Two-Dimensional Numerical Analysis of Gas Diffusion-Induced Cassie to Wenzel State Transition
Abstract: We develop a two-dimensional model for the transient diffusion of gas from the cavities in ridge-type structured surfaces to a quiescent liquid suspended above them in the Cassie state to predict the location of the liquid vapor-interface (meniscus) as a function of time. The transient diffusion equation is numerically solved by a Chebyshev collocation (spectral) method coupled to the Young–Laplace equation and the ideal gas law. We capture the effects of variable meniscus curvature and, subsequently, when applicable, movement of triple contact lines. Results are presented for the evolution of the dissolved gas concentration field in the liquid and, when applicable, the time it takes for a meniscus to depin and that for longevity, i.e., the onset of the Cassie to Wenzel state transition. Two configurations are examined; viz., one where an impermeable membrane pressurizes the liquid above the ridges and one where hydrostatic pressure is considered and the top of the liquid is exposed to noncondensible gas.
Keywords: evolution / ridges / Cassie to Wenzel state transition
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