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Fe-S coordination defects in the replicative DNA polymerase delta cause deleterious DNA replication in vivo and subsequent DNA damage in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Roland Chanet, Dorothée Baïlle, Marie-Pierre Golinelli-Cohen, Sylvie Riquier, Olivier Guittet, Michel Lepoivre, Meng-Er Huang,
G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics ; doi:10.1093/g3journal/jkab124

Abstract: B-type eukaryotic polymerases contain a [4Fe-4S] cluster in their C-terminus domain, whose role is not fully understood yet. Among them, DNA polymerase delta (Polδ) plays an essential role in chromosomal DNA replication, mostly during lagging strand synthesis. Previous in vitro work suggested that the Fe-S cluster in Polδ is required for efficient binding of the Pol31 subunit, ensuring stability of the Polδ complex. Here, we analyzed the in vivo consequences resulting from an impaired coordination of the Fe-S cluster in Polδ. We show that a single substitution of the very last cysteine coordinating the cluster by a serine is responsible for the generation of massive DNA damage during S phase, leading to checkpoint activation, requirement of homologous recombination for repair, and ultimately to cell death when the repair capacities of the cells are overwhelmed. These data indicate that impaired Fe-S cluster coordination in Polδ is responsible for aberrant replication. More generally, Fe-S in Polδ may be compromised by various stress including anti-cancer drugs. Possible in vivo Polδ Fe-S cluster oxidation and collapse may thus occur, and we speculate this could contribute to induced genomic instability and cell death, comparable to that observed in pol3-13 cells.
Keywords: cell death / Polδ / coordination / delta / repair / stress / vivo / DNA replication

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