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Pancreaticoduodenal Groove: Spectrum of Disease and Imaging Features

Abstract: The pancreaticoduodenal groove (PDG) is a small space between the pancreatic head and duodenum where vital interactions between multiple organs and physiologic processes take place. Muscles, nerves, and hormones perform a coordinated dance, allowing bile and pancreatic enzymes to aid in digestion and absorption of critical nutrition. Given the multitude of organs and cells working together, a variety of benign and malignant entities can arise in or adjacent to this space. Management of lesions in this region is also complex and can involve observation, endoscopic resection, or challenging surgeries such as the Whipple procedure. The radiologist plays an important role in evaluation of abnormalities involving the PDG. While CT is usually the first-line examination for evaluation of this complex region, MRI offers complementary information. Although features of abnormalities involving the PDG can often overlap, understanding the characteristic imaging and pathologic features generally allows categorization of disease entities based on the suspected organ of origin and the presence of ancillary features. The goal of the authors is to provide radiologists with a conceptual approach to entities implicating the PDG to increase the accuracy of diagnosis and assist in appropriate management or presurgical planning. They briefly discuss the anatomy of the PDG, followed by a more in-depth presentation of the features of disease categories. A table summarizing the entities that occur in this region by underlying cause and anatomic location is provided. ©RSNA, 2022 Download as PowerPoint
Keywords: PDG / disease / features / radiologist plays / MRI offers / complementary information / endoscopic resection / table summarizing / entities implicating

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