Primary Cutaneous B-Cell Lymphomas in Children and Adolescents: A SEER Population-Based Study
Abstract: Background. Although primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (PCBCL) comprise 25% of all cutaneous lymphomas, their incidence in the pediatric population is unknown, and the information on pediatric PCBCL has mostly been gathered from individual case reports or series from single centers. Patients and Methods. This was a population-based, retrospective cohort study of patients in 18 cancer registries in the United States diagnosed between 2000 to 2016 through the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program. Age-adjusted incidence rates were calculated for PCBCL in pediatric (<20 years) and adult (≥20 years) populations. Demographic, clinical, and pathological characteristics of PCBCL were compared between the two groups. Results. A total of 48 pediatric and 5128 adult PCBCL cases were included. Median age at diagnosis was 16.5 years and 65 years in the two groups, respectively. The major histologic subtypes of pediatric cases were marginal zone lymphoma (77.1%), followed by diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (12.5%) and follicle center lymphoma (10.4%), which were equally distributed in adults. The age-adjusted pediatric PCBCL incidence rate (per 1,000,000 person‐years) was 0.12 (95% CI 0.09-0.16). The incidence in the adult population was approximately 40-fold higher than the one observed in the pediatric group (IRR 41.4, 95% CI 31.2-56.2). All 48 pediatric cases were alive during a median follow-up time of 48 months. Conclusions. Pediatric PCBCL is a very rare disease affecting mostly adolescents of both sexes. The major histologic subtype is marginal zone lymphoma, and the prognosis is favorable.
Keywords: cutaneous lymphoma / pediatric lymphoma / Surveillance / Epidemiology / and End Results / cancer incidence / marginal zone lymphoma
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