Effects of Femoral Component Design on the Deepest Point Position of the Trochlear Grove in Kinematically Aligned Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Comparison of Four Prothesis Designs
Abstract: The aim of the study is to explore and compare the differences in trochlear shape and knee anatomy between four types of prostheses and preoperative native knee matched with preoperative computed tomography (CT). Thirty patients were scheduled for primary kinematically aligned total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for varus knee osteoarthritis at our hospital and the region between their pelvis to ankle joint was simulated using a CT-based three-dimensional planning software. The axial plane containing the transepicondylar axis was set as Slice A, and the 10-mm distal plane from Slice A was set as Slice B. The distances to the deepest trochlear groove between the native knee and each prosthesis and the medial and lateral facet heights were compared among the four groups. The deepest femoral trochlear groove of the prostheses was located 1.6 to 3.0 mm more medial than that of the native knee, and in the Persona group, it was significantly more medial than in the e-motion or Triathlon groups on both Slices A and B. The native knee and the medial and lateral facet heights of the four prostheses on both Slices A and B were significantly lower than those of preoperative native knees when femoral prostheses were set in the kinematically aligned (KA)-TKA position. The deepest point of the trochlear groove of the Persona group was the most medial among the four prostheses studied, and the deepest points differed depending on the prosthesis design in KA-TKA. Thus, surgeons should carefully select the type of prostheses used in KA-TKA.
Keywords: total knee arthroplasty / kinematically aligned TKA / the deepest trochlear groove / facet height
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