of the raw materials is a significant problem in shrimp paste production in this business hub. This activity aimed to improve the quality of the shrimp paste product by introducing and enhancing the partners' skills in using grinders and shrimp powder for rebon shrimp in making rebon shrimp paste. The method of this service activity consists of training, monitoring, and evaluation of the activities. This activity showed that the partners had received training on the production of shrimp paste and its quality and the use of grinding machines and machines for boiling shrimp meal. During the partner monitoring period, it became apparent that the partners had switched the technology from manual production of shrimp paste to machine production. The evaluation results show that the partners are familiar with grinding and grinding machines in making Rebon shrimp paste. The resulting products are of higher quality than those made before the partners used the shrimp grinding shrimp flour machines. The conclusion is that the use of grinding and flour machines for rebon shrimp by partners has increased the production capacity by three times and increased the quality of the rebon shrimp paste.
Marjan Wahyuni, Fenty Fauziah, Marwati Marwati
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 236-242; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1740

Abstract:
Samboja district in Kutai Kartanegara Regency has a fairly good economic potential: dragon fruit cultivation. Dragon fruit farmers in Samboja District, especially members of the women's farmer group in Sei Merdeka Village, face several problems. When they enter the harvest period, dragon fruit is attacked by plant pests. Dragon fruit is only a few and is supplied by middlemen who are also buyers of the dragon fruit harvest. Middlemen buy the dragon fruit at a meager price compared to market prices. On the other hand, farmers cannot sell dragon fruit themselves directly in supermarkets or in traditional markets. This PKM activity will provide training on how to plant dragon fruit, so that plant pests do not attack it to partner members of the women farmer groups and PKK women's groups. This effort can break the dependence of women farmer group members on middlemen. The PKK group of women who became partners in this activity was given knowledge and skills for further dragon fruit cultivation; the results of this cultivation were processed into various commercial food products, such as noodles, jam brownies, jelly, and syrup. The results and outputs of this PKM activity increase the knowledge and skills of members of the women farmer groups and PKK women in processing dragon fruit into various processed food products. It is also hoped that new MSMEs based on processed dragon fruit products will grow
Dulbari Dulbari, Yuriansyah Yuriansyah, Hery Sutrisno, Arief Maksum, Destieka Ahyuni, Lina Budiarti, Hidayat Saputra, Miranda Ferwita Sari
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Volume 6, pp 258-265; doi:10.33084/pengabdianmu.v6i3.1784

Abstract:
Organic agriculture was a cultivation system that applies the concept of sustainable agriculture. Organic farming systems depend on natural ingredients without using synthetic chemicals. Organic cultivation was environmentally friendly by farming activities by continuing to minimize negative impacts on the surrounding environment. This activity aims to provide knowledge and skills on the concept of sustainable agriculture, which is carried out through the application of an organic farming system at Polinela Organic Farm. Technical guidance activities are carried out at the Polinela Organic Farm, Lampung State Polytechnic, on Tuesday, March 10, 2020. Participants were the Association of ‘Sejahtera Mandiri’ Farmers Groups Rejo Asri Village, Seputuh Raman, Central Lampung. The application of environmental friendly in agricultural aspects was reflected in the management of the concept of organic agriculture carried out by Polinela Organic Farm. The concept of environmental friendly in agricultural development was implemented by taking into various aspects, such as the use of inorganic fertilizers with high efficiency, the application of pest and disease control by notice the natural ecological balance, the application of integrated crop management, the application of a clean and healthy farming system, the maintenance and strengthening of physical fertility, chemical, and biological in nature and the use of effective technology based on local wisdom.
Sumiatie Sumiatie
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 64-75; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1669

Abstract:
Kalimantan Tengah yang didiami oleh berbagai suku, seperti suku Dayak ngaju Ma'anyan, Lawangan, Dusun dan sebagainya yang mempunyai keanekaragaman adat istiadat, tradisi dan budaya yang merupakan cerminan dari kekayaan daerah Kalimantan Tengah. Adapun suku yang dibicarakaan dalam penelitian ini adalah suku Dayak Katingan, Kebanyakan dari suku ini mendiami sungai Katingan (Mandawai) dan sebagian besar masih memeluk agama Kaharingan, dengan salah satu tradisinya yaitu Upacara Adat Tradisional Manajah Antang. Upacara tradisional ini merupakan upacara yang sifatnya turun temurun dengan mengundang antang tajahan. Menurut kepercayaan Dayak Katingan, antang tajahan berbeda dengan burung antang biasa, dimana antang tajahan tersebut memiliki kesaktian yang dapat memberi petunjuk atau pertanda dan pertolongan kepada manusia. Tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mendriskripsikan makna Ritual Manajah Antang bagi kehidupan masyarakat Dayak Katingan di Kasongan Kabupaten Katingan. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriftif dalam bentuk kualitatif dengan Teknik pengumpulan data berupa observasi partisipasi atau pengamatan terlibat serta komunikasi langsung dalam bentuk wawancara. Berdasarkan hasil analisa dan interprestasi bahwa tujuan penyelenggaraan Upacara Adat tradisional Manajah Antang di anggap mengandung makna untuk membantu mengatasi kesulitan masyarakat, dapat menimbulkan rasa aman, bisa memberikan petunjuk , dapat membawa keselamatan bagi yang melakukan perjalanan jauh sehingga sampai ketujuan, dapat meningkatkan kehidupan sosial masyarakat, serta dapat memberikan penghidupan yang lebih layak dalam membuka lahan bagi masyarakat.
Muhammad Noor Fitriyanto, Chandra Anugrah Putra
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 50-55; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1654

Abstract:
Tujuan penulisan ini adalah mengungkap bagaimana Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah merespon perkembangan teknologi informasi dan revolusi industri 4.0. Tulisan ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pengumpulan data melalui kajian literatur yang bersumber dari jurnal dan dokumen terkait permasalahan penelitian. Teknik analisis data menggunakan metode induktif, yakni metode yang menggunakan alur berpikir dengan penarikan kesimpulan berdasarkan data-data yang bersifat khusus. Kesimpulan dari permasalahan tersebut adalah pertama dalam merespon perkembangan teknologi informasi perlu menerapkan pendekatan pembelajaran interdisiplin Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) melalui sekolah-sekolah dan perguruan tinggi Muhammadiyah agar tercipta kader dan lulusan yang mampu bersaing dalam perkembangan teknologi informasi. Kedua, pemberdayaan masyarakat yang dilakukan Muhammadiyah berorientasi terhadap Revolusi Industri 4.0 sehingga luaran dari revolusi ini akan mendatangkan keuntungan dan kesejahteraan bagi warga Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah serta rakyat Indonesia secara luas.
Satriya Nugraha, Theresia Dessy Wardani
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 102-112; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.2175

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan ragam pali dan denda pali dalam ritual Dayak Ngaju Tiwah. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif dengan model pendekatan budaya dengan mengumpulkan data berupa kata, gambar, dan bukan angka dari studi pustaka, wawancara, catatan lapangan, foto, dan video dengan menggunakan teknik pengumpulan data berupa reduksi data, penyajian data. dan menyimpulkan. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah bahwa dalam ritual tiwah terdapat pembatas adat yang disebut Hinting Pali, yang tidak dapat dilanggar oleh beberapa jenis pali atau pantangan seperti pali sayur, pali hewan, pali ikan, dan sikap / perilaku pali. Jika ada pelanggaran pali dalam ritual tiwah, denda yang diberikan adalah mengganti dua kali lipat biaya tiwah yang telah dikeluarkan oleh anggota ritual tiwah. Penelitian ini hanya membahas pali dalam ritual tiwah masyarakat adat Dayak Ngaju. Kedepannya, penelitian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi dasar penelitian tentang pali dalam ritual dan upacara lainnya dalam budaya masyarakat adat Dayak Ngaju Kalimantan Tengah.
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 113-119; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.2084

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Kondisi Pandemi Covid-19 menuntut kader-kader Muhammadiyah untuk turut berpartisipasi secara kreatif dan inovatif dalam penanggulangan pandemi ini sebagai bentuk pengabdian kepada masyarakat. Secara umum evaluasi ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi keefektifan Program Relawan Muhammadiyah dalam Pemulasaran jenazah covid-19. Secara khusus, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: 1) Mengetahui analisis kebutuhan, tujuan dan sasaran pada tahapan Antecedents/context; 2) Mengetahui proses pelayanan, dukungan sarana dan prasarana, penjadwalan, dukungan stakeholder, dana, dan metode pelaksanaan dalam tahapan Transaction/Process; 3) Mengetahui hasil kegiatan/pelayanan pada tahapan output. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan model evaluasi STAKE (context, process dan outcome. Subjek penelitian berasal dari relawan Angkatan Muda Muhammadiyah di 2(dua) kabupaten yaitu Palangkaraya dan Kuala Kapuas. Teknik yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Pemeriksaan keabsahan data juga dilakukan dengan melakukan konfirmasi data kepada unsur MDMC (Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Centre). Hasil yang diperoleh dari “Evaluasi Program Relawan Angkatan Muda Muhammadiyah Pada Pemulasaran Jenazah Covid-19 Di Kalimantan Tengah” dipaparkan temuan-temuan hasil evaluasi kedalam tiga bagian model evaluasi yaitu: context, process, dan outcome. Hasil penelitian ini sebagai berikut: (1) Analisis kebutuhan dan tujuan serta sasaran program pada komponen context ada pada kategori baik sekali. (2) Implementasi aktifitas kegiatan dalam aspek process termasuk dalam kategori baik. (4) Outcome dari program ada pada kategori baik. Kesimpulan dari evaluasi ini adalah program Program Relawan Angkatan Muda Muhammadiyah Pada Pemulasaran Jenazah Covid-19 Di Kalimantan Tengah tetap dilanjutkan dengan beberapa perbaikan.
Naufal Fikhri Khairi
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 84-93; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1795

Abstract:
Perdagangan manusia telah menjadi salah satu permasalahan yang besar di Asia Tenggara. Oleh karena itu, ASEAN selaku wadah integrasi regional harus melakukan segala upaya untuk memberantas, menangani, dan mencegah perdagangan manusia. Tujuan dari paper ini yaitu untuk menjelaskan upaya-upaya yang dilakukan ASEAN untuk menangani isu human trafficking. Konsep human security dan konsep sustainable development goals (SDGs) akan digunakan untuk menggambarkan permasalahan human trafficking dan upaya-upaya ASEAN memberantasnya di Asia Tenggara. Hasil yang didapatkan yakni ASEAN telah melakukan berbagai upaya untuk memberantas human trafficking baik dari berbagai deklarasi, konvensi, dan kebijakan-kebijakan luar negeri masing-masing negara anggota ASEAN, akan tetapi masih belum mencapai hasil yang signifikan. Namun, hal ini telah menjadi bukti kepedulian ASEAN terhadap isu keamanan non-tradisional terkhusus human security dan terhadap pembangunan berkelanjutan yang tercantum dalam SDGs.
Silvia Arianti, Kukuh Wurdianto
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 56-63; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1658

Abstract:
Salah satu ritual yang ada pada suku Dayak Ngaju yaitu, nyangiang. Ritual sangiang adalah ritual pengobatan berbagai macam penyakit dengan bantuan roh leluhur (Sahur Bandar) dengan tukang sangiang sebagai mediator, ritual dilaksanakan oleh masyarakat suku Dayak Ngaju khususnya yang beragama Hindu Kaharingan. Adapun yang melatarbelakangi pelaksanaan ritual Nyangiang dalam kehidupan umat Hindu Kaharingan adalah keyakinan bahwa Raja Bunu dan keturunannya adalah manusia yang tidak kekal dan akan mendiami kehidupan sementara di Pantai Danum Kalunen. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif, peneliti merupakan instrumen utama terlibat dengan objek yang diteliti dengan memberikan penafsiran pada tahapan dan makna ritual manyangiang sebagai ritual pengobatan suku Dayak Ngaju. Cara-cara penafsiran dan pembahasannya dalam bentuk deskripsi. Prosedur pada penelitian ini, yaitu observasi, pemilihan narasumber penelitian, wawancara, rekonstruksi ritual manyangiang, pengolahan data, analisis data, penyusunan laporan akhir. Tahapan awal pada pengobatan ritual manyangiang ini diawali dengan manyandah, yaitu menerawang atau melihat sebab penyakit serta cara penyembuhannya. Sang penyangiang akan memanggil roh dan merasuki dirinya sehingga dapat melaksanakan manyandah. Setelah selesai menyandah, barulah penyangiang tau penyebab serta cara untuk menyembuhkan penyakit yang dialami oleh orang yang minta untuk disangiang. Sebab sakit dan cara penyembuhan sudah diketahui barulah disiapkan alat dan bahan untuk melakukan proses manyangiang dan ditentukan hari untuk pelaksanaan ritual, semua hari boleh kecuali hari selasa. Lama pelaksanaan ritual juga tergantung besar kecil hajat. Biasanya dua sampai tiga hari untuk waktu pelaksanaannya. Proses pelaksanaan sang penyangiang memanggil pemimpin ritual dan membacakan mantra untuk memanggil roh yang membatu mengambil penyakit yang dialami pasien.
Saiffullah Darlan, Seth Miko
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 134-140; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.2278

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hasil akhir pelatihan komputer bagi warga belajar yang di selenggarakan Taman Bacaan Masyarakat (TBM) Ransel Buku, dilaksanakan menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Informan penelitian terdiri pengelola TBM Ransel Buku, instruktur, warga belajar dan masyarakat serta alumni TBM. Analisis data dilakukan secara simultan dan terus menerus sejak dimulai hingga akhir penelitian, terdiri dari data condensation, data display dan drawing and verifying conclusions. Untuk menguji keabsahan data dilakukan triangulasi, pengamatan secara tekun, dan diskusi.Hasil penelitian bahwa pelaksanaan pelatihan komputer yang diselenggarakan TBM Ransel Buku dapat di katakan berhasil, karena semua program kegiatan pelatihan terlaksana dengan baik. Indikator lain keberhasilan pelatihan ini, para alumni warga belajar TBM Ransel Buku berdaya guna di masyarakat dan dunia kerja.
Eny Susilowati
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 76-83; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1778

Abstract:
Tanah merupakan suatu kebutuhan dari setiap warga negara saat ini. Kebutuhan akan tanah terlihat dari antusias setiap orang akan memperoleh dan mempertahankan tanah yang mereka inginkan dan mereka miliki. Tanah yang merupakan karunia dari Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, memiliki nilai yang sangat tinggi secara ekonomi, sosiologi, maupun secara derajat seseorang ditengah masyarakat. Seiring perkembangan akan kebutuhan tanah disaat ini, bersamaan dengan itu juga berkembang pula regulasi-regulasi atau aturan yang mengatur bagaimana cara memperoleh serta mempertahankan tanah tersebut. Pemerintah yang berwenang mengeluarkan segala jenis aturan tersebut merasa harus untuk mengeluarkan peraturan-peraturan tentang pertanahan, maka dibentuklah Undang-undang Pokok Agraria yaitu Undang-undang No. 5 Tahun 1960. Namun peraturan-peraturan tersebut belum sepenuhnya melindungi para pemegang hak atas tanah. Karena besarnya nilai tanah tersebut, sering menimbulkan sengketa pertanahan. Metode pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian hukum empiris, yaitu penelitian yang menitik beratkan terhadap data primer. Faktor yang menyebabkan surat tanah menjadi ganda adalah kurang telitinya panitia ajudikasi dalam mengumpulkan data fisik tanah yang dimohonkan pendaftarannya, sering mengakibatkan terjadinya overlapping (tumpang tindih) surat tanah. Selain hal tersebut kurangnya pengetahuan masyarakat tentang prosedur pembuatan surat tanah, sehingga dimanfaatkan oleh oknum perangkat desa atau pejabat badan pertanahan dengan memalsukan data – data yang di perlukan dalam rangka pendaftaran tanah. Penyelesaian sengketa yang dapat dilakukan di Badan Pertanahan Nasional (BPN) adalah memfasilitasi dalam Mediasi/Musyawarah. Badan Pertanahan Nasional berperan sebagai tempat mediasi atau tempat menyelesaikan sengketa secara kekeluargaan tanpa melewati pengadilan.
Bello Bolanle Muhinat
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 127-133; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1724

Abstract:
This research work was carried out to investigate and ascertain how scores from overloaded continuous assessment (C.A) timetable predict senior school students’ academic performance in economics in Ilorin south local government. The study adopted an ex-post-facto design, and sample senior school (SS-II) students as the target population from nine randomly selected senior schools in Ilorin south local government. A hundred and eighty-two senior school students’ 2019 C.A and examination were sampled with the use of proforma. The data collected was analyzed using the mean score and Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. The findings revealed that the students’ performance in economics C.A was low as a result of the overloaded in the C.A timetable. The result indicated that there was a significant relationship between senior school students’ C.A score and their economics examination at 0.05 level of significance. Based on these findings, it is recommended that school administrators should ensure that C.A timetable is properly designed and structured in a way that will enhance the performance of students in economics C.A in Ilorin south local government
Rina Juliyanti, Nur Aizah
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 119-126; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1661

Abstract:
Bidang ekonomi, politik, sosial, budaya, hingga pendidikan kini mengalami perubahan karena pandemi Covid-19. Pandemi Covid-19 berdampak pada lulusan yang tinggal dirumah sehingga menyebabkan meluapnya angka pengangguran. Kebanyakan orang hanya menyorot pada sisi negatif pandemi, padahal kita juga berinovasi memanfaatkan peluang dari adanya pandemi Covid-19 untuk hal yang bermanfaat. Motivasi pemilihan karir bertujuan membantu siswa memilih karir melalui bimbingan karir. Bimbingan Karir dimaksudkan untuk membantu siswa agar kenal dan paham akan dirinya, mengenal dunia kerja, serta dapat merancang masa depan yang sesuai dengan bentuk kehidupan yang diharapkan, dapat bertanggungjawab atas keputusan yang diambil secara tepat, sehingga menciptakan pribadi yang bermakna. Dalam penelitian ini menerapkan program bimbingan karir pada delapan remaja lulusan SMA di desa Wlahar. Metode yangdigunakan yaitu dengan diadakan Workshop “Motivasi Pilihan Karir Bagi Remaja Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Di Desa Wlahar ” dengan teknik swakelola. Keberlanjutan kegiatan ini yaitu dengan mengadakan sesi konseling kelompok kepada para lulusan yang terkait dengan perencanaan karir. Hasil para remaja mau mencoba memulai karir dengan berwirausaha bisnis online.
Lilik Kholisotin, Lailatul Fithriyah Azzakiyah
Anterior Jurnal, Volume 20, pp 94-101; doi:10.33084/anterior.v20i2.1896

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan mencegah LGBT pada generasi millenial melalui pendidikan karakter berlandaskan nilai-nilai Kemuhammadiyahan. Pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode pre-eksperimen. Jenis metode eksprimen dalam penelitian ini adalah pre-eksperimental design dengan menggunakan one group pre-test dan post-test design. Berdasarkan hasil analisis statistik menggunakan paired samples test, diperoleh hasil pretest 57.43 dan meningkat pada hasil posttest menjadi 119.04. Berdasarkan hasil uji paired samples test dapat dikatakan bahwa mitigasi pencegahan disorientasi seksual melalui pendidikan karakter berlandaskan nilai-nilai Kemuhammadiyahan pada generasi millenial efektif mencegah perilaku LGBT.
Arifah Mir'Atul Kusnah, Muhammad Riban Satia, Muhammad Nur Tanja Putra
Pencerah Publik, Volume 8, pp 38-49; doi:10.33084/pencerah.v8i1.2265

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the Community Perceptions in the City without Slums Program (KotaKu) in the Pahandut Urban Area Palangkaraya City. The method used is qualitative. The researcher wants to describe the Community Perception in the City without Slums Program (KotaKu) in the Pahandut Urban Area of ​​Palangka Raya City by using 5 (five) performance indicators, namely Stimulation, Organization, Interpretation-evaluation, Memory, and Recall. The data source consisted of primary data, namely the results of interviews with 2 officials of the City Coordinator of the City of My City and the Acting Housing and Settlement Areas and 5 community members who received the KotaKu Program in the Pahandut Kelurahan, while the secondary data source was the SK Palangka Raya Mayor Document Number 188.45 / 130/2016 and Pahandut Village basline data. The results showed that the Community Perception in the City without Slums Program (KotaKu) in the Pahandut Kelurahan of Palangka Raya City that the facilities provided to the community could not be used optimally in accordance with their functions and lack of public awareness that the slum was a problem they had to solve itself, the government is only a tool to help provide the facilities they need for these problems. Cause this program is less than optimal even though the government has done its job well, because the impelamator of this program is the community itself. The program will be said to be successful if the facilities built can be used by the community. Suggestions from researchers provide regular outreach to the community, with the aim to change the community mindset that is the main problem of this program. Not only socialization, the government should continue to evaluate and remind that this function continues to work by the Working Group.
Alfian Alfian
Restorica: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi Negara dan Ilmu Komunikasi, Volume 7, pp 34-42; doi:10.33084/restorica.v7i1.2260

Abstract:
The village law has given hope for village communities to have a more prosperous life in terms of village funding which gets greater attention when compared to the above government units, namely sub-districts and districts. This has been encouraged since the assistance of village funds has been carried out in recent years. The research method used in this research is literature study method. The literature studies obtained were sourced from various kinds such as regulations / laws, journals, books and other documentation. The conclusion is that the village law contains hope for the village community for a more prosperous life. This is also supported by the existence of village fund assistance which comes from various aspects of village income. Currently the Government distributes funds sourced from the State Revenue and Expenditure Budget for Villages in 2021. The Government distributes Village funds, the amount can reach IDR 1.4 billion per village per year or an increase is given to 416 districts and 74,953 villages throughout Indonesia, but it is still constrained. plagued with a number of problems in use and accountability.
Rooswandy Juniawan
Pencerah Publik, Volume 8, pp 30-37; doi:10.33084/pencerah.v8i1.2262

Abstract:
This research aims to analyze the implementation and identify the inhibitory factors of the Implementation of the Procurement of Goods /Services Electonic (e-procurement) in the National Road Implementation Task Force of Central Kalimantan Province. The desired target in the study, the researchers gave a limitation of the problem the implementation of electronic tenders for construction workers (roads/bridges) in the National Road Implementation Task Force of Central Kalimantan Province. The research approach in this study is a type of qualitative descriptive that aims to describe the complexity and dynamic in the procurement of electronic goods/services. Data collection was conducted through observations, interviews, and documentation. The interviewees were the head of the task force, the commitment-making officer, the task force assistant, the treasurer, and other employees related to the electoral auction in the Central Kalimantan Province National Road Implementing Task Force. The results of the study show the conclusion that the implementation of procurement of goods /services electronically in the national road implementation taskforce of Central Kalimantan Province has been carried out for the last few years. All stages of the auction are electonic through a long process of 14 stages that all transparent using a system that can be accessed for the public. However, the factor of inhibiting the implementation of electronic procurement of goods /services (e-procurement) in the national road implementation taskforce of Central Kalimantan Province is 1) HR, namely the lack of expertise in running the application of Electronic Procurement System (SPSE) as well as the lack of employees who have a Certificate of Procurement of Service Goods which is an absolute requirement to become Pokja Election / Procurement Officer. 2) Technology, internet network capacity that causes internet access speed to be slow.
Puspita Sari, Rita Rahmaniati
Restorica: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi Negara dan Ilmu Komunikasi, Volume 7, pp 24-33; doi:10.33084/restorica.v7i1.2107

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the Quality of Public Service Standards in Cempaka Room (Postpartum Ponek) RSUD dr. Doris Sylvanus. This research is a qualitative research with a naturalistic descriptive approach. Data collection is done by using interviews, observation, and documentation. Researchers Want to Describe How the Quality of Public Service Standards in Cempaka Room (Postpartum Ponek) RSUD dr. Doris Sylvanus, can work well with the community. The author uses 6 (Six) Public Service Standards, 1) Service Procedures, 2) Completion Time, 3) Service Costs, 4) Service Products, 5) Facilities and Infrastructure, 6) Competency of Service Providers. The results of research and interviews that have been conducted can be concluded that the Quality of Public Service Standards in Cempaka Room (Postpartum Ponek) RSUD dr. Doris Sylvanus still found several people who complained about the existing services, namely: (a) The completion time was not good enough in providing inpatient guarantee completion time, because the time of 3x24 hours was still felt to be too short for the recipient of services and the service flow was not yet one door so it needed long time in administrative management, (b) Facilities and service infrastructure contained in Cempaka Room (Postpartum Ponek) dr. Doris Sylvanus Palangka Raya which is still lack of medical aids so it is very difficult in providing health services. The author's suggestion to improve the quality and service in order to increase community satisfaction can be done by improving in terms of the existence of information boards on administrative service flow on the wall. The Hospital must procure new medical devices to support the quality of hospital health, increase maintenance of Hospital goods facilities and inadequate public facilities.
Lisawanto Lisawanto
Restorica: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi Negara dan Ilmu Komunikasi, Volume 7, pp 14-23; doi:10.33084/restorica.v7i1.2210

Abstract:
This research was conducted in order to describe the performance of the employees of the Regional Secretariat of the South Barito Regency government officials, to the performance of employees in the government division in carrying out their duties and coordination in determining and affirming village boundaries in the South Barito district. This study aims to determine the effect of work discipline on employee performance in the government division of the South Barito regency. The theory used in this research is Work Discipline according to Bejo Siswanto (2019: 333) and employee performance theory according to Ags Dwiyanto (2017: 47). This research uses descriptive quantitative method with data collection techniques using observation, interviews, documentation, and questionnaires. This researcher has two variables, namely the independent variable (x) Work Discipline and the dependent variable (y) the performance of the government employees of the Regional Secretariat of the South Barito Regency. The data analysis tool used is Simple Linear Regression using SPSS Version 25. The hypothesis in this study is. It is suspected that there is an influence of work discipline on the employee performance of the Regional Secretariat of Barito Regency. The results obtained in the calculation of simple linear regression are Y = 11.470 + 0.745 X where the value (a) is 11.470 and the coefficient value (b) is 0.745. Then the tcount is obtained from the above test that tcount> ttable (9.197> 2.021) then Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted, meaning that there is a significant influence between Work Discipline on Employee Performance at the Regional Secretariat of South Barito Regency.
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