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Constrained Linear Deconvolution of GRACE Anomalies to Correct Spatial Leakage

Published: 2 June 2020
 by  MDPI
Remote Sensing , Volume 12; doi:10.3390/rs12111798

Abstract: Time-varying gravity observed by the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites measures surface water and ice mass redistribution driven by weather and climate forcing and has emerged as one of the most important data types in measuring changes in Earth’s climate. However, spatial leakage of GRACE signals, especially in coastal areas, has been a recognized limitation in quantitatively assessing mass change. It is evident that larger terrestrial signals in coastal regions spread into the oceans and vice versa and various remedies have been developed to address this problem. An especially successful one has been Forward Modeling but it requires knowledge of geographical locations of mass change to be fully effective. In this study, we develop a new method to suppress leakage effects using a linear least squares operator applied to GRACE spherical harmonic data. The method is effectively a constrained deconvolution of smoothing inherent in GRACE data. It assumes that oceanic mass changes near the coast are negligible compared to terrestrial changes, with additional spatial regularization constraints. Some calibration of constraint weighting is required. We apply the method to estimate surface mass loads over Australia using both synthetic and real GRACE data. Leakage into the oceans is effectively suppressed and when compared with mascon solutions there is better performance over interior basins.
Keywords: inversion / GRACE / TWS / Leakage Error

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