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Konsep Pemberdayaan Nelayan Pesisir Kota Surabaya Sebagai Bentuk Adaptasi Perubahan Iklim Berbasis Sustainable Livelihood

Ardiyanto Maksimilianus Gai
Published: 10 May 2020
Jurnal Planoearth , Volume 5, pp 45-51; doi:10.31764/jpe.v5i1.2153

Abstract: Permasalahan sosial, ekonomi dan ekologi pada kawasan pesisir merupakan permasalahan penting yang terikat satu sama lain. Profil perikanan pada Dinas Pertanian Kota Surabaya menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kesejahteraan nelayan dan akses sumber daya manusia di kawasan pesisir rendah.Selain itu, kondisi pesisir semakin menurun akibat adanya perubahan iklim.Konsep pendekatan mengenai penghidupan yang berkelanjutan (sustainable livelihood) merupakan salah satu bentuk metode yang dapat mengatasi permasalahan di wilayah pesisir. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif, dengan subjek penelitian masyarakat nelayan pesisir di Kota Surabaya.Variabel yang digunakan adalah modal sosial, modal alam, modal fisik, modal manusia dan modal finansial. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor modal manusia memiliki peranan paling penting dalam rangka meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat nelayan. Sehingga diperlukan konsep dan langkah pemberdayaan sesuai dengan masing-masing variabel terkait penghidupan berkelanjutan (sustainable livelihood). Social, economic, and ecological problems in coastal areas are important issues that are bound to one another. The Fisheries profile at Dinas Pertanian Kota Surabaya shows that the level of fishermen's welfare and access to human resources in the coastal area are low. Besides, coastal conditions are declining due to climate change. The concept of an approach to sustainable livelihood is one method that can overcome problems in coastal areas. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach with coastal fishing communities in Surabaya City as research subjects. The variables used are social capital, natural capital, physical capital, human capital, and financial capital. The results show that the human capital factor has the most important role to improve the welfare of the fishing community. Therefore, the empowerment concepts and steps are needed in accordance with each variable related to a sustainable livelihood.
Keywords: livelihood / capital / konsep / Kesejahteraan / Dinas Pertanian / nelayan pesisir / Pertanian Kota Surabaya

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