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Study on CO2 Capture Characteristics and Kinetics of Modified Potassium-Based Adsorbents

Sciprofile linkBaihe Guo, Sciprofile linkYanlin Wang, Sciprofile linkXin Shen, Sciprofile linkXiaolei Qiao, Sciprofile linkLi Jia, Sciprofile linkJun Xiang, Sciprofile linkYan Jin
Published: 15 February 2020
 by  MDPI
Materials , Volume 13; doi:10.3390/ma13040877

Abstract: In this paper, a silica aerogel support was prepared by two-step sol–gel method, and the active component K2CO3 was supported on the support by wet loading to obtain a modified potassium-based CO2 adsorbent. As the influences of reaction conditions on the CO2 capture characteristics of modified potassium-based adsorbents, the reaction temperature (50 °C, 60 °C, 70 °C, 80 °C), water vapor concentration (10%, 15%, 20%), CO2 concentration (5%, 10%, 12.5%, 15%), and total gas flow rate (400 mL/min, 500 mL/min, 600 mL/min) were studied in a self-designed fixed-bed reactor. At the same time, the low-temperature nitrogen adsorption experiment, scanning electron microscope, and X-ray diffractometer were used to study the microscopic characteristics of modified potassium-based adsorbents before and after the reaction. The results show that the silica aerogel prepared by the two-step sol–gel method has an excellent microstructure, and its specific surface area and specific pore volume are as high as 838.9 m2/g and 0.85 cm3/g, respectively. The microstructure of K2CO3 loaded on the support is improved, which promotes the CO2 adsorption performance of potassium-based adsorbents. The adsorption of CO2 by potassium-based adsorbents can be better described by the Avrami fractional kinetic model and the modified Avrami fractional kinetic model, and it is a complex multi-path adsorption process, which is related to the adsorption site and activity. The optimal adsorption temperature, water vapor concentration, CO2 concentration, and total gas volume were 60 °C, 15%, 12.5%, and 500 mL/min, respectively.
Keywords: kinetics / modification / CO2 capture / aerogel / potassium-based adsorbent

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