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Direct Investigation of Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Polyscias scutellaria Leaf Extract in the Hexane-Water System Using the Centrifugal Liquid Membrane-Spectrophotometry Method

Muhammad Rizki Kurniawan, Aji Humaedi, Ahmad Fitra Ritonga
Published: 17 July 2020
Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi , Volume 23, pp 255-260; doi:10.14710/jksa.23.7.255-260

Abstract: The Centrifugal liquid Membrane (CLM) method, which provides an ultra-thin two-phase liquid membrane system in a rotating glass cell, was successfully applied to Green Synthesis from Polyscias scutellaria (PS) capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs-PS) using a Mangkokan leaf (Polyscias scutellaria) extract as a reducing agent and stabilizer in the hexane-water system. PS extract in hexane fraction as the organic phase has a UV absorption spectrum at the maximum wavelength, λmax of 220 nm, while the precursor of HAuCl4 solution as an aqueous phase has an λmax of 214 nm. Investigation of AuNPs-PS formation was carried out at various concentrations of Mangkokan leaf extract concentration; i.e., 0.001 0.003; 0.005; 0.007 and 0.009%, while the reaction was carried out at various rotational speeds of 5,000-9,000 rpm. The formation and stability of AuNPs-PS were observed from the phenomenon of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and absorbance changes as measured by a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The results of measurements using CLM-Spectrophotometry shows the formation of AuNPs-PS in the hexane-water system at λmax of 534 nm.
Keywords: leaf / CLM / Scutellaria / extract / Hexane / centrifugal / AuNPs / Polyscias / λmax

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