Creative Ways of Personalityfrom the Chronopsychological Perspective
Published: 1 November 2020
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences ; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2020-20-1-41-47
Abstract: The article presents the theoretical foundations and results of the autobiographical and experimental method of studying the creative lifepath of personalities known in the world literature from the point of their time orientation and the individual’s biological cycle duration. The artistic world or the creative world is always to a certain extent conditional: it is the image of reality. Time and space in the literature, thus, also conditional, but to some extent reϔlect the author's outlook and serve as indicators of some features of the creator's personality. In this context, it is very relevant to study the personal asymmetry of the temporal perspective and its impact on the choice of prevailing temporal form of the verb describingchronotope chosen by poet or writer. In general, time is the independent variable that is always present in human mental activity. Thus, the relation of individual to space and time in which he lives, is reϔlected in his poetic and literary works, diaries, autobiographical notes, letters. A detailed analysis of the sources can reveal the time at which the individual lived and reveal his relation to a typological group. Moreover, in the work of each author it is possible to allocate various chronotopes, which, in turn, will be described by the form of the verb of precisely the subjective time experienced by its author. It is the very name ofchronotope that can clarify a lot in the personality of the creative subject. Therefore, the purpose of the study is with the help of the autobiographical method of time verbs which the author prefers to compare, and to assume exactly to which typological groupin the continuous τ-types spectrum it belongs. Also, taking into account the individual’s biological cycle duration, calculate the periods of "rise" and "fall" in the creative people life, at the same time, the opportunity to explain their mental state peculiarities at certain periods of life.
Keywords: Personality / creative / author / verb / Autobiographical / biological cycle duration
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