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Optimasi Formula Self-Nanoemulsifying Drug Delivery System (SNEDDS) Etil-p-metoksisinamat (EPMS)

Nur Amalia Choironi, Beti Pudyastuti, Giri Gumelar, Muhamad Salman Fareza, Triyadi Hendra Wijaya, Joko Setyono
Published: 24 September 2022

Abstract: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan formula Self-Nanoemulsifying Drug Delivery System (SNEDDS) menggunakan zat aktif etil-p-metoksisinamat (EPMS). Formula SNEDDS terdiri dari cremophor RH 40 sebagai surfaktan, propilen glikol sebagai ko-surfaktan, Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) sebagai fase minyak dan EPMS sebagai zat aktif. Penentuan perbandingan surfaktan dan ko-surfaktan menggunakan metode Simplex Lattice Design (SLD) dengan software Design-Expert versi13.0. Formula optimum SNEDDS EPMS memiliki komposisi EPMS 100 mg/mL, cremophor RH 40 53,6%, propilen glikol 26,4% dan VCO 20% sesuai dengan rekomendasi dari SLDmenghasilkan SNEDDS dengan transmitan 95,43%, waktu emulsifikasi dalam aquadest 8,33 menit, ukuran partikel 30,16 nm, zeta potensial -61,03 mV dan indeks polidispersitas 0,160. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dengan formula SNEDDS 53,6% cremophor RH 40; 26,4% propilen glikol dan EPMS dapat meningkatkan nilai transmitan dan waktu emulsifikasi. Formula Optimization of the Self-Nanoemulsifying Drug Delivery System (SNEDDS) of Ethyl-p-methoxycinnamate (EPMC). This research aimed to optimize the Self-Nanoemulsifying Drug Delivery System (SNEDDS) formula of the ethyl-p-methoxycinnamate (EPMS). The SNEDDS formula was prepared using cremophor RH 40 as a surfactant, propylene glycol as a co-surfactant, VCO as an oil phase, and EPMS as an active ingredient. Proportion surfactant and co-surfactant were determined using the simplex lattice design (SLD) method using the Design-Expert software version 13.0. The optimum formula of EPMC SNEDDS are EPMC cremophor RH 40, propylene glycol, VCO and EPMS was 100 mg/ml, 53.6%, 26.4%, and 20% based on SLD data. The formulation was a transmittance of 95.43%, an emulsification time of 8.33 minutes, a particle size of 30.16 nm, a zeta potential of -61.03 mV, and polydispersity index of 0.160. The result showed that the proportion of cremophor RH 40; 26,4% propylene glycol, and EPMC were able to increase the value of transmittance and emulsification time.
Keywords: SNEDDS / EPMS / formula / optimize / VCO / cremophor RH / surfactant / surfaktan / sebagai

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