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Community-Based Stunting Intervention Strategies: Literature Review

Lita Heni Kusumawardani, Rasdiyanah Rasdiyanah, Utami Rachmawati, Muhamad Jauhar, I Gusti Ayu Putu Desy Rohana
Dunia Keperawatan: Jurnal Keperawatan dan Kesehatan , Volume 8, pp 259-268; doi:10.20527/dk.v8i2.8555

Abstract: Stunting is a growth disorder in children caused by malnutrition for a long time. The child's condition becomes shorter than normal children his age and has a delay in thinking. The incidence of stunting in Indonesia is quite high sostunting is becoming a priority health problem now. An effective strategy is needed to control stunting in Indonesia. The aim of this review was to explore the stunting management strategies to potentially implement in Indonesia.A literature review design was used to explore the stunting management strategies. Literature study of 15 articles retrieved from the journal database of Science Direct, Proquest, Scopus, and EBSCO in the last 5 years using keywords stunting, management, rural areas, and community based. Data were analyzed in tables consist of title, author, year, sample, methodology, and result. Control and preventionstunting could done through integrated nutrition interventions.Strategy Specific nutritional interventions such as providing supplementation and supplementary food plus nutritional interventions including non-health interventions, improving the family's economy, access and utilization of clean water, sanitation (especially latrines and safe septic tanks), which are urgently needed to support personal hygiene behavior and the environment . Interventions can use mother's counseling and support methods regularly by health workers by involving health cadres.Specific and sensitive intervention strategies are effective strategies within stunting control and prevention. Monitoring and evaluation of nutritional knowledge, attitudes and practices coupled with an assessment of the nutritional status and morbidity of mothers and children is also very necessary in controlling and preventing stunting in Indonesia
Keywords: Behavior / Children / Indonesia / interventions / intervention strategies / nutritional / community based / Child's / Control Stunting

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