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Sciprofile linkCátia Carreira, Júlia Porto Silva Carvalho, Samantha Talbot, Isabel Pereira, Christian Lønborg
Published: 21 October 2020
by PeerJ
PeerJ, Volume 8; doi:10.7717/peerj.10049/supp-3

Abstract:
Microbial communities distribute heterogeneously at small-scales (mm-cm) due to physical, chemical and biological processes. To understand microbial processes and functions it is necessary to appreciate microbes and matter at small scales, however, few studies have determined microbial, viral, and biogeochemical distribution over space and time at these scales. In this study, the small-scale spatial and temporal distribution of microbes (bacteria and chlorophyll a), viruses, dissolved inorganic nutrients and dissolved organic carbon were determined at five locations (spatial) along the Great Barrier Reef (Australia), and over 4 consecutive days (temporal) at a coastal location. Our results show that: (1) the parameters show high small-scale heterogeneity; (2) none of the parameters measured explained the bacterial abundance distributions at these scales spatially or temporally; (3) chemical (ammonium, nitrate/nitrite, phosphate, dissolved organic carbon, and total dissolved nitrogen) and biological (chl a, and bacterial and viral abundances) measurements did not reveal significant relationships at the small scale; and (4) statistically significant differences were found between sites/days for all parameter measured but without a clear pattern.
International Journal of Diabetology & Vascular Disease Research; doi:10.19070/2328-353x

Abstract:
International Journal of Diabetology & Vascular Disease Research (IJDVR) ISSN:2328-353X is a comprehensive, peer reviewed journal devoted to Diabetology and Vascular Disease Research. publishes original research, latest developments, review papers, scientific data, editorials from leading scientists and scholars around the world.IJDVR publishes following fields:Diabetology and Vascular Disease Research,Diabetology Endocrinology,Retinopathy,Nephropathy,Diabetes,Principles of diabetes,Circulatory system,Promoting self care,Management of diabetes,Complications (microvascular),Insulin,Types of Diabetes mellitus,Diabetic emergencies,Drugs for Diabetes,Drugs for Diabetes,Pathophysiology,Epidemiology,Diabetes in Animals,Cardiovascular disease
Yuan Yuan Wang, Yuan Yang, Chang Chen, Ling Zhang, Chee H. Ng, Gabor S. Ungvari, Xiaohua Douglas Zhang, Sciprofile linkYu-Tao Xiang
Published: 21 October 2020
by PeerJ
PeerJ, Volume 8; doi:10.7717/peerj.9731/fig-1

Abstract:
There is an increasing prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in older adults in China, but the findings across prevalence studies have been mixed. This is the first meta-analysis of the prevalence of HIV infection and its moderating factors in older adults in China. Two investigators systematically and independently searched both international (PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Sciences and EMBASE) and Chinese (WanFang, CNKI, and CQVIP) databases. HIV infection rates in older adults were analyzed using the random-effects model. Altogether 46 studies were included in the analysis. The pooled prevalence of HIV infection in older adults was 2.1% (95% CI [1.9%–2.3%], I2 = 99.4%). Subgroup analyses revealed that men who have sex with men (MSM), hospital population samples, publications after 2014, studies conducted in the western region of China, and higher study quality were significantly associated with higher HIV infection rate. This meta-analysis found that the HIV infection prevalence in older adults is significantly higher than the general population in China. Attention should be given to this urgent public health issue, and effective HIV/AIDS preventive, screening and treatment measures are warranted in this population. PROSPERO: CRD42019124286.
Yuan Yuan Wang, Yuan Yang, Chang Chen, Ling Zhang, Chee H. Ng, Gabor S. Ungvari, Xiaohua Douglas Zhang, Sciprofile linkYu-Tao Xiang
Published: 21 October 2020
by PeerJ
PeerJ, Volume 8; doi:10.7717/peerj.9731/table-1

Abstract:
There is an increasing prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in older adults in China, but the findings across prevalence studies have been mixed. This is the first meta-analysis of the prevalence of HIV infection and its moderating factors in older adults in China. Two investigators systematically and independently searched both international (PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Sciences and EMBASE) and Chinese (WanFang, CNKI, and CQVIP) databases. HIV infection rates in older adults were analyzed using the random-effects model. Altogether 46 studies were included in the analysis. The pooled prevalence of HIV infection in older adults was 2.1% (95% CI [1.9%–2.3%], I2 = 99.4%). Subgroup analyses revealed that men who have sex with men (MSM), hospital population samples, publications after 2014, studies conducted in the western region of China, and higher study quality were significantly associated with higher HIV infection rate. This meta-analysis found that the HIV infection prevalence in older adults is significantly higher than the general population in China. Attention should be given to this urgent public health issue, and effective HIV/AIDS preventive, screening and treatment measures are warranted in this population. PROSPERO: CRD42019124286.
International Journal of Current Research and Review; doi:10.31782/ijcrr

Amie Wheeldon, Paweł Szymański, Michał Budka, Sciprofile linkTomasz S. Osiejuk
Published: 21 October 2020
by PeerJ
PeerJ, Volume 8; doi:10.7717/peerj.10214/supp-4

Abstract:
Background Birds have extremely well-developed acoustic communication and have become popular in bioacoustics research. The majority of studies on bird song have been conducted in the temperate zones where usually males of birds sing to attract females and defend territories. In over 360 bird species mostly inhabiting the tropics both males and females sing together in duets. Avian duets are usually formed when a male and female coordinate their songs. We focused on a species with relatively weakly coordinated duets, with male solo as the prevailing vocalisation type. Methods Instead of analysing a set of recordings spread over a long time, we analysed whole day microphone-array recordings of the Yellow-breasted Boubou (Laniarius atroflavus), a species endemic to West African montane rainforests. We described the structure of the solo and duet vocalisations and temporal characteristics of daily activity based on 5,934 vocal bouts of 18 focal pairs and their neighbours. Results Birds had small, sex specific repertoires. All males shared three types of loud whistles functioning as song type repertoires in both solos and duets. Females vocalised with five types of harsh, atonal notes with a more variable and usually lower amplitude. Three of them were produced both as solos and in duets, while two seem to function as alarm and excitement calls given almost exclusively as a solo. Solos were the most common vocalisation mode (75.4%), with males being more vocally active than females. Duets accounted for 24.6% of all vocalisations and in most cases were initiated by males (81%). The majority of duets were simple (85.1%) consisting of a single male and female song type, but altogether 38 unique duet combinations were described. Males usually initiated singing at dawn and for this used one particular song type more often than expected by chance. Male solo and duet activities peaked around dawn, while female solos were produced evenly throughout the day. Discussion Yellow-breasted Boubou is a duetting species in which males are much more vocal than females and duetting is not a dominating type of vocal activity. Duet structure, context and timing of daily production support the joint resource defence hypothesis and mate guarding/prevention hypotheses, however maintaining pair contact also seems to be important. This study provides for the first time the basic quantitative data describing calls, solos and duet songs in the Yellow-breasted Boubou.
Mengxue Wang, Meng Dai, Yu-Shen Wu, Ziying Yi, Sciprofile linkYunhai Li, Sciprofile linkGuosheng Ren
Published: 21 October 2020
by PeerJ
PeerJ, Volume 8; doi:10.7717/peerj.10128/fig-3

Abstract:
Background Immunoglobulin superfamily member 10 (IGSF10) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that is expressed at high levels in both the gallbladder and ovary. Currently, the role and possible mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer remain unclear. Method By applying real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), the expression of IGSF10 in breast cancer cells and tissues was detected. We collected the clinical information from 700 patients with breast cancer in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and analyzed the relationship between IGSF10 expression and the clinicopathological features and survival outcomes of these patients. The potential mechanisms and pathways associated with IGSF10 in breast cancer were explored by performing a gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Results According to TCGA data, qRT-PCR and IHC experiments, levels of the IGSF10 mRNA and protein were significantly decreased in breast cancer tissues. IGSF10 expression was significantly correlated with age, tumor size, and tumor stage. Moreover, shorter overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) correlated with lower IGSF10 expression, according to the survival analysis. The multivariate analysis identified that IGSF10 as an independent prognostic factor for the OS (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.793, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.141–2.815], P = 0.011) and RFS (HR = 2.298, 95% CI [1.317–4.010], P = 0.003) of patients with breast cancer. Based on the GSEA, IGSF10 was involved in DNA repair, cell cycle, and glycolysis. IGSF10 was also associated with the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and mTORC1 signaling pathways. Conclusions This study revealed a clear relationship between IGSF10 expression and the tumorigenesis of breast cancer for the first time. Therefore, further studies are needed to understand the mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer.
Mengxue Wang, Meng Dai, Yu-Shen Wu, Ziying Yi, Sciprofile linkYunhai Li, Sciprofile linkGuosheng Ren
Published: 21 October 2020
by PeerJ
PeerJ, Volume 8; doi:10.7717/peerj.10128/supp-1

Abstract:
Background Immunoglobulin superfamily member 10 (IGSF10) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that is expressed at high levels in both the gallbladder and ovary. Currently, the role and possible mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer remain unclear. Method By applying real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), the expression of IGSF10 in breast cancer cells and tissues was detected. We collected the clinical information from 700 patients with breast cancer in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and analyzed the relationship between IGSF10 expression and the clinicopathological features and survival outcomes of these patients. The potential mechanisms and pathways associated with IGSF10 in breast cancer were explored by performing a gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Results According to TCGA data, qRT-PCR and IHC experiments, levels of the IGSF10 mRNA and protein were significantly decreased in breast cancer tissues. IGSF10 expression was significantly correlated with age, tumor size, and tumor stage. Moreover, shorter overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) correlated with lower IGSF10 expression, according to the survival analysis. The multivariate analysis identified that IGSF10 as an independent prognostic factor for the OS (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.793, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.141–2.815], P = 0.011) and RFS (HR = 2.298, 95% CI [1.317–4.010], P = 0.003) of patients with breast cancer. Based on the GSEA, IGSF10 was involved in DNA repair, cell cycle, and glycolysis. IGSF10 was also associated with the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and mTORC1 signaling pathways. Conclusions This study revealed a clear relationship between IGSF10 expression and the tumorigenesis of breast cancer for the first time. Therefore, further studies are needed to understand the mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer.
Mengxue Wang, Meng Dai, Yu-Shen Wu, Ziying Yi, Sciprofile linkYunhai Li, Sciprofile linkGuosheng Ren
Published: 21 October 2020
by PeerJ
PeerJ, Volume 8; doi:10.7717/peerj.10128/fig-1

Abstract:
Background Immunoglobulin superfamily member 10 (IGSF10) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that is expressed at high levels in both the gallbladder and ovary. Currently, the role and possible mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer remain unclear. Method By applying real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), the expression of IGSF10 in breast cancer cells and tissues was detected. We collected the clinical information from 700 patients with breast cancer in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and analyzed the relationship between IGSF10 expression and the clinicopathological features and survival outcomes of these patients. The potential mechanisms and pathways associated with IGSF10 in breast cancer were explored by performing a gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Results According to TCGA data, qRT-PCR and IHC experiments, levels of the IGSF10 mRNA and protein were significantly decreased in breast cancer tissues. IGSF10 expression was significantly correlated with age, tumor size, and tumor stage. Moreover, shorter overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) correlated with lower IGSF10 expression, according to the survival analysis. The multivariate analysis identified that IGSF10 as an independent prognostic factor for the OS (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.793, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.141–2.815], P = 0.011) and RFS (HR = 2.298, 95% CI [1.317–4.010], P = 0.003) of patients with breast cancer. Based on the GSEA, IGSF10 was involved in DNA repair, cell cycle, and glycolysis. IGSF10 was also associated with the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and mTORC1 signaling pathways. Conclusions This study revealed a clear relationship between IGSF10 expression and the tumorigenesis of breast cancer for the first time. Therefore, further studies are needed to understand the mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer.
Mengxue Wang, Meng Dai, Yu-Shen Wu, Ziying Yi, Sciprofile linkYunhai Li, Sciprofile linkGuosheng Ren
Published: 21 October 2020
by PeerJ
PeerJ, Volume 8; doi:10.7717/peerj.10128/supp-2

Abstract:
Background Immunoglobulin superfamily member 10 (IGSF10) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that is expressed at high levels in both the gallbladder and ovary. Currently, the role and possible mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer remain unclear. Method By applying real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), the expression of IGSF10 in breast cancer cells and tissues was detected. We collected the clinical information from 700 patients with breast cancer in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and analyzed the relationship between IGSF10 expression and the clinicopathological features and survival outcomes of these patients. The potential mechanisms and pathways associated with IGSF10 in breast cancer were explored by performing a gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Results According to TCGA data, qRT-PCR and IHC experiments, levels of the IGSF10 mRNA and protein were significantly decreased in breast cancer tissues. IGSF10 expression was significantly correlated with age, tumor size, and tumor stage. Moreover, shorter overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) correlated with lower IGSF10 expression, according to the survival analysis. The multivariate analysis identified that IGSF10 as an independent prognostic factor for the OS (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.793, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.141–2.815], P = 0.011) and RFS (HR = 2.298, 95% CI [1.317–4.010], P = 0.003) of patients with breast cancer. Based on the GSEA, IGSF10 was involved in DNA repair, cell cycle, and glycolysis. IGSF10 was also associated with the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and mTORC1 signaling pathways. Conclusions This study revealed a clear relationship between IGSF10 expression and the tumorigenesis of breast cancer for the first time. Therefore, further studies are needed to understand the mechanism of IGSF10 in breast cancer.
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