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Data science assisted investigation of catalytically active copper hydrate in zeolites for direct oxidation of methane to methanol using H2O2

, Airi Hirayama, Nahoko Kondou, Hiroshi Yoshida, Masato Machida, Shun Nishimura, Kenji Hirai, Itsuki Miyazato, Keisuke Takahashi
Published: 22 January 2021
Scientific Reports , Volume 11, pp 1-10; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-81403-4

Abstract: Dozens of Cu zeolites with MOR, FAU, BEA, FER, CHA and MFI frameworks are tested for direct oxidation of CH4 to CH3OH using H2O2 as oxidant. To investigate the active structures of the Cu zeolites, 15 structural variables, which describe the features of the zeolite framework and reflect the composition, the surface area and the local structure of the Cu zeolite active site, are collected from the Database of Zeolite Structures of the International Zeolite Association (IZA). Also analytical studies based on inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), N2 adsorption specific surface area measurement and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectral measurement are performed. The relationships between catalytic activity and the structural variables are subsequently revealed by data science techniques, specifically, classification using unsupervised and supervised machine learning and data visualization using pairwise correlation. Based on the unveiled relationships and a detailed analysis of the XAFS spectra, the local structures of the Cu zeolites with high activity are proposed.
Keywords: Catalysis / heterogeneous catalysis / physical chemistry / cheminformatics

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