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Vira Prokhorchuk
Published: 1 January 2019
Educological discourse pp 60-71; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2019.1-2.6071

Abstract: The article deals with issues concerning the general characteristics of the features and ways of optimizing the process of forming the preschool children’s speaking skills at the foreign language lessons; the stages, exercises and tasks of forming the speaking skills are substantiated. education of in a foreign language learning by preschool children is not compulsory, so it isn’t provided by programs of the Basic component of preschool education in Ukraine and refers to the variable component. But, on the basis of a theoretical analysis of the works by foreign and Ukrainian scientists it has been proved that the studying of foreign languages at early age is aimed at preschool children’s speech development of in the most favorable period for them. The theoretical and methodical bases of preschool children’s speaking skill formation are examined. The emphasis is on the main methodological stages of the foreign language learning process. The essence of the concept "method", which means the means to achieve any goal and the solution of a specific task is considered. The author of the article defines the types of exercises and tasks, characterizes their functions for preschool children’s speaking skills teaching foreign language communication. The importance of using the native language in classes has been proved, since gaming activities are organized, the tasks, ways of their performance are explained in the native language. It is determined that the main purpose of preschool education in foreign languages is to formulate children’s idea of a foreign language as a means of communication, as well as the development of elementary skills of foreign communication. The basic tendencies of teaching preschoolers as well as speaking skill forming are presented.
Keywords: Children / Speaking Skills

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