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Modeling Fingerprint Presentation Attack Detection Through Transient Liveness Factor-A Person Specific Approach

, Vijay Kumar Gupta, Savita Goel, Akbar, Arun Kumar Yadav, Divakar Yadav
Traitement du Signal , Volume 38, pp 299-307; doi:10.18280/ts.380206

Abstract: A self-learning, secure and independent open-set solution is essential to be explored to characterise the liveness of fingerprint presentation. Fingerprint spoof presentation classified as live (a Type-I error) is a major problem in a high-security establishment. Type-I error are manifestation of small number of spoof sample. We propose to use only live sample to overcome above challenge. We put forward an adaptive ‘fingerprint presentation attack detection’ (FPAD) scheme using interpretation of live sample. It requires initial high-quality live fingerprint sample of the concerned person. It uses six different image quality metrics as a transient attribute from each live sample and record it as ‘Transient Liveness Factor’ (TLF). Our study also proposes to apply fusion rule to validate scheme with three outlier detection algorithms, one-class support vector machine (SVM), isolation forest and local outlier factor. Proposed study got phenomenal accuracy of 100% in terms of spoof detection, which is an open-set method. Further, this study proposes and discuss open issues on person specific spoof detection on cloud-based solutions.
Keywords: fingerprint / adaptive / Modeling / spoof / Transient / open set / detection

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