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An Analysis of the Current and Future Social Support Trajectories and Interventional Dimensions Necessary for the Elderly in Cheshanga, Mberengwa District, Zimbabwe: What will Tomorrow Bring?

Khangelani Shoko, Greanious Alfred Mavondo, Francis Farai Chikuse, BenjaminI Benjamini

Abstract: Introduction: The study analysed the trajectories and dimensions of social support intervention to the elderly people in the Cheshanga rural area of Mberengwa District in Zimbabwe after observations of the plight of marginalised population in the Cheshanga rural area compounded by high incidences of migration outflows, drought, poverty, HIV/AIDS pandemic and the massive unemployment. Method: Qualitative approach with a phenomenological perspective carried out in-depth analysis of the phenomenon on 10 elderly people. Data analysis adapted grounded theory approach specifically open, axial and selective coding technique. Results: Social support to the elderly was tangible support from their offspring revealing a yawning gap on the other types of social support like companionship, financial, instrumental and emotional support necessary to reduce morbidity and mortality rates among old people. Conclusion: Interventions from other support groups must address psychological, emotional, physical and behavioural distress among old people to improve the well-being of the elderly people.
Keywords: social support / drought / elderly / Necessary / Interventions from other support / Mberengwa / trajectories / old / emotional / Zimbabwe

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