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Removal of anionic and cationic dyes from wastewater by adsorption using multiwall carbon nanotubes

Published: 1 March 2020
Arabian Journal of Chemistry , Volume 13, pp 4797-4810; doi:10.1016/j.arabjc.2020.01.010

Abstract: This paper evaluated the efficiency and reusability of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) on removal of cationic and anionic dyes under effect of pH, dose of MWNTs and concentration of dyes. The characterization of MWNTs is characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Raman spectra and BET (Brunauer, Emmett and Teller) surface area. SEM and TEM analyses showed that MWNTs had size within nano scale range of 10-50 nm. The experimental results indicated that the efficiency of removal of MWNTs increase under condition of normal pH, at contact time 60 min with agitation speed 240 rpm and initial concentration of dyes 10 mg/l. Under these optimal conditions, the removal reached 98.7% and 97.2% for anionic dyes and cationic dyes, respectively. For economic use, MWNTs can be used more than one time where the same experiments with the already used MWNTs was repeated and it was found that the percent removal is almost the same.
Keywords: dyes / industrial wastewater / adsorption process / Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes

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