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New Copper (II), Palladium (II), and Platinum (II) 2-Acetylpyrazine Tert-Butylthiosemicarbazone Complexes: Inhibition of Human Topoisomerase IIα and Activity against Breast Cancer Cells

Edward C. Lisic, Sarah N. Grossarth, Sarah B. Bowman, Jessica L. Hill, Michael W. Beck, Joseph E. Deweese, Xiaohua Jiang

Abstract: The new ligand, 2-acetylpyrazine-tertbutylthiosemicarbazone (APZ-tBTSC), and its Cu(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes have been synthesized. This ligand coordinates to the metal ions in a tridentate monoanionic fashion forming monometallic complexes with the formula [M(APZ-tBTSC)Cl]. The ligand and the three metal complexes [Cu(APZ-tBTSC)Cl], [Pd(APZ-tBTSC)Cl], and [Pt(APZ-tBTSC)Cl] were tested for anti-proliferative biological behavior with a panel of seven microbes, and the copper and palladium complexes were found to be highly active against Gram positive bacteria. The 4 compounds were also tested in human topoisomerase IIα DNA relaxation assays and all three metal complexes had topoisomerase inhibition at a concentration between 4 - 6 micro-molar. The 4 compounds were also tested for activity with the HEK293T cell line and also the breast cell cancer line, MDA-MB-231. The most effective compound for activity against the HEK293T cell line was the [Cu(APZ-tBTSC)Cl] complex, and the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line was the [Pt(APZ-tBTSC)Cl] complex.
Keywords: Topoisomerase / Breast Cancer / α-(N)-Heterocyclic Thiosemicarbazones

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