The High-Temperature Deformation Behavior of As-Cast Ti90 Titanium Alloy
Abstract: Isothermal compressions of as-cast near-α Ti90 titanium alloy were carried out on a Gleeble-3800 simulator in the temperature range of 860–1040 °C and strain rates of 0.001–10 s−1. The deformation behavior of the alloy was characterized based on the analyses of flow curves, the constructions of Arrhenius constitutive equations and the processing map. The microstructure evolution of the alloy was analyzed using the optical microscopic (OM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) techniques. The results show that the kinking and dynamic globularization of α lamellae is the dominant mechanism of flow softening in the α + β two-phase region, while the dynamic recovery (DRV) of β phase is the main softening mechanism in the β single-phase region. The dynamic globularization of α lamellae is mainly caused by the wedging of β phase into α laths and the shearing of α laths due to imposed shear strain. The activation of prismatic and pyramidal slip is found to be easier than that of basic slip during the deformation in the α + β two-phase region. In addition, the Schmid factor of equiaxial α is different from that of lamellar α, which also varies with the angle between its geometric orientation and compression direction (CD). Based on the processing map, the low η region within the temperature range of 860–918 °C with a strain rate range of 0.318–10 s−1 should be avoided to prevent the occurrence of deformation instability.
Keywords: titanium alloy / deformation behavior / the constitutive equation / microstructure evolution
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