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Ameliorative effect of Allium atroviolaceum on sperm quality in cyclophosphamide-treated mice

Alireza Hosseini, Mehrdad Shahrani, Shirin Asgharian, Maryam Anjomshoa, Ayoob Rostamzadeh, Zahra Lorigooini, Najmeh Asgharzadeh, Abbas Azari
Future Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Volume 7, pp 1-11; doi:10.1186/s43094-021-00234-2

Abstract: Background Cyclophosphamide (CP) is an anti-neoplastic alkylating agent that is extensively used in different chemotherapy regimens. Adverse effects on the reproductive system, especially spermatogenesis, are one of the most important side effects of this drug. It is medically essential to use complementary and alternative drugs. Herbal drugs have long been used as a complementary treatment. Our purpose was to study the effect of hydroalcoholic Allium atroviolaceum L. extract on spermatogenesis in CP-treated mice. Results CP affected a significant decrease in sperm count, motility, viability, and morphology. Sperm count was significantly higher in the all extract groups than in the group of control (p<0.001) and CP group (p<0.001, p<0.01). Sperm motility was significantly greater in the extract (100 and 200mg/kg) groups than in the group of control (p<0.05 and <0.001). Sperm immotility and rotational movement were significantly higher in the CP group than in the CP+extract groups (p<0.001). The sperm viability was significantly greater in the CP+extract (200mg/kg) group than in the CP group (p<0.001). The number of headless sperm, sperm with initial tail, with coiled tail, and sperm with curved body, was significantly lower in the CP+extract (200mg/kg) group than in the CP group (p<0.001). Conclusion A. atroviolaceum extract treatment significantly improved CP-induced reproductive toxicity.
Keywords: Allium atroviolaceum L. / Infertility / Cyclophosphamide / Spermatogenesis

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