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Multi-Sessions Outcome for EEG Feature Extraction and Classification Methods in a Motor Imagery Task

, Anca Mihaela Lazar
Traitement du Signal , Volume 38, pp 261-268; doi:10.18280/ts.380202

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to evaluate the performances of some features extraction methods and classification algorithms for the electroencephalographic (EEG) signals recorded in a motor task imagery paradigm. The sessions were performed by the same subject in eight consecutive years. Modeling the EEG signal as an autoregressive process (by means of Itakura distance and symmetric Itakura distance), amplitude modulation (using the amplitude modulation energy index) and phase synchronization (measuring phase locking value, phase lag index and weighted phase lag index) are the methods used for getting the appropriate information. The extracted features are classified using linear discriminant analysis, quadratic discriminant analysis, Mahalanobis distance, support vector machine and k nearest neighbor classifiers. The highest classifications rates are achieved when Itakura distance with Mahalanobis distance based classifier are applied. The outcomes of this research may improve the design of assistive devices for restoration of movement and communication strength for physically disabled patients in order to rehabilitate their lost motor abilities and to improve the quality of their daily life.
Keywords: classifications / Mahalanobis / lag / amplitude / motor / Extraction / distance / Modeling / sessions / Itakura

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