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Merits of multicolor imaging for tractional retinal detachment

, SantoshGopi Krishna Gadde, Akhila Sridharan, Nikithareddy Gurram, B Poornachandra, Nivedhitha Govindasamy
Published: 1 January 2022
 by  Medknow

Abstract: Purpose: To compare multicolor imaging (MCI) with Optos color fundus photography (OCFP) for the evaluation of morphology and extent of preretinal membranes in diabetic tractional retinal detachments (TRD). Methods: In this retrospective study, 30 eyes with diabetic TRDs were imaged using the MCI feature of the Heidelberg Spectralis Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and color photo using the Optos Daytona ultra-widefield fundus camera. Two investigators independently graded and determined the agreeability between the two modalities with respect to the extent of the TRD and preretinal membranes on the SD-OCT B-scan images. Results: The MCI provided better visualization of the attachments and traction points of the posterior hyaloid face and preretinal membranes and is comparable to the SD-OCT B-scan images. The inter-rater agreeability rates for OCFP had a Kappa (κ) value of 0.37, while the MCI had a κ value of 0.46. When comparing between images of different wavelengths, grading using infrared reflectance (IR) had a poor agreement (−0.04 ± 0.04) while green reflectance (GR) (0.46 ± 0.32) and blue reflectance (BR) (0.53 ± 0.19) had a moderate agreement. The composite MCI and GR images also had comparatively higher intraclass coefficient when compared to the OCFP (0.25 [−0.09–0.55]) and IR (−0.03 [−0.39–0.34]) images. Conclusion: MCI is more sensitive for determining the extent of TRDs and for the detection of secondary membranes when compared to OCFP, thus, aiding in better surgical planning.
Keywords: MCI / diabetic / TRD / extent / OCFP / OCT / preretinal / tractional / images

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