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Investigation of Forced Convective and Subcooled Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficients of Water-Ethanol Mixture: Numerical Study

, Ravi Lakkanna, Satyabhama Alangar
International Journal of Heat and Technology , Volume 39, pp 512-520; doi:10.18280/ijht.390221

Abstract: The subcooled flow boiling is related to the operation of electronic devices, Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) Battery module and small catalytic reactors. It is well known that the operational temperature must be maintained to avoid any malfunction of these heat dissipative devices. In this paper the forced convective and subcooled flow boiling heat transfer coefficients of water-ethanol mixture is determined numerically by Volume of fluid analysis (VOF). The interaction between liquid and local vapour is analysed by solving the bubble volume of fraction in the numerical study. Crank Nicolson implicit scheme is used for discretizing the scalar convection equation for bubble void fraction and transforming into algebraic equation. Thomas Algorithm is used to solve the algebraic equations of bubble void fraction. The corrector predictor equation method is used to solve for bubble void fraction when the value obtained is less than 0 or exceeds 1. The thermodynamic and Thermophysical properties are substituted in the x-momentum and energy equation to determine the values of pressure drop, velocity and temperature of the fluid. From the temperature values, the subcooled flow boiling heat transfer coefficient is obtained. It is found that the addition of ethanol to water decreases the forced convective and subcooled flow boiling heat transfer coefficient of the water-ethanol mixture. The numerically determined heat transfer coefficient of water ethanol mixture is compared with that of the experimental results. The average deviation between the experimentally determined and numerically determined subcooled flow boiling heat transfer coefficient of water ethanol-mixture is found to be 24.13%.
Keywords: ethanol / boiling / fluid / void / flow / bubble / subcooled / heat / solve / convective

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