Study of the Effect of Intralipid Infusion during Pregnancy as an Additive Treatment for Reducing Pregnancy Complications Caused by Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome
Published: 1 January 2021
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Volume 11, pp 327-337; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojog.2021.114033
Abstract: Aim: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intralipid infusion in addition to other lines of treatment in reduction of complications caused by antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. Methods: This study was held in the period from June 1, 2016, to December 1, 2019. This study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tanta University on patients attending the antenatal care clinic and also on patients attending the researcher’s private clinics for antenatal care, 105 patients were enrolled after application of strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were randomized into 2 groups. In group A (study group 1) the patients received in addition to the conventional basic treatment of APS, intralipid 20% (Frezenius, Clayton, NC, USA) in a dose of 4 ml diluted in 250 ml 0.9% regular saline IV and to be repeated every 2 weeks. In group B (control group 2) the patients received the conventional basic treatment of APS. The outcome measures were the incidence of pregnancy complications of APS namely fetal loss, premature delivery, IUGR and preeclampsia. Results: 49 patients were enrolled in the study group, and 48 patients were enrolled in the control group, after exclusion of the skipped cases. The demographic data and the gestational age at the beginning of the study show insignificant differences. There were insignificant differences as regard the gestational age at which the pregnancy was terminated and fetal birth weight in patients with positive ACL test, positive LA test and positive B2 however the mean gestational age at which pregnancy was terminated was higher in study group. Also, there was insignificant difference as regards no of patients who complicated with abortion or who completed to full term. But had significant decrease number of case who complicated with preeclampsia (8, 21 patients in study and control group respectively). Conclusion: Intralipid infusion is a promising treatment option for control and prevention of problems caused by antiphospholipid antibody syndrome.
Keywords: Antiphospholipid Antibody / Intralipid / Recurrent Pregnancy Loss
Scifeed alert for new publicationsNever miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
- Get alerts for new papers matching your research
- Find out the new papers from selected authors
- Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
- Define your Scifeed now
Click here to see the statistics on "Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology" .