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Carillon: History and Performing Capabilities of the Musical Instrument, its “Philosophy” and Prospects of Development in Ukrainian Culture

, Iryna Riabchun

Abstract: The article focuses on the history of origin, the specifics of sound production, the philosophy of performance of the carillon – a European musical instrument, which in recent decades has become active in Ukraine. The purpose of the research is to analyze the history of the carillon origin, its design, technical and expressive means of sound extraction and musical representation of composition and performance. Research methodology. The article uses historical, axiological, musicological and culturological approaches and corresponding methods. The historical-chronological method is used to consider the history of origin, stages of carillon distribution in Europe and the world, axiological – to determine the artistic and psychotherapeutic value of bell (carillon) sound, musicological and culturological methods contribute to various analysis’ aspects of the place and meaning of Ukrainian carillon. Scientific novelty of research. A historical retrospective of the carillon’s spread has been carried out; generalizations regarding its constructive, melodic-intonation, technical, figurative-artistic properties, in particular, in the Ukrainian sound space, have been introduced into the scientific circulation of Ukrainian musicology. Conclusions. The history of the creation of stationary and mobile carillons in Ukraine, stages of entering the specified musical instrument into the Ukrainian sound space, the character of the repertoire performed on it, pedagogical and performing aspects of its popularization have been analyzed. The dynamics of the International Festival of Bell and Carillon Art ‘Bells of Yasna Hora Unite Everyone’ is noted. The performance possibilities of the timbre combination of the carillon with other instruments and singing voices are noted. The technical and expressive significance of synthesizing carillon and the ensemble of bandurists has been highlighted and analyzed. Textural variation of ensemble combination of carillon and ensemble of bandurists and possibilities of thematic and genre extension of repertoire has been proposed.
Keywords: technical and expressive / Europe / Ukrainian / sound / musical instrument / carillon / ensemble / repertoire

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