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Board Members Diversity and Financial Statements Fraud: Malaysian Evidence

Khairul Anuar Kamarudin, , Airul Aezza Kamaruzzaman
State-of-the-Art Theories and Empirical Evidence pp 165-183; doi:10.1007/978-981-10-6926-0_10

Abstract: This research investigates whether the board member diversity: gender, ethnic, and roles diversity, are associated with the likelihood of financial statement fraud. The sample of this study includes all fraud firms which has been disclosed by the Securities Commission Malaysia matched with an equal number of non-fraud firm. A total of 124 firms are included in this study, consisting 62 firms that engaged in financial statement fraud and other 62 of non-fraud firms. Using the logistic regression analysis, the findings show that financial statement fraud is positively associated with less gender diversity and roles diversity. In addition, there is a significant relationship between governance characteristics (board size, board meeting, and chairman dual role) and financial statement fraud. This study concludes that firms engaging with fraud have more frequent board meeting, is dominated by Chinese ethnicity, have high proportion of independent directors and the chairman and Chief Executives Officer (CEO) or Managing Director are the same person/director. Overall, this research contributes new evidence on the factors that explain the likelihood of financial statement fraud.
Keywords: Board diversity / Gender / Ethnicity / Job / Corporate governance / Board of directors / Fraudulent financial reporting / Financial statements fraud

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