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WHITE BLOOD CELLS RATIOS IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROMES IN ASSOCIATION WITH HYPERTENSION AND DIABETES MELLITUS

Iyad Alghzawi
Published: 17 April 2021

Abstract: Introduction. Evidence now indicates that inflammation contributes considerably to the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis and an active inflammatory processes may trigger plaque rupture and enhance the risk of coronary thrombosis leading to a clinical ischemic event. The purpose of this study was to evaluate of white blood cells ratios in patients with ACS in association with arterial hypertension and 2 type Diabetes Mellitus. Material and Methods. In this observational cohort trial we observed of 184 patients with ACS. All patients were randomized into four groups: 1st group - 42 patients with ACS without AH or DM; 2nd group – 56 patients with ACS and previous AH; 3rd group – 42 patients with ACS and 2 type DM; and 4th group – 44 patients with ACS and AH and DM. We studied of leukocytes count and their subpopulation ratios: neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio (NLR), neutrophils to monocytes ratio (NMR), neutrophils to lymphocytes+monocytes ratio (N/LMR), lymphocytes to monocytes ratio (NMR). Results. The mean white blood cells count was significant higher in patients with ASC, compared with control group (p<0.001). In patients with ACS the elevated NMR and NLR were observed: 15.04±1.28 vs 11.09±0.43 in control group (p<0.05), and 3.34±0.20 vs 2.60±0.06 (p<0.05), respectively. No significant differences between WBC ratios were revealed in observed patients with ACS with or without AH and/or DM. Conclusion. ACS is characterized of raised NLR and NMR which could be indicators of poor prognosis.
Keywords: DIABETES / white blood cells / lymphocytes / monocytes / neutrophils / ACS

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