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Soil microbial community composition in a paddy field with different fertilization managements

Limin Wang, Dongfeng Huang

Abstract: Microbes play vital roles in soil quality; however, their response to N (nitrogen) and P (phosphorus) fertilization in acidic paddy soils of subtropical China remains poorly understood. Here, a 10-year field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different fertilization treatments on microbial communities by Illumina MiSeq sequencing. The results showed that different fertilization treatments did not exert a significant effect on microbial alpha diversity, but altered soil properties, and thus affected microbial community composition. The microbial communities in the T1 (optimized N and P fertilizer) and T2 (excessive N fertilizer) treated soils differed from those in the T0 (no N and P fertilizer) and T3 (excessive P fertilizer) treated soils. In addition, the bacterial phyla Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi, and Acidobacteria, and the fungal phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota dominated all the fertilized treatments. Soil total potassium (TK) concentration was the most important factor driving the variation in bacterial community structure under different fertilization regimes, while the major factors shaping fungal community structure were soil TN and NO3-N (nitrate N). These findings indicate that optimization of N and P application rates might result in variations in soil properties, which changed the microbial community structure in the present study.
Keywords: illumina Miseq / nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization / community structure / soil property

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